Boise Refugee Asset and Needs Assessment
Royce A. Hutson, PhD
Assistant Professor
School of Social Work
Boise State University
© 2012 Boise State University
1
Background
BSU School of Social Work conducts a series of focus groups in
Spring, 2013
– 5 focus groups (Congolese; Karen; Somali; Men; Women)
– Final Report issued in June, 2013
– Report used to develop survey
Planned survey of 300 randomly selected households from list
provided by Idaho Office for Refugees (approx. 150 to date)
– Funded by BSU School of Social Work & College of Social Science
and Public Affairs and the Idaho Office for Refugees
– Survey starts in September, 2013
• To date, over 100 households have been surveyed.
© 2012 Boise State University
2
Findings from the 2013 Focus Groups
High levels of frustration expressed in all focus groups
– Employment
•
•
•
•
Securing employment
Low levels of responsibility relative to training
Pay
Opportunities for Advancement
– Material well-being and living conditions not consistent with
expectations prior to arrival
– Too much initial emphasis on job placement relative to language
acquisition and educational opportunities
– Information was not provided in a timely fashion
– Cash assistance was meager and too short of duration
– Issues with men and women’s role expectations and performance
© 2012 Boise State University
3
The Survey
• Recruiting and administration of the survey is conducted by speakers of
the respondent’s native language
• Survey has nine sections
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Demographics
Socio-Economic Background
Child Education
Adult Education
Employment
Experience with Law Enforcement
Civic Engagement and Acculturation
Subjective Quality of Life Scale
Harvard Trauma Questionnaire – PTSD scale
Takes about an 1 – 1 ½ hours to complete
© 2012 Boise State University
4
Demographics of
the Sample
Population Pyramid
 Total number of household
interviewed, entered and
analyzed as of Feb 3rd = 140
 These households
represent 599 individuals
 Males = 55.7%
Females 44.3%
 Average age = 25.91
 Median = 22
 SD = 17.85
 Average household
size = 4.30
 Median = 4.00
 SD = 2.30
© 2012 Boise State University
5
Nationality to Date
Nation
Frequency
Percent Responding
Percent in Sample Frame
Afghanistan
1
0.7%
7.3%
Bhutan
20
14.3%
13.1%
Burundi
6
4.3%
4.6%
DRC
33
23.6%
10.1%
Egypt
1
0.7%
0.1%
Eritrea
7
5.0%
1.4%
Ethiopia
2
1.4%
1.1%
Iran
1
0.7%
0.8%
Iraq
35
25.0%
16.9%
Karen/Burma
22
15.7%
9.6%
Somalia
8
5.7%
10.8%
Sudan
2
1.4%
2.4%
Unknown (ID’d Palestine)
1
0.7%
0.1%
Missing several nationalities – Georgia, Liberia, Pakistan, Togo, etc.
© 2012 Boise State University
6
Sampling Statistics
Year of Arrival
Respondents
Sample Frame
2003
0.0%
1.9%
2004
1.4%
7.5%
2005
0.0%
8.4%
2006
0.0%
10.3%
2007
10.0%
10.9%
2008
4.3%
13.0%
2009
20.0%
12.9%
2010
14.3%
11.2%
2011
15.7%
7.8%
2012
19.3%
9.1%
2013
13.6%
6.9%
© 2012 Boise State University
7
Marital Status and Educational Attainment
Educational Attainment – All
(25 years old and older)
Marital Status
(18 Years old and older)
Education
Frequency
Percent
Less than 12yrs
123
51.7
39.5
HS Grad
48
20.2
188
54.2
GED
9
3.8
Divorced
5
1.4
6
2.5
Separated
3
0.9
Some college/voc.
School
10
4.2
Widowed
6
1.7
Currently attending
college or voc.
school
Widower
2
0.6
Associates Degree
14
5.9
SO/Cohab.
6
1.7
Bachelors Degree
21
8.8
Masters Degree +
5
2.1
Other
2
0.8
Marital
Status
Frequency
Single
137
Married
© 2012 Boise State University
Percent
8
Employment – 18 to 65
Employment Status
Frequency
Percent
Full-Time (30+ hrs/wk)
97
30.5
Part-Time
85
26.7
Self-employed
6
1.9
Unemployed – Looking for
work
26
8.2
Unemployed – Not looking for work
(homemaker, ‘not searching’, student,
retiree, other)
83
27.5
Unemployed – Disability
12
3.8
Seasonal Full-Time
2
0.6
© 2012 Boise State University
9
Household Material Well-Being
Automobile Ownership
Frequency
Percent
Yes
111
79.3
No
25
Missing
4
Computer Ownership
Frequency
Percent
Yes
105
75.0
17.9
No
30
22.2
1.4
Missing
5
3.6
Internet Access
© 2012 Boise State University
Frequency
Percent
Yes
93
88.6
No
9
8.6
Missing
3
2.9
10
Self-Reported Earned Income
N = 122
Median
Mean
Standard
Deviation
Minimum
Maximum
Total
Household
Income
$1200.00
$1357.57
$1039.69
$0.00
$5000.00
Per Person
Income
$320.00
$419.45
$427.81
$0.00
$2500.00
© 2012 Boise State University
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Income Graphs
Total HH Income
© 2012 Boise State University
Per Person Income
12
Housing
Frequency
Percent
Rent
129
93.5
Mortgaged/
Owned
9
6.5
Median
Mean
Standard
Deviation
Minimum
Maximum
Rent/Mtg
$600.00
$572.21
$209.23
$0.00
$1300
# of
Bedrooms
2.00
2.32
0.75
0
5
Persons per
Bedroom
2.00
1.84
0.90
0.33
7.50
© 2012 Boise State University
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Child Education: Parental Satisfaction
Very
Unsatisfied
Unsatisfied
Satisfied
Very Satisfied
English
Language
Instruction
0.0%
1.4%
50.7%
47.8%
Pace of
Instruction
1.5%
1.5%
54.4%
42.6%
Parent-Teacher
Communication
0.0%
7.5%
47.8%
44.8%
© 2012 Boise State University
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Child Education – Continued
Agreement With The Statement, “My Child Has
Too Much Homework.”
Percent
Strongly Disagree Agree
Disagree
Strongly
Agree
11.8
19.1
42.6
26.5
How Often Did You Speak Directly to Teachers/Administrators at
the School?
Percent
© 2012 Boise State University
Never
Once or
Twice
Once or
Twice a
Month
Once a
Week
Everyday
21.2
36.4
27.3
10.6
4.5
15
Respondent Education in US
Frequency
Percent
60
42.9%
Vocational Education (since 35
arrival to the US)
25.0%
Received Voc. Degree/Cert. 29
(if attended)
82.9%
2 or 4 Year
College/University
17
12.1%
Received Degree (if
attended) – NOTE: 10
2
11.8%
English Language
Instruction in the Past 6
Months
individuals still working on
Diploma (58.8%)
© 2012 Boise State University
16
Respondent Employment
83 People (59.3%) were currently employed
Men are 4 times more likely to be working than
women
Controlling for age, HS graduation and length of stay in the US
Of those who are unemployed, approximately 37% are looking for work
(Effective Unemployment Rate = 15%)
© 2012 Boise State University
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Satisfaction with Employment
Very
Unsatisfied
Unsatisfied
Satisfied
Very Satisfied
Pay
16.0%
33.3%
43.2%
7.4%
Location
8.6%
23.5%
49.4%
18.5%
# of Hours
Worked
3.7%
24.7%
55.6%
16.0%
# of Days
Worked/Week
4.9%
17.3%
59.3%
18.5%
Treatment by
Boss
6.3%
0.0%
56.3%
37.5%
Job Training
2.5%
18.5%
53.1%
25.9%
Overall
7.5%
16.3%
52.5%
23.8%
© 2012 Boise State University
18
Civic Engagement and Acculturation
92.5% of respondents stated that the primary
language spoken at home was their native
language
23.3% of respondents state that their children
cannot speak or only speak little of their
native language
37.2% of respondents state that they are
concerned or very concerned about their
children adopting American “habits”
© 2012 Boise State University
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Global Satisfaction with Community
Services
Very
Unsatisfied
Unsatisfied
Satisfied
Very Satisfied
Public
Transportation
23.0%
28.9%
40.0%
8.1%
Treatment by
People in Boise
1.5%
12.7%
56.7%
29.1%
Housing
11.7%
19.7%
48.9%
19.7%
Availability of
Medical Care
10.2%
21.9%
38.7%
29.2%
Quality of
Medical Care
9.5%
16.1%
40.1%
34.3%
Schools
3.0%
6.1%
53.8%
37.1%
Resettlement
Agencies
19.4%
28.4%
38.1%
14.2%
© 2012 Boise State University
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Subjective Quality of Life Scale:
ComQoL-A5
Generally, 75.0* SM (+/- 2.5 SM) for the ComQoL-A5
is considered ‘average’ for the ‘overall score’:
Overall Mean = 70.9
(SD = 17.4; Median = 74.1)
Possessions
Health
Achievements
Bonding with
Family/Friends
Safety
Outdoor
Activities with
People
Personal
Happiness
Mean
63.2
70.6
64.9
81.7
81.3
65.9
68.5
Standard
Deviation
17.4
23.3
29.5
28.4
19.0
22.8
27.0
Norm
60.0
79.3
67.3
84.5
71.5
54.3
73.8
*On a scale of 0 – 100; SM = Scale Maximum
© 2012 Boise State University
21
Harvard Trauma Questionnaire - PTSD
Conservative Cutoff rate for diagnosable PTSD = 2.5
8.6% of the ‘valid’ population fits this criteria
(Current past year PTSD prevalence in the US is estimated at 3.5%)
PTSD Score
© 2012 Boise State University
Mean
Standard
Deviation
Median
Minimum
Maximum
1.67
0.64
1.50
1.00
3.94
22
© 2012 Boise State University
23
Early Statistical Models on PTSD
• High School Graduation, Unemployment
(looking) and Gender not Associated with
PTSD
• Per Person Income (negative) and Age
(positive) are Associated with PTSD
© 2012 Boise State University
24
Top Suggestions for Improving
Resettlement Process
• Length of aid of a predominant issue for respondents
– Amount of aid
– Many suggested more support for refugee servicing agencies
– Several noted Medicaid
• More/better interpreters
• English Language Instruction
– Relevant to refugees, better access
• Jobs
– Not ‘forcing’ refugees into first available position
– Additional training
– Better job referral – relevant to prior experience and training
• Case management
– Longer Duration, Follow-up, greater involvement (more caseworkers)
• Housing
– Affordability
© 2012 Boise State University
25
Caveats
• We are still working on getting hard to reach
groups because of language difficulties and
interviewer attrition
Views are of those who:
1. Agree to participate
2. We have current contact information
3. Speak languages for which we have speakers
With that, findings may differ as we contact
additional respondents
© 2012 Boise State University
26
Research Team
Principal Investigator:
Royce Hutson, PhD
Project Coordinator:
Zulfira Pulatova, MPA
Research Assistants:
Dawn Juker
Refik Sadikovic
Belma Sadikovic
We gratefully acknowledge the assistance of the Idaho Office for Refugees, BSU School of
Social Work, and the BSU College of Social Science and Public Affairs for their support for
this project.
Cover photo: BBC - http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-19042686
© 2012 Boise State University
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Interim Findings: Boise Refugee Asset and Needs …