New Horizon College English
Book Four
Unit Eight
Text A
Losing an Accent to Achieve Success
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Pre-reading Activities
Text Analysis
Expressions & Patterns
Test yourself
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I. Pre-reading Activities: Listen, Look & Say
Back
Compound Dictation
Listen to the passage and fill in the blanks
Watch & Discuss
Watch the video and discuss the given topics.
.
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I. Pre-reading Activities:
Back
Compound Dictation
Directions:
You will hear a passage. It will be
read twice. Listen carefully and
supply the missing words.
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If you want to know what Americans do when
average adult
they are not working, well, the _____
household
spends almost two hours a day on ______
cooking cleaning and
activities like______,
paying_____.
How do we know? The
bills
released
Department of Labor has just ______a
study of
how Americans use their time. The study
confirmed
________something
that many people already
child care
knew. Women spend more time on _______
and house-work than men do, even when the
employed Men, however, spend
women are_______.
more time at work. Men also spend more time
leisure activities and ____.
sports
on ______
I. Pre-reading Activities: Listen, Look & Say
Directions:
Watch the video and
then discuss the topics as
follows:
1. How does our body language affect our
social activities?
2. How should we use our body language
to make a good impression on others?
Video watching
Text Analysis
Back
in-class questions
Question for para.1
Losing an Accent to Achieve Success
Para. 1-2 It was painful for Irwin Layton to
warn one of his recently promoted managers
that he had to correct his speech — or it could
cost him his career.
The word "voltage" came out of Edwin's
mouth sounding like "woltage", and "this"
sounded like "dis". This often resulted in
mistakes being made in the shipments he
ordered.
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Text Analysis
in-class questions
Question for para.4
Para. 3-4 "I was really forced into
submission. They said, 'Either you improve
your accent or your chances of getting
promoted to senior management won't be
good,'" said Edwin.
Edwin is a junior manager making $51,000 a
year at a manufacturing company in Mountain
View. Despite mixed feelings, he hired a speech
coach to help him out.
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Text Analysis
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Para.5 He is not alone. Accent reduction is
rapidly turning into a major business for speech
coaches in the Bay Area and other large cities.
Young, first-generation foreign professionals in
America hoping to improve their careers
appear to make up the majority of those paying
to get rid of their accents.
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Text Analysis
in-class questions
Question for para.6
Para. 6 "I have people whose command of
English is good — they've gone to universities
here in the United States, but when they go into
the workplace, they are held back," said Arthur
Compton, founder of the Institute of Language
& Phonology in San Francisco.
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Text Analysis
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Para.7-8 Edwin said he was embarrassed and
tried to ignore incidents throughout his career
when colleagues would point out his accent and
do imitations of his pronunciations for fun.
Edwin's experiences early in his career made
him very sensitive to the problems he faced with
his accent, and, like many others, he
compensated by pushing himself to great
extremes in education.
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Text Analysis
in-class questions
Question for para.9
Para.9 "I felt that just because I had an accent,
some people thought I was stupid," Edwin said.
"They lost patience. They did not want to wait
to listen for what I was trying to say. It made
me feel so bad. I knew I had so much to offer —
my primary motive for working there was to do
what I could to improve the company. Yet, none
of that seemed to matter to them because they
didn't have patience."
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Text Analysis
in-class questions
Question for para.11
Para.10-11 Speech coaches and many other
professionals say that some Americans have a
prejudice against those who speak with an accent.
Losing an accent is hard work. Each language has
certain sounds, as we can tell from the many
different alphabets, that are just not found in other
languages. We learn as babies to make these sounds
by moving the lips, mouth, and tongue muscles in set
patterns. So a speech coach tries and resets these
patterns for people who speak other languages.
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Text Analysis
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Para.12 For 13 weeks, and at a cost of $795,
Edwin spent an hour each week with a speech
instructor, pronouncing, over and over again,
compound words such as "zookeeper",
preposition phrases such as "in regard to", as
well as words such as "this" and "voltage", all
the while looking in a mirror at his mouth.
Seeing himself allowed him to have a visual
image to go along with the sounds he was
making.
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Text Analysis
in-class questions
Question for para.13
Question for the text
Para.13 "When class was over, I was
exhausted," he said. But following the long
procession of lessons, he improved by 78
percent, received a healthy injection of
confidence, and admits that he should have
done it sooner. His boss, Layton, called it a
"win-win" situation, and is so enthusiastic that
he is sponsoring a second employee in the
program.
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it could cost him his career.
Paraphrase:
he would probably lose his job and ruin his career.
cost: to cause the loss of 使失去
More example
That one mistake almost cost him his life.
那个错误几乎让他失去了生命。
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Despite mixed feelings, he hired a speech coach
to help him out.
Paraphrase:
Though he felt uncertain about what to do, he hired a speech
coach to help him get rid of his accent.
help out: help sb esp in a difficult situation or a crisis
帮助某人(尤指摆脱困境或危难)
More example
He's always willing to help (us) out when we're short of staff.
我们职员人手不足时, 他总是急人之难.
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Young, first-generation foreign professionals in
America hoping to improve their careers appear to
make up the majority of those paying to get rid of
their accents.
Paraphrase:
Among those people who paid to get rid of their accents,
most were young, first-generation foreign professionals
in America who hoped to have better prospects in their
careers.
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phrase
make up: 1.constitute; form: 构成;组成
2. invent a story 杜撰
more examples
One hundred years make up a century.
一百年构成一个世纪。
He made up some excuse about his daughter’s being sick.
他编造借口,说他女儿生病了。
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more phrase of make
make out: write out写;填写
manage to see sb./sth 辨认出
make up for : do sth. that corrects a bad situation
弥补
make it: succeed成功
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Edwin said he was embarrassed and tried to ignore
incidents throughout his career when colleagues would
point out his accent and do imitations of his
pronunciations for fun.
Paraphrase:
Edwin said his colleagues often pointed out his accent
and imitated his pronunciation just for fun. And he felt
ashamed and tried to pay little attention to these
unpleasant things.
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Edwin's experiences early in his career made
him very sensitive to the problems
be sensitive to: be easily affected敏感的
more example
A writer mustn't be too sensitive to criticism.
作家不可对批评意见反应过激.
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none of that seemed to matter to them
because they didn't have patience.
Paraphrase:
But neither my passion for work nor my ability
seemed important to them because they weren't
patient enough to listen to me, one who spoke English
with an accent.
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matter:~ (to sb) (used esp in negative sentences
and questions; in sentences containing what, who,
where, if, etc, usu with it as the subject) be
important 关系重大; 要紧:
more examples
What does it matter (whether he comes or goes)?
(他来也好去也好, )那有什么关系?
Some things matter more than others. 有些事情更重要.
Does it matter if we're a bit late? 我们晚到一会儿有关系吗?
It doesn't matter to me what you do. 你做什麽我都无所谓.
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Seeing himself allowed him to have a visual
image to go along with the sounds he was
making.
Paraphrase:
Seeing himself in the mirror enabled him to see
how the mouth, lips, and the tongue moved while
pronouncing the sounds.
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Back
His boss, Layton, called it a "win-win" situation,
and is so enthusiastic that he is sponsoring a second
employee in the program.
explanation
a “win-win” situation:both Edwin and
his company benefited from this situation
双赢的局面
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Test Yourself—Multiple Choice
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Multiple Choice
For each sentence there are four choices
marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the
ONE answer that best completes the
sentence.
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1. The evening party was _____ by a charity
fund to raise money for the disabled.
A. sponsored
B. performed
C. staged
D. raised
2. Though _____, we were all excited after the
long trip.
A. exhausting
B. unhappy
C. exhausted
D. tiring
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3. She was kind enough to _____ me in the use
of the coin-operated telephone.
A. instruct
B. order
C. tell
D. educate
4. Why are you so _____ to what others think
of you?
A. careful
B. kind
C. sensitive
D. attentive
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5. The small success gave him a(n) ____ of
new hope after so many troubles.
A. injection
B. trap
C. curse
D. series
6. _____ aids are things that you can look at to
help you understand something or to
remember information.
A. Visual
B. Practical
C. Compound
D. Usual
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7. A large ____ of grain arrived at the port
from Australia.
A. bag
B.shipment
C. baggage
D. transit
8. Mother _____ flour, yeast(酵母), and water
to make bread.
A. put
B. mixed
C. combined
D. injected
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9. Nothing can _____ for the loss of a loved
one.
A. share
B. repaid
C. compromised
D. compensate
10. It wasn’t very _____ to go out on your own
so late at night.
A. sensible
B. sensitive
C. ideal
D. considerate
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Questions for para.1
What was Mr. Layton’s trouble?
Reference
words:
His strong accent would cost him his career.
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Question for para.4
What was he going to do to solve his problem?
Reference
words:
hired a speech coach to help him out
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Questions for para.6
According to Arthur Compton, what hold back
young foreign professionals in workplace?
Reference
words:
accents
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Question for para.9
Why do people refuse to listen to Edwin?
Reference
words:
They lose patience because of his accent
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Question for para.11
Was it easy to lose accent? Why?
Reference
words:
No, hard work. Sounds are made in set patterns
in languages.
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Questions for para.13
What resulted from his efforts?
Reference
words:
He improved by 78 percent and
was much more confident than before
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Question for the text
How can accents hold back one’s career? How do
you plan to improve your accent?
Reference
words:
Accents can cause trouble in career.
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Text Analysis
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去除口音,获取成功
有件事使欧文·莱顿很伤脑筋,他得告诫
手下一位新近提升的经理纠正自己的发音--否则可能会对他的职业发展不利。
“Voltage”这个词从埃德温嘴里发出时听
起来像是“woltage”,而“this”则成了
“dis”。 这经常导致他在定购货物时出错。
Text Analysis
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“我真的是迫于压力而服从的,他们说:
‘你得改改口音,否则升到高级管理职位的
机会不大。”埃德温说道。
埃德温在山景城一家制造厂任初级经理,
年薪51,000美元。尽管心情复杂,他还是雇
了一位语音教师来帮助自己。
Text Analysis
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他的情况并非个别。对旧金山湾地区
和其他大城市里的私人语音教师而言,帮
助一些人去除口音正迅速成为一门大生意。
在那些花钱去除口音的人中,年轻的第一
代的外国专业人员占了大多数。他们这样
做是为了改善职业状况。
Text Analysis
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“我这儿有些人英语掌握得不错——他
们在美国上大学,可他们一工作就遇上了
障碍。”洛杉矾语言和音位学研究所的创
建人阿瑟·康普顿说。
Text Analysis
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埃德温说在职业生涯中,同事指出他
说话有口音并模仿他的发音取乐时,他总
是感到很尴尬,尽量不把这些事放在心上。
埃德温早期职业生涯的经历使得他对
自己的口音问题非常敏感。和许多其他人
一样,为了弥补这方面的缺陷,他在教育
方面狠下了功夫。
Text Analysis
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“我觉得仅仅因为我说话有口音,许多
人认为我很笨,”埃德温说道。“他们因
此而失去了耐心,不愿等着听我想说些什
么,这使我感觉很糟糕。我知道自己有很
多东西可以贡献出来——我在那儿工作最
主要的动机就是尽我所能改善公司状况。
可这一切看来对他们无关紧要,因为他们
根本就没有耐心。”
Text Analysis
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语音教师和许多其他专业人士认为,一些
美国人对说话带有口音的人带有偏见。
去除口音是一件艰苦的工作,从各种不同
语言的字母可以看出,每种语言都有其特定的
发音,这些发音是其他语言中不存在的。从婴
儿时期起,我们就以固定的模式用唇、嘴和舌
部肌肉来学着发这些音。因此,私人语言教练
试图为其他语言的人重新设定发音模式。
Text Analysis
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在13个星期内,埃德温花了795美元,
每周用一小时向语言指导老师学习,一遍
遍地读着“this”,“voltage”之类的词,
还有“zookeeper”等合成词和“in
regard to”等介词短语。他练习发音时一
直看着镜子里自己的口形,这样在发音同
时能有一个视觉印象。
Text Analysis
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“每次下课我都筋疲力尽,”他说。
但接连上了一段时间的课之后,他的
发音提高了78%,自信心也增加了,
这对他很有利。他承认应该早些去改
进发音。老板莱顿称这是一种“双赢”
局面。他对此非常热心,又在倡议另
一位雇员实施这一计划。
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