Paperwork Stuff
•Clinic – anyone who has yet to make up the
chapter 20 test!
Warm-Up
Think about where your ancestors came from. Make a list
on the board. Is there a pattern?
Where did your ancestors come from?
Europe
North
America
South
America
Asia
Africa
Do you see a pattern? %? Why do you think this is?
Australia
CHAPTER 21
A NEW URBAN CULTURE
Section 1
New Immigrants in a Promised Land
A person who leaves a
country in order to settle in a
another one.
A person who enters another
country in order to settle
there.
Why did Immigrants come to the U.S.?
Push Factors
(Reasons why people left
there homes)
Lack of land
Jobs lost to machines
Political Persecution
Religious Persecution
Revolution / War
Poverty / Hard times
____________________________
_________________________
(fill in the above continent)
(Fill in the above continent)
Pull Factors
(Reasons that attract
immigrants to a new
country)
Land
Jobs
Political Freedom
Religious Freedom
Better Life (easier)
Family was there
Why did Immigrants
come to America?
Typical Occupations in
America
Italians
Italians
•Cholera epidemic in 1880’s
•Land shortage for peasants; landlords
charge high rent
•Food shortages
•Poverty, unemployment
•Unskilled labor – dock work,
construction, railroads
•Some skilled labor, such as
bricklayers, stonemasons, and other
trades
East Europeans
East Europeans
•Russians, Poles; land shortages for
peasants, unemployment, high taxes;
long military draft.
•Jews: discrimination, poverty, and
recurring pogroms.
•Poles: farmers, coal miners, steel
and textile millworkers; meatpacking
•Jews: laborers, garment workers,
merchants.
Chinese
Chinese
•Famine
•Land shortage for peasants
•civil war (Taiping rebellion)
•Railroad and construction workers;
some skilled labor
•Merchants, small businesses
Difficult Journey
•steerage -slept and ate
on the bottom level of the
ship.
•Fed lukewarm soup,
boiled potatoes, and
stringy beef.
•The beds (berths) were
narrow and sometimes
stacked three high.
•2,000 people in this area
•On the return trip cattle
or cargo filled the same
spaces!
•In such close quarters
disease spread quickly.
Roughly $700 today
Difficult Journey
•Sometimes a family
•Ship
wouldcompanies
come all at once
limited
howtimes
muchthey
but many
luggage
immigrants
would come
could
bring. The oldest
separately.
•The
theymight
childamount
and father
could
bring to
depended
immigrate
the new
upon
thewhile
type of
country
thefare
they
paid.
mother
and other
•Some
people
children
wouldjust
stayhad
bundles
together,
behind. tied
After
the father
others
took child
cardboard
and oldest
had
boxes,
workedtrunks,
and earned
suitcases,
and
money forbaskets
the passage
leather
sacks. they
of the others,
would send for them.
Difficult Journey
•If the weather was good,
people would try and stay
on the deck.
•The children would play
games such as marbles
and dominoes. They also
spent time with people
from many different places
and learned words from
other languages.
•Mothers would wash their
children's hair on the
deck.
•Other people would do
chores on the ship with
the sailors.
Arrival
Immigrants faced many
difficulties on the
journey to the United
States.
•Dangerous weather
•Disease / Death
•Once here though –
they still had to pass a
physical exam and a
citizen ship test.
EAST COAST
ELLIS
ISLAND
Most
European
Immigrants
entered here.
2% denied
New York Harbor – Liberty Island and Ellis Island
1892 – Ellis Island Opened, Closed in 1954
1990 – opened as a Museum
West Coast
Most Asian
Immigrants
entered here.
ANGEL
ISLAND
San Francisco Bay
Used After 1910
Who
Old
New
When
1840-1860
1860-1900
Settled on the Frontier
Frontier Closed –
Settled in/near cities
Northern & Western
Europeans
English, Irish, German,
Scandinavian
Southern & Eastern
Europeans
Italians, Polish,
Greeks, Russians,
Hungarians
Asians
Chinese, Japanese,
Korean, Indian,
Filipino
Americans
Mexico, Caribbean
Some spoke English
Mostly Protestant, some
Catholics
Few spoke English
Catholic, Jewish,
Eastern Orthodox,
Buddhist, Daoist
Most speak English
Catholic &
Protestant
Ellis Island
Ellis & Angel Island
Customs at Airports
From
Where
Language
Religion
How
Today
2000
Asians
Chinese, Indian,
Filipino
2 Activities to complete
• Graphing – Old and New Immigrants
• Mapping – Old and New Immigrants
WRAP-UP
• Review the Agree / Disagree statements.
In the Before Reading box decide if you
agree or disagree with the statements
listed.
HOMEWORK
Read pages 600-605 and complete the
After Reading section of the Agree /
Disagree Statements.
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Paperwork Stuff - Council Rock School District