Copyright © 2012, by Jay Seller, Ph.D.
1895 Birth of Cinematography
In 1894 Thomas Edison
and William Dickson
invented the
Kinetoscope and
Vitascope
1895 Birth of Cinematography
The Lumiere Brothers were
the earliest filmmakers.
1895 they created their
own device combining
camera with printer and
projector, called the
Cinematographe.
1895 Birth of Cinematography
Robert W. Paul
invented a film
projector Theatrograph,
first public
showing in 1895
1895 Birth of Cinematography
Films under a minute
long and usually
presented a single
scene, authentic or
staged, of everyday
life, a public event, a
sporting event or
slapstick.
Silent Era 1895-1927
Paris stage magician
Georges Méliès did
films of fantasy and
the bizarre,
including A Trip to
the Moon (1902).
Silent Era 1895-1927
Edwin S. Porter,
pushed forward
the sophistication
of film editing in
works like the
first movie
Western, The
Great Train
Robbery (1903).
Silent Era 1895-1927
Boom in
nickelodeons,
the first
permanent
movie theaters 10,000 in the
U.S. alone by
1908.
(Cook, 1990)
Silent Era 1895-1927
Standard length of a film
remained one reel, or
about ten to fifteen
minutes, partly based on
producers' assumptions
about the attention
spans of their still largely
working class audiences.
Silent Era 1895-1927
Leading the trend
for longer movies,
in America was
director D.W.
Griffith with his
historical epics The
Birth of a Nation
(1915 - 190
minutes) and
Intolerance (1916 –
197 minutes).
Birth of a Nation (1915)
Credited with securing
the future of feature
length films (films
over 40 minutes) as
well as solidifying
the language of
cinema.
Silent Era 1895-1927
1920s, U.S.
produced an
average of 800
feature films
annually, or 82%
of the global
total.
(Eyman, 1997)
Talking Pictures 1927
1927, Warner
Brothers
Studios
released The
Jazz Singer,.
Golden Age of Hollywood
1927-1940’s
American cinema
reached its peak of
efficiently manufactured
glamour and global
appeal during this
period.
Golden Age of Hollywood
Top actors of the era
are now thought of
as the classic movie
stars, such as Clark
Gable, Katharine
Hepburn, Humphrey
Bogart and the
number one box
office draw of the
'30s, child performer
Shirley Temple.
Golden Era of Radio 1930’s
• Affordable for
every
household
• Brought the
world to your
living room
Golden Era of Film 1940’s
Started in 1939
with The Wizard
of Oz and Gone
With the Wind.
Golden Era of TV 1950’s
Television
introduced to the
American public at
the 1939 NY
World’s Fair
Filmmaking Process
Filmmaking is a
collaborative effort,
bringing an assortment
of talented people
together.
Titanic (1997)
Three Stages of Production
Pre-Production
Production
Post Production
Batman: Dark Knight, (2008)
Pre-Production
Everything that takes
place before filming
begins
Script, budget,
locations, set
construction, casting,
etc.
AFI Pre-Production
Video
The Avengers, (2012)
Production
Shooting
of the
script,
the
filming
process.
The Hunger Games, (2012)
Post Production
Editing and
Marketing of a
film
Includes;
advertising,
printing, and
distribution of a
movie.
Twilight: Breaking Dawn, (2012)
Theatre Style Progression
Vaudeville, 1880-1920
Burlesque, 1840-1930
Follies, 1907-1931
Hollywood Systems
Studio System
• Complete control
• Studio contract
players & staff
Independent System
• Individual control
• Independent
contract workers
Censorship in Hollywood
• Production Code Administration
– 1934 to 1967, also known as the Hays Office
(Will H. Hays, MPAA Pres. 1922-1945)
• Motion Picture
Association of
America, 1967 to
today.
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