Why is English related to other languages? Language family- collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed long before recorded history Language branch- related through a common ancestor several thousand years ago Language group- collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocab Language Example Indo European Family Germanic Branch West Germanic Group English Dialect Regional variation of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling and pronunciation What is an accent? http://accent.gmu.e du/browse_atlas.php What about dialects? Ever been to Boston? Cah: example: "Take the next cah to Nawth Station; get off at Haymahket.“ Wicked A general intensifier: "He's wicked nuts!" Grinda A sub or spuckie. How about Texas? The engine's runnin' but ain't nobody driving Translation: Not overlyintelligent Big hat, no cattle Translation: All talk and no action Don't call him a cowboy, till you've seen him ride Translation: Don't judge a book by its cover What is an isogloss? Germanic Branch (predominate in Northern and Western Europe) Indo Iranian Branch (this branch has the most speakers with 1 billion people) Major IndoEuropean Branches Balto-Slavic Branch (wide range of languages and land area because of groups separating and living in isolation for several years) Romance Branch (Evolved from Latin) What languages does this include?