Integrating Of VMS Data,
Apps, Web-Enabling, Apache
& Tomcat, Netbeans
Sunil Kumaran / John Apps
Transition Engineering & Consulting
Business Critical Systems Division
© 2003 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
The information contained herein is subject to change without
Agenda
–
Integrating OpenVMS data and applications
–
Web (Services) enabling
–
Apache and Tomcat
–
Netbeans
page 2
VMS Data & Applications
page 3
Why OpenVMS Integration ?
Application - X
Application - Y
INTRANET
INTERNET
Data
App
VMS
page 4
OpenVMS eBusiness integration strategy
Enrich the strengths of the OpenVMS operating
system with an infrastructure that allows application,
middleware, and data integration in a global, multiplatform environment
•Create the solution to your EAI problem--OpenVMS has the tools
and technology
•Extend ROI as you modernize your business
•Built on industrial strength OS
page 5
Integrating OpenVMS data and
applications
•
Technologies
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Java
JSP & Servlets
Tomcat
XML
SOAP
JDBC
J2EE
Web Services
.NET
•
Products
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Microsoft .NET
Ericom Host Publisher
Attunity Connect
Bridgeworks
BEA Weblogic Server
JBOSS
Spiritwave/Spiritcache
RTR/JRTR
Netbeans
page 6
Integration Options
Data
Data
Data
Application
Logic
Application
Logic
Application
Logic
Data
User
Interface
User
Interface
Data
Data
User
Interface
Application
Logic
Application
Logic
Application
Logic
User
Interface
User
Interface
User
Interface
page 7
Data Integration with Attunity Connect
Win
VMS
XML
ODBC
JDBC
OLE DB
ADO
XML
ODBC
JDBC
SQL
MVS
OBJECT
XML
ODBC
JDBC
Attunity Connect
HIERARCHICAL
XML
ODBC
INDEXED
UNIX
XML
ODBC
JDBC
NSK
FLAT FILE
AS/400
XML
ODBC
JDBC
Combine data from all given sources and platforms with one SQL statement!
page 8
Attunity Connect Architecture
Java Application / Application Server
JDBC
Driver
JCA
Resource Adapter
Platforms
Sources
 File
 CICS
 IMS/TM
 Pathway
 Custom apps
 Red Hat Linux
Security
 Non-relational
Management
 Relational
 Microsoft Windows
Standard Interfaces
Data
Engine
Application
Engine
 SUN Solaris
Meta
Data
 Tru64 UNIX
 AIX
Drivers and Adapters
 DG/UX
 HP-UX
 VMS
 AS/400
 OS/390
 NonStop Himalaya
page 9
Application Integration with Bridgeworks
Web Services
OpenVMS
J2EE
.NET
JSP
Servlets
HTML
DCL
3GL
ACMS
Bridgeworks Architecture
JSP
BWX MC
Tomcat
J2EE
JVM
JVM
Platform = …
Your
Application
BWX SC
RPC
Alpha/OpenVMS V7.2-1+
Windows NT / 2000
UNIX Tru64
Components in Yellow you supply,
BridgeWorks provides/generates the rest
BWX
Manager
Internet
Apache
Apache with Tomcat & EJBs & RPC
RPC
OpenVMS
VAX V6.2+
Alpha V6.2+
Ericom Host Publisher
Traditional Users
WAP
micro-browser
Palm Pilot or other PDA
Web or WAP browser
Thin Client
Web browser
Intranet/Extranet/Internet
Web or WAP browser
Legacy
Applications
Legacy
New Web
Logic/Data
New
Integrated
Enterprise
Application
Host
Publisher
Legacy
Applications
Legacy
Web browser
Soap/XML
Legacy
Applications
Legacy
Legacy
Applications
Legacy
page 12
Web-enabling with Java
page 13
Web-enabling OpenVMS Data &
Applications
JAVA Based technologies
–
JAVA, Java Beans, Enterprise Java Beans
–
Servlets
–
Java Server Pages (JSPs)
–
JDBC
page 14
Java 2 Standard Edition
page 15
Enterprise JavaBeans - EJB
•
•
•
•
•
JaveBeans are components that can be used to build
Java Applications.
Using JavaBeans to create a server application, you have
to build the entire server framework
EJBs provide a model for a services framework into
which Java components can be portably deployed
With Enterprise JavaBeans the framework is provided for
you (by the EJB software)
Customization is not performed at development time
using properties, but at runtime (deployment time) using a
‘deployment descriptor’
JBs and EJBs are the components used to web-enable VMS data and applications
page 16
Java Servlets
•
Servlets are programs written in Java to extend the
functionality of HTTP servers
•
Servlet is to Web server as Applet is to Web
browser
•
Replacement for CGI scripts and programs
Why Servlets and not CGI?
• Servlets are faster and scale with multiprocessors (Java
Threading)
• Servlet API is consistent and standard (don’t have to
learn for each platform)
• Supported by all major Web servers and Engines
• User Session Tracking built in (e.g., for Shopping Carts)
page 17
Java Server Pages
•
•
Mix HTML with dynamically generated content from
Servlets
Separate ‘Form’ from ‘Function’ or ‘Designers’ from
‘Developers’
–
Allows Web page designers to design
– Developers to develop
This…
Produces
<UL>
<LI>Time: <%= new java.util.Date() %>
<LI>Hostname: <%=
request.getRemoteHost() %>
<LI>Session ID: <%= session.getId() %>
<LI>The ‘testParam’ form parameter:
<%= request.getParameter("testParam") %>
</UL>
This…

Time: Sun Sep 30 10:30:10 EST 2000

Hostname: eb7101.americas.cpqcorp.net

Session ID: YCKX3NIAAAA0XaG2MVSQ

The ‘testParam’ form parameter: some data
page 18
JDBC Three-tier Model
Java Applet or
HTML browser
Client machine (GUI)
HTTP, RMI, CORBA or other calls
Application Server
(Java)
Server machine
(business logic)
Connection Pooling
JDBC
DBMS proprietary protocol
DBMS
Database server
page 19
Apache, Tomcat &
J2EE Servers
page 20
Tomcat (CSWS_JAVA)
•
Tomcat JSP/Servlet Application Server
–
Official reference implementation for Java Server Pages
(JSP) and Java Servlet specifications
– Runs on the Java 2 Standard Edition (J2SE) platform
– Distributed by ASF under the Apache Software License
– Ported to OpenVMS by HP engineering
• Pre-built, packaged as a PCSI installation kit
• Includes OpenVMS-specific documentation
–
Distributed as HP Secure Web Server optional product
• No cost for software and documentation
• Support included in OpenVMS support contract
page 21
Tomcat (continued)
•
Latest ASF releases
–
Tomcat 5.0.2 (development release)
• Servlet API 2.4/JSP 2.0
–
Tomcat 4.1.24 (stable release)
• Servlet API 2.3/JSP 1.2
•
Latest HP releases
–
Tomcat 4.1.24
page 22
Apache (SWS)
•
Apache HTTP Server
–
HTTP 1.1 web server developed by the Apache Software
Foundation (ASF)
– Distributed by ASF under the Apache Software License
– Ported to OpenVMS by HP engineering
• Pre-built, packaged as a PCSI installation kit
• Includes OpenSSL and certificate management utility
• Includes OpenVMS-specific documentation
–
Distributed as HP Secure Web Server product
• No cost for software and documentation
• Support included in OpenVMS support contract
page 23
Apache (continued)
•
Latest ASF releases
–
Apache 2.1 (development release)
– Apache 2.0.45 (stable release)
• IPv6, threading, better multi-platform support
–
Apache 1.3.27 (stable release)
• Most widely deployed code base
•
Latest HP releases
–
Apache 2.0.44 (in beta)
– Apache 1.3.26 (with security patches)
page 24
Web Server Adapters
Mod_jk and Mod_jserv
•
Web server adapter to sit in Apache and redirect
requests to Tomcat.
–
–
•
*.jsp or JavaServlet requests are redirected to Tomcat
*.html (non-Java requests) are served by Apache
Two adapters are available
–
–
Mod_jserv ¹
Mod_jk ¹
¹ Apache Modules
page 25
How does it all fit together
http://www.myserver.com:80/Simple_JDBC.jsp
Browser
RMS
$GET
$PUT
Simple_JDBC.jsp
HTTP
Apache
AJP
Protocol
Attunity
JDBC
Tomcat
page 26
Java 2 Enterprise Edition (J2EE)
The Java platform for Web Application Servers
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
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Java Servlets / Java Server Pages (JSP)
Enterprise Java Beans (EJB)
Java Messaging Service (JMS)
Remote Method Invocation (RMI)
Java Database Connection (JDBC)
Java Naming & Directory Interface (JNDI)
Java Transaction API (JTA)
Java IDL / RMI over IIOP (CORBA Interoperability)
Java Mail
page 27
J2EE Value Proposition
Application
Application
Application
J2EE
JVM
JVM
OS
OS
OS
Hardware
Hardware
Hardware
Pre Java
With Java
With J2EE
page 28
J2EE Offerings
•
Sun ONE Application server 7.0
•
BEA Weblogic Server (VMS Certified 7.0)
•
JBOSS (Opensource, not J2EE certified)
•
IBM Websphere
•
OracleAS Version 10g
page 29
Webservices
page 30
Defining Web Services
•A Web
service is a chunk of functionality that can be
accessed using Web technology
– Across an intranet or the Internet
•Usually:
– What’s accessed is a method in a language such as
Java or Visual Basic.NET
– The Web technology used is the Simple Object Access
Protocol (SOAP) carried over HTTP
•Both
the .NET and Java camps have endorsed Web
services
page 31
Web Services Technologies
•Simple
Object Access Protocol (SOAP)
– An XML-based way to invoke Web services
•Web
Services Description Language (WSDL)
– An XML-based language for describing Web services
•Universal
Description, Discovery, and Integration
(UDDI)
– A registry for Web services
•Global
XML Web Services Architecture (GXA)
– Infrastructure Protocol Framework (Microsoft)
page 32
eXtensible Markup Language - XML
•
A tag-based textual format for:
–
–
•
•
Standard
Rigorous, so easy to parse (relative to HTML)
–
•
Document mark-up
Data
well-formed versus valid
Unfettered by legacy ad-hoc ‘standards’
page 33
eXtensible Markup Language - XML
•
•
•
Defines semantics, not display
HTML defines display, not semantics
<p><b>January 26th 1998</b></p>
–
•
HTML defining some text - but giving no meaning to it
<ChangeDate>January 26th 1998</>
–
XML defining a date, but not saying how it should be
displayed
page 34
XML for OpenVMS
•
XML C++ Technology Version 2.0 for OpenVMS is based on
Apache Xerces C Version 2.2.0 and Apache Xalan C Version 1.5.
• XML Java Technology Version 2.0 for OpenVMS is based on
Apache Xerces-Java Version 2.3.0 and Apache Xalan-Java
Version 2.4.1.
• XML Technology for OpenVMS supports Java and C++ and
comprises the following components:
–
–
XML Parser in Java and C++
Based on the Apache XML Project's Xerces, which provides parsing
and generation. The fully validating parser implements the W3C XML
and DOM (Level 1 and 2) standards.
XSLT Stylesheet Processor in Java and C++
Based on the Apache XML Project's Xalan, which provides highperformance XSLT
page 35
SOAP – The Cornerstone of
Interoperability
Simple – self-describing messages requests based on proven
conventions. SOAP is not simple. But, it is much simpler than
any of its predecessors (DCOM, CORBA, DCE, …)
Object – has its roots as a way of invoking COM objects across
the Internet. SOAP can invoke methods across the Internet.
Access – Possible to create SOAP bindings for almost any
protocol. The de facto binding is currently HTTP or SMTP,
allowing SOAP through most firewalls.
Protocol – Put all the previous factors together:
• Simple
• Object
• Access
–
and you get a very flexible, XML-based protocol for exchanging
information throughout a distributed environment
page 36
SOAP Toolkit for OpenVMS™ Alpha™
V1.1
•SOAP
Toolkit for OpenVMS™ Alpha™
–
Version 1.1
– Based on Apache SOAP Version 2.3.1 and includes Xerces-J
•Support
–
Support for the SOAP Toolkit Version 1.1 for OpenVMS Alpha is provided by Compaq
under existing OpenVMS service agreements through standard support channels
– For technical feedback to the SOAP Toolkit for OpenVMS engineering team, please send
mail to [email protected]
– Exchange information with other users through comp.os.vms
•System
Requirements
• Operating System
Alpha OpenVMS Version 7.2-2 (or higher)
Note: The SOAP Toolkit runs on OpenVMS Version 7.2-1, but is officially
supported only on Version 7.2-2 and higher
page 37
SOAP Toolkit for OpenVMS™ Alpha™
V1.1
SOAP Client prerequisites
– Compaq Software Development (SDK) for the Java™ Platform Version 1.2.2-3
(or higher)
– All patches required for Compaq SDK for the Java™ Platform. Check the
Compaq SDK documentation for the version of Java you are installing to be sure
that you have all prerequisite OpenVMS Alpha patches.
– Installing on an ODS-5 enabled disk is recommended. Because of long file
names and directory depth issues, the installed code base and the
accompanying documentation cannot be guaranteed to function properly in a
non-ODS5 environment
SOAP Server Prerequisites
– All of the SOAP Client prerequisites
– Compaq Secure Web Server Version 1.1-1 (or higher) for OpenVMS Alpha
– CSWS_JAVA Version 1.0 (or higher) for Compaq Secure Web Server for
OpenVMS Alpha
page 38
Illustrating Web Services Technologies
UDDI
Registry
SOAP
Internet
UDDI
Registry
Application
Application
Application
WSDL Interface
page 39
.NET
•
•
•
•
•
•
.NET is Microsoft’s Web services architecture
.NET is based on XML, SOAP, WSDL and UDDI
.NET provides a set of Web services, called
Hailstorm, together with a security scheme called
Passport
.NET also provides a development environment
and runtime for creating more Web services
.NET servers are Microsoft’s pre-existing servers
(like Biztalk) brought under the .NET marketing
umbrella
All this is the basis for Microsoft’s fee-for-use
software strategy
page 40
Developing Web services with
Microsoft.NET
page 41
Netbeans
page 42
What is NetBeans?
•
Sun-sponsored/owned Java IDE
•
Written in Java
•
Open source, www.netbeans.org
•
Positioned as an IDE and a tools platform
•
Extensible, foreign language support with appropriate
plug-ins
•
Runs on OpenVMS, Solaris, OS/2, Windows, TRU64
UNIX, Linux, HP-UX, MAC OS-X…others
•
Sun One Studio is a re-branding of NetBeans
page 43
NetBeans Major Features
•
Syntax highlighting code editor
•
Support for the Java, C, C++, XML and HTML
languages.
•
Support for JSP, XML, RMI, CORBA, JINI, JDBC and
Servlet technologies
•
Support for Ant, CVS and other version control systems
•
Visual design tools
•
Wizards and code generation and management tools
•
Web Development
•
Built-in debugger
page 44
The Main
Window
Editing
Workspace
The
Explorer
Properties
page 45
Code
Completion
Editor
Toolbar
Java API
Documentation
Multiple
buffers
page 46
page 47
Plug-ins for OpenVMS
•
Available at our OpenVMS Update Center or
on our website
• Currently Available (version 3.5.1)
–
C/C++ compiler support
– EDT-keypad editor support
– CMS support
– Distributed NetBeans (field test)
•
Coming Soon
–
–
–
Fortran compiler support (very shortly)
Cobol compiler support (very shortly)
3GL debugging support
page 48
NetBeans Update Center
•
NetBeans update
centers plus
dedicated OpenVMS
update centers
• Tools/Update Center,
make sure your proxy
is set up properly
page 49
OpenVMS C/C++ Support Plug-in
•
•
Tailored to the OpenVMS C/C++ compilers
Provides
– source
colorization
– code formatting
– compilation of files, but not linking
– error message parsing/navigation
•
Provides DCL command procedure execution
– output
in NetBeans output window or
– separate terminal window
page 50
CMS Support Plug-in
•
Supports
– Reserve
– Unreserve
– Replace
– Fetch
– Show History
– Differences (graphical)
– Create Element
– Delete Element
– Variants, including long
variant names
page 51
EDT-keypad Plug-in
•
•
•
Provides key bindings for EDT keypad
Works on any platform
Knows how to use DEC keyboard
page 52
Distributed NetBeans
•
Use any desktop that runs NetBeans
•
Develop on remote OpenVMS machine
•
Provides remote compilation (Java, C/C++, COBOL,
Fortran), error navigation, remote execution, and
eventually debugging
•
Also will have remote CMS operations
page 53
page 54
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Integrating Of VMS Data, Apps, Web