City Livin’
Immigration
Let’s Rake
some Muck
Social
Problems
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Mo’ Money
Mo’ Problems
City Livin’– 10 Points
QUESTION:
•This type of housing was cheap, over crowded – diseases
spread fast, and lacked sanitation
ANSWER:
•Tenements
City Livin’– 20 Points
QUESTION:
•This replaced manual labor, and as a result people left farms
to move to cities
ANSWER:
•Machines
City Livin’– 30 Points
QUESTION:
•Aside from the number a jobs available, people moved to
cities for luxury reasons. What are three luxuries that
attracted people to move to cities?
ANSWER:
•Plays, concerts, stores, electricity, plumbing
City Livin’– 40 Points
QUESTION:
•List three social problems that resulted as cities grew rapidly
ANSWER:
•Increased crime, gambling, drugs, murder rate, gang fights
City Livin’– 50 Points
QUESTION:
•How were cities segregated?
ANSWER:
•African Americans lived in the worst parts of the cities.
Nationalities pooled together to form their own
“neighborhoods.”
Immigration - 10 Points
QUESTION:
•Define a push factor and give three examples.
ANSWER:
•Reasons that cause people to move (emigrate)
•Population growth – crowded cities, lack of jobs
•Hunger
•Scarcity of farmable land = lack nutrients
•Religious persecution
Immigration - 20 Points
QUESTION:
•Define pull factor and give three examples
ANSWER:
•Attractions that draw people to another place – immigration
•Idea of living in a free democratic society – “achieve
dreams”
•Natural Resources = farmland, minerals, forests
•Booming industries = unskilled labor
•Personal communication with friends/family = “America
Letters”
Immigration - 30 Points
QUESTION:
•Where did immigrants come from before 1890? What was
their language? Religion?
ANSWER:
•Eastern Europe = GB, Ireland, Scandinavian countries –
many spoke English
•Protestant
Immigration - 40 Points
QUESTION:
•Where did immigrants come from between 1890-1920?
What language did they speak? What was their religion?
ANSWER:
•Italy, Greece, Poland, Russia
•Their native languages
•Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Jewish
Immigration - 50 Points
QUESTION:
•How were immigrants viewed by:
•1. Big Businesses
•2. Labor Unions
ANSWER:
•1. Big Businesses – supplied with unskilled labor, lower
wages, longer work hours = make more money
•Labor Unions – wouldn’t let immigrants join. Competing
for jobs, Labor unions fought for higher wages and shorter
hours – immigrants took away arguement
Let’s Rake some Muck– 10 Points
QUESTION:
•What is a Muckraker?
ANSWER:
•writers that dug up the “dirt and filth” of business
practices. Combined research +vivid
descriptions/writing = create moral outrage
Let’s Rake some Muck– 20 Points
QUESTION:
•Name one Muckraker and their impact on society of the
1900’s.
ANSWER:
•Upton Sinclair – The Jungle – Meat packing industry
•Ida Tarbell – corruption of Standard Oil
Let’s Rake some Muck– 30 Points
QUESTION:
•What was the goal of Muckrakers?
ANSWER:
•make the public aware of the social, economic, and
political problems of the nation
Let’s Rake some Muck– 40 Points
QUESTION:
•Why would Muckrakers want to publish the names of big
companies along with the “dirt they dug up?”
ANSWER:
•Cause consumers to boycott goods – want businesses to
make reforms and changes – won’t buy until goods are save
to buy.
Daily Double – 100 Points
QUESTION:
•Describe the Melting Pot theory.
ANSWER:
•Mix of nationalities and races – cities became a melting pot –
filled with immigrants from all over Eastern and Western
Europe.
Social Problems– 10 Points
QUESTION:
•What is a progressive?
ANSWER:
•Americans who advocated for reforms to confront the
problems caused by industrialization and urbanization.
Social Problems– 20 Points
QUESTION:
•What was the goal of the Progressives?
ANSWER:
•Goal of progressives = restore order and stability
Social Problems– 30 Points
QUESTION:
•A large social problem was the use of Child Labor. Identify
two woman and explain their contributions to reform this
social problem.
ANSWER:
•Jane Adams – Hull House
•Florence Kelley – outlaw child labor, organized consumers
to boycott goods made by child labor.
Social Problems– 40 Points
QUESTION:
•Define lynching and what group of Americans were effected
most by this crime of hate.
ANSWER:
•Death by mob – hanging
•African Americans
Social Problems– 50 Points
QUESTION:
•Not all Americans have the same/equal rights. Identify a
group that was segregated, and explain reforms made to try to
accomplish a change.
ANSWER:
•African Americans = Ida B. Wells = led to the launching of
NAACP, National Urban League
Mo’ Money Mo’ Problems– 10 Points
QUESTION:
•While BIG Businesses prospered, explained what happened
to the small business. What did businesses form to compete?
ANSWER:
•Small businesses were put out of business.
•Truts
Mo’ Money Mo’ Problems– 20 Points
QUESTION:
•What is a Political Machine? Give and example?
ANSWER:
•Where businesses owners and government officials work
together to maximize their own good = $$
•Not concerned with the problems of the people.
•Goal = get rich quick
•Tammany Hall
Mo’ Money Mo’ Problems– 30 Points
QUESTION:
•What is a Monopoly? Give an example.
ANSWER:
•Where one business dominates an industry
•Standard Oil Company
Mo’ Money Mo’ Problems– 40 Points
QUESTION:
•Define Social Darwinism. Relate this to the concept of
business.
ANSWER:
•“Survival of the fittest”
•Big Businesses thrive – small businesses will go out of
business.
Mo’ Money Mo’ Problems– 50 Points
QUESTION:
•List three ways businesses tried to save money to increase
their profit.
ANSWER:
•Low wages
•Long working hours
•Employ immigrants
•Child Labor
•Woman Labor
•Use of “old meat”
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