ICDS Strengthening
– Good Practices
Women & Child Development Department
Government of Odisha
SETTING THE CONTEXT
Setting the context:
ICDS at a glance
71,306 AWCs (10,216 Mini AWCs)
338 Projects (20 Urban Projects)
46.5 lakh beneficiaries (approx)
Odisha reflected highest decline (10 pc points) in
Underweight between NFHS-2 to 3 NFHS-3
Concurrent monitoring shows further reduction in
under nutrition during recent years
Setting the context:
Odisha ranks 8th in the country on “Composite ICDS
Implementation Index” developed by Central Monitoring Unit
of NIPCCD based on the data collected through Supervision &
Monitoring of ICDS Scheme
Evaluation Report on ICDS by PEO, Planning Commission, (March
2011)
Odisha is a High Performing state
Good Performer (> 80%) frequency of Delivery of SNP
Quick Evaluation Study of Major Developmental Programmes in 33
districts affected by LWE by PEO, Planning Commission (2010-11)
High level of satisfaction among respondents for AWC
services in LWE districts of Odisha
ICDS STRENGTHENING INITIATIVES
ICDS Strengthening Initiatives
Decentralization of SNP through Community engagement
MAMATA
Revised Pre-School package – Nua Arunima
Weighing scales, WHO New GS Plotting Registers, MCP Card
Hygiene Kit, Uniform for Pre-school
AWC construction – BALA buildings, tubewell, child friendly toilet
Life cycle approach, with specific focus on 1000 Days
Shakti Varta – Women empowerment through PLA
ICDS systems- Guidelines & Checklist, Uniform, Computer, broadband, PA, etc
Nutrition Operation Plan
ICDS Strengthening Initiatives
Decentralization of SNP through Community engagement
Universalisation of community
engagement in nutrition provision
– The Odisha Model
Effective April 2011, decentralization of ICDS Feeding Programme
was rolled out across the state – all AWCs / Projects / Districts
Paradigm Shift
The new system recognizes
Directions of the Hon'ble Supreme Court
Important role of local communities and institutions in service
delivery
Doing away with the involvement of contractors/ commercial
interests in food for ICDS
Transparency and accountability at all levels
Quality and priority to local palate/choice
Emphasis on meeting protein and calorie norms within the ration
cost
Ensure that the nutritional supplement goes to the intended
beneficiary and not entered into the family kitty
Empowering WSHGs
Focus on entitlement and monitoring at all levels
Type of SNP provided*
Take Home Ration (THR)
6 months to 3 years
6 months to 3 years
(severely
malnourished)
i) RTE consisting of
i) Chhatua one
Wheat, Bengal Gram,
packet (Net 2.550
Ground Nuts & Sugar
kg) every 15 days
(Locally known as
ii) Two boiled eggs
Chhatua) one packet
per week to be
(Net 1.700 kg) every
consumed under
15 days
observation at
ii) One boiled egg per
AWC every
week to be consumed
Wednesday and
under observation at
Saturday or raw
AWC every
eggs to be shared
Wednesday or raw
eggs to be shared
3 years to 6 years
(severely
malnourished)
i) Chhatua one
packet (Net 1.700
kg) every 15 days
ii) 1 packet Rasi
Ladoo (100 gm)
every month
iii) MS & HCM as per
menu
P&L Women
i)
Chhatua one
packet (Net 2.125
kg) every 15 days
ii) Two boiled eggs
per week to be
consumed under
observation at
AWC every
Wednesday and
Saturday or raw
eggs to be shared
*Further adapted from 1st July 2013, as per the revised cost norms
Type of SNP provided*
Hot Cooked Meal (HCM)
Types of
food
6 months to 3 years
P&L Women
NA
i) Monday and Thursday – Sprouted Mung
ii) Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday and Saturday
– Chuda Ladoo
NA
NA
i)
NA
Morning
Snacks
Hot
cooked
meal
3 years to 6 years
Monday and Thursday – Rice, Dalma (Dal
& Vegetables)
ii) Tuesday – Rice and Soya Chunk curry
iii) Wednesday, Friday & Saturday – Rice and
egg curry
*Further adapted from 1st July 2013, as per the revised cost norms
Progress on Decentralisation
Stakeholders
• Dept. of Women and Child
Development
• Ministry of Women and Child
Development, GoI
• State Administration
• District Administration,
• Women Self Help Groups
(WSHGs)
• Jaanch Committee / Mothers
Committee
• All beneficiaries (pregnant
women, lactating mothers,
children below 6 years of age &
adolescent girls in nine
districts)
Funding Mechanism
• As per ICDS norms of CentralState share
• No extra cost, no startup cost,
no maintenance cost. The
entire model is self-sustained
on its existing budget.
Progress on Decentralisation
Coordination & convergence
Mechanism
• With allied agencies such as
Mission Shakti, Tripti, ORMAS,
NRLM, OTELP, WORLP for
grading and selection of SHGs
for RTE/Chhatua preparation
Partners in implementation
• District administration was the
key implementer
• ICDS machinery
• Development partners
Progress on Decentralisation
• From 1st April 2011
• Transparency :
Joint accounts
Prior verification of all
beneficiaries
Publication of
Entitlement charts
Photographs of Jaanch
Committee members
and Mothers Committee
members at AWC
E- transfers into joint
account
Progress on Decentralisation
Involvement of local
communities
Monthly monitoring at
GP level
Jaanch Committee
Mothers Committee
Progress on Decentralisation
Quality :
Storage of food stuff not
more than one week
Oil and soya Agmark
certified
quality check for dal, eggs
and rice
Egg to Pre-School children
Egg to THR beneficiaries
Orientation on the process
of cooking maintaining the
nutritive value
Progress on Decentralisation
Monitoring :
Control rooms for grievance
Control room numbers on
all flex boards on displaying
the entitlement
State and district level
squads
Local publicity- CD &
guidelines developed &
distributed in Oriya
Sensitisation of PRI
members
Progress on Decentralisation
Local procurement
3 eggs per week to Pre-School children; 2 eggs per week to
Pregnant/Lactating; 1 egg per week to severely malnourished
child (6 months to 3 years)
Severely malnourished 3-6 years – HCM & THR
Capacity building of AWWs and AWHs
THR by SHGs
Decentralization Reviews
PEO- LWE districts- level of satisfaction 95% and above
Social Audit by NGO group (November 2011, 7 districts)
88% respondents were of the opinion that the Pre-School activities are
going on six days a week in their respective AWCs
71% respondents were of the opinion that the Menu Chart is followed
89% respondents said that Egg is given once every week
DR. N. C. SAXENA, COMMISSIONER AND HARSH MANDER,
SPECIAL COMMISSIONER OF THE SUPREME COURT IN THE CASE:
PUCL v. UOI & Ors. WRIT PETITION (Civil) No. 196 of 2001
• We appreciate the efforts made by the department to decentralize the
production of the Supplementary nutrition in ICDS involving the
community through the local women’s groups. We have been
recommending the model being pursued by your state to several other
states as part of engaging communities in nutrition provisions and doing
away with the involvement of contractors/ commercial interests in food
for ICDS.
• As mentioned by you over the last year, you have taken out several
guidelines to strengthen the process of involving the community in ICDS.
Please do share the progress reports on the same and any other
independent evaluations done on the initiative. We would also like to
have 25 copies of this initiative sent to our office to disseminate further
as a good practice to be followed by other states.
Learning and Takeaways
• Provisioning of food stuff meeting calorie and protein norm
within the ration cost is difficult but possible
• Contractors and middle-men can be removed from the system of
provisioning of supplementary nutrition in government
programming
• Engaging community in nutrition provisioning is possible (Jaanch
Committees and joint account of AWWs with Ward
Members/Councillors/Corporators)
• Finally, a model that is replicable at scale and through
government mechanism.
ICDS Strengthening Initiatives
MAMATA
MAMATA
Chronology of events
Launch of eTransfer of funds
to beneficiary
account on 19th
October, 2011
Extending the
MAMATA
scheme coverage
to Urban areas
on 15th August
2012
The scheme
benefits have
reached more
than a million
women across
the state, a
major
milestone, in
September
2013
MAMATA
scheme*
launch on 5th
September,
2011
* IGMSY is implemented in the two districts of Bargarh and Sundergarh. In these two districts, the state
government provides the fourth installment
MAMATA
GOALS
• Contribute to reducing maternal and infant mortality.
• Improve the health and nutritional status of pregnant and
lactating mothers and their infants.
OBJECTIVES
• To provide partial wage loss compensation for pregnant and
nursing mothers.
• To increase utilization of maternal and child health services.
• To improve mother and child care practices, especially
exclusive breastfeeding and complementary feeding of
infants.
MAMATA
TARGET GROUP
• Pregnant women aged 19 yrs and above
• for the first 2 live births
• except Central/State govt. or PSU employees and their
wives
(age, no. of live births and employment is self certified)
COVERAGE
• All projects (338) in 30 districts covering Tribal, Rural and
Urban areas in two phases, first rural and then urban
MAMATA
CASH TRANSFER & TRANCHES
Cash
Transfer
When
Amount
(in Rs.)
Modalities
First
At the end of the second
trimester of pregnancy
1500
Disbursed through the
CDPO office
Second
3 months after delivery
1500
Disbursed through the
CDPO office
Third
6 months after delivery
1000
Disbursed through the
CDPO office
Fourth
9 months after delivery
1000
Disbursed through the
CDPO office
MAMATA
Cash
Transfer
Conditions
Fourth( 9
months
after
delivery)
•
•
•
•
Amount
(in Rs.)
Measles vaccine has been given before the 1000
child is one year old .
Vitamin A first dose has been given before
the child is one year old.
Age specific appropriate complementary
feeding has started and is continuing.
Child is weighed at least two times between
six months to nine months of age.
Means of
Verification
•MCP card
•Self certification
on MCP Card.
MAMATA
Stakeholders
• Dept. of Women and Child
Development, GoO
• Dept. of Health & Family
Welfare/NRHM, GoO
• Ministry of Women and Child
Development, GoI
• Dept. of Finance, GoO
• State Bank of India
• State Administration
• District Administration,
• Jaanch Committee / Mothers
Committee
• All beneficiaries
Funding Mechanism
• All four tranches from State
Budget for 28 districts out of
30 districts in the state
• 4th tranche from State
Budget for the remaining 2
districts in the state
• First 3 tranches for 2
districts from Ministry of
Women and Child
Development, GoI
MAMATA
Coordination & convergence
Mechanism
• Has ensured better
coordination and convergence
between ICDS with Health
Department, Banks, Panchayati
Raj Department and other
stakeholders
Partners in implementation
• District administration -- the key
implementer
• ICDS machinery
• Development partners
MAMATA
SERVICE DELIVERY MECHANISM
Anganwadi Workers plays pivotal role in
the scheme implementation for
Timely registration of Pregnant women
at the AWCs
Facilitate opening of Bank account in
favour of the beneficiary
Complete registration documentations
-- Beneficiary Undertaking with
photograph and Follow-up on the
services
Incentives to AWW and AWH

Rs.200 : AWW ; Rs.100: AWH per beneficiary
on disbursement of all installments
MAMATA
SERVICE DELIVERY MECHANISM
Additional staff
State level- PMU
Additional staff at district level
Additional staff of one each at project (one Programme
Assistant)
Infrastructure
Computer, Printer, Scanner, UPS, external drives
Broadband connections
MAMATA
SERVICE DELIVERY MECHANISM
Capacity Building
All CDPOs, DSWOs trained on use of Computers and
application with special focus on internet
All CDPOs and Programme Assistants trained on cyber
security
All ICDS Supervisors, CDPOs, POs & DSWOs trained on the
scheme and its implementation, using Video Conference
facility
Regular Video Conferences held with scheme managers
across the state to review the progress made and also for
dissemination of critical administrative decisions
Undertaking by the beneficiary and her husband/guardian on
age, live birth, employment and on use of the cash benefit
Photocopy of first page of passbook is a critical instrument in
the fund transfer
MCP Card
• MCP Card is the means
of verification for
conditionalities and
service uptake
• Joint use of the same
MCP card by AWW and
ANM ensures better field
level service convergence
• MCP Cards are supplied
by Health, and issued by
AWWs immediately on
registration to all
Pregnant Women
MAMATA beneficiaries with the AWW displaying MCP (Mother & Child
Protection) Card
Fund Flow and Disbursement
Department of W&CD, GoO
MAMATA Special Nodal Account at State HQ
ICDS Project Office
MAMATA Special Account at ICDS Project level
Beneficiary
Bank Account of MAMATA Beneficiary
No payments are made in cash or by cheque
(No cheque book has been issued for any of the Mamata Accounts)
MODE OF PAYMENT
MAMATA Scheme has embraced Corporate Internet Banking services
offered by State Bank of India, namely VISTAAR
MODE OF PAYMENT
• 4-Eyes concept (Uploader-Authoriser) concept is used for
proper validation and authorization.
– The Programme Assistant uploads the data (Self
Declaration Form along with the photograph and
photocopy of the first page of bank passbook is submitted
by the AWW to the Project office)
– The beneficiary data is validated by the Administrator and
then the fund transfers (e-Cheques) are authorised by the
Authoriser.
– CDPOs are the Administrators and Authorizers
– Second factor authentication i.e., Mobile services (SMS) are
used for sending the authorisation code to the Authorisers
MODE OF
PAYMENT
• The choice of use of e-Transfer (Corprate Internet Banking) has
impacted MAMATA programme implementation in the following
ways:
– It has ensured a transparent mechanism
– It has ensured time-bound service delivery, critical to the
objectives of the scheme
– It has reduced bottlenecks in service delivery and removed any
form of intermediaries
– It has made service delivery more accountable, as it is easily
monitored.
Mamata
Progress
Total Coverage*:
10.78 lakh women
(0.87 lakh IGMSY coverage)
5.09 lakh
beneficiaries have
exited from the
scheme
*including IGMSY
Upto Sept 2013
Total Fund transferred to Beneficiaries
Rs 396.00 Crores
transferred to bank
accounts of
beneficiaries upto
Sept 2013
from
State Fund
Rs 368.47 Crores
IGMSY
Rs 27.53 Crores
MONITORING
Monitoring and supervision
The monitoring and supervision mechanism set up
under the ICDS at all levels is used for this scheme.
Everyone is mandated to check specific no
of cases sponsored by AWW
Category of Official
Schedule/
Proposed
requirement
Programme Assistants
30 cases / month
Supervisor
20 cases / month
CDPO
20 cases / month
DPMU (MAMATA)
50 cases / month.
Programme Officer
20 cases / month
DSWO
20 cases / month
Role of Jaanch Committee/ GKS /
Mothers committee
Calendar display of
beneficiaries with amount
received in every AWC
Jaanch Committee check
the veracity of
– the “display of
beneficiaries with
amount” in the
specified format with
the Mamata Register
kept with the AWW
Online Checking as Super-User
• State Officials,
Collectors and
SPMU track fund
flow and
disbursement of
every single
Mamata account
ONLINE as Super
Enquirer
• Fund requirement
for projects are
calculated by State
through this review
process
Online MIS
Software
• Web based MIS developed
• Uploading the Web based software at State Data Centre
under progress
• Masters developed and under checking/scrutiny
• Back data updation is under progress
• Launch of software for use soon
Online MIS
Software
• Software customized for different layers of functionaries
• “WEB BASED” module, with “OFFLINE” data entry at the project/block
level and online “Updation” to the central server
• “ONLINE” output and report generation only from the server database
• All intermediate outputs for generating the E-Cheques for SBI CINB
(Beneficiary File and Transaction File) to be generated from the
software
Online MIS
Software
• Local terminal and database should be only for data entry,
uploading and saving outputs/reports generated from the server
database.
• Reports to be generated by each AWC
• Provision for SMS alerts
• Every Single beneficiary shall be tracked
CDPOs being trained on different aspects of computer usage and applications
Beneficiaries displaying updated Bank Passbook reflecting MAMATA fund
Beneficiary displaying updated Bank Passbook reflecting MAMATA fund
Learning and Takeaways
• Mamata scheme brings “woman at the core of the policy
implementation” and has been implemented at scale, using
government machinery, requiring minimal startup cost,
ensuring good governance, has potential for replication at
other states.
• Fund is transferred into single savings bank accounts of
women, ensuring any withdrawal of money will require
woman’s consent. This has also ensured Financial Inclusion
of women (Zero-Frills-Zero-Balance accounts)
• The features that make the practice replicable includes:
developing a self sustaining infrastructure, capable PMU,
motivating field-level workers, community ownership and
participation, and improved infrastructural & technological
innovations with ICT use.
ICDS Strengthening Initiatives
Revised Pre-School package – Nua Arunima
Nua Arunima: A new methodology
for Pre-School Education
The revised package was launched on 29th April 2013
Rolled out across the state – all AWCs /Projects/ Districts
Context
• Early childhood, care and education critical for school preparedness,
retention and improved learning in subsequent grades
• Right to Education Act recommends ECCE by ‘appropriate
Government’ for 3-6 year age group
• Integrated service delivery of pre-school convergence with elementary
education
• Draft ECCE Policy in process by the WCD department
• Pre school attendance increasing.
Process
• State Resource Group• Review of preschool curriculum
and content- Gap analysis and feedback
• Inter-state workshop - approaches/ideas from other states on
strengthening preschool education
• State Level Consultation on preschool education
• Review of materials and finalization of framework age
appropriate norms and standards
• Workshops for package development with experts, AWWs,
CDPOs
• Vetting of materials by national level experts
Components
Intellectual
Physicalmotor
Socioemotional/
Adjustment
ECE
Language
Curiosity/
Creativity
Health habits
Curriculum focus
• More child-centered;
• Thematic activities:
– Me, my family and community
– Immediate environment
– Nature and weather
– Health and safety
• Building a bridge between home and center
• Free conversation, action songs, storytelling,
construction activities and nature walks
play
• Emphasis on pre-reading, pre-writing and pre-number skills
and
The pre school package
•
•
•
•
•
Bell
Uniform
Toy bank
Community involvement
AWC leaving certificate
•
•
•
•
Childrens day- 14th Nov
Parents meeting- 1st May, 1st September
Grandparents day- 1st October
Local vocations, institutions
Materials
• Handbook for AWW
with month-wise activity schedule for 12 months
• Quarterly age-wise developmental indicators for assessing and
demonstrating development in children
• 2 age appropriate workbooks
• Adaptation of Nua Arunima in 10 tribal languages by OPEPA
promoting mother tongue based school readiness .
• Illustrated daily-plan for the AWC
• Monitoring format and certificate for attending AWC
• Training DVDs and Audio CD
All materials available in DWCD website and encouraged for use by all
agencies, individuals institutions.
Nua-Arunima adapted in ten tribal languages
Koya, Kui, Kuvi, Juanga, Saura, Santhali,
Kissan, Munda, Oraon and Bonda
Theme based training video
(One for each month)
Audio CD of Prak Vidyalaya
PLAY THE MOVIE NOW
Nua Arunima
Funding mechanism
• All components of Pre-school
package developed from state
fund
• First lot of materials to the
children from state funds
Partners in implementation
• District administration -- the key
implementer
• ICDS machinery
• Development partners
Outcome
•Nua Arunima has just been launched. It is still not in any stage to
show initial outcome.
•Nua Arunima definitely has the potential to be a Good Practice
Thank
you
Descargar

Slide 1