UNECE FORUM ON MARKET SURVEILLANCE , Geneva 29 October 2002
Market Surveillance in the European Union.
Experience of a Member State: Finland
Mr. Seppo Ahvenainen,
Deputy Director General , Ministry of Trade and Industry, Finland
26 October 2002
S.Ahvenainen/MTI
History …
• Basic structure: from the beginning of the 1990’s
• The EU membership of Finland in 1995
• Basis: Relevant Single Market rules and principles
• Continuous development: based on changes in regulation and refocusing
needs
26 October 2002
S.Ahvenainen/MTI
Finland




338,000 sq. km
5,2 million people
Capital Helsinki
2 languages
 Finnish
 Swedish
 GDP per capita 2000*
FIM 149,000, USD 23,000
 a member of
 the European Union
 UN, OECD, WTO
26 October 2002
S.Ahvenainen/MTI
3/2001
Basic characteristics and objectives…
• To ensure that products entering into the Finnish market meet relevant
health, safety and environmental requirements
• Scope of the market surveillance concept
– EU regulation (New Approach/CE-marking regime,…)
– National non-harmonised regulation
• Pre-market control: Manufacturer’s responsibility
• Market surveillance in the EU: Based on national surveillance systems
(subsidiarity)
• Finnish system is a piece in the EU ”jig-saw puzzle”
26 October 2002
S.Ahvenainen/MTI
26 October 2002
S.Ahvenainen/MTI
…basic characteristics and objectives…
• Organisational model depends on
– the legal framework,
– administrative structure (central/regional/local)
– geographic characteristics
– properties of the products (physical, chemical,…)
• Distinctive roles and competencies of various parties
– legislator (competent ministries,..)
– surveillance authority
– conformity assessment bodies (incl. notified bodies)
– businessess (incl. manufacturers)
26 October 2002
S.Ahvenainen/MTI
…basic characteristics and objectives
• Dimensioning depends on
– industrial structure
– structure and size of the product market
– available surveillance resources (financing, personnel, competence, …)
=> Each country has its own optimum system! (Table 1: “Case Finland”)
26 October 2002
S.Ahvenainen/MTI
Performance aspects
• Cooperation a key to performance
– National level
• within each product sector
• across the product sectors
• across the administrative levels
• focal point
– Supra national level (”Community level”)
• within each product sectors
• across the product sectors
– Benchmarking and best practices
26 October 2002
S.Ahvenainen/MTI
Practical surveillance work …
Typical operative steps
SAMPLING/
BYING
PRODUCTS
EVALUATION
TESTING
HEARING
DELIVERY
BAN
DECISION
REACTIONS
(incl. penalties)
SALES BAN
RECALL
REMARK
26 October 2002
S.Ahvenainen/MTI
EU
NOTIFICATION
Practical surveillance work …
SAMPLING STRATEGY
• Selection of product is based on
– Information from the market
– Information from other authorities
– Accident and incident statistics
– Experience from market surveillance results
– Information from other countries (notifications/information)
26 October 2002
S.Ahvenainen/MTI
Practical surveillance work …
TEST RESULTS: electrical &emc
1400
1200
1000
tests
800
compliant
600
non compl
400
200
26 October 2002
S.Ahvenainen/MTI
1
2
0
0
0
2
0
0
9
1
9
9
8
1
9
9
7
1
9
9
6
1
9
9
5
9
9
1
1
9
9
4
0
Practical surveillance work …
TESTS AND REACTIONS: electrical & emc
1400
1200
RECALL
1000
SALES BAN
800
DELIVERY BAN
600
TESTS
400
REACTIONS
200
26 October 2002
S.Ahvenainen/MTI
1
2
0
0
0
2
0
0
9
1
9
9
8
1
9
9
7
1
9
9
6
1
9
9
5
9
9
1
1
9
9
4
0
Practical surveillance work …
MARKET SURVEILLANCE RESULTS:Electrical &emc
(Note: the share of defective products less 1 % of total set)
500
400
complies
300
m.defects
M.defects
200
S.defects
100
0
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
26 October 2002
S.Ahvenainen/MTI
Practical surveillance work …
REACTIONS BY TYPE: electrical &emc
600
500
400
Recall
Sales ban
300
Delivery ban
200
Remark
100
0
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
26 October 2002
S.Ahvenainen/MTI
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