MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES
Helping Students
Reach Their Potential
Dr. Janet Laughlin, Dean
Student Success & Academic Advancement Division
Danville Community College
Are you smart?
How smart are you?
• Stanford-Binet IQ test
• Scholastic Aptitude
Test
We are all smart!
We are smart in different ways.
One way is not better than another.
Howard Gardner
Harvard Graduate School of
Education
• Hobbs Professor of Cognition and
Education
• Co-Director of Project Zero
Boston University School of Medicine
• Adjunct Prof. Of Neurology
Author of 16 books
What is intelligence?
• “The ability to solve problems or to create
products that are valued within one or more
cultural settings.”
Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences (1983)
• “A biopsychological potential to process
information that can be activated in a cultural
setting to solve problems or create products that
are of value in a culture.”
Intelligence Reframed (1999)
Multiple Intelligences
Verbal/Linguistic Intelligence
• Listens and responds to
the spoken word.
• Enjoys reading, writing,
and discussing.
• Remembers what has
been said.
• Remembers what has
been read.
• Speaks and writes
effectively.
• Can learn other
languages.
Logical/Mathematical
Intelligence
• Is familiar with the
concepts of quantity, time,
and cause and effect.
• Uses abstract symbols to
represent concrete objects
and concepts.
• Likes math and using
technology to solve
complex problems.
• Expresses interest in
careers such as
accounting, computer
technology, and law.
Bodily/Kinesthetic
Intelligence
• Prefers to touch, handle, or
manipulate what is to be learned.
• Develops coordination and a sense of timing.
• Learns best by direct involvement and
participation.
• Remembers most clearly what was done, rather
than what was said or observed.
Bodily/Kinesthetic
Intelligence
• Enjoys concrete learning experiences such as
field trips, model building, or participating in role
play, games, assembling objects, or physical
exercise.
• Demonstrates skill in acting, athletics, dancing,
sewing, carving, or keyboarding.
Visual/Spatial
Intelligence
• Learns by seeing and observing. Recognizes
faces, objects, shapes, colors, details, and
scenes.
• Thinks in pictures and visualizes detail.
• Uses visual images as an aid in recalling
information.
• Enjoys doodling, drawing, painting, sculpting, or
otherwise reproducing objects in visible form.
Musical Intelligence
• Listens and responds with interest to a variety of
sounds including the human voice, environmental
sounds, and music, and organizes such sounds
into meaningful patterns.
• Is eager to be around and learn from music and
musicians.
• Develops the ability to sing and/or play an
instrument.
Interpersonal
Intelligence
• Bonds with parents and interacts with others.
• Forms and maintains social relationships.
• Perceives the feelings, thoughts, motivations,
behaviors, and lifestyles of others.
• Expresses an interest in interpersonally-oriented
careers such as teaching, social work,
counseling, management, or politics.
Intrapersonal
Intelligence
•
•
•
•
•
Is aware of his range of emotions.
Is motivated to identify and pursue goals.
Works independently.
Establishes and lives by an ethical value system.
Strives for self-actualization.
Naturalist Intelligence
• Recognizes and can name many different types
of trees, flowers, and plants.
• Has an interest in and good knowledge of how
the body works and keeps abreast of health
issues.
• Is conscious of tracks, nests, and wildlife on a
walk and can “read” weather signs.
• Has an understanding of, and interest in, the main
global environmental issues.
How you are smart . . .
impacts the way you teach.
The Effects of Teachers’ Learning
Styles on Teaching
Learning Style
Effect on Teaching
The
Verbal/Linguistic
Learner
This teacher stresses a curriculum based on
language—reading, writing, and speaking.
Stay alert to students with more concrete learning
styles.
The Effects of Teachers’ Learning
Styles on Teaching
Learning Style
Effect on Teaching
The Logical/Mathematical
Learner
This teacher tends to concentrate
on concepts that are both logical
and abstract.
Make a deliberate effort to focus on the fact that it is
appropriate for students to be artistic and to think in
intuitive leaps.
The Effects of Teachers’ Learning
Styles on Teaching
Learning Style
Effect on Teaching
The Visual/Spatial Learner
This teacher will provide a great
learning environment for visual
learners. The artistic students will do
well in this classroom.
Build in adequate opportunities for students who
are linguistic learners and for those who feel
artistically inhibited.
The Effects of Teachers’ Learning
Styles on Teaching
Learning Style
Effect on Teaching
The Bodily/Kinesthetic
Learner
This teacher will encourage experiential
learning and have lots of movement in
class. It may be a challenge to both the
logical learner and the intrapersonal
learner.
The Effects of Teachers’ Learning
Styles on Teaching
Learning Style
Effect on Teaching
The Musical/Rhythmic
Learner
This teacher will tend to have a relaxed
classroom but may find it harder to relate
to those students who are not “in tune
with” music.
The Effects of Teachers’ Learning
Styles on Teaching
Learning Style
Effect on Teaching
The Interpersonal
Learner
This teacher generally uses cooperative
learning in the classroom. Students will feel
free to interact and are expected to do so;
perfect for the extrovert.
Be sensitive to the students who need to be
alone in order to create, to learn, or just to be.
The Effects of Teachers’ Learning
Styles on Teaching
Learning Style
Effect on Teaching
The Intrapersonal
Learner
This teacher will be a great support for the
student who has trouble functioning in groups.
MI Lesson Planning Guide
Logical/Mathematical
How can I use
numbers, lists,
classifications, logic,
scientific inquiry?
Visual/Spatial
How can I use
visualization, art,
colors, or metaphors?
Intrapersonal
How can I provide
choices or involve
personal memories
or feelings?
Theme/Concept
Musical - How can
I use music,
rhythm, songs,
raps, chants, or
instruments?
Verbal/Linguistic
How can I use language
(stories, poems, reader’s
Bodily/Kinesthetic
theater)?
How can I use
movement or handsInterpersonal - How
on activities?
can I use partners or
cooperative group
activities?
Naturalist – How can
I get students to
collect data or observe
nature?
Teaching - MI Theory
Eight Ways of Teaching
by David Lazear
Study Tips for Students
• If he is indeed wise [the teacher] does not bid you
enter the house of his wisdom, but rather leads
you to the threshold of your own mind.
Kahlil Gibran in The Prophet
Verbal/Linguistic
Study Tips
What
is MI?
• Paraphrase what you have heard or read out
loud.
• Form questions, find the answers, and speak
them out loud.
• Discuss what you are studying with others.
Verbal/Linguistic
Study Tips
• Ask a lot of questions.
• Read aloud dramatically—
perhaps even with an
accent, and use
audiocassettes to record
and listen to lectures or to
record and listen to notes
you read.
Logical/Mathematical
Study Tips
• List the key points of what
you are learning in a
logical, numbered
sequence.
• Make a flow chart or
diagram that expresses
what you are learning in a
step-by-step manner.
Bodily/Kinesthetic
Study Tips
• Act out or role play what
you are learning.
• Practice a skill as soon as
it is learned—hands-on
experience.
Bodily/Kinesthetic
Study Tips
• Walk around while
reading.
• Listen to tapes while
exercising.
Bodily/Kinesthetic
Study Tips
• Take notes on
postcards and then
arrange the topics so
that they make better
sense to you or make
new relationships.
Bodily/Kinesthetic
Study Tips
• Make notes by
paraphrasing the
material instead of just
taking notes on what
the author or teacher
is saying.
Bodily/Kinesthetic
Study Tips
• Let the information
sink in while you
take a walk or go
do something else.
• Use a buddy to
help you study.
– E-mail/phone
Visual/Spatial
Study Tips
• Create a learning map
using key words, primarily
nouns
• Create a poster, cartoon, a
video, or time line.
• Use symbols instead of
words.
Multiple Intelligences
Visual/Spatial
Study Tips
90
80
70
• Color highlight new
ideas.
• Write down what is
heard.
• Prepare graphs and
diagrams.
60
50
East
West
North
40
30
20
10
0
1st Qtr 2nd Qtr 3rd Qtr 4th Qtr
Musical Study Tips
• Write a song, jingle or rap.
• Play appropriate
background music as you
think about the topic. Try
to choose music that
represents what you are
learning. Quiet classical
music has proven to
stimulate the emotional
center of the brain.
Interpersonal
Study Tips
• Discuss topic with
someone else.
• Teach what you are
learning to someone else.
• Compare notes with
someone else taking the
course.
Intrapersonal
Study Tips
• Look for something of personal significance in
whatever you are studying.
• Try to answer questions about why it matters to
you and how you can use the information.
Naturalist Study Tips
• What are the environmental implications of what
you are learning?
• Has it any implication for conservation of
resources?
• Will it help or hinder social fairness?
• Does it have anything to say on solving any of the
major social problems of our times?
Naturalist Study Tips
• Does it help you better understand the mind of
individuals or social behavior?
• Does it exploit or harm anyone or anything else?
• Does it guide you to any action or social purpose.
Become a multi-sensory
learner
If you . . .
• Read and visualize the material, you have seen
it.
• Read key points out loud, make up questions and
answer them, you have heard it.
• Write out the answer to your question and circle
the major point, you have done it.
Become a multi-sensory learner
• Do something extra that helps you learn using
multiple senses.
• Activate your memory for seeing, hearing, and
doing, and your ability to remember the
information will go up several hundred percentage
points.
Visual study techniques
•
•
•
•
Create learning maps.
Color highlight new ideas.
Write down what is heard.
Prepare graphs and diagrams.
Auditory study techniques
• Ask a lot of questions.
• Read aloud dramatically—perhaps even with an
accent, and use audiocassettes to record and
listen to lectures or to record and listen to notes
you read.
Physical study techniques
• Practice a skill as soon as it is learned—hands-on
experience.
• Walk around while reading.
• Take notes on post-it notes and arrange the ideas
on a large surface.
• Take notes on postcards and then arrange the
topics so that they make better sense to your or
make new relationships.
Physical study techniques
• Make notes by paraphrasing the material instead
of just taking notes on what the author or teacher
is saying.
• Let the information sink in while you take a walk
or go do something else.
• Use a buddy to help you study.
What Students Say . . .
Handouts
• The Quiz
• Lazear’s Lesson Plan Tips
• Study Tips for StudentS
Accelerated Teaching
The Right State of Mind
Helping Students
Reach Their Potential
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MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES