Conjunctions and
Prepositions
Grammar and Vocabulary Ⅰ
July 8, 2011
What day was yesterday?
July 7th is the day of Tanabata.
 How do you translate it?
 According to Eijiro, Tanabata is
translated into English as follows:

Festival of the Weaver
 Star Festival
 Vega Festival
 legendary once-a-year rendezvous
of two stars in the Milky way


How do you celebrate Tanabata?

この日、たくさんの人たちが色とりどりの短冊に
願い事を書いて、笹の枝につるします。


On the day, many people write their wishes
on strips of colorful paper and hang them
from bamboo branches.
この日、人々は色とりどりの細長い紙(短冊)に
願い事を書いて、笹の枝につるします。

On the day, people write their wishes on
colorful strips of paper and hang them on
bamboo branches.
keywords: recovery, reconstruction, restoration
Prepositions(前置詞)

Word placed before noun or pronoun
to make clear its relation, especially of
direction, to another word (in, to, at,
etc.)
Unit 118 At / on / in (Time)

Compare at, on, and in:
They arrived at 5:00.
 They arrived on Friday.
 They arrived in October. / They
arrived in 1968.
↓
Can you guess?


We use:

at for the time of day:
• at 5:00, at midnight, at sunset, etc.

on for days and dates:
• on Friday, on June 23, 2009, on your
birthday

in for longer periods (e.g., months /
years / seasons)
• in October, in 1988, in the past, in winter,
in the future, in the Middle Ages
Exercise 1 (p.36)
(1) I had my breakfast (
) half past
seven this morning.
⇒ at
(2) Mozart was born (
) January
27th, 1756.
⇒ on
(3) Japanese schools start (
) April.
⇒ in
(4) The second World War ended
(
) 1945.
⇒ in
(5) Turn left (
) the next intersection.
⇒ at
(6) There is a vase (
) the table.
⇒ on
(7) You can see palm trees (
) the
street.
⇒ along
(8) Some students went (
) the
classroom.
⇒ into
118.2 Put in at, on, or in
1. Mozart was born in Salzburg ( in )
1756.
2. “Have you seen Kate recently?” “Yes,
I saw her ( on ) Tuesday.”
3. The price of electricity is going up
( in ) October.
4. ( On ) weekends, we often go for
long walks in the country.
5. I’ve been invited to a wedding ( on )
February 14.
6. Henry is 63. He’ll be retiring from his
job ( in ) two years.
7. I’m busy right now, but I’ll be with you
( in ) a moment.
8. Jenny’s brother is an engineer, but he
doesn’t have a job ( at ) the moment.
9. There are usually a lot of parties
( on ) New Year’s Eve.
10. I don’t like driving ( at ) night.
11. My car is being repaired. It will be
ready ( in ) two hours.
12. The telephone and the doorbell rang
( at ) the same time.
13. Mary and David always go out for
dinner ( on ) their wedding
anniversary.
14. It was a short book and easy to read.
I read it ( in ) a day.
15. ( On ) Saturday night I went to bed
( at ) midnight.
16. We traveled overnight to Paris and
arrived ( at ) 5:00 ( in ) the
morning.
17. The course begins ( on ) January 7
and ends sometime ( in ) April.
18. I might not be at home ( on )
Tuesday morning, but I’ll be there
( in ) the afternoon.
Small Conversation

TRAVEL

Which country do you most want to visit?
Why?
Do you prefer to travel by plane, train, or
bus?
What’s the biggest fear when you travel?
e.g., a plane crash / money problems /
getting robbed / language problems
If you were going to Hawaii, what kind of
souvenirs would you buy?
e.g., pineapples / aloha shirts /
a baseball hat / macadamia nuts







Which country do you most want to
visit? Why?
⇒ I want to visit New Zealand because I
want to go skiing in summer.
Do you prefer to travel by plane, train, or
bus?
What’s the biggest fear when you travel?
If you were going to Hawaii, what kind of
souvenirs would you buy?

Because, or, when, and if are all
conjunctions

後半のテーマ: “conjunctions”
Conjunctions(接続詞)
Word used for joining other words or
statements
 Coordinate Conjunctions



“Jack and Jill went up a hill.”
Subordinate Conjunctions

We couldn’t drink the milk because it
was too hot.
Exercise 2 (pp.36-37)
(1) I got up at seven, [
].
(2) The weather forecast said it would
rain today, [
].
(3) We went there by taxi [
].
(4) Our professor studies linguistics,
[
].

a. but it is clear b. or the science of languages
c. because it was raining d. and had breakfast
(1) I got up at seven, and had
breakfast.
(2) The weather forecast said it would
rain today, but it is clear.
(3) We went there by taxi because it
was raining.
(4) Our professor studies linguistics, or
the science of languages.
(5) Study hard, [
].
(6) Will you give us a little discount,
[
]?
(7) I would like to travel to the moon
[
].
(8) Let’s start dinner [
].

a. when Mother comes back b. and you can
pass the exam c. or I’m afraid we can’t buy
it d. if it is cheap enough
(5) Study hard, and you can pass the
exam.
(6) Will you give us a little discount, or
I’m afraid we can’t buy it?
(7) I would like to travel to the moon if it
is cheap enough.
(8) Let’s start dinner when Mother
comes back.
(9) It is well known [
].
(10) We had little money with us,
[
].
(11) We will forget the sorrow [
(12) Someone called you [
].

].
a. while you were out b. as time goes by c.
that they got married recently d. so we had
to walk home
(9) It is well known that they got
married recently.
(10) We had little money with us, so we
had to walk home.
(11) We will forget the sorrow as time
goes by.
(12) Someone called you while you
were out.
(1) and
(2) but
(3) because
(4) or
(5) and
(6) or
(7) if
(8) when
(9) that
(10) so
(11) as
(12) while
等位接続詞
従属接続詞
BBC GRAMMAR CHALLENGE

Time prepositions

Prepositions are small grammatical words
that usually go before nouns and pronouns.
There are many different prepositions that
are used to describe where things are, how
things happen and when things happen, for
example. In this Grammar Challenge we
focus on the prepositions we use with
certain time expressions
http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learni
ngenglish/radio/specials/954_gramchalle
nge16/index.shtml

WEB Exercise
Prepositions_01_Time
 Prepositions_02_Position

前期末試験などについて

2011年7月19日(火)



2011年7月26日(火)



Oral Communication Ⅰ
AB,CDそれぞれ合同で
英語統一試験(G-TELP)
詳細は後日お知らせします
2011年7月29日(金)


Grammar and Vocabulary Ⅰ
AB,CDそれぞれ合同で
See you next week!
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