UNECE Indicators
for ESD successful
implementation
Prof. Michael Scoullos
University of Athens
Chairman, MIO-ECSDE, GWP-med,
Coordinator, MEdIES
Chairman, Greek National Commission of ΜΑΒ UNESCO
UNECE’s Initiative on ESD
 Green light for the development of a UNECE
regional Strategy on ESD during the 5th Ministerial
“Environment for Europe” Conference, (Kiev, 2003).
 Drafting was a challenging exercise for everybody:
Environment and education ministries, UNESCO,
NGOs and other stakeholders through a
participatory process.
 Result: “Strategy on ESD” Adopted at high level
meeting (Vilnius, 2005)
UNECE Strategy on ESD
GOAL: to encourage the 56 developing and developed countries of the vast UNECE
region (and beyond) to develop and incorporate ESD into their formal education
systems, in all relevant subjects, as well as in non-formal and informal
education and to serve as a flexible framework in order to be adapted to each
country’s priorities, specific needs and circumstances.
KEY THEMES of SD to be incorporated in all education systems: poverty
alleviation, peace, ethics, democracy, justice, security, human rights, health, social
equity, cultural diversity, economy, environmental protection, natural resource
management.
THE EVALUATION MODEL
Check List
……………… Y/n
Policy Framework
……………… Y/n
Indicators
TYPE 1
Direct/
Indirect
Through put
activities
TYPE 0
TYPE 3
Output
Current
Effects,
Impact
Situation
(Baseline)
TYPE 4 Outcome
T=0
2006
2007
2015
UNECE Strategy for ESD
Criteria for successful
implementation of the Strategy
(quantitative definition of success
aggregated per objective)
Quality
descriptors
(clarifying the
indicators /subindicators)
Indicators for ESD
Self-assessment
in implementing
the Strategy
Good
practices
in ESD
The UNESCO evaluation model
UNECE INDICATORS of the
Implementation of the Strategy
 They reflect both aspects of the mandate: “the
implementation” as a process, and “the
effectiveness of the implementation”, as a
qualitative feature of the process and the outcome.
 Not to be seen as a stand alone tool, but rather
within a comprehensive implementation framework
 Nature of Indicators: Quantitative (absolute figures
or ratios) & Qualitative (description or rating)
 Baseline data: Current situation per country (as of
1st Jan. 2005)
Types of UNECE indicators
“Checklist/baseline indicators” give info on initial policy,
legislation, regulatory & governance measures in order to
implement the Strategy (e.g. if a coordinating mechanism is in
place, translation of the Strategy into national language, etc.)
“Input indicators” give info on a broader spectrum of activities
for the implementation of the Strategy (e.g. amount of public
authority money invested in the ESD materials, etc.)
“Output indicators” give info on the results of the
aforementioned activities (e.g. number of businesses involved
in ESD projects, ratio of trained to non trained educators).
“Outcome indicators” give info on the possible impact of the
implementation of the Strategy, in particular its qualitative
aspect in terms of values, attitudes and choices in favour of SD
(e.g. learning outcomes resulting from ESD partnerships,
community-based projects and business involvement). (not
developed yet)
Process so far
 2005: UNECE Strategy on DESD
 2005: UNESCO Draft Implementation Plan
 2005-07: UNECE & UNESCO indicators to the
implementation of the UNECE Strategy
 2007: Baseline data gathered from countries
based on UNECE or UNESCO forms (indicators)
 2008: UNECE descriptors to indicators of the
strategy
 2008: Decision for a UNECE WP on
competences to the Strategy
OBJECTIVE 1.
ENSURE THAT POLICY, REGULATORY AND
OPERATIONAL FRAMEWORKS SUPPORT THE
PROMOTION OF ESD
Sub-indicators
1.1 Prerequisite measures are taken to support the
promotion of ESD. 1.2 Policy, regulatory and
operational frameworks support the promotion of
ESD 1.3 National policies support synergies
between processes related to SD and ESD
Sub-indicator 1.1.2 Have you appointed a national
focal point to deal with the UNECE Strategy for
ESD?
 Description: The national focal point (NFPs) is
designated by the Government as the central body in
charge of coordinating ESD-related activities under
the framework of UNECE Strategy for ESD at the
national and international levels. The NFPs is in
charge of preparation of the national implementation
report (NIR). The NFPs serves also as a mailing box
or contact person for the UNECE secretariat.The
focal point could be a person or a unit. Some
countries have more then one focal point, which
implies that communication between them should be
well organized.
Sub-indicator 1.1.2 Have you appointed a national
focal point to deal with the UNECE Strategy for
ESD?
 Relevant quote from the Strategy/ Vilnius framework
:42.(Strategy) Each country is responsible for implementing this
Strategy. To include SD perspectives throughout education,
strong political support will be necessary at all levels of
governance. To that end, it is recommended that countries
should translate this Strategy into their official language(s), and,
as appropriate, language(s) of minorities,and distribute it to the
relevant authorities and designate a focal point.
 13. (Vilnius framework)To ensure efficient regional governance
and communication,focal points for education for sustainable
development are required in all UNECE member States and in
relevant international organizations.
 Illustration (examples/good practices/case studies):
OBJECTIVE 2.
PROMOTE SD THROUGH FORMAL,
NON-FORMAL & INFORMAL LEARNING
 2.1 SD key themes are addressed in formal education Subindicators
 2.2 Strategies to implement ESD are clearly identified Subindicators
 2.3 A whole institution approach to SD/ESD is promoted
Sub-indicators
 2.4 ESD is addressed by quality assessment/enhancement
systems
 2.5 ESD methods and instruments for non-formal and
informal learning are in place to assess changes in
knowledge, attitude and practice
 2.6 ESD implementation is a multi-stakeholder process
OBJECTIVE 3.
EQUIP EDUCATORS WITH COMPETENCE TO
INCLUDE SD IN THEIR TEACHING
 3.1 ESD is included in the training of
educators
 3.2 Opportunities exist for educators to
cooperate on ESD
OBJECTIVE 4.
ENSURE THAT ADEQUATE TOOLS AND
MATERIALS FOR ESD ARE ACCESSIBLE
 4.1 Teaching tools and materials for ESD are
produced
 4.2 Quality control mechanisms for teaching
tools and materials for ESD exist
 4.3 Teaching tools and materials for ESD are
accessible
OBJECTIVE 5.
PROMOTE RESEARCH ON AND
DEVELOPMENT OF ESD
 5.1 Research on ESD is promoted
 5.2 Development of ESD is promoted
 5.3 Dissemination of research results on
ESD is promoted
OBJECTIVE 6.
STRENGTHEN COOPERATION ON ESD AT ALL
LEVELS WITHIN THE UNECE REGION
 6.1 International cooperation on ESD is
strengthened within the UNECE region
and beyond
Sub indicators (1.1)
Sub-indic
BACK to 1.1
Prerequisite measures are taken to support the promotion of
ESD
1.1.1
Is the UNECE Strategy for ESD available in your national
language(s)?
1.1.2
Have you appointed a national focal point to deal with the UNECE
Strategy for ESD?
1.1.3
Do you have a coordinating body for implementation of ESD?
1.1.4
Do you have a national implementation plan for ESD?
1.1.5
Are there any synergies at the national level between UNECE
ESD process, the UNESCO global process on the UN Decade of
ESD, and other policy processes relevant to ESD?
Sub indicators (1.2)
BACK to 1
Subindi
Policy, regulatory and operational frameworks support the promotion of ESD
1.2.1
Is ESD reflected in national policy documents?
1.2.2
Is ESD: (a) addressed in relevant national education legislation/regulatory
document(s); & (b) included in national curricula and/or
standards/requirements;
at all levels of formal education?
1.2.3
Is non-formal and informal ESD addressed in relevant national policy and/or
regulatory documents and operational frameworks?
1.2.4
Is public awareness in relation to ESD addressed in relevant national
documents?
1.2.5
Does a formal structure for interdepartmental cooperation relevant to ESD
exist in your Government?
1.2.6
Does a mechanism for multi-stakeholder cooperation on ESD exist with the
involvement of your Government?
1.2.7
Are public budgets and/or economic incentives available specifically to support ESD?
Sub indicators (2.1) (2.2) (2.3)
BACK to 2
Sub-indi
SD key themes are addressed in formal Education
2.1.1
Are key themes of SD addressed explicitly in the curriculum/ programme of
study at various levels of formal education?
2.1.2
Are learning outcomes (skills, attitudes and values) that support ESD
addressed explicitly in the curriculum /programme of study at various levels
of formal education?
2.2.1
Are teaching/ learning methods that support ESD addressed explicitly in the
curriculum/ programme of study at various levels of formal education?
Sub-indi
Whole institution approach
2.3.1
Do educational institutions adopt a “whole-institution approach” to
SD/ESD?
2.3.2
Are there any incentives (guidelines, award scheme, funding, technical
support) that support “a whole institution approach to SD/ESD”?
2.3.3
Do institutions/learners develop their own SD/ESD indicators for their
institution/organization?
Sub indicators (2.4, 2.5, 2.6)
BACK to 2
Sub-2.4
ESD is addressed by quality assessment/enhancement systems
2.4.1
(a) Are there any education quality assessment/enhancement systems? (b)
Do they address ESD? (c) Are there any education quality
assessment/enhancement systems that address ESD in national systems?
Sub-2.5
ESD methods and instruments for non-formal and informal learning are in
place to assess changes in knowledge, attitude and practice
2.5.1
Are SD issues addressed in informal and public awareness raising activities?
2.5.2
Is there any support for work-based learning (e.g. for small companies,
farmers, trade unions, associations, etc.), which addresses SD issues?
2.2.1
Are there any instruments (e.g. research, surveys, etc.) in place to assess
the outcomes of ESD as a result of non-formal and informal learning?
Sub- 2.6
ESD implementation is a multi-stakeholder process
2.6.1
Is ESD implementation a multi-stakeholder process?
Sub indicators (3.1) (3.2)
BACK to 3
Sub- 3.1
ESD is included in the training of educators
3.1.1
Is ESD a part of educators’ initial training?
3.1.2
Is ESD a part of the educators’ in-service training?
3.1.3
Is ESD a part of training of leaders and administrators of educational
institutions?
Sub- 3.2
Opportunities exist for educators to cooperate on ESD
3.2.1
Are there any networks / platforms of educators and/or
leaders/administrators who are involved in ESD in your country?
3.2.2
Are ESD networks/platforms supported by the government in any way?
Sub indicators (4)
BACK to 4
Sub4.1
Opportunities exist for educators to cooperate on ESD
4.1.1
Does a national strategy/ mechanism for encouragement of development and
production of ESD tools and materials exist?
4.1.2
Is public (national, sub-national, local) authority money invested in this activity?
Sub4.2
Quality control mechanisms for teaching tools and materials for ESD exist
4.2.1
Do you have quality criteria and/or guidelines for ESD-related teaching tools and
materials that are: (a) Supported by public authorities? (b) Approved by public
authorities? (c) Tested and recommended by educational institutions?
4.2.2
Are ESD teaching tools / materials available: (a) In national languages?; (b) For
all levels of education according to ISCED?
Sub-4.3
Teaching tools and materials for ESD are accessible
4.3.1
Does a national mechanism for dissemination of ESD tools and materials exist?
4.3.2
Is public authority money invested in this activity?
4.3.3
Are approved ESD teaching materials available through the Internet?
4.3.4
Is a database of ESD teaching tools and materials in the national language(s):
(a) accessible through the Internet?; (b) provided through other channels?
Sub indicators (5)
BACK to 5
Sub-5.1
Research on ESD is promoted
5.1.1
Is research that addresses content and methods for ESD supported?
5.1.2
Does any research evaluate the outcome of the implementation of the UNECE
Strategy for ESD?
5.1.3
Are post-graduate programmes available:
(1) on ESD : (a) for Masters level?; (b) for Doctorate level?
(2) addressing ESD: (a) for Masters level?; (b) for Doctorate level?
5.1.4
Are there any scholarships supported by public authorities for post-graduate
research in ESD: (a) for Masters level; (b) for Doctorate level?
Sub- 5.2
Development of ESD is promoted
5.2.1
Is there any support for innovation and capacity building in ESD practice?
Sub5.3
Dissemination of research results on ESD is promoted
5.3.1
Is there any public authority support for mechanisms to share the results of
research & good practices examples in ESD among authorities & stakeholders?
5.3.2
Are there any scientific publications: (a)specifically on ESD? (b)addressing ESD?`
Sub indicators (6)
Subindi
6.1
BACK to 6
International cooperation on ESD is strengthened within the UNECE region and
beyond
6.1.1
Do your public authorities cooperate in/support international networks on
ESD?
6.1.2
Do educational institutions/organizations (formal and non-formal) in your
country participate in international networks related to ESD?
6.1.3
Are there any state, bilateral and/or multilateral cooperation
mechanisms/agreements that include an explicit ESD component?
6.1.4
Does your Government take any steps to promote ESD in international forums
outside the UNECE region?
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