Author: Pamela H. Beck
●Date submitted to deafed.net-3/28/06
●To contact the author for permission to use this
PowerPoint, please e-mail: [email protected]
●To use this PowerPoint presentation in its
entirety, please give credit to the author.
1
Cued Speech:
Yesterday & Today
Creation & Worldwide Adaptation
Pamela H. Beck
2
The Inventor
R. Orin Cornett, Ph.D.,
1923 - 2002
Auditory Perception (diplacusis meter)
Individuals often hear a single tone
differently in each ear;
Dr. Cornett invented a meter to measure
the difference in pitch as perceived by the
two ears
Physics, Communication theory (codes),
Education Administration
3
The shock!
• U.S. Office of Education
• Annual review of Gallaudet College for deaf
students
• Average deaf high school graduate read at
the level of an 8 year old child
• This is still true in the United States
4
The Goal
• To find a reasonable, easy way to acquire a
knowledge of spoken language as a base for
reading.
• Typical children know the spoken language well
before they begin to read.
• Everything, including reading, is taught via
spoken language.
5
The Goal continued…
• To find a system which enables the learning
of phonemic language…
• In a manner clear to the senses
• Through conversational interaction
between parents and child
• Efficiently
6
The System
• “In a manner clear to the senses”
• Accurate
• Visually clear
• Important to hard-of-hearing as
well as deaf individuals
• Phonemic synchronization
• Matching information from the
articulators with the hand and the
voice
7
Sensory-integrated
• Receptive:
•
Links audition - vision - kinesthetic
• Listening - lip-reading - speech modeling
• phonemic awareness
• Expressive:
• Links motor - kinesthetic - listening
• Like playing a musical instrument
• Phonemic manipulation
8
First Family:
the Henegars
1966
Leah was 24 months old
 Language growth after introducing language
through Cued Speech
 First 6 months: from 0 - 143 words
 At 12 months: 307 additional words
 = 450 words in the first year
9
Learning Language at Home
• Children learn from their parents
 Interacting
 Observing
10
40 years later…
• Leah has a career in office management
• A mother of 3 children
11
The Expansion
• 1967: Introduced to 98 educators
• 2 from each state of the USA
• 33 introduced it to their schools
12
Expansion continues
*1968-69
• One traveling instructor
1969-70
• Two traveling instructors
• Guidebook for parents
• Manual for teachers
13
60+ Adaptations to other
Languages
1970
• Spanish
• Croatian-Serbian
• Hindi
• Swedish (revised
1993,1995)
• Telegu
14
Some other adaptations
•
•
•
•
•
French 1971
Danish 1976
Dutch 1979
Hebrew 1976 (rev.1984)
Mandarin 1975 (rev. 1985)
15
Finnish and Finnish-Swedish
1992
• June Dixon-Millar, Snellman, Cornett
• Guidelines for adapting Cued Speech to
additional languages
– Cued Speech Journal vol. 5. pages 19 - 29
16
Deaf children bilingual in two
or more spoken languages
English/Arabic; /Mandarin; /Hindi
/ Hebrew; /German, etc.
17
Deaf Children Excelling —
New Frontiers
• Inclusion in regular schools
• Inclusion in regular classrooms
18
Expanding visions
• Regular teachers using Cued Speech in
direct instruction (e.g., Leah Henegar)
• Interpreting: parents pushed to
introduce this
• Transliteration/Transphonation
– (French: “codeur”)
19
Expanding applications
1970-80’s +
• Speech articulation
• Speech fluency
(stuttering)
• Mental retardation
• Learning disabilities
• Deaf-blind
20
Areas of Research
•
•
•
•
•
•
Auditory Discrimination
Visual speech reception
Receptive/expressive language
Reading
Bilingualism
Cochlear implantation use
21
Cueing & Signing: Together
Cornett: 1975 The Balancing Act
• Circus performers on two horses
• Function in deaf community and hearing
community
• Communication skills + social / cultural
orientation needed for acceptance
• What is the priority?
22
Bilingualism Position
Statement NCSA 1990
#1
• The language of the home = the
language of the parents.
• Fluent models of vocabulary and syntax
• Hearing parents: spoken language
• Deaf parents: visible language
23
Bilingualism #2 …
• Substantial command of the
phonological system of the language is
needed before entering elementary
school, as a base for reading & writing
• Emphasize the [Finnish] language
through Cued Speech in pre-school
years
24
Bilingualism #3
If speech is a goal…
training in audition
and speech
production is
required.
25
Bilingualism #4 and #5
• Each language should be learned from
persons who are good models of that
language.
• Encourage continuing dialogue about
bilingualism.
26
Cued Speech provides
•
•
•
•
•
Cued phonemes
Cued listening
Cued language
Cued lip-reading
Cued speech
27
cued language…cued Finnish
• Cued Speech = the system
• cued language = the visible product
• cued Finnish = the specific language
28
Many cuers who are deaf say:
• Embrace diversity in communication
– Communication can include or exclude
people
– Each mode of communication has its
benefits
– Knowing more than one mode is
advantageous, like being multi-lingual
29
Hilary Franklin
• Deaf people need to take advantage of
ALL resources
• An increasing number of deaf people
are embracing diversity
– Deaf parents of deaf children are having
their children learn English through cueing
at school
– Bilingual (ASL and English): sign, cue,
speak — and be literate!
30
2nd generation
deaf cuers
• The young deaf cuers of the 1970’s and
1980’s are now having children, some
of whom are deaf
• Cueing with their children from birth
– Some are multilingual: spoken languages
plus signed language
31
2nd generation deaf cuers
• Their grandparents are providing them
with full access to spoken language, just
like they did with their parents!
32
Centers in Europe
• France (Paris): ALPC
• Belgium
• Switzerland
• Netherlands
• UK (Dartmouth, Devon): Cued Speech
Association, UK
33
Europe continued…
• Spain
– Madrid: Colegio Tres Olivos
• La Asociacion Entender y Hablar
– Malaga: Modelo Oral Complementado
(MOC)
– Girona: Crenag Narcis Maso
• Ce La Macana
34
Use in other countries
•
•
•
•
•
•
Poland
Malaysia
India
Canada
Portugal
South Africa
• Etc.
35
United States
• National Cued Speech Association (1982)
www.cuedspeech.org
– State and local associations
– Centers for instruction and advocacy: California,
Illinois, New York, Maine
• Cued Language Network of America
– www.cuedlanguage.org (2002)
36
Activities
• Camps:
– Instruction
– Implementation
– Support
– Networking
– Fun
37
Instructor Certification
• For those teaching
Cued Speech to others
• Future: For educators
using Cued Speech in
classroom and clinical
settings
38
Transliterator Certification
• Two options currently: national and
state level
• Educational Interpreter Proficiency
Assessment (EIPA) for Cued Speech is
being created with careful scientific
validity
39
Advocacy
• Federal laws and regulations
• Collaborate with other organizations
related to deafness
• Seek federal funds
40
40th Anniversary Conference
• July 20 - 23, 2006
• Preceded by CueSign Camp in same
location www.cuesigncamp.com
• Baltimore, Maryland area
• Conference, gala dinner,
• children’s program
41
Happy Cueing!
42
Descargar

Cued Speech: Yesterday & Today