Globalization, Global
Governance and
European Experience
Hungdah Su
Outlines
I.
II.
III.
IV.
V.
Keep Concepts
Development
Today’s World
EU Experience
Conclusion
I. Keep Concepts
Globalization
 Grouping
 Regionalization
 Global Governance

Less or No Frontiers
Frontiers
Market
 Political Entity
 Cultural Identity

MARKET
GOODS
 PEOPLE
 CAPITAL
 SERVICE
 INFORMATION

POLITICAL ENTITY

SOVEREIGNTY

LAW
CULTURAL IDENTITY
LANGUAGE
 RELIGION
 ETHNIC
 BLOOD
 ETC.

MEDIA
All traffic tools (ships, trains,
planes, etc.)
 Telegraphs, Telephones, Telex,
Fax.
 Electronic tools

GLOBALIZAT
ION
 GROUPINGS
 REGIONALIZ
ATION

GLOBAL
GOVERNANCE
 REGIONAL
GOVERNANCE

II. Developments

-
Grouping periods
1600-1945
1945-1990
Groupings
Pre-modern colonial imperialism:
Portugal, Spain
 Modern colonial imperialism:
Netherlands, Britain, France
 Latecomers: US, Germany, Japan

After WWII

US-led West (Western Europe, Eastern
Asia, Australia, New Zealand, etc.)

USSR-led East (Eastern Europe, Cuba,
Vietname, North Korea, PRC* etc.)

Third World (India, Latin America, South
Eastern Asian Countries, China*, etc.)
US-led Western Grouping
Three blocs:
North America (US),
Western Europe (France, Germany)
Eastern Asia (Japan)
 Governance tools:
IMF - World Bank, GATT, G8

Globalization periods

Victory and expansion of the Western
bloc

Collapse of two other blocs
-
Third World (China, India, Brazil,
Indonesia, etc.)
Communist bloc
-
Regionalization






EEC – EC – EU
NAFTA
APEC – ASEAN
Arab world
African Union
South Eastern
Market



CIS
Mercosur
East Asian Summit
III. Today’s World
A Global Common Market
- Information
- Goods
- Service
- Capital
- Persons

Global Governance







Pax Americana
NATO
UN
G7+1
WTO
IMF
OECD
IV. EU Experience
1. European Union, 2006
2. EU as a Power
Area Space
Population
Density
GDP/p.c.
GDP
Unemploy. R
Exports %
Imports %
EU 25
3,872
th. Km
453.7
million
117.5
h/km2
22300
9900 bn
8.30%
19+
18+
USA
9,159
th. Km
290.3
million
28.1
h/km2
33600
9,740 bn
4.80%
16
21
Japan
377
Th km
127
million
333.3
h/km2
24800
3,359 bn
5%
9
6
China
9,327
th. Km
1.28
billion
128.9
h/km2
3900
1,400 bn
5%*
9+
8+
Taiwan
36
th. km
23
million
640
h/km2
13000
269 bn
4%
* Only the unemployment rate in towns and cities.
Main Source: http://europa.eu.int/comm/publications/booklets/eu_glance/14/txt_en.pdf;

The Votes (25 /+1)
- The Market / Trade
- The Global Governance
- The Cultural Influence
- The Alternative to the US
- The Alternative to the
nationalism
項目
金額
歲入
106,300百萬歐元
歲出
106,300百萬歐元
歲出項
歐盟廿五國二○○五年預算
(約4.1兆台幣)
金額
較二○○四年
百分比
農業及農業地
區
49,115百萬歐元
+11.6%
42.6%
結構調整
32,396百萬歐元
-6.2%
36.4%
內部政策
7,923百萬歐元
+5.5%
7.8%
對外行動
5,476百萬歐元
+11%
4.5%
行政費用
6,351百萬歐元
+3.7%
5.4%
東擴前準備
3,287百萬歐元
+15.1%
1.8%
其它
1,305百萬歐元
-7.4%
0.73%
歲出合計
106,300百萬歐元
100%
3. EU Governance
Legalization
 Constitutionalization
 Generalization
 PanEuropeanization/Globalization
 Codification

4. EU Mechanism
1. A General Picture
Three Pillars
i. Community
ii. CSFP
iii. JHA
- General Division of Work
Commission + Council:
Managerial
 Commission + Council + EP:
Legislative + Administrative
 European Court of Justice:
Judicial
 European Council: Guideline

2. Three D-M Processes
1.
Consultation
2. Assent
3. Co-decision
3. Institutions and Agencies
1. EP
- Co-legislation
- Democratic Supervision
- Budgetary Control
- Voice of people
Members of European Parliament, 2004-09 (by country)
Member
Seats
Member
Seats
Member
Seats
Belgium
24
Italy
77
Poland
53
Czech
24
Cyprus
6
Portugal
24
Denmark
14
Latvia
9
Slovenia
7
Germany
99
Lithuania
13
Slovakia
14
Estonia
6
Luxembourg
6
Finland
14
Greece
24
Hungary
24
Sweden
19
Spain
54
Malta
5
U.K.
78
France
78
Netherlands
27
Ireland
13
Austria
18
Total
730
Members of European Parliament, 2004-09 (by Political Groups)
Political Parties
Seats
Group of the European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and
European Democrats
266
Socialist Group in the European Parliament
201
Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
89
Group of the Greens/European Free Alliance
42
Confederal Group of the European United Left - Nordic Green Left
41
Independence/Democracy Group
35
Union for Europe of the Nations Group
27
Non-attached Members
29
Total
730
2. The Council
Member States
QMV
Member States
QMV
Member States
QMV
Germany
UK
France
Italy
Spain
Poland
Netherlands
29
29
29
29
27
27
13
Portugal
Czech
Hungary
Sweden
Austria
Denmark
Finland
12
12
12
10
10
7
7
Luxembourg
Lithuania
Latvia
Slovenia
Estonia
Cyprus
Malta
4
7
4
4
4
4
3
Greece
12
Ireland
7
Total
321
Belgium
12
Slovakia
7
Minimum
232
i.Roles:
-
-
-
Co-/Legislator
Coordinator
Concluding the International
Agreements
Approving the EU Budget
CFSP
JHA
ii.Nine Configurations of Council
1)General Affairs and External Relations
2)Economic and Financial Affairs (‘Ecofin’)
3)Justice and Home Affairs
4)Employment, Social Policy, Health and
Consumer Affairs
5)Competitiveness (Internal Market, Industry
and Research)
6)Transport, Telecommunications and Energy
7)Agriculture and Fisheries
8)Environment
9)Education, Youth and Culture

iii. COREPER I & II

iv. Presidency
3. The European Commission
i. The Composition
- Members
- President
- ii. Roles
- To propose
- To manage and implement the policies
- To enforce the EC Law
- To represent the EU with the mandate from the
Council
4. The European Court of Justice
i. The Composition
- The Court
- The Tribunal of First Instance
ii. The Roles
- Preliminary rulings
- Proceedings for failure to fulfill an
obligation or to act and for annulment
- Opinions
5. European Council
i. The Composition
- The heads of state or government
- Consensus
ii. The roles
- Guidelines
- CFSP
iii. Different councils
- Council of the EU
- Council of Europe
6. Other Institutions
i. European Court of Auditor:
- To check all the spending in the EU
ii. European Central Bank:
To manage the Euro
The Executive Board
The Governing Council
The General Council
The Eurogroup
iii. European Investment Bank
Financing EU Projects
* Three Transnational Banks in Europe: ECB in Frankfurt,
EIB in Luxembourg and EBRD in London.
7. Two important committees
i. European Economic and Social
Committee
- Tripartite proportionate composition
- Bridge between the EU and civil society
ii. Committee of Regions
- Composition
- Roles
8. European Ombudsman
i. Elected by the EP
ii. To guarantee good administration in the
EU
9. Nineteen Agencies
- Role of agencies
- 2 for CFSP; 2 for JHA; 15 for Community
台灣留學簽證統計
1988-2004
2004
US
210,422
14,054
Japan
30,122
1,556
Europe
105,782
10,893
UK
85,681
9,207
France
9,707
580
Germany
6,550
402
VI. Conclusion
THANK
YOU!
蘇宏達
中央研究院歐美研究所副研究員
兼歐盟研究計畫召集人
歐洲莫內基金會理事
法國巴黎第四大學國際關係史博士
法國巴黎第一大學歐洲共同體法碩士
政治大學外交研究所碩士
台灣大學外國語文學系學士
比利時魯汶大學訪問學者
英國倫敦政經學院研究學者
法國舒曼基金會歐洲研究奬
歐洲莫內基金會銅質獎章
近著:
留學法國,放眼歐洲
Jean Monnet face à la politique du Général de Gaulle
« Can Constitution-Building Advance European Integration? », Journal of
Euorpean Integration, 26(4), December 2004, p. 353.
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