CENTCOM
MAC DILL AIR FORCE BASE
PIERRE A. MAROUN
THE SYRIAN REVOLUTION
JUNE 3, 2011
THE ALTERNATIVE

Syria






Independence: 1946
Name of Capital City:
Damascus
Type of State: Republic/unitary
Country Area: 185180 (sq km)
Population: 22,517,750 (July
2010 est.)
Languages: Arabic (official),
Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic,
Circassian widely understood;
French, English somewhat
understood
Religions: Sunni Muslim 74%,
other Muslim (includes Alawite,
Druze) 16%, Christian (various
denominations) 10%, Jewish.















Syria’s 14 provinces:
Al Hasakah,
Al Ladhiqiyah,
Al Qunaytirah,
Ar Raqqah,
As Suwayda',
Dar'a,
Dayr az Zawr,
Dimashq,
Halab,
Hamah,
Hims,
Idlib,
Rif Dimashq,
Tartus
ONE ARAB NATION
ONE ARAB STATE



Secularism
Arab Nationalism
Socialism
The Ba’ath Party was founded in Damascus in 1947 by
the Syrian intellectuals Michel Aflaq and Salah Bitar
SYRIAN BA’ATH
IRAQI BA’ATH
1966 a coup d'état by the military against the leadership of Michel Aflaq &
Salah Bitar led the Syrian & Iraqi parties to split into rival organizations
CONSTITUTION OF 1973




One party system
The Syrian constitution of
1973 vests the Ba'ath Party
with leadership functions in
the state and society, and
provides broad powers to
the president.
President directly elected by
the people for a 7year term.
Must Be a Muslim
THE PRESIDENT












Commander in Chief of the Armed
Forces
Sec. General of the Ba'ath Party
Leader of the National Progressive
Front
Appoints ministers
Declares War & States of Emergency
Issues laws
Declares Amnesty
Amends the Constitution
Appoints Civil Servants
Appoints Military Personnel
Appoints Ministers in Cabinet
Approves Economic Plans
CONSTITUTION OF 1973




250 body is the People’s
Assembly
Directly Elected by the
People
4 year terms
Except in the case of
emergency, Ratifies
Laws Issued by the
President???
THE LEGISLATIVE

Nat’l Progressive Front






Arab Socialist Baath Party
Arab Socialist Union
Party
Arab Socialist Party
Communist Party of Syria
Union Socialist Party
Union Socialist
Democratic Party
CONSTITUTION OF 1973

JUDICIAL COURT
THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM

 Courts of General
Jurisdiction

 Administrative Courts


 Three levels of courts:
 courts of first instance,
 courts of appeals,
 the constitutional court,
the highest tribunal

The judicial system is a
combination of:
Ottoman
French
Islamic laws
Islamic jurisprudence
(Sharia’a) is the main source
of legislation
1930-2000 Qardaha, Latakia









1947 Joined Ba’ath Party
1961-1963 Ministry of Sea Transportation
1963 Air Force Major
1963 Coup-Ba’ath In Power
1964 General Com Of Air Force
1967 Minister Of Defense -Golan Heights
1970-2000 Corrective Coup-Ruled Syria
1973 Constitution
1977 Camp David-Rejectionist Front




Assad’s Internal Security
1979, Muslim Brotherhood chain of
assassinations in the artillery school in Aleppo
1982, Hama massacre, an estimated 20,000 to
40,000 people were killed, including about
1,000 soldiers
1983, Rifa’at Assad coup. ..Exiled to France
USSR Found a Great Ally in Assad to Fight the USA
Russian officials worried abut their military ships in
Latakia’s port


Assad’s Foreign Policy
Iraq




Allied with Iran 1980-1988
Allied with the US/Coalition 1991
Jihadists to Iraq-free hand in Lebanon
Israel
1967 Six Day War-Golan Heights
 1977 Reject Camp David
 1982 Hezbollah-HAMAS-PLFP-Islamic Jihad
 1996 Qana Masacre-April Understanding



Assad’s Foreign Policy-cont I
Palestinians
1970 Black September-Jordan
 Arafat & PLO
 Abu Musa Uprising
 Tripoli War 1983
 AMAL/PSP vs. Sunni Murabitoun W. Beirut 1985
 Palestinian Camps War 1985-1986



Assad’s Foreign Policy-cont II
Turkey






Annexation of Hatay 1939
Anatolia Water Project-Euphrate & Tigris Rivers
Dams
Support Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK)
1988 Turkey Threats to Invade Syria
Expelled Abdullah Öcalan 1998
Better Ties


Assad’s Foreign Policy-cont III
Lebanon
1975 war-El_Saiqa-Deir Ashash
 1976 Arab Deterrent Forces
 1976 Redline Agreement
 1982 Israeli Invasion-Hezbollah’s Birth
 1983 Multi National Forces Bombing
 1986 Return to W. Beirut
 1990 Taef Accord-Invasion of Christian Enclave
 2005 Withdrawing from Lebanon

Bashar was elected President in July 2000…Parliament unanimously
amended article 83 dropping the age of president from 40 to 35
Female Doctor Detained-School Children React
Release Detainees
 End Emergency Law
 Freedom
 Human Rights
 Economic Prosperity
 Over 1200 dead
 Over 10000 detainees
 Down w/ the Regime




Maher Assad: Head of the
Presidential Guard-4TH
Syrian Army Unit
Assef Shawkat: Generaldeputy-chief of staff of the
Syrian army-Syrian
military intelligence
Bashar Assad: President ?
SECRET DOCUMENT BY THE REGIME PLANNING THE
QUELLING OF THE DEMONSTRATIONS IN SYRIA





Three Integrated steps:
Information, Security, Political &
Economics
Benefit from Egypt & Tunisia
Mistakes-Deploy the Army
Link Demos-Agents to Lb
(March 14), KSA, USA, Zionism
Scare Christians & Druze of
Muslim Brotherhood-Salafi
Emirate
Prevent Media/Respond to
FaceBook
THE SYRIAN GOVERNMENT ADMITS THERE ARE DESIRE BY
THE PEOPLE TO IMITATE OTHER ARAB STATES




Drag everyone to choose
between security, stability, &
freedom & Safety
Assad Speech: promise jobs,
lower cell calls, benefits to
clerics, Kurdish DemandsCitizenship
Embassies Abroad Remind US
& EU of possible Security
Breach in Golan Heights
Ministry of Education to strict
Use of Facebook in Schools
EXPOSING THE CORRUPTION OF SOME MINISTERS. THIS NEEDS A
SECURITY COMMITTEE TO CHOOSE THE MINISTER TO BE SACRIFICED







Protect The Top Symbol
Monitor Phone Lines
Bring Youth To Branches Of Security
Intelligence To Create Dread &
Reluctance To Participate In Demos
MP To Strictly Monitor The Armed
Forces Of Middle & Senior Leaders
In Case Of Clashes, Use Of Snipers
In The Battalion In A Non-exposed
Way
Cut Off Electricity , Phones, Internet
Death Toll Shall Not Exceed 20 At A
Time




Important events and Dates
March 16, 2011
Syrian security forces arrest 30 of 150 people
gathered demanding the release of their relatives
and families of detainees
March 18, 2011
Security forces kill three protesters in the southern
city of Dera’a Syria
March 20, 2011
Protesters set fire to the headquarters of the ruling
Baath Party in Dera’a

March 24, 2011

March 25, 2011


President Assad ordered formation of a committee to study
ways to improve the living conditions of citizens and to
examine the possibility of the state of emergency imposed in
Syria 48 years ago
Demonstration has reached the capital Damascus. A total of
at least 23 people in different parts of Syria were killed
March 26, 2011
President Assad release 260 political prisoners to
appease protesters. 12 were killed in Latakia
March 27, 2011
Assad freed 16 political prisoners. Sends more troops
and tanks to Lattakia

March 29, 2011
Syrian government resigns



March 31, 2011
Assad creates committee to establish an Anti-Terrorism
Act to replace the annulled Emergency Law
April 3, 2011
Assad appoints Minister of Agriculture to form a new
government
April 9, 2011
37 dead. Syrian human rights group accuses security
forces of committing crimes against humanity.
Demonstrations swept all of Syria




April 14, 2011
President Assad announces the names of new cabinet
ministers
April 21, 2011
Assad issued a decree to end the state of emergency of
1963. Next day, 100 protestors shot dead
April 25, 2011
Syrian troops backed by tanks stormed the city of
Dera’a killing more than 20 protesters
April 27, 2011
400 killed so far-The failure of efforts by Britain,
France, Germany and Portugal to issue a statement
condemning the killing

April 28, 2011
App 200 members of the Dera’a Baath Party and 30
members of the Banias branch resigns

April 29, 2011
US President Obama signed an executive order imposing
sanctions on members of the Assad family. The sanctions
order also named the Iranian Revolutionary Guard (IRGC)
for aiding the Syrian crackdown

April 29, 2011
UN Human Rights Council issued a resolution condemning
the use of violence against demonstrators in Syria and asked
to send a mission urgently to investigate "violations of
human rights"
TOPPLING THE HIGHEST SYMBOL



May 9, 2011
The European Union imposed a ban on the export of
weapons and equipment to Syria
May 10, 2011
In a threatening interview published by the New York
Times, Assad sends a warning to Israel and the region
through his relative business handler of the family Mr. Rami
Makhlouf
May 15, 2011
Syrian Army allowed protestors to cross into the Golan
Heights for the first time since the ceasefire of 1974. In a
coordinated move with Hezbollah, LA allowed Palestinians
to enter the town of Maroun El_Ras. 10 were shot dead

May 18, 2011
US intensifies political & economic pressure
on Syria by imposing sanctions on Assad & six
senior Syrian officials in the wake of a bloody
crackdown on protests


May 25, 2011
Hezbollah leaders, Hasan Nasrallah, pledged his
support to the Syrian regime. Called the Syrian people
to stand by their regime of “resistance.”
May 27, 2011
Protestors burned Hezbollah’s Flags & Nasrallah’s
posters






May 27, 2011
Five Italian peacekeepers wounded in an explosion targeting U.N.
patrol in S. Lebanon. Came few days after Syria’s FM W. Moalem
warned EU
June 1, 2011
Assad release all political detainees
App 41 killed by Security Forces in Al-Rastin region
June 2, 2011
U.S. Sec of State Hillary Clinton: Int’l community to be more
united on dealing with the Syrian gov crackdown on the prodemocracy movement
Russia Remains opposed to UNSCR
Clinton: The legitimacy of the Assad regime is “almost” gone
Assad Creates Committee for National Dialogue
HASSAN NASRALLAH
ALI KHAMENEI








$$$
International Support
Iranian Revolutionary Guards Experts
Equipments to track FB & Twitter users
Training & Weapons
Iranian Military Ships
Hezbollah Fighters-10 Killed in Ambush
Hezbollah Control via LA-Returning Deserters
& Refugees
SYRIA’S CRIMES IN LEBANON






2004 UNSCR 1559 calls upon Syria to end its occupation of
Lebanon and calls for disbanding of all militias
2005 UNSCR 1636 calls on Syria to detain Syrian suspects
identified by an independent probe into the terrorist
assassination of former Lebanese PM Rafik Hariri
2005 UNSCR 1644 demands full Syrian cooperation in probe
into Hariri’s murder
2006 UNSCR 1680 calls on Syria to demarcate border and
establish diplomatic relations with Lebanon
2006 UNSCR 1701 calls to end war between Israel &
Hezbollah & calls on Syria to end its armament of Hezbollah
STL Indictment







Back Revolution Till Victory
Elect Transitional Council to Draft
Constitution
Parliamentary and Presidential Elections
within a year from Assad’s Resignation
Modern Political System Respecting Diversity
Democracy
Freedom
Economic Prosperity
CENTCOM
MAC DILL AIR FORCE BASE
PIERRE A. MAROUN
THE SYRIAN REVOLUTION
JUNE 3, 2011
PEACE
Descargar

The Syrian Uprising