LCSH for Literature
Part 2. Discussions and
Criticism: Multiple
Authors—One Author—
Individual works
10/7/2015
1
Review: LC Documentation
 Based on Subject Cataloging Manual
(SCM):




H 1775 Literature: General
H 1780 Literature: Drama
H 1790 Literature: Fiction
H 1791 Literature: Poetry
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2
Review: SCM H 1775




Provides general guidelines
Always consult the specialized instruction
sheets for guidelines on cataloging a particular
form (e.g. H 1790 for Fiction)
H 1775 has the table of 9 commonly assigned
subject concepts (see next slide)
H 1775 documents standard practice for the 6
basic types of works (see slide x)
10/7/2015
3
Review:
Concepts Applied in Literature
Concept
Example
nationality
Russian poetry.
form/genre
Sonnets, Italian.
theme/topic
Sexual abstinence—Fiction.
time period
Poetry, Modern—18th century.
special types of
authors
Canadian fiction (English)—Women authors.
translations
Yiddish literature—Translations from German.
movements
Postmodernism (Literature)
language
Hebrew literature.
locality where written American fiction—New England.
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4
Review:
6 Categories of Literary Works

In this set we consider d.-e.-f.:
a. Collections of literary texts by several
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
authors
Collections of literary texts by one author.
Single literary text.
Discussion of several authors
Discussion of a single author
Discussion of a single text
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5
d. Discussion/Criticism of
Several Authors



The English novel, 1770-1829 : a
bibliographical survey of prose fiction
published in the British Isles / general editors,
Peter Garside, James Raven, and Rainer
Schöwerling.
The woman painter in Victorian literature /
Antonia Losano.
Postethnic narrative criticism : magicorealism
in Oscar "Zeta" Acosta, Ana Castillo, Julie
Dash, Hanif Kureishi, and Salman Rushdie /
Frederick Luis Aldama.
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6
d. Discussion of Several Authors:
Guidelines






Use any concept from the table
“Subdivisions must be added to literary form headings to show
that the work is about literature, not a collection of texts.”
The most common subdivision is
“--History and criticism”
Themes or topics are expressed as:
• [topic] in literature
• [topic]—In literature
• [topic] and literature
Subjects that are inherently literary-historical—such as [topic]
and literature–are not further subdivided with –History and
criticism
Guidelines apply to bibliographies as well as literary history
10/7/2015
7
d. Discussion of Several
Authors. Example 1
100
1
#
‡a Armstrong, Isobel.
245
1
0
‡a Victorian poetry : ‡b poetry, poetics, and politics / ‡c
Isobel Armstrong.
650
#
0
‡a English poetry ‡y 19th century ‡x History and
criticism ‡x Theory, etc. <nationality/form phrase; period
subdivision; further subdivided to distinguish from literary
collection>
650
#
0
‡a Politics and literature ‡z Great Britain ‡x History ‡y
19th century. <topic expressed with an “and literature”
phrase; period and chronological subdivisions>
650
#
0
‡a Canon (Literature) <unsubdivided literary theory
topic>
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Personal Name Subject
Headings


For literary collections, personal name headings for
literary authors are only assigned for translations of
a collection by one author
Unlike literary collections, the subject array for
discussion/criticism of several authors may include
up to 4 headings for names of authors in addition to
subject categories from the table.
• The subdivision –History and criticism is not used
under personal names
• To express the literary-critical aspect, use
–Criticism and interpretation ($x is used; $v is not
used)
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9
d. Discussion of Several
Authors. Example 2
100
1
#
‡a Rubinson, Gregory J.
245
1
4
‡a The fiction of Rushdie, Barnes, Winterson, and Carter :
‡b breaking cultural and literary boundaries in the work of
four postmodernists / ‡c Gregory J. Rubinson.
650
#
0
‡a English fiction ‡y 20th century ‡x History and criticism.
650
#
0
‡a Postmodernism (Literature) ‡z Great Britain.
600
1
0
‡a Winterson, Jeanette, ‡d 1959- ‡x Criticism and
interpretation.
600
1
0
‡a Carter, Angela, ‡d 1940-1992 ‡x Criticism and
interpretation.
600
1
0
‡a Rushdie, Salman ‡x Criticism and interpretation.
600
1
0
‡a Barnes, Julian ‡x Criticism and interpretation.
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10
Discussion/Criticism &
Biography (H 1330)

Personal name headings are also used to bring out the biographical aspect.
Unlike literary collections, the subject array for discussion/criticism can combine
categories from the table of literature categories with biography categories from
SCM H 1330. To bring out the biographical aspect, the following categories are
generally used:
• Name of person
• Up to 4 headings for personal names may be assigned
• The subdivision –Criticism and interpretation is not assigned when the
biographical aspect is emphasized
• The subdivision –Biography is not valid under personal names
• Class of person
• The subdivisions –History and criticism and –Criticism and
interpretation are not used under Class of person headings
• Assign appropriate subdivisions to bring out the biographical aspect for
personal names & class of person (H 1100 Class of Persons; H 1110
Names of Persons)
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11
d. Discussion of Several
Authors. Example 3
100
1
#
‡a McWilliams, John P.
245
1
0
‡a Hawthorne, Melville, and the American character : ‡b
a looking-glass business / ‡c John P. McWilliams, Jr.
650
#
0
‡a American literature ‡y 19th century ‡x History and
criticism.
650
#
0
‡a National characteristics, American, in literature.
651
#
0
‡a United States ‡x In literature.
600
1
0
‡a Hawthorne, Nathaniel, ‡d 1804-1864 ‡x Knowledge
‡x History. <i.e., the author’s knowledge of history;
biographical rather than a literary category>
600
1
0
‡a Melville, Herman, ‡d 1819-1891 ‡x Knowledge ‡x
History.
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d. Discussion of Several
Authors. Example 4
245
0
0
‡a Chicana creativity and criticism : ‡b new frontiers in American
literature / ‡c edited by María Herrera-Sobek and Helena María
Viramontes. <no heading for “Chicana,” so headings are doubled
to combine Mexican American and Women authors>
500
#
#
‡a Revised edition of a collection of poetry, prose, and essays
originally given at a conference held Apr. 22, 1987 at the
University of California, Irvine, sponsored by the Mexico/Chicano
Program of the university. <i.e.: literary collection AND criticism,
AND biography AND a conference collection!>
650
#
0
‡a American literature ‡x Mexican American authors ‡v
Congresses. <literary collection (no –History and criticism)>
650
#
0
‡a American literature ‡x Mexican American authors ‡x History
and criticism ‡v Congresses. <literary criticism>
…continued on next slide
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d. Discussion of Several
Authors. Example 4 continued
245
0
0
‡a Chicana creativity and criticism … <continuation of subject
headings assigned> .
650
#
0
‡a American literature ‡x Women authors ‡v Congresses.
<literary collection>
650
#
0
‡a American literature ‡x Women authors ‡x History and criticism
‡v Congresses. <literary criticism>
650
#
0
‡a American literature ‡y 20th century ‡v Congresses. <additional
subjects to bring out period using a subdivision; literary collection>
650
#
0
‡a American literature ‡y 20th century ‡x History and criticism ‡v
Congresses. <literary criticism>
650
#
0
‡a Mexican American women ‡x Intellectual life ‡v Congresses.
<class of persons: biography category>
650
#
0
‡a Women and literature ‡z United States ‡x History ‡y 20th
century ‡v Congresses. <topic and literature; locality where
written; period subdivision>
10/7/2015
14
Exercises:
Discussion/Criticism of Multiple
Authors


For review, do the quiz at:
http://www.quia.com/quiz/1099772.html
(Quiz is in draft form)
10/7/2015
15
e. Discussion/Criticism of One
Author



The Cambridge companion to Dante /
edited by Rachel Jacoff.
John Donne and the rhetorics of
Renaissance discourse / James S.
Baumlin.
John Milton : an annotated bibliography,
1968-1988 / compiled by Calvin
Huckabay ; edited by Paul J. Klemp.
10/7/2015
16
e. Discussion of One Author:
Guidelines




Primary subject is the name of the author
•
•
Apply appropriate subdivisions from SCM H 1110
REMEMBER: --History and criticism is not valid under personal
names; instead use
–Criticism and interpretation
Theme or topic may also be expressed
Although H 1775 states that other categories from the table
(form/genre, nationality, movements, language, authorgroup) “are not normally expressed,” in practice, nonthematic subjects are often assigned if emphasized in the
criticism
Guidelines apply to bibliographies as well as literary history
10/7/2015
17
e. Discussion of One Author.
Example 1
100
245
600
650
650
1 # ‡a Apostolou, Phōteinē.
1 0 ‡a Seduction and death in Muriel Spark's
fiction / ‡c Fotini E. Apostolou.
1 0 ‡a Spark, Muriel ‡x Criticism and
interpretation.
# 0 ‡a Seduction in literature.
# 0 ‡a Death in literature.
10/7/2015
18
e. Discussion of One Author.
Example 2
100 1 # ‡a Edgecombe, Rodney Stenning.
245 1 0 ‡a Vocation and identity in the fiction of
Muriel Spark / ‡c Rodney Stenning
Edgecombe.
600 1 0 ‡a Spark, Muriel ‡x Criticism and
interpretation.
650 # 0 ‡a Psychological fiction ‡x History and
criticism. <form/genre rather than theme>
650 # 0 ‡a Identity (Psychology) in literature.
650 # 0 ‡a Vocation in literature.
10/7/2015
19
e. Discussion of One Author &
Biography

Subjects to bring out the biographical aspect may also be
assigned in combination with subjects to bring out the literary
aspect;
• For biography, use the guidelines from SCM H 1330
• For personal names, use the appropriate biographical freefloating subdivisions under SCM H 1110
•
•
•
REMEMBER: the subdivision –Biography is not valid under
personal names
Class of person is generally assigned if the biographical
aspect is brought out
The biographical aspect for a discussion of one author is
often primary; in that case subjects to bring out the literary
aspect may not have to be assigned
10/7/2015
20
e. Discussion of One Author.
Example 2 (Criticism/Biography)
100
1
#
‡a Randisi, Jennifer Lynn.
245
1
0
‡a On her way rejoicing : ‡b the fiction of Muriel Spark /
‡c Jennifer Lynn Randisi.
600
1
0
‡a Spark, Muriel ‡x Criticism and interpretation.
650
#
0
‡a Satire, English ‡x History and criticism. <form/genre
rather than theme>
650
#
0
‡a Catholics ‡z Scotland ‡x Intellectual life. <class of
person; biographical subject>
650
#
0
‡a Catholics in literature.
650
#
0
‡a Mysticism in literature.
650
#
0
‡a Scotland ‡x In literature.
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21
e. Discussion of One Author.
Example 3 (Biography Primary)
100
245
600
650
1 # ‡a Spark, Muriel.
1 0 ‡a Curriculum vitae : ‡b autobiography / ‡c
Muriel Spark.
1 0 ‡a Spark, Muriel. <biographical emphasis,
so no –Criticism and interpretation
subdivision>
# 0 ‡a Novelists, Scottish ‡y 20th century ‡v
Biography. <class of person subject paired
with personal name subject per H 1330>
10/7/2015
22
Fictitious Characters (H 1610)



Fictitious characters are tagged 650 and qualified by
(Fictitious character)
If there is a surname, the heading is inverted
•
•
650 #0 ‡a Maigret, Jules (Fictitious character)
BUT: 650 #0 ‡a Ophelia (Fictitious character)
If the surname is best known with a title, LC will use
the title as the forename or both the forename & the
title; titles are not entered in ‡c qualifiers:
•
•
•
650 #0 ‡a Wexford, Inspector (Fictitious character)
650 #0 ‡a Paiboun, Siri, Doctor (Fictitious character)
650 #0 ‡a Jeffries, Mrs. (Fictitious character)
10/7/2015
23
Fictitious Characters (H 1610)

If a fictitious character created by an author is used
as a subject, assign the heading for the fictitious
character without further subdivision

If a heading for a fictitious character created by an author
is assigned, assign also a heading in the form: [name of
author]—Characters—[Name of character]
•

[Name of character] is entered in direct order without the
(Fictitious character) qualifier (see the scope note for the
subdivision --Characters under H 1110)
The heading for a fictitious literary character is not used in
an “… in literature” phrase or with the subdivision “--In
literature.”
10/7/2015
24
e. Discussion of One Author.
Example 4 (Fictitious Character)
100
1
#
‡a Cassirame, Brigitte.
245
1
0
‡a Anne-Marie Stretter, une figure d'Éros et de Thanatos
dans l'œuvre de Marguerite Duras / ‡c Brigitte Cassirame.
600
1
0
‡a Duras, Marguerite ‡x Criticism and interpretation.
600
1
0
‡a Duras, Marguerite ‡x Characters ‡x Anne-Marie
Stretter. <character name in direct order>
650
#
0
‡a Stretter, Anne-Marie (Fictitious character) <no further
subdivision assigned such as –In literature or
--Criticism and interpretation>
650
#
0
‡a Love in literature.
650
#
0
‡a Death in literature.
10/7/2015
25
Exercises:
Discussion/Criticism of One Author


For review, do the quiz at:
http://www.quia.com/quiz/1102917.html
(Quiz is in draft form)
10/7/2015
26
f. Discussion/Criticism of Single
Literary Text



A Gravity's rainbow companion : sources
and contexts for Pynchon's novel /
Steven Weisenburger. [monograph]
Arthur Miller's Death of a salesman /
edited and with an introduction by Harold
Bloom. [collection of essays]
Paradise lost : an annotated bibliography
/ P.J. Klemp.
10/7/2015
27
f. Discussion/Criticism of Single
Literary Text: Guidelines (1)



Primary subject: author/title or uniform title
subject heading
For general criticism, the primary subject
heading is not subdivided (i.e., do not
subdivide with –Criticism and interpretation)
For special subdivisions, refer to H 1155.6
(Literary Works Entered Under Author) and H
1155.8 (Literary Works Entered Under Title)
10/7/2015
28
f. Discussion/Criticism of Single
Literary Text: Guidelines (2)


Assign secondary subject(s) for theme or topic
Subjects originally assigned to the literary text
itself may be carried over—use judgment
•

If headings are carried over, then form
headings/subdivisions must be converted to topical
form
Other concepts from the table are not
expressed
10/7/2015
29
f. Discussion of a Single Literary
Text. Example 1a


Thematic subjects with form subdivisions have been assigned
to the literary work
Reminder: LC assigns a wider range of topical/thematic
subjects to American novels
100
1
#
‡a Morrison, Toni
245
1
0
‡a Song of Solomon / ‡c Toni Morrison ; [with a new
foreword by the author].
650
#
0
‡a African American families ‡v Fiction.
650
#
0
‡a African Americans ‡v Fiction.
650
#
0
‡a Michigan ‡v Fiction.
10/7/2015
30
f. Discussion of a Single Literary
Text. Example 1b


Author/title is primary subject
Thematic subjects with form subdivisions originally
assigned to the literary work are converted to topical
subjects without form subdivisions
245
0
0
‡a New essays on Song of Solomon / ‡c edited by Valerie
Smith.
600
1
0
‡a Morrison, Toni. ‡t Song of Solomon.
650
#
0
‡a African American families in literature.
650
#
0
‡a African Americans in literature.
650
#
0
‡a Michigan ‡x In literature.
10/7/2015
31
f. Discussion of Single Literary
Text. Example 2a

Original text—note subjects assigned
100
1
#
‡a Joyce, James, ‡d 1882-1941.
245
1
0
‡a Ulysses / ‡c James Joyce.
650
#
0
‡a Alienation (Social psychology) ‡v Fiction.
650
#
0
‡a City and town life ‡v Fiction.
651
#
0
‡a Dublin (Ireland) ‡v Fiction.
650
#
0
‡a Male friendship ‡v Fiction.
650
#
0
‡a Married people ‡v Fiction.
650
#
0
‡a Jewish men ‡v Fiction.
650
#
0
‡a Artists ‡v Fiction.
10/7/2015
32
f. Discussion of Single Literary
Text. Example 2b

Critical discussion: original subjects not carried over
100
1
# ‡a Booker, M. Keith.
245
1
0 ‡a Ulysses, capitalism and colonialism : ‡b reading Joyce
after the Cold War / ‡c M. Keith Booker.
600
1
0 ‡a Joyce, James, ‡d 1882-1941. ‡t Ulysses.
650
#
0 ‡a Capitalism and literature ‡z Ireland ‡x History ‡y 20th
century.
600
1
0 ‡a Joyce, James, ‡d 1882-1941 ‡x Political and social views.
<biographical subject>
650
#
0 ‡a Imperialism in literature.
650
#
0 ‡a Colonies in literature.
650
#
0 ‡a Marxist criticism.
10/7/2015
33
f. Discussion of Single Literary
Text. Example 3

Critical discussion of a fictitious character in
a single literary text (H 1610)
245
0
0 ‡a Leopold Bloom / ‡c edited and with an introduction by
Harold Bloom.
600
1
0 ‡a Joyce, James, ‡d 1882-1941. ‡t Ulysses.
600
1
0 ‡a Joyce, James, ‡d 1882-1941 ‡x Characters ‡x Leopold
Bloom.
650
#
0 ‡a Bloom, Leopold (Fictitious character)
10/7/2015
34
Exercises:
Discussion/Criticism of Multiple
Authors

For review, do the quiz at:
http://www.quia.com/quiz/1127535.html

(Quiz is in draft form)
10/7/2015
35
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LCSH for Literature - Yale University Library