SEPARATIST MOVEMENTS Why some countries break up? QUÉBÉCOIS Who are these guys? Ethnically, how do they identify? What do they want from their government? Has their government effectively handled their concerns? RAIZAL – SEPARATISTS FROM COLOMBIA Have had an active separatist movement since the 1960’s. Were asked, by the US, to separate in 1901 when Panama did but remained part of Colombia. Feel overrun by mainland majority – Ethnically, more closely related to Jamaicans than Colombians AUSTRIAN-HUNGARIAN EMPIRE Big Important Empire in Europe Allied with Germany before WWI Official languages were German and Hungarian, but they also spoke Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Italian, Moravian, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Rusyn, Serbian, Slovakian, Slovenian, Ukrainian, & Yiddish. AUSTRIA-HUNGARY EMPIRE AUSTRIA-HUNGARY EMPIRE A separatist group assassinated the heir to their the empire which sparked the beginning of WWI BASQUES St. Ignatius, founder of the Jesuits Xabi Alonso, International Soccer Star BASQUES The Basques are an ethnic group that have lived on the Iberian Peninsula since before any other Indo-European ethnic group. Current estimates suggest they have lived on the Iberian Peninsula for 7,000 years. DO WE RECOGNIZE ANY TRENDS SO FAR? Take 1 minute: Put down your prediction on why Separatist movements arise in certain countries. RUSSIA VS UKRAINE Ukraine was part of the Soviet Union and only recently has Russia threatened their independence. Russia claims to be protecting the ethnically Russian within Ukraine. Is this a civil war, or a war between nations? KURDS What country is that? (Yes, we have studied it) Under 50% of the population speaks Kurdish in Light Green Over 50% of the population speaks Kurdish in Dark Green THIS FLAG IS BANNED IN TURKEY Since the 1980’s there have been both peaceful and violent attempts to establish an independent Kurdish state separate from Turkey. Turkey has barred prominent Kurdish candidates who had outstanding warrants or where part of ongoing investigations for terrorist-related crimes from standing in elections. This lead to violent protests in 2011. TIBET Tibet is home to devout Buddhists who believe in nonviolence. Ethnically different than the Chinese. In 1951, the Communist government of China annexed Tibet, and officially it is still part of China. SCOTLAND “...for, as long as but a hundred of us remain alive, never will we on any conditions be brought under English rule. It is in truth not for glory, nor riches, nor honours that we are fighting, but for freedom – for that alone, which no honest man gives up but with life itself.” Written in 1320 as a declaration of Independence. REFERENDUM “a general vote by the electorate on a single political question that has been referred to them for a direct decision.” In this case the question is very direct – “Should Scotland be an independent country?” JAPAN 99% homogeneous (Homo meaning same – Gene as in genomes) Has never had a separatist movement WEST BANK – ISRAEL AND THE PLO Palestine was made into Israel in 1948 – 75% of Israel is Jewish, but 20% is Arabic. These opposing sides have been fighting over the land since. ARAB – ISRAEL INFO/QUESTION HERE How do we overcome these problems? Should countries only exist with one major ethnicity? Why has the US been able to survive for so long without separatist movements? What are we doing right? How does our government treat minority groups/What rights doe we offer our citizens?