Long-Form Possessives
Remember possessive adjectives?
mi
tu
su
nuestro
vuestro
su
They’re equivalent to
my
your
his,her
its
our
your
their
And they ALWAYS come BEFORE a noun.
Now you’re going to learn another set of possessives,
called long-form possessives:
mío
tuyo
suyo
nuestro
vuestro
suyo
These CANNOT come before a noun. They come
AFTER a noun, and when they do, they frequently
emphasize possession:
La casa mía es muy grande. = My house is very big.
But more often than not, they are equivalent to the
following:
mine
yours
his, hers, its
ours
yours
theirs
Note that these are NOT the same as
my
your
his, her, its
our
your
their
My house is big.
This house is mine.
*Mine house is big.
*This house is my.
*You can’t say these. Duh. So just like
my/your/her and mine/yours/hers have
different rules for usage, mi/tu/su and
mío/tuyo/suyo have different rules for
usage.
mi
tu
su
nuestro
vuestro
su
(el) mío
(el) tuyo
(el) suyo
(el) nuestro
(el) vuestro
(el) suyo
1.
ALWAYS precedes a noun: Mi casa es grande.
2.
follows a noun: La casa mía es grande.
3.
can be a pronoun:
a. This house is mine. - Esta casa es mía.
b. She uses mine. - Usa la mía/el mío/las mías/los míos (depending on
whether what’s “mine” is masc./fem./sing./pl.).
You’ll notice that a doesn’t have an article before “mía” but b does. Here
are the rules for using the article:
1. If the
comes right after a noun, it doesn’t get an article right in
front of it: La casa mía es grande.
2. If the
comes right after “ser,” it doesn’t get an article in front of it:
La casa es mía.
3. If the
comes anywhere else, you have to have an article with it:
La mía es grande. Tienes la mía. Vivimos en la mía.
Click here to go to a brief practice.
To sum up:
Mi, tu, su, etc. (
a noun.
) can be used ONLY before
Mío, tuyo, etc. (
) is used everywhere else.
is NOT preceded by an article if
it’s preceded by a noun.
is NOT preceded by an article if it’s
preceded by “ser.”
IS preceded by an article at all other
times.
Click here to go to your first homework.
Click here to go to your second homework.
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Long-Form Possessives - Gordon State College