Creative
Strategies
to Enhance Your Effectiveness as a
SCHOOL COUNSELOR
Why Creative
Techniques?
2
Stone, 2009
THEORY AND CREATIVE
TECHNIQUES ADD IMPACT TO
SCHOOL COUNSELING PROGRAMS
BY…
3

Increasing their effectiveness, which can
decrease time spent in responsive services

Creating a school-wide common language

Creating a common understanding of healthy
behavior among all stakeholders

Improving communication among students,
parents and staff

Adding energy
Stone, 2009
Five Kinds of Creative
Counseling





Use of Props
Use of Chairs
Use of Movement
Use of Writing and Drawing
Use of Analogies and Fantasies
Application of these techniques
will enhance your effectiveness as a school
counselor
4
Stone, 2009
Impact Therapy (IT):
Creative Counseling Techniques
5
Four M’s of IT
RCFF
Multi-sensory
Motivational
Marketing
Maps
Rapport
Contract
Focus
Funnel
Stone, 2009
(p. 3)
The Depth Chart
10
9
8
IMPACT 7
6
5
4
3
2
1
6
Stone, 2009
EIGHT COMMON MISTAKES
OF COUNSELORS (Jacobs, 1994)
1. Reflects much more
than necessary
2. Listens to too many
stories
3. Rarely interrupts the
client
4. Does not focus the
session
7
5. Waits too long to
focus/ funnel
6. Does not use theory
7. Makes counseling
boring–rarely uses
creative techniques
8. Does not pay
attention voice and
face
Stone, 2009
IMPORTANT SENTENCES IN
COUNSELING (p. 7)
8
•
All behavior is purposeful
•
Thoughts cause feelings
•
Get your expectations in line with
reality
•
You teach people how to treat you
•
Life is a series of choices
Stone, 2009
STAGES OF CHANGE
(p. 9)
(Prochaska, Norcross & Di Clemente, 1994)

Pre-contemplation: Not even thinking about
changing

Contemplation: Thinking about changing, or
thinking about thinking about changing
9

Preparation: Getting ready to change

Action: Doing it; making changes

Maintenance: Working on it

Termination: All done; changed; different
Stone, 2009
RATIONAL EMOTIVE BEHAVIOR
THERAPY (REBT p. 12) Ellis, 1962
Sustained negative feelings are caused by
what we tell ourselves about a situation.
REBT counselors use an ABC approach
A = the situation or person or event
B = the beliefs or self-talk about A
C = feelings and behavior
10
B causes C but most people believe that
A causes C
Stone, 2009
REBT
Ellis, 1962
REBT counselors often use a Not True/True grid
when disputing
Not True
It’s awful that
he acts this way.
I can’t stand it!
True
I don’t like when he acts this
way, but I can stand it.
Thoughts Cause Feelings!
Feelings Lead to Behaviors
11
Stone, 2009
REBT
12
Ellis, 1962

REBT counselors teach & confront their clients
about self-talk

REBT counselors use phrases like ‘It would be nice
or It’s too bad.’ Clients use words like ‘awful,
terrible, or horrible’

REBT counselors look for shoulds, musts,
demands, commands

People’s problems center around three musts:

I must

You must

The world must
Stone, 2009
Irrational Ideas
(p. 15 -20)
Common Irrational
Beliefs of Kids,
Parents, Teachers
REBT & Creative Techniques
(p. 21)
(Jacobs, 1994)
14

Tapes/CD/Files

Cards

$1 bill

LFT

Blocks

Coin flip

Balls

Hammer

Behind You

Shield

Filter

Cups

Fuse

Chairs
Stone, 2009
TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS
(p. 28)
(Berne, 1964)
Parent
Critical or Nurturing
Adult
The Thinking Part
Child
Hurt Child or Fun Child
15
Stone, 2009
TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS
TECHNIQUES
Ego grams
V
Chairs
Scripts you are living
Drama Triangle
Girl
Drama
Four Life Positions:
16
•
•
•
•
I’m not OK—You’re OK
I’m OK—You’re not OK
I’m not OK-You’re not OK
I’m OK—You’re OK
R
P
Stone, 2009
p. 35
Which Kid Are You?
17
Stone, 2009
Creative
Techniques
(p. 38 - 40)
Props
Chairs
Movement
Writing and Drawing
Analogies and Fantasies
PROPS
 Shield
1
 Filter
 Post-it
 Coke
Pads
 Cards
 Cups
 Tapes/CDs
 Fuse
 Rubber
bands
 Stacked
dolls
 Beer
19
Bottle
$ bill
Bottle
 Dolls
 In
Face/Behind You
 Plate
 Tigger/Eeyore
 Hammer
 Backpack
Stone, 2009
CHAIRS
 Goals
 Trying to decide between two things
 Distance
 Representing
ego states

Holding on to chair

Trying to sit in two chairs at once
 Standing on chairs
20
 Chair you no longer fit in
Stone, 2009
MOVEMENT
21
•
Standing on chair
•
Fear of change
•
Standing in corner
•
Circling drama triangle
•
Out the door
•
Feeling pulled
•
Evaluation of progress
•
Movement between chairs & walls
•
Going in circles
Stone, 2009
WRITING AND DRAWING
22
 TA drawings
 Lists
 REBT disputes
 Powerful phrases
 Stroke economy
 Board of directors
 Ego grams
 Enmeshment
 Home, school, friends
 1 – 10 ratings
Stone, 2009
ANALOGIES AND FANTASIES
23

Pot bound: Plants need bigger pot

Gardening: Weed regularly

Learning a new language: Daily practice

Skiing: Start on easy slope

Dieting: takes time and focus

Movie: Cast/setting, wardrobe, etc.

Perspective: Depends on where you are sitting

Walls: Building them, taking them down
Stone, 2009
Thanks &
Good Luck!
Contact Me:
Ed Jacobs
[email protected]
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