2. SPANISH AND FRENCH EXPLORERS
IF YOU MISSED THIS CLASS, YOU NEED TO:
1) DO THE DQ2 FOR THE DAY. WRITE THE DAILY QUOTE AND
ANSWER THE QUESTION FOR THE DAY. WRITE THE SONGS.
2) YOU ARE TO COPY THE NOTES (I GET MY COPY BACK).
3) FILL OUT THE EXPLORER CHART AND ANSWER THE
QUESTIONS
4) DO THE T-CHART
ON THE BOARD:
1. DQ
2. SPANISH & FRENCH EXPLORER
NOTES
3. EXPLORER CHART QUESTIONS
4. T-Chart (SEE POWER POINT)
Daily Comment & Card
1454-1512
1500s-1700s
AMERIGO
VESPUCCI
-Italian
MERCANTILISM
on Portuguese expedition
-Explored South America
-led to suggestion that “New World”
had been discovered
-After account published,
cartographer named the continent
America thinking that his
expedition had landed before
Columbus
-Economic philosophy of 1600
that colonies existed to serve
mother country
-believed one nation’s gain was
another’s loss
-goal: export more than import
in trade (have gold & silver)
-believed in Government regulation
SONGS FOR THE DAY: SAIL ON
“No harm’s
done to
history by
making it
something
someone
would want
to read.”
-DAVID
MCCULLOUGH
Daily Comment & Card
1454-1512
“No harm’s done to history by
AMERIGO
VESPUCCI
making it something someone
would want to read.”
-DAVID MCCULLOUGH
-Italian
on Portuguese expedition
-Explored South America
-led to suggestion that “New World”
had been discovered
-After account published,
cartographer named the continent
America thinking that his
expedition had landed before
Columbus
SONGS FOR THE DAY: SAIL ON
Daily Comment & Card
“No harm’s done to history by
1500s-1700s
MERCANTILISM
making it something someone would
want to read.”
-DAVID MCCULLOUGH
-Economic philosophy of 1600
that colonies existed to serve
mother country
-believed one nation’s gain was
another’s loss
-goal: export more than import
in trade (have gold & silver)
-believed in Government regulation
SONGS FOR THE DAY: A WHOLE NEW WORLD
STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO:
-Identify major French explorers and their
claims for France
-Compare the relationships with the natives of
the French and the Spanish
-Evaluate the French legacy in the New World
SPANISH EXPLORERS
Balboa-
And what areas they claimed for
Spain…
Panama
Magellan-
circumnavigated globe (1519-1522)
Ponce de Leon-
Florida (fountain of youth)
Coronado-
7 cities of Cibola (Grand Canyon)
DeSoto-
Mississippi
Pizarro-
Incas (Peru-1532)
Cabeza de Vaca-
Texas
Cortes-
Aztecs
Spanish colonies only trade with Spain,
only Catholics could migrate to the
colonies.
CORTES
SPAIN
conquers Aztecs in Mexico (who were ruled by a
leader named Monteczuma). The Aztecs thought
that Cortes was a returned God named
Quetzalcoatl.
Tenochtitlan was the Aztec capitol city (it
is located under what is today Mexico City.
Cortes burned his ships—WHY? (so there was no return home.
This means conquer or die)
He was helped by Spanish who had been enslaved by Mayans and
a female Indian slave named
Malinche who spoke Mayan and one
Aztec language. She learned Spanish and was baptized
with
the name Dona Marina.
The Spanish brought death, conquest, intermarriage (a
racial group known as mestizos), crops, & animals.
SPANISH LEGACY?
LANGUAGE (not just the language, but also
words in English that come from Spanish)
RELIGION
(Catholicism)
ARCHITECTURE
one story, adobe/stone, arched doors. court yards,
high ceilings, tile roofs domed churches,
rectangular bell tower
FOOD & ANIMALS
oranges, lemons, olives, sugar cane, wheat, rice
cows, pigs, horses, donkeys
EDUCATION
universities (Lima, Peru & Mexico City-1550s)
St. Augustine, Florida (1565) is the
oldest continually inhabited
European settlement in what is now
the U.S.
Encomienda (system of land grants
to Spanish citizens in return for
their promise to Christianize the
natives).
FRENCH EXPLORERS
And what areas they claimed for
France…
GIOVANNI DA VERRAZANO- (Italian) New York Harbor
(looking for Northwest
Passage)
JACQUES CARTIER-
St. Lawrence River
(Montreal)
SAMUEL DE CHAMPLAIN-“Father of New France”
first permanent French Colony
(Quebec-1608)
Jacques Marquett & Louis Joliet-Mississippi River (1673)
ROBERT CAVALIER DE LA SALLE-sailed Mississippi
into Gulf of Mexico, named
Louisiana for KING LOUIS XIV
FRANCE
French explorers claimed-Canada, Great Lakes,
the Mississippi River area (Louisiana)
-used river as natural highway to North America
-concerned with FUR TRADE and set up trading
posts throughout territory
-set up Indian missions (scattered, isolated)
ONLY CATHOLICS COULD MIGRATE TO NEW
WORLD
FRENCH PROTESTANTS (HUGUENOTS) BARRED
FROM FRENCH COLONIES, THEY COULD SETTLE
WITH ENGLISH
Relations with natives— (unlike English)
clear out forests
drive out animals
take land away
USUALLY FRENCH RELATIONSHIP WITH
NATIVES WAS BETTER THAN OTHER
EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
Fur Traders lived with/ married with natives
3/4
Spanish used natives as work force and
nearly exterminated them through work &
disease
FRENCH LEGACY?
RELIGION (Catholocism)
Spread through mission systems (Mississippi, Canada)
CUSTOMS/LANGUAGE
Areas settled spoke French (Quebec still today)
French mixed into languages spoken in Louisiana
GEOGRAPHIC TERMS
Place names like St. Louis, Detroit,
Vermont, New Orleans.
COLONIZATION IN THE NEW WORLD
SPANISH
FRENCH
WERE THERE RULES AS TO WHO COULD SETTLE?
HOW DID THEY TREAT THE NATIVES?
WHAT WAS THE RELATIONSHIP TO THE “MOTHER COUNTRY?
WHERE DID THEY SETTLE?
WHAT WAS THE LEGACY OF COLONIZATION?
Bering Strait
Assignment
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