Warming up
1. Do you want to get some information
everyday? How can you get the
information?
There are so many ways to get
information, but reading newspapers
is one of the oldest.
2. Can you guess how complex it is to
make news?
This class we’ll learn a passage about
how to make news. Let’s come to the
passage.
Task 1
Read the text and try to get the main
idea of it.
The passage tells us the process of
writing and printing for a newspaper
article.
Task 2
Answer the following questions:
1.What was Zhou Yang’s first assignment/
task?
His first task was to write his story.
2. How many people read his article before
it was ready to be processed into film
negative? Who were they and what did
they say about the article?
Before it was ready to be processed into
film negative, an editor from his
department, the copy-editor, the native
speaker, the chief editor and the news
desk editor read his article.
Task 3
Work out the writing and printing
process of an article. And complete
the chart in Ex1 on page 31.
1. You go to an
interview to get the
information for
your story.
→
2. You do some
research to see if
the story is true or
not.
→
4. You give the
article to subeditor to check.
←
3. You begin to
write the story
using notes from
the interview.
8. The first
edition of a news
paper is made.
→
6. The last stage the
article is checked
/approved by the chief
editor.
→
5. The article is
given to a native
speaker to check the
use of English and
improve the style.
←
7. All the stories and
photos are set and the
color negatives for the
printing are made
ready.
Language Points
1. edition 版本,书报等一次发行总数
<归纳拓展>
editor n. 编辑
editorial adj. (定语) 编辑的 n. 社论, 社评
edit v.
编辑, 剪辑
edit sth. out of (sth.)
删除
2. department
(政府, 企业, 商店, 大学等的)部,司,局,
处, 科, 部门, 系
The Education Department
The sales department
3. task 任务
a piece of (esp. hard or unpleasant)
work that has to be done.
必须要做的工作(尤指困难或讨厌的);
Learning English well is a difficult task.
学好英语是一项艰难的任务。
v. ~ sb with sth 将…作为任务交与某人
He was tasked with the design of a new
shopping center.
他被派给设计新的购物中心的任务。
4. accurate adj.正确无误的,精确的,准确的
<归纳拓展>
accuracy n. 准确, 精确
precise adj. 精确的, 独特的, 精细的
exact adj. 正确的, 准确的, 严谨的, 精密的
accurately adv. 精确, 准确
correct adj.
正确的, 准确
1) ________
Accurate statistics, measurements,
calculations, are very important.
2) It’s impossible to say with any
________
accuracy how many are affected.
3) This is the correct
______ dress for a formal
dinner.
4) The exact
____ time is three minutes and
thirty-five seconds.
5) They both came here at exactly
______ the
same time.
6) He is precise
______ in everything.
7) The diagram had been copied with
great precision
________.
8) He is a man with a precise
______ mind.
5. employ 雇佣某人
She’s employed as a taxi driver.
They employ him to look after the baby.
6. polish
a. ..(sth) (up) (with sth) 磨光,擦亮
… (up) furniture/shoes with a cloth
用布把家具/鞋擦亮
b. (比喻)修正,修改,修饰(某事物)
… a speech/ an article
给讲稿/文章润色
… sth off (口)迅速的作完某事
He polishes off the letter.
7. note
v. 注意, 观察, 记录
n. 摘记, 短信, 注释, 纸币, 音调, 暗示, 含义
note down 记录
noted adj. 闻名的,著名的
take / make a note of 记录
sound/ strike a note of 表现出, 提出警告
compare notes 交流看法
8. chief adj. 最重要的,主要的,最高权威的
辨析: chief, principal 和 major
chief 主要的,首要的 指人时表示地位
高、权力大, 指物时表示重要。
principal 首要的,主要的 正式用语
由于某中重要性而具有首要的地位。
major 主要的,首要的 指与他物相对比
时突出显赫的地位。
翻译句子。
1. 他是我们的处长。
He is the chief of my department.
2. 那场意外事故的主要原因是什么?
What’s the chief cause of the accident?
3. 上海是中国的主要城市之一。
Shanghai is one of the chief cities
of China.
9. approve v. 赞成,认可,满意,批准,通过
approval n. 赞成、同意、认可
on approval
(指货物)不满意可以退换的
approving adj. 赞许的、认可的
approved school
少年罪犯教养院(感化院)
1) You can join the class if your mother
approves.
你可以参加这个班, 如果你母亲同意的
话。
2) You made a good decision, and I
thoroughly approve it.
你作出了一个好决定, 我不折不扣(衷
心)地表示赞同。
3) She received many approving
glances.
她赢得了很多赞许的目光。
4) I don’t approve of smoking in bed.
我不赞成躺在床上吸烟。
10. process 步骤,程序,过程
Reforming the education system will be
a difficult process.
教育制度的改革将是一个艰苦的过程。
11. appointment n.
任命, 委派, 工作, 职位, 约会, 预约
appoint v. 任命, 委派确定或决定某事物
appoint that sth. (shall be done)命令某事
take an appointment
by appointment
就职
按照约定
keep/ break ones appointment 守/违约
make/ fix an appointment with与某人约会
12. When do you think is convenient
for you?
句中do you think 作插入语,英语中
do you think / suppose / believe/
imagine 等和疑问代词或疑问副词连
用时, 常把疑问代(副)词置于句首,
而把do you think置于句中。
提示: do you think 置于句中,句子的
语序应该为正常语序, 不再使用倒装
语序; 这类结构也可以用于定语从句
里作为插入语。
(1) What do you think _______?
A. is he interested in B. interested he
C. he is interested in D. does he interest
√
(2) Who do you think _____?
A.
broke
the
window
√
B. of breaking the window
C. to break the window
D. did he break the window
13. senior adj. 年长的, (级别、职位、
资格)较高的, 高年级的(作定语)
senior n. 年较长的人, 毕业班或高年
级的学生
junior adj. 较幼的, 较小的
superior adj. 较高的, 优越的, 优良的,
不屈服的
Reading
Lead in
What do you want to be in the future?
What is your ideal occupation?
Tips
But whatever you want to be, you
need to know a lot about the
occupations and prepare yourselves for
them from now on.
Warming up
Suppose you want to work for a
newspaper and you are offered a
chance for a job at China Daily. Do you
know what kind of jobs they have at
their office and what each job involves?
Types of jobs at China Daily
journalist
editor
reporter
critic
photographer
designer
foreign correspondent
Types of jobs
What it involves
reporter/
journalist
Interview people or finds
out events from onlookers
and writes news stories
editor
checks the writing and
facts and makes changes if
necessary
Types of jobs
What it involves
photographer takes photographs of
important people or events
critic
gives opinion on plays and
books
designer
lay out articles and
photographs
foreign
reports form abroad
correspondent
Can you tell me what they are in the
following pictures?
reporter
critic
editors
make sure the
writing is clear,
concise and
accurate;
checks facts
photographer
takes
photographs of
important
people or events
designers
lays out the
article and
photographs
printer
prints the
newspaper
Pre-reading
1. Now if you want to be a good news
reporter, what qualities do you think
you need to have?
1. Higher level of education
2. Work experience
3. Good communication skills
4. Curious, active personality
5. Hard-working
6. Enthusiasm for the job
7. _________________________
Prepared to work long hours
8. ________________________
Ability to work in a team
9. ________________________
Creative ideas
2. Every one has unforgettable moments
in his/her life. Think about your first
day at school, being far away form
home, your first day abroad… Now
discuss in your group what the first
day would be like, and how you would
feel if you were to work for a famous
newspaper or company.
Guess the meaning of these expressions
cover a story
have a “nose” for a story
a trick of the trade
get the fact straight
get the wrong end of the stick
how the story goes
a real “scoop”
cover a story
to report on an
important event
have a “nose” for a be able to tell whether
story
is a true story
a trick of the trade clever ways known to
experts
get the fact straight to present ideas fairly
get the wrong end of not to understand
the stick
properly
how the story goes
this is the story
get a scoop
a piece of hot news
Reading
Task1 Skimming
What’s the main idea of this passage?
This passage is about Zhou Yang’s first
assignment at the office of China Daily.
And his discussion with his new boss, Hu
Xin, was to strongly influence his life as
a reporter.
Task 2 Scanning
1. Could Zhou Yang go out on a story
alone immediately? Why (not)?
No, not until he is more experienced.
Because there is a lot for him to
learn and he must work in a team.
2. What mistakes must be avoided?
Being rude and talking too much
about himself.
3. How did Zhou Yang feel on his first
day at work?
Excited and eager to go out on a story.
4. What is the trick of the trade?
If the person being interviewed agrees,
we sometimes use a recorders to make
sure that we get all our facts straight.
5. Why was the football player angry?
Because an article was written which
suggested he was guilty.
Comprehending
1. Li Lihong is one of the expert writers
at the newspaper. She replies to
reader's questions. Today she needs
to answer a letter from a high school
student about how to become a
reporter, but she is very busy.
So Zhou Yang has been asked to make
notes for her to help her answer the
questions. Can you work out Zhou
Yang’s notes? Use the information
from the reading passage to help you.
Zhou Yang’s Note
1. be able to tell if someone
is telling the truth
The skill needed 2. be accurate
3. do research
4. ask questions
The importance get the detailed facts
of listening
Stages in
researching a story
1. ask questions
2. note reactions
3. check facts
4. do research
How to check facts use research and ask
witness
How to deal with
accusations of
printing lies
use a tape recorder
for the interview
A reporter’s duties are
1. to work in a team
2. How to get an accurate story
3. How to protect a story from
accusations.
patient
polite
thorough
careful
imaginative well-recognized
technically good concise
creative
curious
gifted
professional
A reporter needs to be ___________
thorough,
________________________
curious, careful and concise but a
photograph needs to be __________
creative,
__________________________________.
imaginative,
technically good and gifted
__________________________________
They both need to be professional,
______________________.
well-organise
and patient I think I
would make a good photographer
___________
_______________________________
because I am creative and I enjoy
__________________________.
being technically good at things.
A good reporter :
1. is usually poorly educated. well
2. always has a good eye for a good story.
nose
to
3. needs have good observation skills as well
as good communication skills.
5. is seldom a very good listener.
always/usually
6. hardly checks the evidence carefully
before it appears in the newspaper.
7. writes with unnecessary words.
without
8. is one who thinks of readers’ benefits last.
first
注意:本身都是比较级形式,无须再添加
more 或-er; 这三个词用于比较级中
不与 than 连用,而与 to 连用。
1) He is not superior to temptation.
他经不住诱惑。
2) This engine is superior in many aspects.
这台发动机在很多方面性能都非常优
越。
3) He is two years senior to me.
他比我大两岁。
4) I will have to ask my superior.
那事我得先问一下我们公司老板。
5) He is wearing a superior smile.
他脸上带有高傲的微笑。
Extra task
Read the passage on Page 65 and try to
find out the main idea of it.
Main idea: The passage tells us what a
primary source and a secondary source
are and the difference between them.
Read the passage “Searching for the
Truth” on page 65 and determine
whether the statement are true or false.
1. When we read about Jia Sixie in our
textbook we are reading a primary
source. F
2. As we watch the news on TV, the
person presenting the programme in
the studio is the secondary source. T
3. Photographers sometimes are both
primary and secondary sources. F
4. Knowing the difference of primary
and secondary sources can help us
decide what is a fact and what is an
opinion. T
5. Often facts and opinions are mixed
in any report. T
A primary source depend on:
The person who has written the news
should be there at the time.
Tips
Primary sources and secondary
sources are very important for finding out
the truth. The closer a person is to the event
they describe in time or geographically, the
more likely they are to be accurate.
Activity 3 ( page 66 )
The Garlic Wars
The primary source is_______________
it was written at the time I
because_______________________.
think Plutarch’s
____________________________
Life of Julius Caesar and
__________________________________
Shakespeare’s play about Julius Caesar
will have more opinion than fact
__________________________________
because they were written long after
___________________.
the events happened
Homework
1. Ask the students to interview a student
of Senior Grade three and write a report
about their present study and life.
2. Report a thing recently happened in
your neighborhood or in the local area.
Assignment
1. Practicing reading aloud the dialogue
with your partner. Pay attention to the
intonation and stress.
2. Read a newspaper and try to discover
something to do with our topic about it.
Learning about Language
Discovering useful words
and expressions
1. In the reading passage several
expressions are used in an idiomatic
way. Find them and fill in the chart.
Add one of your own.
to report on an important event
cover a story
clever ways known to experts
trick of the trade
to present the ideas fairly
get the facts straight
not to understand an ideas properly
get to the wrong end of the stick
this is the story
this is how the story goes
to get the story first
get a scoop
2. Complete Sentence B using a word or
phrase from the reading passage
which has the opposite meaning to
the words underlined in Sentence A.
1) A By accident she broke that
beautiful bowl.
B She ___________
deliberately broke that
beautiful bowl.
2) A He did not steal the vase so he didn’t
do anything wrong.
B He did steal the vase so he is _____.
guilty
3) A She does not get absorbed in her
studies for long.
B She can _____________
concentrate on her studies
for a long time.
4) A The reporter went out with an
untrained photographer.
B The reporter went out with a/an
__________
photographer.
professional
5) A Chris is not interested in starting
his new occupation.
B Chris is _____
eager to start his new
occupation.
6) A “This room needs a light clean,”
explained the housewife.
B “ This room needs a ________
thorough
clean,” explained the housewife.
7) A The law allows people to defend
themselves against a charge.
B The law does not allow people to
______
__a crime.
accuse themselves of
8) A I don’t mind losing that skill if it
is not useful.
B I want to _______
acquire that skill if it is
useful.
3. In the reading passage there are
some adjectives that come from
nouns. You form them by adding –al.
Complete the table below. The first
one is done for you. Can you add
one of your own to the list?
Noun
Adjective
Meaning
to act like a person
profession professional trained for a
particular job
education educational
connected with the
teaching of students
Noun
Adjective
Meaning
an official part of
formal
form
an activity
following ideas
tradition traditional and methods used
for a long time
something to do
personal
person
with oneself
related to one’s
occupation occupational
job
Leaning about Language
Discovering useful structures
1. Find three examples of inversion in
the reading passage.
1) Never will Zhou Yang forget his first
assignment at China daily.
2) Only when you have seen what he or she
does, can you cover a story by yourself.
3) Only if you ask many different questions
will you acquire all the information you
need to know.
2. Rewrite these sentence using normal
word order.
1) I did not know how to use that
recorder. Neither did he.
I did not know how to use that
recorder and he did not know, either.
2) Only then did I begin my work on
designing a new bridge.
I began my work on designing a new
bridge only then.
3) Not only was there a Christmas tree,
but also exciting presents under it.
There was not only a Christmas tree
but there were also exciting presents
under it.
4) “Is everything ready yet?” asked Hu
Xin to the photographer.
Hu Xin asked the photographer, “Is
everything ready yet?”
3. Rewrite these sentences using inversion.
First, find the phrase to begin with.
Then change the word order of the
sentence. Use the words or phrases
underlined to rewrite these sentences.
1. You will see so many seats only at a
stadium in Beijing.
Only at a stadium in Beijing will you
see so many seats.
2. I have seldom been so upset.
Seldom have I been so upset.
3. You will be able to write a good report
only after you have acquired the
information you need.
Only after you have acquired the
information you need will you be able
to write a good report.
4. He gave a lot of presents to his friends,
but he has never given one to me.
Never has he given a present to me
though he gave a lot (of presents) to his
friends.
5. She is not only good at languages, but
also at history.
Not only is she good at language, but
she is also good at history.
6. You can improve your English only by
practicing it as much as possible.
Only by practicing it as much as
possible can you improve your English.
7. I have never read such an exciting report
before.
Never before have I read such an exciting
report.
8. She took part in a horse riding
competition, and did not miss a jump
once.
Not once did she miss a jump when she
took part in the horse riding competition.
4. Certain phrases can introduce an
inverted sentence. Now use these
phrases to complete the following
sentences.
1) Only after _________________
painful preparation did
____________________________.
I do well in the last examination
2) Not once did ___________________
you come to say you
______________________________
were
sorry after breaking the vase .
3. Seldom have I been
___________________
so happy as when
my
son graduated from university
_____________________________.
4. Only by doing ___________________
her exercise every day
could Jane
___________________________
hope to run professionally
again .
_____
5. Only in a ____
people get hit and
film can ________________
never
feel the pain
________________.
6. Not once did Zhou
__________________
Jie receive an
________________________________
admission
notice to Beijing university,
_______________________________
but
he also won a scholarship to
________________.
study
in America.
7. Only then did __________________.
she realized her fault
Exercise in the Workbook
1. Play this game: “what happened when
the General went to war?” Get into
groups of four. Take it in turns to
decide what the General’s family and
servants were doing while he was
away. You must use meanwhile and so
as to correctly in each sentence.
EXAMPLE:
A: The General went away to war.
Meanwhile his advisers marked his
progress on a map so as to be sure of
knowing where he was.
B: Meanwhile the gardener planted new
flowers in the flowerbeds so as to be
able to make a beautiful garden for
the General’s return.
Meanwhile the cook learned to make
some new dishes so as to be able to
prepare a special banquet when the
General returned.
Meanwhile his wife made him some new
clothes so as to be able to dress him
smartly for the banquet on his return.
Meanwhile his children practiced
some new songs and dances so as to
be able to perform for the General
when he returned.
2. Translation (answer key)
1. George’s car broke down because of
a serious technical fault / problem.
2. He concentrated on repairing his car
for two days, but failed because he
did not have the necessary parts.
3. His family did not approve of his
enthusiasm for cars and tried to
stop him (from) buying a new one.
4. He tried to defend himself against
their accusation that he wasted
money.
5. Teaching Alex how to ski is really
a painful process.
6. The senior editor suggested that
this article needed further
polishing.
3. Read this passage about connections
between newspapers, radio and TV
news. Fill in the blanks.
acquire
cover
experienced employ require
concentrate
professional
Radio and TV stations acquire
______ their news
from the newspapers. So newspapers
have to be very professional
__________ about the
way they _____
cover their stories.
They must concentrate
__________ on what is
important and not be misled by clever
wrongdoers. Many experienced
__________ reporters
know this and employ
______ careful techniques
to make sure they get accurate
information. It is important because the
chief editor requires
_______ the highest possible
standards.
4. Read the verbs in the box and use them
to complete the passage.
accuse…of
warn...of
rob…of cure…of
ask...of
Alex is my best friend. He is an honest,
but a strange person. One day his
landlord accused
_______ him of
__ stealing a lot
of money. He thought Alex had ______
robbed
him of
__ many bags of gold while he was
asleep. Alex said it was true. He had
_______his
landlord to sleep with all his
warned
gold under the bed and decided to cure
____
him __
of this habit.
So he had pretended to steal it. When he
heard this, his landlord became very
angry and wanted him to leave his house.
But Alex asked
_____ a favor __
of him. He
promised to go if his landlord would
put his gold in the bank. His landlord
laughed and agreed. So my friend
returned the bags of gold and his
landlord allowed him to stay in the
house free.
1. Do you agree with Alex’s way of
showing his landlord he was wrong?
Give a reason.
I don’t agree with Alex’s way of
showing his landlord he was wrong.
Because I think he will have become
unnecessarily worried about his money.
2. What other verbs do you know that
use the same structure?
remind … of, tell … of ,
inform … of , rid … of
Keys to Exercise in Using structures
Ex1.
1. Now your chance to shine comes.
2. He didn’t come again and he didn’t
write to her, either.
3. He little realized how disappointed
she was.
4. She had hardly arrived home when
it began to rain heavily.
5. We can finish our work in time only
in this way.
6. I didn’t find out he was a liar until I
saw his letter.
7. Following the roar, a grizzly bear
rushed out from behind the rock.
8. The cuckoo flew off.
9. Many old castles are around the lake.
10. I have seldom been to the Wangfujin
Department Store for shopping.
Extensive Reading
Warming up
1. Do you want to get some information
everyday? How can you get the
information?
There are so many ways to get
information, but reading newspapers
is one of the oldest.
2. Can you guess how complex it is to
make news?
This class we’ll learn a passage about
how to make news. Let’s come to the
passage.
Task 1
Read the text and try to get the main
idea of it.
The passage tells us the process of
writing and printing for a newspaper
article.
Task 2
Answer the following questions:
1.What was Zhou Yang’s first assignment/
task?
His first task was to write his story.
2. How many people read his article before
it was ready to be processed into film
negative? Who were they and what did
they say about the article?
Before it was ready to be processed into
film negative, an editor from his
department, the copy-editor, the native
speaker, the chief editor and the news
desk editor read his article.
Task 3
Work out the writing and printing
process of an article. And complete
the chart in Ex1 on page 31.
1. You go to an
interview to get the
information for
your story.
→
2. You do some
research to see if
the story is true or
not.
→
4. You give the
article to subeditor to check.
←
3. You begin to
write the story
using notes from
the interview.
8. The first
edition of a news
paper is made.
→
6. The last stage the
article is checked
/approved by the chief
editor.
→
5. The article is
given to a native
speaker to check the
use of English and
improve the style.
←
7. All the stories and
photos are set and the
color negatives for the
printing are made
ready.
Language Points
1. edition 版本,书报等一次发行总数
<归纳拓展>
editor n. 编辑
editorial adj. (定语) 编辑的 n. 社论, 社评
edit v.
编辑, 剪辑
edit sth. out of (sth.)
删除
2. department
(政府, 企业, 商店, 大学等的)部,司,局,
处, 科, 部门, 系
The Education Department
The sales department
3. task 任务
a piece of (esp. hard or unpleasant)
work that has to be done.
必须要做的工作(尤指困难或讨厌的);
Learning English well is a difficult task.
学好英语是一项艰难的任务。
v. ~ sb with sth 将…作为任务交与某人
He was tasked with the design of a new
shopping center.
他被派给设计新的购物中心的任务。
4. accurate adj.正确无误的,精确的,准确的
<归纳拓展>
accuracy n. 准确, 精确
precise adj. 精确的, 独特的, 精细的
exact adj. 正确的, 准确的, 严谨的, 精密的
accurately adv. 精确, 准确
correct adj.
正确的, 准确
1) ________
Accurate statistics, measurements,
calculations, are very important.
2) It’s impossible to say with any
________
accuracy how many are affected.
3) This is the correct
______ dress for a formal
dinner.
4) The exact
____ time is three minutes and
thirty-five seconds.
5) They both came here at exactly
______ the
same time.
6) He is precise
______ in everything.
7) The diagram had been copied with
great precision
________.
8) He is a man with a precise
______ mind.
5. employ 雇佣某人
She’s employed as a taxi driver.
They employ him to look after the baby.
6. polish
a. ..(sth) (up) (with sth) 磨光,擦亮
… (up) furniture/shoes with a cloth
用布把家具/鞋擦亮
b. (比喻)修正,修改,修饰(某事物)
… a speech/ an article
给讲稿/文章润色
… sth off (口)迅速的作完某事
He polishes off the letter.
7. note
v. 注意, 观察, 记录
n. 摘记, 短信, 注释, 纸币, 音调, 暗示, 含义
note down 记录
noted adj. 闻名的,著名的
take / make a note of 记录
sound/ strike a note of 表现出, 提出警告
compare notes 交流看法
8. chief adj. 最重要的,主要的,最高权威的
辨析: chief, principal 和 major
chief 主要的,首要的 指人时表示地位
高、权力大, 指物时表示重要。
principal 首要的,主要的 正式用语
由于某中重要性而具有首要的地位。
major 主要的,首要的 指与他物相对比
时突出显赫的地位。
翻译句子。
1. 他是我们的处长。
He is the chief of my department.
2. 那场意外事故的主要原因是什么?
What’s the chief cause of the accident?
3. 上海是中国的主要城市之一。
Shanghai is one of the chief cities
of China.
9. approve v. 赞成,认可,满意,批准,通过
approval n. 赞成、同意、认可
on approval
(指货物)不满意可以退换的
approving adj. 赞许的、认可的
approved school
少年罪犯教养院(感化院)
1) You can join the class if your mother
approves.
你可以参加这个班, 如果你母亲同意的
话。
2) You made a good decision, and I
thoroughly approve it.
你作出了一个好决定, 我不折不扣(衷
心)地表示赞同。
3) She received many approving
glances.
她赢得了很多赞许的目光。
4) I don’t approve of smoking in bed.
我不赞成躺在床上吸烟。
10. process 步骤,程序,过程
Reforming the education system will be
a difficult process.
教育制度的改革将是一个艰苦的过程。
11. appointment n.
任命, 委派, 工作, 职位, 约会, 预约
appoint v. 任命, 委派确定或决定某事物
appoint that sth. (shall be done)命令某事
take an appointment
by appointment
就职
按照约定
keep/ break ones appointment 守/违约
make/ fix an appointment with与某人约会
12. When do you think is convenient
for you?
句中do you think 作插入语,英语中
do you think / suppose / believe/
imagine 等和疑问代词或疑问副词连
用时, 常把疑问代(副)词置于句首,
而把do you think置于句中。
提示: do you think 置于句中,句子的
语序应该为正常语序, 不再使用倒装
语序; 这类结构也可以用于定语从句
里作为插入语。
(1) What do you think _______?
A. is he interested in B. interested he
C. he is interested in D. does he interest
√
(2) Who do you think _____?
A.
broke
the
window
√
B. of breaking the window
C. to break the window
D. did he break the window
13. senior adj. 年长的, (级别、职位、
资格)较高的, 高年级的(作定语)
senior n. 年较长的人, 毕业班或高年
级的学生
junior adj. 较幼的, 较小的
superior adj. 较高的, 优越的, 优良的,
不屈服的
注意:本身都是比较级形式,无须再添加
more 或-er; 这三个词用于比较级中
不与 than 连用,而与 to 连用。
1) He is not superior to temptation.
他经不住诱惑。
2) This engine is superior in many aspects.
这台发动机在很多方面性能都非常优
越。
3) He is two years senior to me.
他比我大两岁。
4) I will have to ask my superior.
那事我得先问一下我们公司老板。
5) He is wearing a superior smile.
他脸上带有高傲的微笑。
Extra task
Read the passage on Page 65 and try to
find out the main idea of it.
Main idea: The passage tells us what a
primary source and a secondary source
are and the difference between them.
Read the passage “Searching for the
Truth” on page 65 and determine
whether the statement are true or false.
1. When we read about Jia Sixie in our
textbook we are reading a primary
source. F
2. As we watch the news on TV, the
person presenting the programme in
the studio is the secondary source. T
3. Photographers sometimes are both
primary and secondary sources. F
4. Knowing the difference of primary
and secondary sources can help us
decide what is a fact and what is an
opinion. T
5. Often facts and opinions are mixed
in any report. T
A primary source depend on:
The person who has written the news
should be there at the time.
Tips
Primary sources and secondary
sources are very important for finding out
the truth. The closer a person is to the event
they describe in time or geographically, the
more likely they are to be accurate.
Activity 3 ( page 66 )
The Garlic Wars
The primary source is_______________
it was written at the time I
because_______________________.
think Plutarch’s
____________________________
Life of Julius Caesar and
__________________________________
Shakespeare’s play about Julius Caesar
will have more opinion than fact
__________________________________
because they were written long after
___________________.
the events happened
Homework
1. Ask the students to interview a student
of Senior Grade three and write a report
about their present study and life.
2. Report a thing recently happened in
your neighborhood or in the local area.
Grammar
Inversion
语法精解
1. 倒装 Inversions
英语句子的自然顺序是主语在前,谓语
在后。把谓语动词放在主语之前,就叫
倒装结构。如果全部谓语放在主语之
前, 叫全部倒装; 如果只把助动词或be
动词放在主语之前就叫部分倒装。
基本语序
natural order
subject 主+ predicate 谓+object 宾
I
love
English.
完全倒装
full inversion
predicate + subject
Here came the headmaster.
部分倒装
partial inversion
助动词auxiliary/情态动词modal verb
+ subject + v +…
Nerve will I forgive you.
全部倒装
1. 用于 there be 句型。
There are many students in the classroom.
主语位于谓语
are there之后
原句自然顺序是:
Many students are there in the classroom.
2. 用于“here (there, now, then) + 不及
物动词 + 主语的句型中, 或以out, in,
up, down, away 等副词开头的句子里
面,表示强调。
 Here comes the bus.
 There goes the bell.
 Now comes our turn.
 Out went the children.
注意: 代词作主语时, 主谓语序不变。
Here it is.
In he comes.
3. 当句首状语是表示地点的介词词组时,
也常引起全部倒装。
South of the city lies a big steel factory.
From the valley came a frightening
sound.
Under the tree stands a little boy.
划线的均是表示地点
状语的介词词组,并
且是位于句首。
4. 表语置于句首时, 倒装结构采用
“表语+连系动词+主语”的结构
1) 形容词+连系动词+主语
Present at the meeting were
Professor White, Professor Smith
and many other guests.
2) 过去分词+连系动词+主语
Gone are the days when they could
do what they liked.
3) 介词+连系动词+主语
Among the goods are Christmas
trees, flowers, candles and toys.
5. 为了保持句子结构平衡,或为了强调表
语或状语,或为了使上下文结构紧凑。
They arrived at a farmhouse, in front
of which sat a small boy.
强调状语
Inside the pyramids are the burial
rooms for the kings and queens and
long passages to these rooms.
保持句子结构平衡
部分倒装
1. 用于疑问句
Do you speak English?
2. 用于省略if 的虚拟条件句
Had you reviewed your lessons, you
might have passed the examination.
由 If you had reviewed your lessons
这样一个虚拟条件分句变过来的。
3. 用于“形容词(或名词、动词)+ as
(though)” 引导的让步状语从句。
Pretty as she is, she is not clever.
Try as he would, he might fail again.
Money as they had, they don’t know
how to spend it.
4. 用于no sooner than, hardly when
和 not until的句型中。
No sooner had she gone out than
the class began.
Not until the teacher came did he
finish his homework.
5. 用于 never, hardly, seldom, scarcely,
little, at no time, not only, barely,
rarely, little, not a bit 等否定词开头的
句子里。
Never shall I do this again.
At no time can you say “no” to the
order.
Little do I dream I would see you here.
6. 用于only开头的句子(only位于句首,
修饰副词、介词短语或状语从句)
Only in this way can you learn
English well.
Only when he told me did I realize
what trouble he was in.
7. 用于 so, nor, neither 开头的句子,表示
重复的内容。此句谓语应与前句谓语
的时态形式一致。
He has been to Beijing. So have I.
Jack can not answer the question.
Neither can I.
He has been to Beijing.
So have I.
我也去过。
So he has
是的,他确实去过。
8. 在 so / such that 的结构中,若so 置
于句首,则句子部分倒装
So difficult a problem is it that I
can’t work it out.
Such a noble person is he that
people all respect him.
9. 如果直接引语后注明引语是什么人所
说的, 主语是名词时, 用倒装结构。主
语是代词时, 一般不用倒装结构。
“ Let’ go,” said the man / he said.
10. 用于 某些祝愿的句子。
May you succeed.
配套练习
Ⅰ. Multiple choices.
1. ---Do you know Jim quarreled
with his brother?
---I don’t know, _______.
A. nor don’t I care
B. nor do I care
C. I don’t care neither
D. I don’t care also
2. Not until all the fish died in the river
____ how serious the pollution was.
A. did the villagers realize
B. the villagers realized
C. the villagers did realized
D. didn’t the villagers realized
3. Only in this way ____ do it well.
A. must we
B. we could
C. can we
D. we can
4. Hardly ____ when it began to rain.
A. had he arrived
C. he had arrived
B. arrived he
D. did he arrive
5. Only when class began ____ that he
had left his book at home.
A. will realize
B. he did realize
C. did he realize
D. should he realize
6. Not a single mistake ____ in the
dictation yesterday.
A. did he make
B. made by him
C. he made
D. he had made
7. No sooner ____ his talk than he ___
by the workers.
A. he finished; surrounded all
B. did he finish; did surround
C. had he finished; was surrounded
D. after he finished; was surrounded
near
8. Little ___ know about verbs, Franz
__ his head.
A. did he; dare not lift
B. he; dare not lift
C. did he; dare not to lift
D. doesn’t; doesn’t dare lift
9. Not only __ a promise, but also kept it.
A. had he made
B. he had made
C. did he make
D. he makes
10. I finally got the job. Never in all
life___ so happy.
A. did I feel
B. I felt
C. I had felt
D. had I felt
11. In no country ___ Britain, it has
been said, ____ experience four
seasons in the course of a single
day.
A. other than; one can
B. other than; can one
C. rather than; one can
D. rather than; can one
12. ____ a mobile phone can you ring
___ you want to talk with anywhere.
A. Using; whoever
B. Only on; whoever
C. With; whoever
D. Using; whomever
用倒装句翻译下列句子。
1. 教堂附近有一间破旧的小屋。
Near the church was a ruined cottage.
2. 他一点也不知道, 警察就要逮捕他了。
Little does he know that the police are
about to arrest him.
3. 如果我了解你的意图我就不会浪费时
间向你解释了。
Had I realized what you intended I
should not have wasted my time trying
to explain matters to you.
4. 那记号很小, 我几乎看不到。
So small was the mark that I could
hardly see it.
5. 参加会议有来自全国各地政府官员、
商人、企业家。
Attending the meeting were
government officials, businessmen and
bankers from different parts of the
country.
6. 无论什么情况下我们都不要放弃
计划。
Under no circumstance can we
give up the plan.
把下列句子改为倒装。
1. I have never seen him before.
________________
Never before have I seen him.
2. she had hardly gone out when a student
came to see her.
_____________________
Hardly
had she gone out when a
student came to see her.
3. I didn’t go there. he didn’t go there
either.
I didn’t go there, _____________
neither/ nor did he
_____.
4. A terrible Genie(妖怪) stood before
the fisherman.
Before the fisherman stood
______a
_______________.
terrible Genie
5. In those days people seldom did
experiment to test their ideas.
____________________________
Seldom
did people do experiment to
test their ideas.
6. You can learn English well only in
this way.
__________________
Only in this way can you learn
English well.
7. Lu Xun was not only a great writer,
but also a great thinker.
__________________
Not
only was Lu Xun a great writer,
but also a great thinker.
8. It didn’t stop raining until midnight.
___________________
Not
until midnight did it stop raining.
Textbook (Page 31)
Go over the three choices before listening
to the tape. Then circle the correct
summary of the listening passage.
A.This is about a young man who is refused
an interview with Liu May.
B. This about a young man who is trying to
√
arrange an interview with Liu Mei.
C.This is about a young man who want to
ask Liu Mei about how to work abroad.
Listen to the tape again and answer
these questions.
1. Why does Zhou Yang want to
interview Liu Ming?
He wants to interview him about his
decision to go abroad and work.
2. What are his fans worried about?
His fans are worried that they will
not see him in the flesh.
3. When is Liu Ming going to talk to Zhou
Yang?
Liu Ming will talk to Zhou Yang on
Wednesday at 12 o’clock.
4. What is Liu Ming’s intention at the
moment?
Liu Ming’s intention is to learn more
about tennis and return to China.
Listening text
CAN I HELP YOU
Zhou Yang is hoping to interview Liu
Ming about his decision to work abroad.
So he is calling Liu Ming’s assistant,
Lily Wong, to make an appointment.
LW: Hello, this is Lily Wong, Liu
Ming’s assistant.
ZY: Hello. I would like to speak to Liu
Ming please.
LW: I ’m sorry but he’s busy now.
Who’s speaking?
ZY: I’ m Zhou Yang of China Daily. I’d
like to interview Liu Ming about
his decision to go abroad to play
professional tennis.
LW: I know he likes China Daily so I am
sure he’ll be happy to speak to you.
But he’s very busy at the moment
and he leaves Beijing at the end of
this week. It may be difficult to make
an appointment to see him.
ZY: Well, I’m free tomorrow afternoon
and all of Wednesday. Is it possible to
speak to him then.
LW: He’s going to see his family today
and talk to some students tomorrow
morning. Then at four o’clock he’ll
go to a special banquet given by the
leaders of the city. Maybe you can
meet in the early afternoon.
ZY: Perhaps we could talk over lunch.
Our readers will be very interested
in his views.
LW: Well, he’s very happy about his
decision to go abroad and hopes to
return to China in a few years’ time.
This experience will help him
improve Chinese tennis.
ZY: But many of his fans will be sorry
not to see him play in the flesh.
Waiting on TV is not quite the same
thing.
LW: Yes, but he need to learn more about
tennis and to become an professional
player is a good opportunity to
develop his skills. On TV you can
still enjoy his sparkling play.
ZY: But if he never comes home we’ll
have lost a great sportsman.
LW: Yes, but I don’t think that he’ll stay
abroad. He says he has no intention
of doing that.
ZY: I am glad to hear that. But what if
he gets wonderful offer to stay?
LW: I think you’ll have to discuss that
with him yourself.
ZY: So will 12 o’clock be OK? Where
would be the best place to meet?
LW: Yes, I think that time will be
convenient and perhaps you could
meet at the Garden Hotel. I’ll put it
in his diary for Wednesday so he’s
sure to come.
ZY: Thank you so much. Goodbye.
LW: Bye.
Practice in making appointments
One of you needs to have your picture
taken for a magazine. You would like to
have it taken in the afternoon because you
must have your hair cut in the morning.
The other is the photographer who wants
to take the picture in the morning because
he/ she won’t be free in the afternoon. See
how well you can arrange the meeting.
These phrases may be useful.
Shall we make an appointment?
How about …?
When are you free?
When do you think is convenient for you?
Is it possible to …?
Where is the best place?
I shall be busy at … and … but I can be free
at …
Maybe we can meet at ….
Workbook (Page 62)
1. Listen and tick the correct day.
Day
Monday
Tuesday
Yesterday
Time
2pm
6am
6pm
Place
home
TV station
BBC radio station
Listen again and answer the questions.
1. Why did Greg have to go to the radio
station and not use his home telephone?
He had to got to the BBC radio station
because the sound effects are better
there.
2. Give tow reasons why Greg was
anxious. Use sentences not phrases.
He was anxious because he wondered if
he had got the right day or right time.
3. How are the windows of the house
described?
The windows are described as dark.
They are like large, tired eyes.
4. How did George know the house was
empty?
Greg knew the house was empty because
the bell echoed through empty rooms
5. How did he feel when the man appeared
and opened the studio?
He felt very relieved when the man
appeared next to him.
Workbook (Page 66)
You are the police officer and you must
fill in this report about the fight between
the British and the Turkish fans. Look at
the form and then listen to the tape.
Report Form
Name of officer: Li Da Date: 05/08/12
Where was it?
Beijing, China
What happened?
What was it?
Fight after a football
match
Who started it?
When the police arrived
Fighting broke out
between fans supporting it was impossible to tell.
There was an eyewitness.
the two teams.
Eyewitness account:
Evidence:
Fred Smith says he saw
Fred Smith’s
the Turkish supporters
eyewitness
throw bricks at the British account and his
supporters first . Then it
developed into a serious
fight with everyone
involved.
photographs
Your conclusion:
Reason:
It was started by the
Fred Smith’s
Turkish supporters.
photographs support
The British fans were his idea that the
not in the wrong.
Turkish fans started
the fight.
Signed: Li Da
Homework
1. Complete the writing task.
2. Review the language points of this unit.
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