Training Material for TV station HD
production solution
Content
1
Omni Media Drives Transformation
2
Television Informationize Solution
3
Success Cases
2
Dawning of the Omnimedia Era
With the escalation of network
convergence, new media and traditional
media step into the omnimedia era.
— Global media industry and new media
development seminar in 2012
Massive contents on one platform
3
VOD
Three Changes Coming with the Omnimedia Era
Independent production ->
Converged production
Digital SD -> Digital HD
• Up to 255 million HDTV subscribers
around the globe by the end of 2013
— IMS report
• Up to 100 HD channel production
and broadcasting capabilities for
China by 2015
— SARFT
The diversity of media contents in the
Internet age leads to the variety of
material collection methods.
4
Single broadcasting -> Multichannel interaction
ICT: The Solid Foundation of Excellent Media
Converged production
HD production
HD broadcasting
Operational excellence
Enhanced Security
• Secure access between the
production area and office area
• Materials collected from and
contents released through the
Internet in the production area
• Low-stream production
handled in the office area
High Bandwidth
• Low-cost and highperformance storage access
to PB-level massive HD
videos
• 100+ GB/s campus network
bandwidth for TV stations,
meeting high-stream
requirements
5
Low Latency
• Latency of HD production
< 5 ms
• Latency of HD
broadcasting < 40 ms
Flexible Scheduling
• Technologies and
architecture evolving towards
clouds, facilitating resource
consolidation, sharing, and
operation
• Operable media assets,
business applications, and IT
infrastructure
HUAWEI HD Production and Broadcasting Solution
Helps Media Operational Excellence
Material sources
TV production area
Office management area
Network resource
pool
OA system
Media assets
cloud
WLAN
Internet
Computing
resource pool
ERP management
Storage
resource pool
WAN
Advertisement
management
Media partners
Post-production
Mobile ingesting
Converged production
security center

Two demilitarized zones (DMZs) on
the production network, addressing
release and production isolation
issues
6
News
production
Broadcasting Broadcasting
system 1
system 2
HD production

Meeting the requirements
of 6-layer service
processing of 60 HD NLE
workstations at 100 Mbit/s
HD broadcasting

Dual-plane design and
less than 40 ms latency,
ensuring broadcasting
security
Content
1
Omni Media Drives Transformation
2
Television Informationize Solution
3
Success Cases
7
HD Production Challenges: High Bandwidth and Zero
Packet Loss

6-layer craft editing of a single client at 100 Mbit/s,
Concurrent
access
concurrent editing of 60 workstations with peak
Media assets
storage
10GE
traffic up to 40 Gbit/s
GE

GE
When heavy-traffic videos flow from the storage
…
…
system to editing workstations, the bandwidth
narrows down and frame loss may occur, causing
Craft editing
workstation 1
Craft editing
workstation 30
Craft editing
workstation 60
blank screens and jitter.

PAL requires 25 frames per second. If each frame
takes over 40 ms to be transmitted, picture freeze
occurs, lowering production efficiency.
8
10GE
GE
Heavy
traffic
NLE
workstation
HUAWEI High Definition Post Production Solution
Production island
Data center
1st hop
10GE
S6700
2nd hop
4*10GE
Flat network
design and nonblocking network,
resulting in less
than 5 ms latency
100 Gbit/s bandwidth,
Post-production meeting HD production
requirements

Services are carried by the
all-IP network in a unified
manner, supporting 6-layer
concurrent services at 100
Mbit/s of 60 NLE workstations.

1.25GB cache is used to
eliminate the issues caused
by packet loss, such as sound
or image distortion and
picture freeze.

The network has only two
layers. Workstations and
servers can access the media
assets storage by passing two
hops, shortening the end-toend latency to within 5 ms.
N8500
N*10GE
workstation
Solution Value
Production
storage zone
N*10GE
CE12800
GE
News production
workstation
S5700
Server zone
2*10GE
Large buffer in
access layer,
eliminate frame
loss
9
CE6800
CE12800
Migration
server
Transcoding
server
Review
server
Review
server
Three Challenges of HD and File-Based Automation

No image
Playout control latency greater than 40 ms, causing delayed
program switching and playout accidents
Picture of
program 2
Messages must be forwarded within 40 ms latency.
Transcoding or synchronous migration of HD files requires high bandwidth.
(Peak value: 14 Gbit/s for 20 HD channels)

Picture of
program 1
Control latency > 40 ms
Tapeless HD broadcasting with 1-level standby playout
removed, increasing emergency playout risks
The original tape broadcasting equipment does not support HD playout.
The HD production system does not use tapes and supports tapeless standby
playout.

Difficult to upgrade from SD to HD because the SD platform
does not support HD
The processing performance of transcoding servers is increased by 4 times.
Storage I/Os are increased by 4 times to 1.6 GB.
10
Broadcasting software + SDI card + GE network +
Gbit/s I/O storage
Broadcasting
server
Broadcasting
GE switch Gbit/s I/O storage
card
HUAWEI High Definition Automation Solution
Automation system
Playout control
workstation
group 1
Messageing
server
Core
zone
Interface
zone
Information
Services
Core
switch
1. Playout control and
media migration on
different planes,
ensuring low latency of
Firewallmessage forwarding CE12800
group 3
RS422
Nearline Synchronou
Direct
migration migration s migration
11

Broadcasting control and
media migration are on
different planes and do not
block the network. The
program switching latency
is within 40 ms.

The tapeless 2-level migration
and 3-level standby
broadcasting solution helps
reduce the annual
broadcasting downtime to
less than 5 minutes.

The 10 Gbit/s IT infrastructure
platform supports 6-time
accelerated concurrent
migration of 20 x 50 Mbit/s
streams.
2. Tapeless 2-level migration
and 3-level standby playout,
protecting playout security
CE12800
storage
(active)
storage
(standby)
3. The 10 Gbit/s IT infrastructure
platform, ensuring HD playout
Core
zone
Interface
zone
Media assets
storage zone
group 2
GE
10GE
Media services CE6800
Solution Value
Video server group 2
group 1
group 3
SDI
Broadcasting
matrix
Cataloging Censoring
workstation workstation
Terminal
zone
Comprehensive
program
production zone
Three Challenges of SDI Video Router

High system expanding cost
Difficult
to expand
• 64 x 64 SDI Video Router only support
64 sets program and once add new
program, must deploy new video
router and cables.

The key point of more
cables : One cable only
carry one SDI or TS
signal
High difficulty for maintenance
• Because lots of long cables are be tied
together, and if faults happen, it is not
easily to replace and cables, add new
one is the only way

Can not evolution to HD smoothly
• Ordinary coaxial cable transmission
distance is short when it transmits HDSDI
Hard to
move
SDI ≤ 300m
HD-SDI ≤ 100m
3G-SDI ≤ 60m
12
Short
Distance
HUAWEI HD and ultra HD SDI over IP Solution
Video Router system
Solution Value
6pcs SDI
IF
IRD
Satellite
Receiver
128pcs
2*GE
SDH
Overseas
Program
60pcs
SDI
CSS+LAG
Media GW
2*GE
2*10GE
2*10GE
2*10GE
S9700
SDISDI
SDI/IP SDI
Translator
S9700
Switches
SDI
SDI
SDI/IP
Translator64pcs
2*10GE
Studios
S6700
DS3
SDI
SDI
Cameras
SDI/IP SDI
Translator Master Control
Center
2*10GE
S5700
SDI/IP
100pcs
Translator
S6700
S6700
SDI/IP
Translator
2*10GE
Ingest System
13
• Easy expansion: IP-based video
router could shake off ports and
cables restriction. 10GE
bandwidth could support 30 SDSDI and 5 HD-SDI.
• Easy maintenance: The number
of internal local switching
network cables are reduced by
85%.
• Easy upgrade: IP network
support HD and ultra-HD
evolution upgrade soomthly,
without replacing the cables and
video routers.
Isolation Evolves to Converged Production
 Classified protection and access
isolation requirements
• According to the Classification Guide for
Classified Protection of Radio and TV
Information Systems, the security level of
production networks is level 3. Office desktops
cannot access servers and file storage systems
in the production area.
 Resource sharing and converged
production requirements
• To improve production efficiency, the rough cut
on office desktops needs to obtain materials
from the media assets storage in the production
area or upload edited films to the production
area.
14
1. Editing news manuscripts
Production area
2. Retrieving videos in the
media assets library
Contradictory?
Office area
3. Unable to search for
materials on the Internet
4. Unable to upload materials
to the media assets library
HUAWEI Converged Production Security Center Solution
Converged production security center
Material sources
Office
area
File
Streaming
interaction Internet media
server gateway server
Solution Value
Production
area
Ingesting
system
Advertisement
system

N x 10GENews system
Internet
Daily work
2 x 10GE
CE12800
WAN
Partners
USG9500
Internet egress
DMZ
USG9500
Production
system

Internet DMZ
(content
release)

SSL VPN
DNS
Mobile ingesting
15
Proxy server
File
Database Streaming
interaction Internet interface
media
gateway
server
server
server
The production network is
designed with two DMZs.
Content release and
production do not affect
each other.
The high-performance
firewall supports 40 Gbit/s
line rate forwarding and
contributes to
microsecond-level latency.
This solution supports over
10,000 concurrent
connections of sound or
image files and supports
concurrent access of highstream videos.
Network Silos: Inflexible Resource Scheduling
Unpredictable resource utilization:

Inadequate resources for breaking news
production and broadcasting
• The current system architecture does not allow quick
expansion. Once a big sports event reporting or live
telecast task is received, system resources are
inadequate and idle resources cannot be used.

One midday
news program
Inflexible resource scheduling due to
network silos
• Currently, HD production uses fixed workstations or
workstations in fixed time. Once an emergency
occurs, the channels that are requested to report the
emergency cannot obtain resources immediately. As
a result, programs cannot be produced in a timely
manner.
16
Resource allocation:
Channel 1
Channel 2
Channel 3
Channel 4
Five
evening
news
programs,
inadequate
resources
Two midnight
news programs
Each channel has different
resource utilization ratios in
different time periods.
HUAWEI Media Cloud Data Center Solution
Comprehensive
office services
Portal
Desktop
cloud
Applications
(SaaS)
Platforms
(PaaS)
TV Station
Datacenter
Cloudified media
assets services
Non-cloudified media assets services
Ingesting
Editing
Solution Value
Broadcasting
• Cloud + non-cloud data center
OA platform
Desktop cloud system
Database
ESB and EMB
interconnection platform
MAM system
News editing
system
Core Switch
CE12800
Cloud resources are applied to
office work, and low-stream
production and media assets
businesses. Non-cloud resources
are applied to high-stream
ingesting, editing, and
broadcasting.
• On-demand deployment and
dynamic allocation of TV
station network services
CSS + VS
Firewall
Cloud platform
Core switch
Production center
Non-Cloud platform
Core switch
Core switch
VM
VM
File edit
Cloud storage
Cloud server
Material ingest
17
Cloud server
Production
business Business server and software
storage
Breaking news production and
broadcasting require that the
computing resources of each
business system be dynamically
expanded. This solution enables
server and storage resources to
be quickly adaptable.
Content
1
Omni Media Drives Transformation
2
Television Informationize Solution
3
Success Cases
18
Success Stories in the Media Industry
Media assets management
system














New media system
•
•
•
CCTV media assets library
Southern Media Corporation
Shenzhen City TV Station Alliance
Universiade of Shenzhen Radio
and Broadcasting Group
Mianyang TV Station
Xuzhou Radio and TV Station
Ningbo TV Station
Dunhuang TV Station
Phoenix TV in four places
RainPost, UK
IMG, UK
PineWood, UK
Disney, UK
VGTRK, Russia
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
19
Xi'an Network TV Station
Coship Electronics
Pearl Network of Fuzhou Radio and
TV Station
Guizhou Radio and TV Station
Jiangsu Radio and TV Station
Shenzhen Huaxia Network TV Station
Shenzhen Tianlong Radio and TV
Network
Zhengjiang Wasu Media
SiTV
Guangdong Radio and TV Network
Phoenix TV, UK
Wuhan Radio and TV Digital
Shandong Radio and TV Station
Page 19
Editing and production
system
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Shenzhen Radio and TV Station
Taiyuan TV Station
Phoenix TV Studio
CCTV packaging island
Beijing Film Academy
Vision2See, Germany
NewNet, France
Pepper, UK
Daystorm, USA
Semerkand TV Station, Turkey
Columbia TV Station
Beijing Phoenix International Media Center
Challenges
•
•
•
The service network and office network must be constructed at the
same time in the new office building.
The cloud platform architecture is required to support 3000 virtual
desktops and 200 servers.
The networks can interwork with the remote data center.
Solution
•
•
•
High reliability, redundant network design, 40 GB/s data network
switching capability, and 20 GB/s throughput
A high-quality cloud computing platform that provides desktop
cloud services, virtual storage, and virtual servers
Modular deployment for quick delivery
Benefits
•
•
•
The system can be expanded on demand.
The efficient cloud platform can be leased to third parties to cut
down OPEX.
The data center, office network, service network, and remote data
center can communicate with one another.
20
Huawei Storage Solution for Phoenix TV
Customer Challenges
•
•
Requirements for second-level SLA of multimedia data transmission,
fully understand needs and implementation support for Phoenix TV
Complex IT environment and abundant support for different data types
Solution
•
•
•
Beijing Center: N8500 supports 6 workstations and 20 NLE
workstations, up to 1 GB/s
Hong Kong Centre: N8500 supports 20 workstations, 20 NLE
workstations, seven studio recording workstations, 150 news
workstations, the entire WebOS system, and 300 virtual desktop users
Taipei Center: N8500 supports 20 NLE workstations and sub-sites with
WebOS system
Customer Benefits
•
•
•
Delivers seamless interconnection for service systems
Provides flexible and highly efficient disaster recovery solution
Ease-of-use and energy conservation to reduce overall operation and
maintenance costs
21
Background—

Phoenix Television (SEHK: 2008) is a Hong Kongbased Mandarin Chinese and Cantonese television
broadcaster that serves the Chinese mainland, Hong
Kong, and other markets with substantial numbers of
Chinese viewers. Phoenix Television provides news,
information, and entertainment programmes.
Programme packaging production system for CCTV
Customer Challenges
•
•
•
More than 2.2 GB/s read and write throughput to meet the demand
for packaging production of 10 channels is required
Limited production space and permission management needs
High reliability protection and data protection requirements
Solution
N8000 with 4 engines and 100 TB SAS disk provide highperformance data read and write capabilities
4 engines is active: if any node fails, another node can take over the
business
Management Suite to control the access privileges and data on each
workstation
•
•
•
Customer Benefits
•
•
•
Measured performance is more than 3,600 MB/s over Gigabit
network
Fully redundant and stable operation
Easy upgrade and expansion
22
Background—
• China Central is one of the official television media
companies in the People's Republic of China and China's
national television stations. CCTV has 45 TV channels the largest number of TV channels for a single station in
the world. In addition to being the broadcast channel for
the Chinese mainland, it broadcasts in various languages
via satellite and over the Internet to the world.
N8000 Assisting IMG to Achieve Stronger Performance
Customer Challenges
• 90% of programs are produced in HD format, which
need higher bandwidth performance NAS storage
• Complex topology requires complex management
Solution


High-performance NAS storage system with an 800
MB/s bandwidth to meet network requirements
Unified management to simplify device operation and
maintenance.
Customer Benefits



4 EVS HD streams are able to run simultaneously
Centralized management, application-based Dynamic
Storage Tiering (DST), and optimized system
performance
On-demand storage space application that meets HD
business expansion requirements; up to 15 PB
23
Background—
•
IMG is a global sports, fashion, and media business, with
nearly 3,000 employees operating in 30 countries
around the globe.
•
IMG’s joint ventures, IMG Reliance, IMX and IMG CCTV
offer the company significant long-term growth
opportunities.
•
IMG Media is the world’s largest independent producer
and distributor of sports programming.
Thank you
www.huawei.com
Copyright©2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
The information in this document may contain predictive statements including, without limitation, statements regarding the future financial and operating results, future product
portfolio, new technology, etc. There are a number of factors that could cause actual results and developments to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the predictive
statements. Therefore, such information is provided for reference purpose only and constitutes neither an offer nor an acceptance. Huawei may change the information at any time
without notice.
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