Leander McDonald, PhD, Vice President Academic Affairs, CCCC
Robert Pieri, PhD, PE, Professor of Mechanical Engineering, NDSU
Larry Henry, MA, Vice President of Academic Affairs, TMCC
Koreen Ressler, PhD, Vice President of Academic Affairs, SBC
Marie Baker, Engineering Instructor, FBCC
Engineering the Future
National Science Foundation
Pre-engineering Education Collaboratives (PEEC) Workshop
August 2-3, 2012
Embassy Suites, Minneapolis, MN
NSF TCUP Grant Award #: 1038067
 The National Science Foundation (NSF) Tribal Colleges and University Programs (TCUP)
awarded a $4.8 million grant for a five-year program to improve the diversity and education of
engineering graduates within North Dakota.
 The North Dakota collaboration connects NDSU with Cankdeska Cikana Community College,
Turtle Mountain Community College, Sitting Bull College and Ft. Berthold Community College.
The title of North Dakota’s proposal was “PEEC: 2+2+2+Infinity: Pipeline for Tribal PreEngineering to Society (PTiPS).”
 The collaboration, one of only four in the nation, is part of an NSF initiative called “PreEngineering Education Collaboration” established to bring four-year engineering schools
together with tribal colleges to develop methods to attract, prepare and support
underrepresented American Indian students for a career in one of the engineering disciplines.
 Under the program, students from reservations begin their studies at a local tribal college and
then transfer to a collaborating four-year institution to complete their studies and gain useful
experience through professors, professional societies and co-op experiences.
PEEC: 2+2+2+Infinity: Pipeline for Tribal PreEngineering to Society (PTiPS)
10/3/2015
Mitakuye Owasin (All My Relatives or We are All Related)
CBPAR is primarily used in research; however, the model is
sound for the provision of education and/or service
CBPAR recognizes community and academic expertise
Education should be considered an intervention
PEEC: 2+2+2+Infinity: Pipeline for Tribal PreEngineering to Society (PTiPS)
10/3/2015
Rurality of isolated communities affected faculty recruitment & retention
TCU faculty salary schedules are not always competitive for faculty recruitment
& retention
Cultural gap between tribal colleges and mainstream universities exists
STEM curriculum lacking evidence for achievement at K-12, TCU, and
mainstream universities – what is the application for our students and
community?
Research and design regarding assessment, curriculum, technology, and
evaluation are essential to improvement
Developmental courses needed for incoming freshmen
Majority of students are first generation
 Faculty trained as engineers not instructors
PEEC: 2+2+2+Infinity: Pipeline for Tribal PreEngineering to Society (PTiPS)
10/3/2015
Housing shortages on all participating reservations
High poverty rates on all participating reservations
Educational disparities on all participating reservations
Weather – harsh winters
Geography – distance to site
Challenge or Opportunity?
Spirit Lake Reservation experiencing ongoing flooding for 20 years
Fort Berthold Reservation experiencing oil boom for past four years
Standing Rock Reservation also part of Presidential flood disaster
declaration in 2012
PEEC: 2+2+2+Infinity: Pipeline for Tribal PreEngineering to Society (PTiPS)
10/3/2015
Cankdeska Cikana Community College – Spirit Lake Dakota Nation
Fort Berthold Community College – Mandan (Nueta), Hidatsa, and
Arikara (Sahnish) Nations
Sitting Bull College – Dakota and Lakota Nations, serves both North
and South Dakota residents
Turtle Mountain Community College – Turtle Mountain Band of
Chippewa
North Dakota State University – Majority Society
PEEC: 2+2+2+Infinity: Pipeline for Tribal PreEngineering to Society (PTiPS)
10/3/2015
Each Tribal Nation is unique & rich in cultural perspectives toward life
Distinctive language, culture, and oral traditions
Dialects or languages may vary on individual Reservations
When you seen one reservation, you have only seen one reservation.
PEEC: 2+2+2+Infinity: Pipeline for Tribal PreEngineering to Society (PTiPS)
10/3/2015
Respect for Elders
Elders are considered the keepers of our language and culture
 Respect for Veterans
 AI have the highest enlistment and veterans rates than any other race in
the nation
Children are considered sacred
Many differences exist; however, the focus should be on
similarities
PEEC: 2+2+2+Infinity: Pipeline for Tribal PreEngineering to Society (PTiPS)
10/3/2015
Healing to overcome intergenerational trauma must come from inside the
community.
Certain families are making strides to become educated
Identification of upcoming Native leaders and mentorship is essential
Realize culture is the foundation for academic success and addressing social
ills
Must be able to walk in two worlds
Technology is critical to development of cultural and educational initiatives
Equitable partnerships are needed to enhance initiatives
PEEC: 2+2+2+Infinity: Pipeline for Tribal PreEngineering to Society (PTiPS)
10/3/2015
All North Dakota tribal colleges and
universities (TCU) and North Dakota
University System (NDUS) have
Interactive Video Network (IVN)
capacity
The primary purpose of IVN is to
enhance and expand teaching and
learning opportunities across the
NDUS and TCUs.
http://alt.ndus.edu/ALTWEBSITE/Vide
oconferencing/Services/About.aspx?&i
d=3&subid=0
PEEC: 2+2+2+Infinity: Pipeline for Tribal PreEngineering to Society (PTiPS)
10/3/2015
Just to calibrate distances
And Show Why We Need it.
Just about equal scales
2011/03/23
PEEC: 2+2+2+Infinity: Pipeline for Tribal PreEngineering to Society (PTiPS)
10/3/2015
Hardware, cia 1990 +/Talking head televised?
?Correct approach?
PEEC: 2+2+2+Infinity: Pipeline for Tribal PreEngineering to Society (PTiPS)
10/3/2015
Pedagogy
Different than classroom & local students
Technology, Hard and Soft, varies across sites
Perhaps better able to cope than some instructors
Subject & Students requires “Hands-on”
Our Instructors not experienced in approaches
PEEC: 2+2+2+Infinity: Pipeline for Tribal PreEngineering to Society (PTiPS)
10/3/2015
Students
Are they ready?
Why should they just be able to do it?
Are All White Boards Created Equal?
Difficult Material
Students & Subject requires “Hands-on”
Our Students not experienced in approaches
PEEC: 2+2+2+Infinity: Pipeline for Tribal PreEngineering to Society (PTiPS)
10/3/2015
New Opportunities
Software
Hardware
Tablets / Smart Phone based
PEEC: 2+2+2+Infinity: Pipeline for Tribal PreEngineering to Society (PTiPS)
10/3/2015
Try to connect personally
Make it relativistic
PEEC: 2+2+2+Infinity: Pipeline for Tribal PreEngineering to Society (PTiPS)
10/3/2015
Summer Sessions
Build Cohort
Expose to campus
Simulate Hard Week
Demonstrate
Support
PEEC: 2+2+2+Infinity: Pipeline for Tribal PreEngineering to Society (PTiPS)
10/3/2015
Summer Session
Apply non-classroom experiences
Example Equine Leadership
“Community of the Meal”
Support Culture
PEEC: 2+2+2+Infinity: Pipeline for Tribal PreEngineering to Society (PTiPS)
10/3/2015
Engineering is more than classes
That ++ practice and skills and abilities
How do you get the skills
Practice
Design is critical part
Required in all programs across the nation
Called “Capstone Design Experience”
Our ?: R U ready 4 That
Best way is to see
PEEC: 2+2+2+Infinity: Pipeline for Tribal PreEngineering to Society (PTiPS)
>> “Engineering Scenario”
10/3/2015
XYZ just won the opportunity to help the Fort Peck
reservation to do some planning
Your senior director, Dr. Bob, has asked you to
participate on a team to answer the tribe’s needs.
You call your contact on the reservation , Joe Two
Shields, and he says that the council is worried about
the dam.
PEEC: 2+2+2+Infinity: Pipeline for Tribal PreEngineering to Society (PTiPS)
10/3/2015
Evaluated in 5 Areas
Used a bit of Fresh learning from Alverno
PEEC: 2+2+2+Infinity: Pipeline for Tribal PreEngineering to Society (PTiPS)
10/3/2015
For Instructors
Demonstrate “The Big Picture
Unity of Approach
PEEC: 2+2+2+Infinity: Pipeline for Tribal PreEngineering to Society (PTiPS)
10/3/2015
*Local Impact
PEEC: 2+2+2+Infinity: Pipeline for Tribal PreEngineering to Society (PTiPS)
10/3/2015
A bit about Ft Peck:
• Worried about Flooding:
*Local Impact
2011/03/23
2012/07/19
QUESTIONS????
CONTACT INFORMATION





Leander McDonald, PhD, Vice President Academic Affairs, CCCC
 Email: [email protected]
 Tel: 701-766-1133
Robert Pieri, PhD, PE, Professor of Mechanical Engineering, NDSU
 Email: [email protected]
 Tel: 701-231-8673
Larry Henry, MA, Vice President of Academic Affairs, TMCC
 Email: [email protected]
 Tel: 701-477-7876
Koreen Ressler, PhD, Vice President of Academic Affairs, SBC
 Email: [email protected]
 Tel: (701) 854-8001
Marie Baker, Engineer Instructor, FBCC
 Email: [email protected]
 Tel: (701) 627-4738 X248
PEEC: 2+2+2+Infinity: Pipeline for Tribal PreEngineering to Society (PTiPS)
10/3/2015
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