Who Are We?
Iranian-American Community
Survey 2005
Farzan Parsinejad, Ph.D.
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
http://web.mit.edu/isg/
Mehregan 3rd Annual Seminar:
Reflections of Iranian Identity Through Time
1
What is ISG?



Iranian Studies Group (ISG) at MIT
A non-partisan, non-profit, academic organization with the
goal of promoting Iranian civil society through conducting
research on issues related to the Iranian society in Iran and
abroad
ISG Activities
 ISG Research Projects
 Iran Analysis Quarterly Journal
 ISG Lecture Series
ISG aims
 to bridge the gap between research, public knowledge,
and policy-making
 to create a network of academics, community leaders and
interested individuals in Iran, the U.S., and other parts of
the world
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
2
Organization
Board of Directors
Overseeing activities and general guidelines
5 academics and 2 business/community leaders
Executive Board
In charge of managing research strategy and tactics
Currently 1 M.S., 2 Doctoral Students, 3 Ph.D.’s
Research Associates
Conducting research projects under supervision of executives
Currently 10 Ph.D. Candidates, Academics and Professionals
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
3
Motivations of Survey

Census data not sufficient in understanding the
characteristics, needs and concerns of individuals in the
Iranian American community.

Assess the perception of individuals of Iranian ancestry
of the Iranian American community and potential
common values, needs and concerns.

The results of the survey can provide community leaders
with information on how better serve the community
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
4
Survey Basics
• Online between January-March 2005
• 3880 Valid Responses
• 62.4% male respondents, 37.6% female respondents
• Around 60% Naturalized U.S. Citizens (first generation
IA), 12% U.S.-born, 12% permanent residents, 8%
students , and the rest asylees, skilled workers, etc.
• Average age of respondents between 35-49
• Average education of respondents, B.S. and then M.S.
degree
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
5
Immigration Period
35%
30%
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
1940-1959
1960-1969
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
1970-1979
1980-1989
1990-1999
2000-Present
6
Ethnicity
Lor
2%
Gilak
3%
Arab
1%
Baluchi
0.5%
Armenian
1%
Assyrian
1%
Turkmen
1%
Kurdish
4%
Azari
10%
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
Persian
7
Religion Diversity
Atheist
9%
Spiritual (no
organized
religious
affiliation)
21%
Agnostic
9%
Muslim
49%
Baha’I
3%
Zorasthrian
3%
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
Jewish
3%
Christian
3%
8
Religion
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Muslim
Christian
comfortable in practicing
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
Jewish
Baha'i
NOT comfortable in practicing
Zorastherian
Does NOT practice
9
Family Structure

If not single, more than 80% are
married which is higher compared to the
Nation.

3% live with partner which is less
than Nation

15% are divorced which is less
than the Nation

If divorced, the custody of children
in 75% of the cases are by women
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
10
Family Structure: Spouse's Background
45%
40%
35%
30%
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
Iranian
American of
Iranian Ancestry
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
American
Other
Nationalities
11
Language Spoken at Home
90%
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
English
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
Persian
My ethnic language
12
How Often Have Your Children Visited
Iran?
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
1-2
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
3-5
6 or more
Never
13
Important Aspects of Iranian Culture in
Children Education
Politics
Literature
Music
History
Religion
Traditions and Festivities
My Ethnicity
Ethnic language
Persian language
0%
10%
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
14
Most Appealing Aspects of the Culture
1. Cuisine
2. Family values
3. Language, Traditions and Humor
4. Festivities, Traditional music, Popular
music and Movies
5. Religion and Mysticism
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
15
Assimilation: Difficulty in Adjusting
to Live in US
30%
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
Language barrier Cultural differences
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
Family values
Religious
differences
Political/Ideological
differences
16
Frequency of Interaction with Iranians
40%
35%
30%
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
daily
weekly
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
monthly
rarely
never
17
Frequency of Socializing with
Non-Iranians
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
American
African
Latin Americans
Eastern
Europeans
Western
Europeans
Other Middle
Eastern
Arabs
Indians/Pakistanis
Asians (e.g.
Chinese, etc.)
18
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
Discrimination!!
Never
18%
Always Often
2%
8%
Sometimes
32%
Rarely
40%
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
19
Important Factors in Choosing
Where to Live
Education
Job opportunities
Climate condition
Being close to Iranian
community
Cost of living
0
0.5
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
20
5
Sources of News About Iran
News email lists from friends or organizations
Iranian Expatriate radio stations
Iranian Expatriate Satellite Television (Southern
California)
Iranian Expatriate internet sites (Gooya, Payvand,
Iranian.com, etc.)
Iran-based media (State Television, State radio,
online newspapers)
U.S. media coverage of Iran (CNN, Fox, New York
Times etc.)
0
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
21
4
Investment in Iran
Improved asset and
human security in Iran
Favorable economic
opportunities in Iran
Favorable political
developments in Iran
Removal of sanctions
by the U.S.
0
0.5
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
22
Impediments to Our Unity
Individualism: agenda,
vision etc
Lack of
priority/time/commitment
Apathy
Lack of vision for a
common future
Lack of perceived
common threat
0
0.5
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
23
Finally, Who Are We?
Depends on the
situation
10%
American
2%
Iranian
44%
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
IranianAmerican
13%
PersianAmerican
5%
Persian
26%
24
Summary

The ISG Iranian-American Survey 2005 provides
abundant information on the different aspects of
the Iranian-American community and will be
repeated every year with various foci.
The information presented here is only a
selected overview of the survey results.
Main results are to come: More on cross
correlations Analysis

Iranian Studies Group at MIT
25
Acknowledgement
Mehregan Foundation
Mrs. Frances Nedjat Haiem
Mr. Bruce Bahmani
Ms. Noosheen Hashemi
Dr. Akbar Mahdi
Mr. Darr Hashempour
Dr. Mohammad Ala
Dr. Mohammad Navab
Ms. Dokhi Fassihian
Mr. Hossein Hosseini
Mr. Behrouz Vakili
Mr. Shahriar Afshar
Dr. David Rahni
Mr. Alireza Taghi
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
26
Demographic
Education
35%
30%
25%
20%
ISG Survey
Census 2000
15%
10%
5%
0%
some highschool
highschool diploma
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
B.S.
M.S.
Ph.D.
DMD, JD
etc.
27
Demographic
Age Distribution
45%
40%
35%
30%
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
18-24
25-34
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
35-49
50-64
65 and above
28
Demographic
Household Income
35%
Average Income
Census 2000
30%
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
Iranian Studies
Up to
$25,000$50,000$24,999
$75,000$49,999
$100,000$74,999
$99,999
$200,000$199,999
$499,999
Group at MIT
$500,000
and above
29
challenges in adjustment for living in the US (1-5)
Political/Ideological differences
Religious differences
Family values
Cultural differences
Language barrier
0
Iranian Studies Group at MIT
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
30
Descargar

Iranian Studies Group (ISG)