Leader and Manager,
& Why We Need to Be Both
Jim McGraw, RN, MN
Tarrant County College
Who were 20 Important
Leaders
in Our Country’s History?
Who were 20 Important
Managers
in Our Country’s History?
How are these Leaders and
Managers Different?
Commonly Cited Traits Of A Good
Leader
Honest
/ Has
Integrity
Self

Flexible

Adaptable

Innovative /
Creative

Vision
Confident
Emotionally
Stable
Courageous
Charismatic?
What Is A Leader?
A leader is an individual with the “capacity
and will to rally men and women to a
common purpose, and the character
which will inspire confidence.”
-Field Marshal Montgomery
1944 Definition Of Leadership
“... leadership is the art of inspiring, guiding,
and directing bodies of men so that they
ardently desire to do what the leader wishes.”
-Fleet Admiral Ernie King, USN
1944 War Instructions
Leadership
Leadership is the process of influencing
the activities of an individual or a group in
efforts toward goal achievement in a given
situation.
Paul Hersey and Ken Blanchard
Management of Organizational Behavior
Focus Of A Leader
Establishing / Maintaining
Direction


Aligning People

Motivating and Inspiring
Institutionalizing a Leadership
Centered Culture

Management
“Management is the process of working
with and through individuals and groups
and other resources to accomplish
organizational goals.” -Paul Hersey
Attributes Of A Good Manager
Skills
Characteristics
Technical

Human
Decision
Conceptual
Communications
Analytic Thinking
Stress
Making
Management
Flexibility
Who Can Lead?
“Leadership is a difficult, but not impossible,
quality to acquire. Any individual who really
wants to be a leader can be one. It takes hard
work, knowledge, and enthusiasm, but it can
be done.”
-Admiral Arleigh Burke
Leader And Manager Roles
Manager
 Copes
with Complexity
Leader
 Copes
with Change
Leader And Manager Roles
Manager
 Copes
Leader
with Complexity
 Ensures
Things Work
 Copes
with Change
 Creates
What Works Better
Leader And Manager Roles
Manager
 Copes
Leader
with Complexity
 Ensures
 Worries
Things Work
About Today
 Copes
with Change
 Creates
 Looks
What Works Better
to Future
Leader And Manager Roles
Manager
 Copes
with Complexity
 Ensures
 Worries
A
Leader
Things Work
About Today
day’s work for a day’s pay
 Copes
with Change
 Creates
 Looks
What Works Better
to Future
 Inspires
People to Do More
Leader And Manager Roles
Manager
 Copes
with Complexity
 Ensures
 Worries
A
Leader
Things Work
About Today
day’s work for a day’s pay
 Plans
to Implement Year’s
Objectives
 Copes
with Change
 Creates
 Looks
What Works Better
to Future
 Inspires
 Creates
People to Do More
Goals & Objectives
for Multiple Years
Leader And Manager Roles
Manager
 Copes
with Complexity
 Ensures
 Worries
A
Leader
Things Work
About Today
day’s work for a day’s pay
 Plans
to Implement Year’s
Objectives
 Focuses
on Efficiency
 Copes
with Change
 Creates
 Looks
What Works Better
to Future
 Inspires
People to Do More
 Creates
Goals & Objectives
for Multiple Years
 Focuses
on Effectiveness
Leader’s & Manager’s
Perspectives on People
• Prepare people for the future.
– vs
• Prepare people for today’s job.
Leader’s & Manager’s
Perspectives on People
• The most valuable resource in the
organization
– vs
• A commodity whose value is driven by
the marketplace.
Leader’s & Manager’s
Perspectives on People
• Take care of the people and they will
take care of the organization
– vs
• Do only what the market demands for
employees.
Leader and Manager
Both Elements are Required for Success!
Similarities
• Working through others
• Responsible for outcomes
Differences
• Emphasis
– People vs. Numbers
• Motives
– Principles vs. Process
• Time Perspective
– Long Term vs. Short Term
How to be a leader
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Watch
Read
Listen
Ask
Plan
Do (Risk!)
Evaluate
United States Marine Corps
Leadership Principles
Marine Corps Leadership
Principles
• Know yourself and seek selfimprovement.
Marine Corps Leadership
Principles
• Be technically and tactically
proficient.
Marine Corps Leadership
Principles
• Develop a sense of responsibility
among your subordinates.
Marine Corps Leadership
Principles
• Make sound and timely decisions.
Marine Corps Leadership
Principles
• Set the example.
Marine Corps Leadership
Principles
• Know your Marines and look out for
their welfare.
Marine Corps Leadership
Principles
• Keep your Marines informed.
Marine Corps Leadership
Principles
• Seek responsibility and take
responsibility for your actions.
Marine Corps Leadership
Principles
• Ensure assigned tasks are
understood, supervised and
accomplished.
Marine Corps Leadership
Principles
• Train your Marines as a team.
Marine Corps Leadership
Principles
• Employ your command in
accordance with its capabilities.
What sort of nurse educator tasks
require leadership?
What sort of nurse educator tasks
require management?
Why is leadership needed in
health care today?
• People are the key to organization’s
success
• Continuing Change
• Rise of the “clueless” manager
– MBA without experience.
Summary

Leader:

Manager:
– Provides Direction
– Analyzes How
– Aligns People
– Implements Solutions
– Motivates
– Copes With
Complexity
– Shapes For The
Future
– Copes With Change
An Organization Needs Both!
Thank You!!
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Being A “Leader” In A “Management” Culture - T-OADN