The Uses of Technology in
Treating Autism
Maria Papageorgiou-Porter, M.S.,CCC-SLP
Melissa Hennessy, OTR/L
Joanna Ingham, M.S. Ed.
Kennedy Krieger School: Montgomery County Campus
Kennedy Krieger Institute
Agenda
Kennedy Krieger School: Montgomery County
Campus (KKS: MCC)
Brief Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) overview
Definitions of legal terms
Using technology in the school and community
Questions
Kennedy Krieger Schools
Philosophy
The Kennedy Krieger School is a nationally
recognized "Blue Ribbon School of Excellence.”
Focus on specialized, individualized instruction.
Emphasis on a collaborative approach amongst
highly trained professionals specializing in ASD.
Kennedy Krieger Schools
Kennedy Krieger
School: Montgomery
County Campus
Our newest program,
opened in August,
2007 to support
students with ASD.
KKS:MCC
“Best Practice”
The instructional program follows the
Voluntary State Curriculum, Content
Standards and County Life Skills
Curriculum.
All students take the Maryland State
Assessment or Alternative Assessment.
Vocational training
Community Based Instruction
Positive Behavioral support system
KKS: MCC
“Best Practice Methods”
TEACCH
Applied Behavior Analysis
discrete trial
incidental learning
Pivotal Response Treatment
KKS:MCC
“Best Practice”
program-based related services
augmented communication
picture exchange communication
sensory diets
use of assistive technology
What is ASD?
The ASDs affect an estimated 1 in 150 births (Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention, 2005).
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) (also referred to as
PDDs) are brain-based developmental disabilities that
affect a child’s ability to communicate, understand
language, play and relate to others.
Diagnostic criteria as outlined by the American
Psychiatric Association (APA) in its Diagnostic &
Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR).
ASD:
Characteristics
It is imperative to note, children with autism, PDD-NOS and
Asperger syndrome vary widely in abilities, intellectual
functioning, and behaviors/interests. Therefore, it is
important to focus on the individual child's behavioral
and learning profile when making intervention decisions
and recommendations.
Autism
Asperger’s Syndrome
PDD-NOS
Technology Overview
Use of technology is integrated through
the school day as part of “best practice.”
Technology can be low, mid or high level.
Some technology may be student specific
and listed on the IEP and is then legally
mandated to be provided by the school
system.
Classroom technology
Promethean Board
– Interactive whiteboard- Activboard
– Activpen – enables the students
to manipulate the computer screen and lessons at the board
– Activvote – enables the students to vote on
multiple choice questions from the group table
– Activslate - enables the students
to manipulate the computer screen and lessons from the group
table
Classroom technology
Classroom Software – to teach academic, funcitonal,
social, community, and behavior skills
– Boardmaker
– Writing with Symbols
– LinguiSytems
– No Glamour
– Model Me Kids
Technology:
Legal Definitions
Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC)
refers "to an area of research, clinical, and educational
practice. AAC involves attempts to study and when
necessary compensate for temporary or permanent
impairments, activity limitations, and participation
restrictions of individuals with severe disorders of
speech-language production and/or comprehension,
including spoken and written modes of communication"
(ASHA, 2005).
Individuals with severe communication disorders and for
whom gestural, speech, and/or written communication is
temporarily or permanently inadequate to meet all of
their communication needs use AAC.
Technology:
Legal Definitions
Assistive Technology Device
-The term `assistive technology device' means any item, piece of
equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially off
the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain,
or improve functional capabilities of a child with a disability.
-The term does not include a medical device that is surgically
implanted, or the replacement of such device.
Assistive Technology Service
Any service that directly assists a child with a disability in the
selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device.
-IDEA 2004
Technology
When specific
technology is being
assessed use a team
approach.
SLP, AT specialist, special educator,
OT, social worker, behavior
specialist, LSS and the students
family all work together.
Technology: Speech Language
Pathologist
Children are sometimes
forced to use their
more complicated
formal AAC systems
even when a simple
approach is
sufficiently intelligible
and substantially
faster and easier.
Technology: Speech Language
Pathologist
Low Tech / Manual Communication
– Any communication system that does not
require a power source.
Flip N Talk
Print N Communicate
Communication Binder/Wallet
PECS
Sign Language
Technology: Speech Language
Pathologist
Static Display Voice Output
–
–
–
–
Fixed set of symbols or words
May have levels
Overlays may be printed on paper or other material
Overlays are physically changed by the user or an
assistant when a different display is required
TechSpeak
GoTalk
Dynavox
Technology: Speech Language
Pathologist
Light Tech
– Any communication system that requires a
source of power and is very easy to program.
BIGmack
LITTLEmack
Step-by-Step Communicator
Technology: Speech Language
Pathologist
Device Vocabulary
Symbol based
Text based
Symbol and text based
Word-based
Phrase-based
Combination of phrase and
word based
Core vs. Content Vocabulary
Vocabulary software
Unity
WordPower
Gateway
Technology: Speech Language
Pathologist
Fine motor
– Symbols size
– Keyguard
Vision
– Font size
– Symbol size
Technology: Occupational
Therapist
Occupational Therapy focus is on
promoting independence.
Sensory Integration
Visual Processing
Motor Skills and Praxis
Attention, Organization and Task
Completion
Technology: Occupational
Therapist
Sensory Integration
needs impact the
ability to attain and
sustain attention on
academic tasks.
May be included in
the IEP document.
Technology: Occupational
Therapist
Sensory Diets
Low Tech
High Tech
Technology: Occupational
Therapist
Technology to support
the visual and motor
skills needed for
writing.
Low tech
High tech
Technology: Occupational
Therapist
-
-
Technology to support the writing process.
Graphic organizers
Text to Speech Software
Word prediction software
Changing Accessibility options on
Microsoft Word
Questions?
Thank you for your time!
Contact Information:
Maria Papageorgiou-Porter
Sr. Speech Language Pathologist and
Related Services Coordinator
[email protected]
(443) 923-4178
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The Uses of Technology in Treating Autism