Training Material for TV station HD production solution Content 1 Omni Media Drives Transformation 2 Television Informationize Solution 3 Success Cases 2 Dawning of the Omnimedia Era With the escalation of network convergence, new media and traditional media step into the omnimedia era. — Global media industry and new media development seminar in 2012 Massive contents on one platform 3 VOD Three Changes Coming with the Omnimedia Era Independent production -> Converged production Digital SD -> Digital HD • Up to 255 million HDTV subscribers around the globe by the end of 2013 — IMS report • Up to 100 HD channel production and broadcasting capabilities for China by 2015 — SARFT The diversity of media contents in the Internet age leads to the variety of material collection methods. 4 Single broadcasting -> Multichannel interaction ICT: The Solid Foundation of Excellent Media Converged production HD production HD broadcasting Operational excellence Enhanced Security • Secure access between the production area and office area • Materials collected from and contents released through the Internet in the production area • Low-stream production handled in the office area High Bandwidth • Low-cost and highperformance storage access to PB-level massive HD videos • 100+ GB/s campus network bandwidth for TV stations, meeting high-stream requirements 5 Low Latency • Latency of HD production < 5 ms • Latency of HD broadcasting < 40 ms Flexible Scheduling • Technologies and architecture evolving towards clouds, facilitating resource consolidation, sharing, and operation • Operable media assets, business applications, and IT infrastructure HUAWEI HD Production and Broadcasting Solution Helps Media Operational Excellence Material sources TV production area Office management area Network resource pool OA system Media assets cloud WLAN Internet Computing resource pool ERP management Storage resource pool WAN Advertisement management Media partners Post-production Mobile ingesting Converged production security center Two demilitarized zones (DMZs) on the production network, addressing release and production isolation issues 6 News production Broadcasting Broadcasting system 1 system 2 HD production Meeting the requirements of 6-layer service processing of 60 HD NLE workstations at 100 Mbit/s HD broadcasting Dual-plane design and less than 40 ms latency, ensuring broadcasting security Content 1 Omni Media Drives Transformation 2 Television Informationize Solution 3 Success Cases 7 HD Production Challenges: High Bandwidth and Zero Packet Loss 6-layer craft editing of a single client at 100 Mbit/s, Concurrent access concurrent editing of 60 workstations with peak Media assets storage 10GE traffic up to 40 Gbit/s GE GE When heavy-traffic videos flow from the storage … … system to editing workstations, the bandwidth narrows down and frame loss may occur, causing Craft editing workstation 1 Craft editing workstation 30 Craft editing workstation 60 blank screens and jitter. PAL requires 25 frames per second. If each frame takes over 40 ms to be transmitted, picture freeze occurs, lowering production efficiency. 8 10GE GE Heavy traffic NLE workstation HUAWEI High Definition Post Production Solution Production island Data center 1st hop 10GE S6700 2nd hop 4*10GE Flat network design and nonblocking network, resulting in less than 5 ms latency 100 Gbit/s bandwidth, Post-production meeting HD production requirements Services are carried by the all-IP network in a unified manner, supporting 6-layer concurrent services at 100 Mbit/s of 60 NLE workstations. 1.25GB cache is used to eliminate the issues caused by packet loss, such as sound or image distortion and picture freeze. The network has only two layers. Workstations and servers can access the media assets storage by passing two hops, shortening the end-toend latency to within 5 ms. N8500 N*10GE workstation Solution Value Production storage zone N*10GE CE12800 GE News production workstation S5700 Server zone 2*10GE Large buffer in access layer， eliminate frame loss 9 CE6800 CE12800 Migration server Transcoding server Review server Review server Three Challenges of HD and File-Based Automation No image Playout control latency greater than 40 ms, causing delayed program switching and playout accidents Picture of program 2 Messages must be forwarded within 40 ms latency. Transcoding or synchronous migration of HD files requires high bandwidth. (Peak value: 14 Gbit/s for 20 HD channels) Picture of program 1 Control latency > 40 ms Tapeless HD broadcasting with 1-level standby playout removed, increasing emergency playout risks The original tape broadcasting equipment does not support HD playout. The HD production system does not use tapes and supports tapeless standby playout. Difficult to upgrade from SD to HD because the SD platform does not support HD The processing performance of transcoding servers is increased by 4 times. Storage I/Os are increased by 4 times to 1.6 GB. 10 Broadcasting software + SDI card + GE network + Gbit/s I/O storage Broadcasting server Broadcasting GE switch Gbit/s I/O storage card HUAWEI High Definition Automation Solution Automation system Playout control workstation group 1 Messageing server Core zone Interface zone Information Services Core switch 1. Playout control and media migration on different planes, ensuring low latency of Firewallmessage forwarding CE12800 group 3 RS422 Nearline Synchronou Direct migration migration s migration 11 Broadcasting control and media migration are on different planes and do not block the network. The program switching latency is within 40 ms. The tapeless 2-level migration and 3-level standby broadcasting solution helps reduce the annual broadcasting downtime to less than 5 minutes. The 10 Gbit/s IT infrastructure platform supports 6-time accelerated concurrent migration of 20 x 50 Mbit/s streams. 2. Tapeless 2-level migration and 3-level standby playout, protecting playout security CE12800 storage (active) storage (standby) 3. The 10 Gbit/s IT infrastructure platform, ensuring HD playout Core zone Interface zone Media assets storage zone group 2 GE 10GE Media services CE6800 Solution Value Video server group 2 group 1 group 3 SDI Broadcasting matrix Cataloging Censoring workstation workstation Terminal zone Comprehensive program production zone Three Challenges of SDI Video Router High system expanding cost Difficult to expand • 64 x 64 SDI Video Router only support 64 sets program and once add new program， must deploy new video router and cables. The key point of more cables : One cable only carry one SDI or TS signal High difficulty for maintenance • Because lots of long cables are be tied together, and if faults happen, it is not easily to replace and cables, add new one is the only way Can not evolution to HD smoothly • Ordinary coaxial cable transmission distance is short when it transmits HDSDI Hard to move SDI ≤ 300m HD-SDI ≤ 100m 3G-SDI ≤ 60m 12 Short Distance HUAWEI HD and ultra HD SDI over IP Solution Video Router system Solution Value 6pcs SDI IF IRD Satellite Receiver 128pcs 2*GE SDH Overseas Program 60pcs SDI CSS+LAG Media GW 2*GE 2*10GE 2*10GE 2*10GE S9700 SDISDI SDI/IP SDI Translator S9700 Switches SDI SDI SDI/IP Translator64pcs 2*10GE Studios S6700 DS3 SDI SDI Cameras SDI/IP SDI Translator Master Control Center 2*10GE S5700 SDI/IP 100pcs Translator S6700 S6700 SDI/IP Translator 2*10GE Ingest System 13 • Easy expansion: IP-based video router could shake off ports and cables restriction. 10GE bandwidth could support 30 SDSDI and 5 HD-SDI. • Easy maintenance: The number of internal local switching network cables are reduced by 85%. • Easy upgrade: IP network support HD and ultra-HD evolution upgrade soomthly, without replacing the cables and video routers. Isolation Evolves to Converged Production Classified protection and access isolation requirements • According to the Classification Guide for Classified Protection of Radio and TV Information Systems, the security level of production networks is level 3. Office desktops cannot access servers and file storage systems in the production area. Resource sharing and converged production requirements • To improve production efficiency, the rough cut on office desktops needs to obtain materials from the media assets storage in the production area or upload edited films to the production area. 14 1. Editing news manuscripts Production area 2. Retrieving videos in the media assets library Contradictory? Office area 3. Unable to search for materials on the Internet 4. Unable to upload materials to the media assets library HUAWEI Converged Production Security Center Solution Converged production security center Material sources Office area File Streaming interaction Internet media server gateway server Solution Value Production area Ingesting system Advertisement system N x 10GENews system Internet Daily work 2 x 10GE CE12800 WAN Partners USG9500 Internet egress DMZ USG9500 Production system Internet DMZ (content release) SSL VPN DNS Mobile ingesting 15 Proxy server File Database Streaming interaction Internet interface media gateway server server server The production network is designed with two DMZs. Content release and production do not affect each other. The high-performance firewall supports 40 Gbit/s line rate forwarding and contributes to microsecond-level latency. This solution supports over 10,000 concurrent connections of sound or image files and supports concurrent access of highstream videos. Network Silos: Inflexible Resource Scheduling Unpredictable resource utilization: Inadequate resources for breaking news production and broadcasting • The current system architecture does not allow quick expansion. Once a big sports event reporting or live telecast task is received, system resources are inadequate and idle resources cannot be used. One midday news program Inflexible resource scheduling due to network silos • Currently, HD production uses fixed workstations or workstations in fixed time. Once an emergency occurs, the channels that are requested to report the emergency cannot obtain resources immediately. As a result, programs cannot be produced in a timely manner. 16 Resource allocation: Channel 1 Channel 2 Channel 3 Channel 4 Five evening news programs, inadequate resources Two midnight news programs Each channel has different resource utilization ratios in different time periods. HUAWEI Media Cloud Data Center Solution Comprehensive office services Portal Desktop cloud Applications (SaaS) Platforms (PaaS) TV Station Datacenter Cloudified media assets services Non-cloudified media assets services Ingesting Editing Solution Value Broadcasting • Cloud + non-cloud data center OA platform Desktop cloud system Database ESB and EMB interconnection platform MAM system News editing system Core Switch CE12800 Cloud resources are applied to office work, and low-stream production and media assets businesses. Non-cloud resources are applied to high-stream ingesting, editing, and broadcasting. • On-demand deployment and dynamic allocation of TV station network services CSS + VS Firewall Cloud platform Core switch Production center Non-Cloud platform Core switch Core switch VM VM File edit Cloud storage Cloud server Material ingest 17 Cloud server Production business Business server and software storage Breaking news production and broadcasting require that the computing resources of each business system be dynamically expanded. This solution enables server and storage resources to be quickly adaptable. Content 1 Omni Media Drives Transformation 2 Television Informationize Solution 3 Success Cases 18 Success Stories in the Media Industry Media assets management system New media system • • • CCTV media assets library Southern Media Corporation Shenzhen City TV Station Alliance Universiade of Shenzhen Radio and Broadcasting Group Mianyang TV Station Xuzhou Radio and TV Station Ningbo TV Station Dunhuang TV Station Phoenix TV in four places RainPost, UK IMG, UK PineWood, UK Disney, UK VGTRK, Russia • • • • • • • • • • 19 Xi'an Network TV Station Coship Electronics Pearl Network of Fuzhou Radio and TV Station Guizhou Radio and TV Station Jiangsu Radio and TV Station Shenzhen Huaxia Network TV Station Shenzhen Tianlong Radio and TV Network Zhengjiang Wasu Media SiTV Guangdong Radio and TV Network Phoenix TV, UK Wuhan Radio and TV Digital Shandong Radio and TV Station Page 19 Editing and production system • • • • • • • • • • • Shenzhen Radio and TV Station Taiyuan TV Station Phoenix TV Studio CCTV packaging island Beijing Film Academy Vision2See, Germany NewNet, France Pepper, UK Daystorm, USA Semerkand TV Station, Turkey Columbia TV Station Beijing Phoenix International Media Center Challenges • • • The service network and office network must be constructed at the same time in the new office building. The cloud platform architecture is required to support 3000 virtual desktops and 200 servers. The networks can interwork with the remote data center. Solution • • • High reliability, redundant network design, 40 GB/s data network switching capability, and 20 GB/s throughput A high-quality cloud computing platform that provides desktop cloud services, virtual storage, and virtual servers Modular deployment for quick delivery Benefits • • • The system can be expanded on demand. The efficient cloud platform can be leased to third parties to cut down OPEX. The data center, office network, service network, and remote data center can communicate with one another. 20 Huawei Storage Solution for Phoenix TV Customer Challenges • • Requirements for second-level SLA of multimedia data transmission, fully understand needs and implementation support for Phoenix TV Complex IT environment and abundant support for different data types Solution • • • Beijing Center: N8500 supports 6 workstations and 20 NLE workstations, up to 1 GB/s Hong Kong Centre: N8500 supports 20 workstations, 20 NLE workstations, seven studio recording workstations, 150 news workstations, the entire WebOS system, and 300 virtual desktop users Taipei Center: N8500 supports 20 NLE workstations and sub-sites with WebOS system Customer Benefits • • • Delivers seamless interconnection for service systems Provides flexible and highly efficient disaster recovery solution Ease-of-use and energy conservation to reduce overall operation and maintenance costs 21 Background— Phoenix Television (SEHK: 2008) is a Hong Kongbased Mandarin Chinese and Cantonese television broadcaster that serves the Chinese mainland, Hong Kong, and other markets with substantial numbers of Chinese viewers. Phoenix Television provides news, information, and entertainment programmes. Programme packaging production system for CCTV Customer Challenges • • • More than 2.2 GB/s read and write throughput to meet the demand for packaging production of 10 channels is required Limited production space and permission management needs High reliability protection and data protection requirements Solution N8000 with 4 engines and 100 TB SAS disk provide highperformance data read and write capabilities 4 engines is active: if any node fails, another node can take over the business Management Suite to control the access privileges and data on each workstation • • • Customer Benefits • • • Measured performance is more than 3,600 MB/s over Gigabit network Fully redundant and stable operation Easy upgrade and expansion 22 Background— • China Central is one of the official television media companies in the People's Republic of China and China's national television stations. CCTV has 45 TV channels the largest number of TV channels for a single station in the world. In addition to being the broadcast channel for the Chinese mainland, it broadcasts in various languages via satellite and over the Internet to the world. N8000 Assisting IMG to Achieve Stronger Performance Customer Challenges • 90% of programs are produced in HD format, which need higher bandwidth performance NAS storage • Complex topology requires complex management Solution High-performance NAS storage system with an 800 MB/s bandwidth to meet network requirements Unified management to simplify device operation and maintenance. Customer Benefits 4 EVS HD streams are able to run simultaneously Centralized management, application-based Dynamic Storage Tiering (DST), and optimized system performance On-demand storage space application that meets HD business expansion requirements; up to 15 PB 23 Background— • IMG is a global sports, fashion, and media business, with nearly 3,000 employees operating in 30 countries around the globe. • IMG’s joint ventures, IMG Reliance, IMX and IMG CCTV offer the company significant long-term growth opportunities. • IMG Media is the world’s largest independent producer and distributor of sports programming. Thank you www.huawei.com Copyright©2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved. 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