Middle
Ages
Lets
Roll
Who forced the Muslims out of
France in the Battle of Tours
Charles Martel
What was the name of the Pope
who Called for the 1st Crusade?
Pope Urban II
After the Battle of Hastings in 1066,
He was crowned King of England?
William the Conqueror
Who was Charles the Great?
Charlemagne
Who was the Muslim leader who
fought against Richard the Lion heart?
Saladin
Who was the Peasant Girl who led
the French in the 100 year’s War?
Joan of Arc
Who claimed that natural law gave
people certain RIGHTS that the
government should never have the
ability to take away
Thomas Aquinas
Who was the English King that
signed the Magna Carta?
King John
After the Fall of the Roman Empire, what
was Western Europe divided up into?
Many Kingdoms
Landowning Nobles governed and
protected the people in return for
services – Land for Loyalty.
Feudalism
Black Death was caused by disease
infested fleas that were carried to
Europe on the backs of…?
Black Rats
Mountains and Rivers cut off kingdoms
from expanding. What did it encourage?
Development of
Independent countries,
culture, & Languages
Why did cities like Venice flourished
as a result of the Crusades?
Centers for trade
What title did the Pope give
Charlemagne?
Emperor of the New Roman
Empire.
Why were Guilds Important?
Set standards
on how goods
were made
Set Prices
Set Standards
on Quality
What did Charlemagne believe in? He
felt everyone in his kingdom should
Have one
Education
What does one call a common
everyday type of speech?
Vernacular Language
During the Inquisition, what would
happen to heretics?
Torture
A Trial that decides whether or not
a person is accused of a crime?
Grand Jury Trial
What is a disease that spreads
quickly and kills many people?
Plague
What are some of the common
vernacular languages of Western
Europe?
German
Italian
English
French
Spanish
What is a court case that decides
whether a person is guilty or innocent?
Trial Jury
What caused the break down of the
feudal system in Western Europe?
Crusades & Black Death
What did the Nobles have to sell
to help finance the Crusade?
Their Land
What group of people were able to buy
their freedom and own land as a result
of Nobles selling their property and the
break down of the Feudal System?
Serfs
With the selling of noble land marked
the end of feudalism, The power
shifted from nobles back to who?
Power went
back to the
King
The 100 year’s war was fought
between what 2 Countries?
France & England
What was the name of the Plague that
ripped through Western Europe in the
Middle Ages
Black Death
Black Death was brought to
Europe by Black Rats from where?
China
What Trade route carried these
High Jacking Rats to Europe?
Silk Road
What feature were Gothic
Cathedrals known for?
Stained Glass Windows
What did the Magna Carta Limit?
The Power of the King
In England was one the first types of
representative government. What
was it called?
Parliament
What 2 countries make up the
Iberian Peninsula?
Spain and Portugal
Christians on the Iberian Peninsula
struggled against what group?
Muslims
What were the cities like during
the Middle Ages?
Crowded
Polluted
Smelly
Dirty
Unhealthy
Why did trade increase after the
Crusades?
Connecting Western Europe
and Asia through the Silk
Road
The Feudal System Who owns all
the Land in the Kingdom?
The King
Who is a Vassal to the King?
Nobles – Lords & Ladies
What do Nobles give to the King
in return for the land granted?
Loyalty
Protection
Taxes
Who are Vassals to the Nobles?
Knights - they
receive land
in return for
protection
Who were vassals to the Nobles
and the Knights
Serfs
What did the serfs give back to
the nobles and knights in return
for land
Food
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