SEPARATIST MOVEMENTS
Why some countries break up?
QUÉBÉCOIS
 Who are these guys?
 Ethnically, how do they
identify?
 What do they want from
their government?
 Has their government
effectively handled their
concerns?
RAIZAL – SEPARATISTS FROM COLOMBIA
 Have had an active separatist
movement since the 1960’s.
 Were asked, by the US, to
separate in 1901 when Panama
did but remained part of
Colombia.
 Feel overrun by mainland
majority – Ethnically, more
closely related to Jamaicans
than Colombians
AUSTRIAN-HUNGARIAN EMPIRE
Big Important Empire in Europe
Allied with Germany before WWI
Official languages were German and Hungarian,
but they also spoke Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Italian,
Moravian, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Rusyn, Serbian,
Slovakian, Slovenian, Ukrainian, & Yiddish.
AUSTRIA-HUNGARY EMPIRE
AUSTRIA-HUNGARY EMPIRE
A separatist group
assassinated the heir to
their the empire which
sparked the beginning of
WWI
BASQUES
St. Ignatius, founder of
the Jesuits
Xabi Alonso,
International
Soccer Star
BASQUES
The Basques are an ethnic group
that have lived on the Iberian
Peninsula since before any other
Indo-European ethnic group.
Current estimates suggest they
have lived on the Iberian
Peninsula for 7,000 years.
DO WE RECOGNIZE ANY
TRENDS SO FAR?
Take 1 minute:
Put down your prediction on why
Separatist movements arise in
certain countries.
RUSSIA VS UKRAINE
 Ukraine was part of the
Soviet Union and only
recently has Russia
threatened their
independence.
 Russia claims to be
protecting the ethnically
Russian within Ukraine.
 Is this a civil war, or a war
between nations?
KURDS
What country is
that? (Yes, we
have studied it)
Under 50% of the
population speaks
Kurdish in Light Green
Over 50% of the
population speaks
Kurdish in Dark Green
THIS FLAG IS BANNED IN TURKEY
Since the 1980’s there have been both peaceful
and violent attempts to establish an independent
Kurdish state separate from Turkey.
Turkey has barred prominent Kurdish candidates
who had outstanding warrants or where part of
ongoing investigations for terrorist-related crimes
from standing in elections. This lead to violent
protests in 2011.
TIBET
 Tibet is home to
devout Buddhists
who believe in
nonviolence.
 Ethnically different
than the Chinese.
 In 1951, the
Communist
government of China
annexed Tibet, and
officially it is still part
of China.
SCOTLAND
“...for, as long as but a
hundred of us remain
alive, never will we on
any conditions be
brought under English
rule. It is in truth not
for glory, nor riches,
nor honours that we
are fighting, but for
freedom – for that
alone, which no honest
man gives up but with
life itself.” Written in
1320 as a declaration
of Independence.
REFERENDUM
“a general vote by the electorate on a single
political question that has been referred to
them for a direct decision.”
In this case the question is very direct –
“Should Scotland be an independent
country?”
JAPAN
99% homogeneous
(Homo meaning same – Gene as in
genomes)
Has never had a separatist
movement
WEST BANK – ISRAEL AND THE PLO
Palestine was made into Israel in 1948 – 75% of
Israel is Jewish, but 20% is Arabic. These opposing
sides have been fighting over the land since.
ARAB – ISRAEL INFO/QUESTION HERE
How do we overcome these
problems?
Should countries only exist with
one major ethnicity?
Why has the US been able to
survive for so long without
separatist movements?
What are we doing right?
How does our government treat
minority groups/What rights doe
we offer our citizens?
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Separatism