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Los Adjetivos
Demostrativos
(Demonstrative Adjectives)
By: Bolivar M. Vivanco
Revised by: Malinda Seger
Coppell High School
Coppell, TX
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Los Adjetivos Demostrativos
 Point out persons, places or things relative to
the position of the speaker – distance from
the speaker.
 They always agree in number and gender
with the noun they modify.
 Always come in front of the noun.
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 Closeness to the speaker may be indicated
by additional expressions such as: aquí,
here; cerca de mí, near me; que tengo,
which I hold (have).
 Closeness to the listener may be indicated by
additional expressions such as: allí, there,
near you; cerca de ti (Ud., Uds.), near you;
que tienes (Ud. tiene, Uds. tienen) which
you hold (have).
 Unlike English, the speaker of Spanish insists
on making a distinction between that, those,
aquel, etc., distant from the listener; and that,
those, ese, etc., near the listener.
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Los Adjetivos Demostrativos
Los adjetivos
Singular
Plural
este
esta
estos
estas
“this” “aquí”
“these” “aquí”
ese
esa
esos
esas
“that” “allí”
“those” “allí”
aquel
aquella
aquellos
aquellas
“that” (over there) “allá” “those” (over there) “allá”
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Los Adjetivos Demostrativos
Este libro es fácil.
This book is easy.
Esos libros son difíciles.
Those books are difficult.
Aquellos libros son aburridos.
Those books (over there) are boring.
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aquel escritorio
esa silla
esta mesa
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Sr. Gramática
aquella pimienta
esa taza
estos cubiertos
Sr. Gramática
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1. I want this cup.
Yo quiero esta taza.
2. She wants that cup.
Ella quiere esa taza.
3. They want those cups over there.
Ellos quieren aquellas tazas.
4. We prefer these knives.
Nosotros preferimos estos cuchillos.
5. You guys prefer those knives.
Vosotros preferís esos cuchillos.
6. But Luis prefers those knives over there.
Pero Luis prefiere aquellos cuchillos.
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1. This photo is Manuel’s.
Esta foto es de Manuel.
2. Who is that woman?
¿Quién es esa mujer?
3. Those walls over there are ugly.
Aquellas paredes son feas.
4. I want to buy this car.
Quiero comprar este coche.
5. No, you should buy that car.
No, debes comprar ese coche.
6. I think that I like that car over there.
Pienso que me gusta aquel coche.
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1. I want to buy this car.
Quiero comprar este coche.
2. No, you should buy that one.
No, debes comprar ése.
3. I think that I like that one over there.
Pienso que me gusta aquél.
4. This shirt is expensive.
Esta camisa es cara.
5. That one is big.
Ésa es grande.
6. I think that I like that one over there.
Pienso que me gusta aquélla.
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Los Pronombres Demostrativos
When the demonstrative adjective is no longer followed by a noun then it
becomes a demonstrative pronoun (it takes the place of a noun). To make a
demonstrative pronoun simply add an accent mark on the letter “e”
(the first “e” if there is more than one).
Los pronombres
Singular
éste
ésta
“this one” “aquí”
ése
ésa
“that one” “allí”
aquél
aquélla
“that one” “allá”
Plural
éstos
éstas
“these” “aquí”
ésos
ésas
“those” “allí”
aquéllos
aquéllas
“those” “allá”
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Los Pronombres Demostrativos
What happens if you don{t know the gender of what it is that you are talking
about in order to choose the masculine or feminine form?
There is a NEUTER form!
Masculine
Feminine
Neuter
éste
éstos
ésta
éstas
esto
ése
ésos
ésa
ésas
eso
aquél
aquéllos
aquélla
aquéllas
aquello
Did you notice? There is only a singular form for the neuter. A Spanish speaker would
say “What is this?” instead of “What are these?” The neuter forms do not change for
number or gender, they do not have a written accent, and they are used to refer to
12 hard.)
abstract ideas, or to an unknown object (That is a good idea. That is silly. This is
Even though The deomontrative pronouns
Are easy to learn We will study them in
more depth later.
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¡Adiós!
¡Hasta luego!
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Los Adjetivos Demostrativos