College Ready?
..A look at the California
college system.
Presentation Goals
 Understand the benefits of a college education.
 Learn the pathways to college.
 Learn how to prepare for college admission.
Why Go To College?
• To have more job opportunities.
 -More and more jobs require education beyond high school.
Many jobs rely on new technology and “brainpower.”
• To gain more knowledge that will be helpful throughout
your lives.
 To broaden perspectives - meet new people from diverse
backgrounds, learn to be independent.
Why College? continued
 A 4-year college
graduate (with
Bachelor’s degree)
earns almost $1
million more over
his/her lifetime
than a high school
Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Why College? continued
 A 4-year college graduate
earns about $52,200
annually on average,
compared to $30,400 for a
high school graduate.
- Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Why College? continued
 Increased education is also associated with:
 Better working conditions;
 Longer job tenure;
 More on-the-job training opportunities;
 More promotion opportunities.
High School– 4 years
Community College – 2 years (Optional)
Associate’s Degree
University –4 years
Bachelor’s Degree (Bachelor’s of
Science or Bachelor’s of Arts)
Degrees after the B.A./B.S.
University-2 years or more
Master’s Degree
University –3 years or more
Doctorate Degrees-Ph.D, Ed.D, M.D.
Professional Degrees-Law Degree
4 Systems of Higher Education
University of California (UC)
California State University (CSU)
California Community Colleges
Independent and Private
High School
Tiered System
High School
Community College
109 Community Colleges in CA
 Prepares students to transfer to a 4 year institution
Associate’s degree
Offers technical training in specific occupations
(bookkeeping, culinary arts)
Most are nonresidential; students live off-campus
Students can attend part-time or full-time
To enroll, students have to be 18 + or have a High School
California State University
23 California State Universities
B.A./B.S. and Master’s degrees
Accepts high school Seniors and Community
College transfers
Provides broad liberal education and prepares
students for professional goals
University of California (UC)
 10 University of California Campuses-Berkeley, Davis, Irvine, Los
Angeles, Merced, Riverside, San Diego, San Francisco (Medical and
Graduate School Only), Santa Barbara, and Santa Cruz
B.A./B.S., J.D., M.D. and only public system in California that can
grant the Ph.D
Accepts High School Seniors and Community College Transfers
Mission of the UC: Research & Teaching
Professional Schools-Law, Medicine, Education, Engineering,
Journalism, Social Welfare
Private Universities/Colleges
77 Private Universities/Colleges in CA
Vary in size, prestige, and cost
 Bachelor’s, Master’s, and Doctorate’s, and Professional
Accepts high school graduates and Community College
Professional Schools-Law, Medicine, Education, Engineering,
Journalism, Social Welfare
Review of Options
High School
How to start preparing now
for college
 READ, READ, READ  Good readers make good thinkers and good writers. “The
more you read, the more you know.”
 Promote good study habits.
 Turn off the TV.
 Set aside a homework time and a quiet study space.
 Meet with your teachers to learn about your
 Tell the teachers that you have high expectations for your
high school experience. We appreciate this attitude!
How to start preparing now
for college
 Learn the college-preparatory course requirements:
 Push to get into these courses in high school
 Push to get into honors and AP courses in high school, if
 What you do outside of class matters:
 Sports, Clubs, Work, Church, Honor Societies, etc.
 Take the PSAT by the 9th or 10th grade
 It’s good practice for the SAT!
How to start preparing now
for college
 Visit college campuses!
 Find colleges in your area and schedule a tour.
 Make a college visit part of your vacation.
 Ask your counselor if your school is planning a field trip to a
college you’re interested in.
 Check out college websites, many have virtual tours.
Factors to consider when choosing a
 Size - What is the total student population? How big are the typical
freshman classes?
 Location - How far is the college from home? Is it in a rural, urban,
suburban setting? What is the area surrounding the campus like?
 People - Who are the students and where do they come from?
 Academics- What majors are available? Who teaches the courses? What
is the academic reputation of the college?
 Social Opportunities: What clubs and teams are available? Are there
fraternities and sororities?
 Cost : What is the total cost of attendance, including tuition, room and
board, books? What kind of financial aid is available?
College Search Tools
 The College Board
 ACT/College Net
 Peterson’s Guide to College
 Also available in paperback
 FinAid: The SmartStudent Guide to Financial Aid