Region XIII Caraga Region Regional Profile: • Adventure • experience, or simply an escapade from the humdrum of urban living, venture no more - CARAGA is it. History • Caraga is named after the historic CARAGA an old territory in northern Mindanao of which Surigao was once part of. The Term is derived from the word KALAGAN, the name of people believed of Visayan origin. The Term KALAGAN is derived from two Bisayan words, namely: KALAG and AN which means soul or people and land respectively. • The passages of Republic Act 7901 on February 23, 1995 made possible the rebirth of the Caraga Administrative Region or Region XII. It embraces the three (3) Cities: Butuan City, Surigao City, and Bislig City and four (4) Provinces: Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Surigao del Norte and Surigao del Travel Information: • BY SEA: WG&A Manila Nisipit Monday Thursday Nasipit Manila Wednesday Saturday Surigao Manila Wednesday Saturday Manila Surigao Monday Thursday Sulpicio Lines Surigao City Cebu Thursday Surigao City Davao Monday Surigao City Manila Thursday Fast Craft Fortune Jet Surigao Dapa 5:45 a.m., 12:15 p.m. Dapa Surigao 8:15 a.m., 2:15 p.m. Montenegro Surigao Dapa 5:00 a.m., 12:00 nn. Shipping Lines Dapa Surigao 8:00 a.m., 3:00 p.m. • BY AIR: PAL Manila Butuan Manila 1 Flight Daily CEBU PACIFIC Manila Butuan Manila 1 Flight Daily ASIAN SPIRIT Manila Surigao Manila Mon., Wed., Fri., & Sat. Cebu Surigao Cebu Mon., Wed., & Sat. Cebu Tandag Cebu Tue., Fri., & Sun Provincial Profile: • • • • • • • Surigao del Sur Surigao del Norte Surigao city Agusan del Norte Agusan del Sur Butuan city Bislig Surigao del Sur: • Old folks still like to recount how some Visayan fishermen, forced by strong currents in what is now Surigao Strait, sought refuge in one of the huts somewhere in the province. The locals or Mamanwas thought the fisherman wanted to take the hut by force or â€œagawâ€• . This term was given the prefix â€œsuriâ€• and â€œsuriagawâ€• was formed. In time it was shortened to Surigao. • Still another recounts that, before the Spaniards came, the original inhabitants were the Mamanwas and the Manobos. The Visayans then came and settled on the island with the natives. One of the natives was Saliagao, who lived by the mouth of the river. From his name came â€œSurigaoâ€• . • Surigao del Sur was created as the 56th independent Philippine province on June 19, 1960 by virtue of House Bill No. 3058 also known as Republic Act No. 2786 authored by then Representative Reynaldo P. Honrado. It was formally created and inaugurated on September 18, 1960 at the capital town of Tandag, the seat of the Provincial Government. Its first appointed and elected Governor was the late Recaredo B. Castillo, followed by the late Governor Adela Serra Ty. Geography: • Surigao del Sur is naturally advantaged. It is located in the northeastern coast of Mindanao facing the Pacific Ocean. It is approximately 300 kilometers in length and 50 kilometers at its widest stretch. • It is bounded on the northwest by the province of Surigao del Norte, on the southeast by Davao Oriental; on the east by the Pacific Ocean; and on the west and southwest by the province of Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur. The Diwata Mountain Ranges lines the northwestern boundaries of the province. Profile: • Capital town - Tandag Land Area - 4,552.16 sq. kms. Population - 501,808 (2000) Population Density - 110 Population Growth - 1.26 Literacy Rate - 94% Languages and dialects - English, Cebuano, Filipino and Surigaonon Political Subdivisions: • Municipalities are grouped into three clusters based on their common resource potentials, proximity and accessibility to common trade and service centers, the BIBAHILITA (Bislig, Barobo, Hinatuan, Lingig and Tagbina), the MACASALTABAYAMI (Marihatag, Cagwait, San Agustin, Lianga, Bayabas, Tago and San Miguel) and CARCANMADCARLANCORTAN (Carrascal, Cantilan, Madrid, Carmen, Lanuza, Cortes and Tandag). Climate: • The province falls under the second type of climate in the Philippines characterized by rainfall that is distributed throughout the year. Months with low level of rainfall are from July to October with September as the driest month. Wet months are from November to June with January as the wettest month. TOURIST DESTINATIONS • Religious • Cultural and • Historical Attractions • The 175-year old Church of San Agustin in the town of Hinatuan, the San Nicolas de Tolentino Cathedral in Tandag, the municipal halls and town plazas backed up by rich and colorful stories of how these edifices were able to stand the ravages of time, are just some of the cultural/historical attractions which the province has to offer. • Station of the Cross â€“ located at Kabiton-an, Brgy. Consuelo, Cantilan, this place is really ideal to those who want to reflect on how the Lord Almighty sacrificed himself to save mankind. It is a climb uphill with a chapel atop the mountain partly overlooking the majestic Pacific Ocean. Praying in every station is not just healthy for the soul but for oneâ€™s physical health considering that the last station and the chapel is located hundreds of feet above sea level. • Immaculate Conception Parish â€“ One of the best designed Catholic Churches in the country. It is located at the heart of Cantilan. Beside it is a remnant of an old church constructed in the 1700â€™s which was converted into a park. • Old Tribunal Building â€“ it is the old tribunal of Cantilan built in 1879 which was now converted into a Municipal Hall of Cantilangnons. • Municipal Park of Cantilan â€“ it is where you can see the 21/2 meter cannon with 130 cm. in diameter placed as historic relic. It is one of the 100 cannons brought from Jolo and Borneo by the natives of Cantilan during the Spanish regime as a tool against Muslim pirates. • Shrine of World War II Heroes â€“ it is where the names of the Cantilan heroes were engraved. BEACHES • Adhika Beach â€“ located in Barangay Habag in the Municipality of Lanuza. It is a privatelyowned beach resort with cottages and rest house for visitors who will rest overnight (RON). • Barcelona Beach â€“ it is a unique black sand beach with picnic huts located just 30 minutes away by pumpboat from Mangagoy, Bislig City. • Baucawe Beach and Winding Road â€“ it is a beach resort situated in Lianga. The winding road leading to the beach serves as its unique attraction. • Cagwait White Beach â€“ it is a U-shaped beach with powdery white sand and a wind swept sea with crystal clear water baptized by the famous pilot Charles Lindberg as the â€œWaikiki Beachâ€• of the Philippines. This is the site of the annual â€œKaliguan Festivalâ€• . It is a 40-minute ride from the capital town of Tandag. • Dapdap Beach â€“ located in Dapdap, in the Municipality of Barobo. • Mahayag Beach â€“ situated just 8 kilometers north from the capital town of Tandag. Mahayag is a coastline purok of Barangay Buenavista. The beach resort is one end of the cove occupying about a hectare in area. The place is ideal for holding seminars or family reunions. One can idle the time away by boating, fishing or swimming on the manmade pools at the sea. • Tandag Beach â€“ located right in the capital town of Tandag, it is guaranteed to enchant all beach lovers with its grey sand and crystal clear waters. It is a nature loverâ€™s paradise, a promised adventure for snorkels and diving enthusiasts. CAVES • Campamento Cave â€“ Located in Silop, Gamuton in the municipality of Lanuza • Hercules Wall â€“ Located in San Jose in Bislig City, it is a 2-3 meters wide passage in between solid high rocks, stones and other natural grown trees in the area. • Pagbutuanan Cave â€“ located in Brgy. Wakat, Barobo. • Tagbina Cave â€“ Located underneath a rocky mountain where the Municipal Hall of Tagbina town is perched, overlooking the expanse of territory comprising the jurisdiction of the town. The portal of the cave is visibly seen as one goes uphill on the concrete road leading to the Town Hall. The cave has long been in existence as one product of nature and has been a haven for birds and other forms of life that dwell in labyrinth-like places. Other caves are the San Isidro Cave and the Km. 3 Cave both located in Bislig City. FALLS • Balinganga Falls â€“ it is located in the communal forest of Barangay Cancavan in Carmen streamlining the verdant and sprawling mountain. It is unique in CARCANMADCARLAN considering that one could only and truly enjoy the cool and refreshing crystal clear water and see the splendor and awesome beauty of nature after a breathtaking trek. • Bao-bao Falls â€“ it is located in Lianga. Once developed, kayaking is the ideal activity at this beautiful and challenging clear water. The site offers a natural splendor of an unspoiled environment. • Busay de Mabuhay Falls â€“ located in Barangay San Roque in San Miguel. It is like a pitcher-full of water poured over a cup-like place where very deep, cool fresh water invites one to take a swim. Located in the midst of the jungle, this waterfall offers a mini cave underneath the flowing water that can accommodate 3 to 4 persons. • Tinuy-an Falls â€“ located in Barangay Borboanan in Bislig City. It is known to be the â€œlittle Niagara Fallsâ€• . It signifies the multi-layered river bed of stones skillfully crafted by the â€œUnseen Handsâ€• . Tinuy-an is the widest waterfall in the entire Mindanao. It is a 3-tiered waterfall in the middle of a thick forest. It is like a 4-storey building with the expanse of a cathedral and a pool in the bottom, the size of a football field. • Magkawas Falls â€“ located in the Municipality of Lanuza. A five-minute hike from the national highway is an ecodestination that offers a gradual accelerando of natureâ€™s beauty. This wonderful falls makes one irresistible to take a refreshing dip. • Sipangpang Falls â€“ located in Barangay Cabangahan in the municipality of Cantilan. A hydro-power potential considering its waterfall cascading from a height of 22 meters OTHER FALLS : • • • • • • • Ave Maria Falls - Carrascal Canlumawag Falls - San Jose, Bislig City Kambawi Falls - Pamanlinan, Bislig City Mendezona Falls - San Jose, Bislig City Secret Falls - Burboanan, Bislig City Sian Falls - Sta.Cruz, Bislig City Sibaroy Falls - Sibaroy, Bislig City ISLANDS • Ayoke Islet â€“ this is part of Barangay Isla General Luna (General Island), an island barangay of Cantilan. It is famous for â€œkoloâ€• , a fruit similar to langka but different in taste. It is where the lighthouse of the town is located to guide fishermen and passenger ships passing the area. • Bag-ong Banwa (Double B) â€“ this is also part of General Island fronting the Pacific Ocean. Its shoreline is covered with very fine white sand. It has cottages to accommodate visitors. A big cave can also be found where stalactites and stalagmites are so abundant. This is a 30-minute boat ride from Cantilan Wharf. • Bat Island â€“ also known as Mangkagangi Island. It is located just two miles east of Tandag. It has enticing white beach, guano-filled caves and bats inside, offering a unique experience to all adventure seekers. Just a few meters from the island is a deep, blue sea which is ideal for scuba diving. • Britania Islands â€“ located in the municipality of San Agustin. It is composed of more than a dozen beautiful islets with splendid vegetation and white beaches. The intact coral formation offers a beautiful snorkeling and scuba diving sports activities. • Casarica Island â€“ a pristine white beach with crystal clear waters which is only a 10-minute ride by pump boat from Consuelo Port. • Kabgan Island â€“ located in Sua in the municipality of Barobo. A mile long pristine white sand beach, multicolored reefs, good for scuba diving, swimming and fishing. • Turtle Island â€“ it is located in the municipality of Barobo. It is an 8 hectare beach where multicolored reefs abound. It has white sand, blue waters teeming with marine life. Viewed from a distance, the shape and formation of this island is like a huge turtle floating in the Pacific Ocean. It is ideal for snorkeling and scuba diving. It is accessible by pump boat for about 30 minutes. LAGOON • Blue Lagoon â€“ situated in General Island, Cantilan, this province, the lagoon has a deep blue crystal clear water safely enclosed by an island. LAKES • Danao Lake â€“ Located atop the mountain of General Island. This is good for those who love hiking, nature tripping and swimming. PARKS • Foresterâ€™s Park â€“ located in Bislig City. It has a vast tree plantation of different dipterocarp species such as falcata, bagras, mangium, etc. and natural grown trees. • Mini Forest Park â€“ located in front of the municipal hall of San Miguel. • Municipal Tree Park â€“ located in Marihatag. SPRINGS • Bogac Spring â€“ Located in Barangay Poblacion in Barobo. It has clear brackish water with scenic background and swimming area. • Marga Hot and Cold Spring â€“ located in Brgy. Castillo in the municipality of San Miguel. An amazing source of hot water sprouting from underneath the ground flowing side by side with a cold spring. The heterogeneous mixture of water is an ideal medicinal treatment for those with health problems. It is where one can find hot spring all year round. OTHER PLACES OF INTEREST • Ancestral House â€“ located in Barangay Poblacion, Lanuza. • Carac-an Bridge â€“ The longest bridge in Surigao del Sur and Surigao del Norte. Its length is 481 meters and located in the municipality of Madrid. • Rizal Fish Port â€“ located in Rizal, Barobo. • Subterranean Canal â€“ this canal is found in Madrid with the bridge and tunnel as its attractions. FESTIVALS • Kaliga Festival Surigao del Sur June 19 A thanksgiving dance festival of the Manobo Tribe • Diwatahan Festival Tandag 3rd Sunday of January A Tandag version of Sinulog in Cebu City • Kaliguan Festival Cagwait A yearly activity in honor of St.John the Baptist highlighted by beach dancing and a search for Perlas ng Kaliguan beauty pageant. There are also sports activities at the beach which include pinoy games, ball games, swimming and boat racing. • Taephag Tagbina June 27 A common Manobo ritual used for opening a kaingin, rice planting, harvesting and other farming activities. • Pahinungod Festival Carrascal July 14 - 16 This is the mardigras which is performed around the streets of Carrascal. The dancers with an array of select ethnic dance steps and a kaleidoscope of costumes would offer their movements and songs to their beloved Patronness, Our Lady of Mount Carmel. • Paladong Festival Hinatuan August 28 The art of performing the ritual of â€œladongâ€• conducted by a â€œladonganâ€• , a person who has the power and ability to cure as medium to call the spirits abian and relay the wishes to the clients through an offering. • Kalumunan Festival San Agustin August 28 A reunion of relatives and friends during town fiesta of San Agustin celebrated through street dancing, â€œtaboâ€• of farm products and a choral competition participated by neighboring towns. • Kadagatan Festival Cortes July 25 A yearly festival of Cortesanons done through street dancing, to promote continuing awareness of people in the conservation and protection of natural resources especially marine life. • Sirong Festival August 15 War dance between Muslims and Christians reflecting the Christianization of the early Cantilangnons. Uniquely portrayed here is the â€œEscrimaâ€• (Arnis) and â€œAlabacionâ€• (Chanting to a Goddess). Campamento Caves The Centennial Ancestral House Surfing Kawhagan Beach Sohotan Cave Hamburger Island Sohotan Sea Urchins Beach Surigao del Norte: • The winds of change that swept the province from the four corners of the world has witnessed the meeting of diverse local and foreign influences which nurtured the emergence of a unique and distinct Surigaonon • In 1538, the eastern coast of Mindanao which included the present province of Surigao del Norte was visited by the Portuguese explorer Francisco de Castro, who found the place inhabited by the Caraga tribe who were believed to be Visayan of origin. • The ancient district of Caraga, which was established in 1609, comprised all of Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur, the Northern part of Davao Oriental and Eastern Misamis Oriental, Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur. • In 1860, six military districts were established in Mindanao. Surigao and Agusan, including the territory lying between Butuan and Caraga Bays, formed the third district called the East District which was changed in 1870 to Distrito de Surigao. • By the end of the Spanish rule in 1898, the two Agusan provinces were organized as a single politico-military commandancia named Butuan, with the administrative jurisdiction of Surigao. In 1901, this commandancia became a sub-province of Surigao, and in 1907, Agusan became a separate province. It was on June 19, 1960, through Republic Act 2766 that Surigao province was divided to form Surigao del Sur and Surigao del Norte. Population: • While the Philippine population is growing at 2.32% from 1990-1995, the provincesâ€™ population has been growing at a slower rate of 0.70% per annum during the same period. As of 1995, Surigao del Norte has a population of 337, 294. Political Subdivision: • Surigao del Norte is a group of islands at the rim of the Asian continental shelf. It is located at the northeastern tip of Mindanao facing the Philippine Deep. It is bounded on the north and east by the vast Pacific Ocean, on the south by the Provinces of Agusan del Norte and Surigao del Sur, and on the west by the historic Surigao Strait. THE PEOPLE: • The Surigaonon is of rich Malay stock with a sprinkling of Chinese, Japanese and Arab blood. Glints of European and American influences are also evident in the Surigaonon's appearance and culture. With a population of almost 467,228 the lines between stocks can not be accurately distinguished. CULTURE AND ARTS: • Other than its numerous tourism potentials, Surigao has one of the Philippinesâ€™ most colorful ethnic tribes; the Mamanwas. Their dances are showcased in a local festival called as â€œBonok-Bonokâ€• , held on the occasion of the feast of San Nicolas de Toletino which is observed annually every September 10. • The Bonok-Bonok depicts the native folksâ€™ merry-making to show gratitude to their pagan gods for a bountiful harvest and good health. • The province is also working for the preservation of cultural artifacts. A collection of ancient archaeological diggings like burial coffins jars and antique Chines kitchen wares unearthed in Panhutungan, Placer is on public display at the Surigaonon Heritage MiniMuseum located at the Boulevard, Surigao City. ENVIRONMENT AND NATURE • Mangrove is the major theme in the coastal areas of the province. The salt-water loving trees form interminable marine forests covering 17,473 hectares along the coasts of the mainland and the islands of Siargao and Dinagat. The province also boosts a variety of marine ecosystems like the lush seagrass beds and coral reefs which are relatively healthy and intact, supporting a rich diversity of marine flora and fauna.