Jesus is coming. . .soon! Are you ready?
The
Seven
Churches
of
Revelation
The history of God’s
church through time,
beginning with the time of
the Apostle John and
ending with the church at
the time of Jesus’ second
coming in clouds of glory.
This history spans two
millennia, from A.D. 31
until the present day.
Ephesus
Smyrna
Pergamos
Thyatira
Sardis
Philadelphia
Laodicea
A.D. 31- 100
A.D. 100- 313
A.D. 313 - 528
A.D. 528 - 1350
1350 - 1740
1740 - 1844
1844 – present
Commendation:
patience, good
works, tested
false teachers
Commendation:
perseverance in
tribulation; rich in
spiritual things
Commendation:
held to Christ’s
name; didn’t deny
Jesus’ faith
Commendation:
Love, service, and
patience
Commendation:
faithfulness of
some
Commendation:
loyalty and
patience
Commendation:
none
Reproof:
false teachings,
Jezebel harbored
Reproof:
dead
Reproof:
none
Reproof:
lukewarmness
and pretension
Exhortation:
repent, be vigilant
Exhortation:
hold fast what you
have
Promise:
white robes,
names in Book of
Life
Promise:
pillar in the
temple of God
Reproof:
left her first love
Reproof:
none
Reproof:
false teachings
Exhortation:
repent and do the
first works
Exhortation:
do not fear, be
faithful
Exhortation:
repent
Promise:
tree of life
Promise:
crown of life
Promise:
hidden manna,
white stone, new
name
Exhortation:
repent and hold
fast to truth
Promise:
power, “Morning
star”
Exhortation:
need faith,
righteousness,
discernment
Promise:
with Christ on His
throne
Protestant View
We learned that the
Protestant view is the
Historicist position
1. Ephesus – apostolic
age
2. Smyrna – period of
pagan persecution
3. Pergamos – from
Constantine’s time to
the great apostasy
Protestant View
4. Thyatira – period of
papal persecution
5. Sardis – Protestant
Reformation period
6. Philadelphia – the
church of revival
7. Laodicea – church of
the “last age”
preceding the second
coming of Christ
Perga
mos
Constantine
signed into
law the first
national
Sunday law
in A.D. 321
Thyati
ra
Church of the Dark Ages
During this period
of church history
we find the full
development of
the counterfeit
system that
challenged
Christ’s authority
Sard
is
Protestant Reformation
The letter to Sardis pictures the
inauguration, development, unfortunate
corruption, and judgment of the Protestant
Reformation
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Philadel
phia
Missionary
efforts expanded
around the globe
1793 – William Carey to India
1797 – first missionaries to Tahiti and South Seas
1804 – first Bible society was formed in England
1807 – Robert Morrison went to China
1816 – first Bible society in America
1817 – Robert Moffat went to Africa
1840 – David Livingstone to Africa
Bible translation into many languages was an essential
part of the work during this time of world-wide evangelism
Philadel
phia
The work of the
1830s to 1840s in
America under
the preaching
William Miller led
to the searching
of the prophecies
and a desire be
ready when
Jesus returned
Philadel
phia
Lisbon Earthquake
Nov. 1, 1755
Philadel
phia
The dark day was
followed by a
night illuminated
with a full moon
that had the color
of pure blood
Review of the
Seals
1. White horse—early church; correlates
with Ephesus church (A.D. 34 – 100)
2. Red horse—church under persecution;
Smyrna (A.D. 100 – 313)
3. Black horse—church of the apostasy;
Pergamos (A.D. 313 – 538)
4. Pale horse—church of the Dark Ages;
Thyatira (A.D. 538 – 1300s)
Review of the
Seals
5. Fifth seal—church of the Reformation;
correlates with Sardis (1350 – 1798)
6. Sixth seal—church of the “time of the
end”; Philadelphia (1798 – 1844)
7. Seventh seal—cleansing of the
sanctuary; Laodicea (1844 – second
coming)
In 6:17 the question was
asked—
“Who shall be
able to stand?”
when God’s day of wrath
is come upon the earth
“Who shall be
able to stand?”
Chapter 7 gives the answer
Who ARE the
“144,000” who
are sealed??
“These are they which
came out of great
tribulation, and have
washed their robes,
and made them white
in the blood of the
Lamb.”
Rev. 7:14
Review of the OT
Trumpets
Trumpets in the Bible —
• Symbolize war
• Announce judgment
against enemies
• Call God’s people to
prepare spiritually for
His final day of reckoning
Review of the Falling
Away
Pergamos Church
(A.D. 313-538)
• Compromise with paganism
• Great “falling away” 2 Thess. 2:1-12
• Gnostic philosophy exalted
• Traditions replace the Bible
Review of the Falling
Away
Thyatira Church
(A.D. 538-1789)
• Papacy established
• Doctrines were developed
contrary to Bible truth
• Persecution of God’s
people by the church
John’s Vision of the
Trumpets
The vision of the trumpets REPEATS the time
frame of the history of the seven churches
and the seven seals, but here the prophecy
tells of political history surrounding the
Church; of
wars, and
pending
judgments
against the
Church.
Overview of the
Trumpets
• First trumpet — Alaric and the Goths
(395 to 410 A.D.)
• Second trumpet — Genseric and the
Vandals (440 – 455 A.D.)
• Third trumpet — Attila and the Huns
(434 – 452 A.D.)
• Fourth trumpet — Odoacer and fall of
the Western Roman empire (476 A.D.)
Overview of the
Trumpets
• Darkness in the religious and political
worlds (A.D. 538 - 1798)
• Fifth trumpet — rise of Islam
(first woe; A.D. 622 to 732)
• Sixth trumpet — spread and collapse of
Islam (second woe, 1299 to 1840)
Prophecy of Daniel 2
“And as the toes of
the feet were part of
iron and part of clay,
so shall the kingdom
be partly strong, and
partly broken.”
Daniel 2:42.
Prophecy is Accurate
Prophecy of Daniel’s ten horns was
that three would be replaced by a
“little horn” which came up among
the ten. History proves this prophecy
true. Papal Rome rose to power while
destroying three tribes which
opposed its purpose. Those three
tribes “plucked up” were the Vandals,
the Heruli, and the Ostrogoths.
Review of Revelation
Prophecy
Fifth Trumpet = First Woe
Swarming of the Muslims from
the depths of the “bottomless
pit” of the Arabian Desert
Fifth Trumpet Sounds
“ . . . And there came out of the smoke
locusts upon the earth: and unto them was
given power, as the scorpions of the earth
have power. And it was commanded them
that they should not hurt the grass of the
earth, neither any green thing, neither any
tree; but only those men which have not
the seal of God in their foreheads.”
Revelation 9:1-4
We find a striking fulfillment of
the prophecy of Revelation 9:4
in the command of ABU BEKR,
who was Mohammed’s uncle
“When you fight your battles of the
Lord, acquit yourselves like men,
without turning your backs; let not your
victory be stained with the blood of
women or children. Destroy no palm
trees, nor burn any fields of corn. Cut
down no fruit trees, nor do any
mischief to cattle, only such as you kill
to eat.”
Edward Gibbon, Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
“As you advance into the enemy’s
country, you will find a sort of men who
belong to the synagogue of Satan, and
who have shaven crowns. Cleave their
skulls. Give them no quarter till they
embrace our faith or pay tribute.”
Israel Smith Clare, The Standard History of the World , vol. 4, p. 1814
Fifth Trumpet Sounds
“ . . . And there came out of the smoke
locusts upon the earth: and unto them was
given power, as the scorpions of the earth
have power. And it was commanded them
that they should not hurt the grass of the
earth, neither any green thing, neither any
tree; but only those men which have not
the seal of God in their foreheads.”
Revelation 9:1-4
Sixth Trumpet = Second Woe
Swarming of the sixth trumpet
to “slay” the remaining 1/3 of
the old Roman empire, now
called the Byzantine empire
“Saying to the sixth angel
which had the trumpet,
Loose the four angels which
are bound in the great river
Euphrates. And the four
angels were loosed, which
were prepared for an hour,
and a day, and a month, and
a year, for to slay the third
part of men.”
Revelation 9:14 and 15
Sixth Trumpet
Sounds
Hour =
15 days
Day =
Month =
Year =
1 year
30 years
360 years
391 years and 15 days
The “five months” or
150 years of torment
began July 27, 1299 and
ended July 27, 1449.
Adding 391 years and 15 days
to July 27, 1449 we arrive at
August 11, 1840.
This particular prophecy
in Revelation 9:13-21
had a profound impact
on the religious world of
the 19th century. It
firmly established the
truth of the prophetic
chronology of the Bible.
Trumpets in the Old
Testament
• Announce the coming of the Day of Atonement
• Declare the Day of Jubilee and freedom
• Call to remember the
Commandments of God
• Declare war
• Declare the day of final
judgment of the world
• Proclaim the new king’s
coronation
Summary of Trumpets
• Announce the coming of the Day of Atonement
• Declare the Day of Jubilee and freedom
• Call to remember the
Commandments of God
• Declare war
• Declare the day of final
judgment of the world
• Proclaim the new king’s
coronation
Trumpets in the Old
use of
Testament Primary
trumpets in the
Judgment
is
coming!
Old Testament
was to warn of
coming judgment
against apostasy
on the typical Day
of Atonement
Last Day of Earth’s
History
For the righteous it is
a day of deliverance
For the wicked it is
a day of destruction
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