Descriptions of People/Situations with no resulting action
• Her name was Selena. She sang Tejano music.
• She had many fans. Many people liked her.
Ongoing Actions
• She lived in Texas. Selena was singing at age nine.
Habitual Actions
• She used to sing in their family-operated restaurant.
Repeated Actions
• She would sing/sang often for quinceañeras, weddings,
and fairs.
Events that Started or Ended in the past
• She started singing at age three.
• She died at age 23.
Actions that Interrupted another action
• Selena was growing in popularity when the
president of her fan club murdered her.
Reactions to something.
• When I heard her song Bidi, Bidi, Bom, Bom, I
liked it.
Verbs with Different Meanings in the preterit
• I never met Selena, but Gloria Estefan and
Madonna knew her. (Conocer preteritto
meet; Conocer imperfectto know)
THE PAST is to tell what people
HAVE or HAVE NOT done.
To talk about what people
HAVE or HAVE NOT done, the
verb is conjugated in the
REGULAR Past Participles are formed by:
• Dropping the–AR from the infinitive
and adding –ADO
• Dropping the–ER/IR and adding –IDO
The Past Participle of
Hablar hablado = spoken
Comer comido = eaten
Recibir recibido = received
1. The Past Participle of Ir (to go)ido (gone):
I have gone to Cuba. Yo he ido a Cuba.
2. Don’t translate word for word. In other
words, in Spanish you NEVER put anything
between the 2 parts of the Present
Perfect Conjugation like we do in English:
I have never gone to Panamá.
Yo nunca he ido a Panamá.
Never separate parts of a conjugation
Te toca a ti…
Give the past participle of each verb:
1. Hablar
1. hablado
2. Comer
2. comido
3. Vivir
3. vivido
4. Estudiar
4. estudiado
5. bebido
5. Beber
6. recibido
6. Recibir
7. ido
7. Ir
REMEMBER: this is NOT a conjugation
REMEMBER: A Past Participle (like a
Present Participle) is NOT a conjugation
A Past Participle (like a Present Participle)
needs a helping verb
Yo he comprendido.
Tú has comprendido.
Él ha comprendido.
Nosotros hemos comprendido.
Ellos han comprendido.
Only the conjugation of HABER
changes to agree with the
Yo he…
Nosotros hemos…
Tú has… Vosotros habéis…
Él ha…
Ellos han…
Te toca a ti…
I have listened to the teacher.
You have received good grades.
He has practiced.
We have learned.
They have read the notes.
1. Yo he escuchado al maestro.
2. Tú has recibido buenas notas.
3. Él ha practicado.
4. Nosotros hemos aprendido.
5. Ellos han leído los apuntes.
3. You will need an accent on the “I” of –ído if
you are adding it to a strong vowel (a, e, o).
LeerLeído CaerCaído OírOído
(have/has…) read
4. Although past participles & the preterit
tense sometimes translate the same, you
cannot interchange them.
I read that book. Yo leí (NOT leído) ese libro.
I heard a noise. Yo oí (NOT oído) un ruido.
I have read the book.
I read the book last night.
He has practiced.
He practiced yesterday.
They have received a good grade.
They received a good grade.
1. Yo he leído el libro.
2. Yo leí el libro anoche.
3. Él ha practicado.
4. Él practicó ayer.
5. Ellos han recibido una buena nota.
6. Ellos recibieron una buena nota.
Common IRREGULAR Past Participles:
(sung to the tune of All Around the Mulberry Bush)
DICHO, HECHO, ESCRITO (said, done, written)
PUESTO, MUERTO, ABIERTO (put, died, opened)
VUELTO, ROTO, VISTO (returned, broken, seen)
¡DESCUBIERTO! (discovered)
(read, fried, printed, covered)
The Past Participle does NOT
change. It always ends in “O”
Yo he visitado México.
Tú has visitado México.
Ella ha visitado México.
Nosotros hemos visitado México.
Ellos han visitado México.
Te toca a ti…
1. Selena has sung in Texas, but she has never
sung in Alaska.
1. Selena ha cantado en Tejas, pero nunca ha
cantado en Alaska.
2. She has sold a lot of albums.
2. Ella ha vendido muchos álbumes.
3. We have not heard all her songs yet.
3. Nosotros no hemos oído todas sus canciones
Te toca a ti…
4. She has made a lot of money.
4. Ella ha hecho mucho dinero.
5. Many people have said that she was the best
Latin singer of the 90s.
5. Muchas personas han dicho que ella era la
mejor cantante latina de los 90s. OR
Mucha gente ha dicho…
6. We have not seen the movie about her life yet.
6. No hemos visto la película de su vida todavía.
Don’t confuse the past participle used in the
perfect tenses with the past participle used
with SER or ESTAR as an adjective:
Yo no he visto la película todavía.
La película fue vista por los estudiantes
de español 2 el año pasado.
Estos libros no son nuevos. Están leídos.
Están usados.

PPT: Apuntes Presente Perfecto