Home
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Institutions of Higher Education are becoming increasingly diverse,
including more students with disabilities attending postsecondary
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
education. This increase in diversity may (or seems to) require new
teaching pedagogy and instructional strategies.
Facts
Socializing Agents
Students with Disabilities as Diverse Learners (SDDL) is a federally
Sources of Cultural
Identity
funded project administered by the Center on Disability Studies at the
Discussion 2
University of Hawai‘i. SDDL staff provide Professional Development
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Trainings to college faculty for teaching students with disabilities and
Models
other diverse learners, with the goal of improving student retention and
Discussion 3
matriculation rates. As part of this effort, we have developed PowerPoint
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
presentations, best viewed in SlideShow mode. We hope this PPT
enhances your teaching and learning experience for all students.
References
Back
Return Home
Forward 1
Home
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
This curricula is intended to provide information to assist
faculty in working successfully with a diverse student body.
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Disability,
Multiculturalism
and Diversity
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Cultural
Diversity
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Colored handprints
Colored handprints
Theoretical
Perspectives Postsecondary
Education
About
Disability
References
Menu
Discussion 4
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
2
Home
Introduction
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
While there is increasing attention at
many universities to cultural diversity
in general, disability is often
overlooked.
Many students with disabilities have
multiple cultural identities. The
combination of disability and multiple
cultural identities can impact success
in postsecondary education.
A smiling globe sitting on a wheelchair
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
Diversity in postsecondary education
has expanded over the past two
decades creating a need for colleges
and universities to reassess
traditional instructional strategies to
better meet the needs of all students.
A girl with Down syndrome working on
a computer
References
(Newby, 2005; Scott, McGuire, & Shaw, 2003). As reported in the
Chronicle of Higher Education (2008).
Back
Return Home
Forward
3
Home
Goals
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
To provide
examples of
multicultural
perspectives.
Facts
To discuss
disability
culture.
To explore the
interconnection
between
cultural
diversity and
disability.
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
To share
information
about cultural
diversity,
multiculturalism,
and disability in
postsecondary
education.
Goals
References
Back
To offer insight
for facilitating
postsecondary
success for
students from
diverse
backgrounds
both with and
without
disabilities.
To provide
tools and
exercises for
exploring
cultural
perspectives,
ideas and
viewpoints.
Return Home
Forward
4
Home
Objectives
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
To discover how
culture is key to the
concepts of
multiculturalism and
diversity.
To recognize how
disability is a part of
cultural diversity.
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
To understand
culture and
cultural
components.
Objectives
Common Questions
To understand
multiculturalism
as it relates to
students with
disabilities in
postsecondary
education.
Discussion 4
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
5
Home
Evaluation
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
You can evaluate this module by clicking
on the following link Click Here
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
A figure holding a sheet
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
References
Back
Return Home
Forward 6
Home
Fast Facts
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Statistics About Postsecondary
Participation
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Many students with
disabilities have multiple
cultural identities.
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
35.35%
Students reporting a disability
Facts
Socializing Agents
Students of minority status
The combination of
disability and multiple
cultural identities can
impact success in
postsecondary education.
11.3%
Students attending part-time
45.3%
Students aged 25 to 34
Models
21.5%
Discussion 3
Students over the age of 34
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
18.4%
Discussion 4
References
Graphic of a colored pie chart.
The Chronicle of Higher Education. (2008). Almanac, 2008-9, 1, 3-35
Back
Return Home
Forward
7
Home
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multicultural-Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Take this quiz to test yourself
on your awareness of
multiculturalism.
Click Here
http://portal.coe.hawaii.edu/survey.php?survey=775
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
Graphic of a man looking at a test
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
8
Home
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
This curricula is intended to provide information to assist
faculty in working successfully with a diverse student body.
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Introduction
Disability,
Multiculturalism Multiculturalism
and Diversity
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Cultural
Diversity
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Colored handprints
Colored handprints
Theoretical
Perspectives Postsecondary
Education
About
Disability
References
Menu
Discussion 4
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
9
Home
Introduction
What is Multiculturalism?
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
To share
different
components,
functions and
purposes of
culture
To introduce the
To learn how
To understand
concept of
multiple cultural
diverse cultural
cultural
identities create
dynamics
diversity and
multiculturalism
multiculturalism
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Goals
Learning
Objectives
Discussion 4
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
1
0
Home
Definitions
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Diversity
“The fact or quality of being
diverse.”
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/diversity
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Values
"A person's principles or
standards of behavior; one's
judgment of what is important
in life.”
http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/value
Cultural Diversity
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
References
“The coexistence of
different ethnic, gender,
racial, [disability] and
socioeconomic groups
within one social unit.”
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Cultural+Di
versity
Multiculturalism
More than one identity based
on different cultural groups of
which one may be a member.
Systems
"A system of knowledge, of
standards for perceiving,
believing, evaluating and
acting that serve to relate
human communities to their
environmental settings (Allaire
and Firsirotu 1984).”
Retrieved from National Defense University
http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/ndu/strat-ldrdm/pt4ch16.html
Back
Return Home
Forward
1
1
Home
Introduction
Definitions
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
References
Integrated Patterns
“Culture as an integrated
pattern of human behavior
that includes thoughts,
communications, languages,
practices, beliefs, values,
customs, courtesies, rituals,
manners of interacting and
roles, relationships and
expected behaviors of a
racial, ethnic, religious or
social group; and the ability to
transmit the above to
succeeding generations.”
Goode, T., Sockalingam, S., Bronheim, S., Brown, M.,
and Jones, W. (2000). A planner's guide: Infusing
principles, content and themes related to cultural and
linguistic competence into meetings and conferences.
Washington, DC: National Center for Cultural
Competence. Retrieved March 14, 2011, from
http://www.nclrc.org/essentials/culture/cuindex.htm
Normative Codes
“Ways of behaving such as food
practices, religious practices,
child-rearing practices”
Sotnik, P., & Jezewski, M. A. (2005). Culture and Disability
Services. In J. H. Stone (Ed.), Culture and disability: Providing
culturally competent services (p. 21). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
Publications
Scripts
“Behavioral scripts are a
sequence of expected behaviors
for a given setting” (such as in
business, in a classroom, or in a
restaurant).
Behavioral scripts. In Wikipedia. Retrieved March14,2011.
from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Behavioral_script
Back
Return Home
Forward
12
Home
Introduction
What Is Multiple Oppression?
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
A person can feel racially or
culturally oppressed in
society, an individual can
feel oppressed by how they
are treated because of a
disability.
Multicultural individuals with
disabilities may feel
oppressed by social views
of their culture and of their
disability. Disability and
cultural displacement can
be oppressive forces.
Picture of a man using a wheelchair next to a mud
hut in a rural area
Discussion 4
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
13
Home
Introduction
Understanding Your Own Cultural Perspective
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
The cultural values one
holds and the way an
individual sees themselves
affects how they develop
their cultural identity.
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
References
To understand how cultural
characteristics impact others
a person must understand
their own cultural
perspective.
Western societies tend to
view the world from a more
individualistic perspective,
while Eastern societies view
the world from a more
collectivistic perspective.
However, most societies do
not completely fit the
Eastern or Western identity
paradigms, and most
cultures are a complex mix
of collectivistic and
individualistic values.
This picture is divided in half. The left shows a figure by
himself and the other half shows six figures holding each
other hands
Back
Return Home
Forward
14
Home
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Continuum of Values
Collectivistic (Eastern)
Individualistic (Western)
Interdependence
Independence
Obligation to others
Individual Rights
Rely on groups
Self-sufficiency
Adhere to traditional values
True to own values and beliefs
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Maintain traditional practices
Continually improve practices
Discussion 4
References
Leake. (2009, January). Overview of Western vs. Non-Western
Conceptions. A lecture at DIS 681. University of Hawaii at
Manoa. Honolulu, HI
Back
Return Home
Forward
15
Home
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Continuum of Values Cont.
Collectivistic (Eastern)
Individualistic (Western)
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Fulfill roles within groups
Pursue individual goals/interests
Group achievement
Individual achievement
Competition between groups
Competition between individuals
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Group/hierarchical decision making
Self determination/individual choice
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Shame/guilt due to failing group
Shame/guilt due to individual failure
Discussion 4
References
Leake. (2009, January). Overview of Western vs. Non-Western
Conceptions. A lecture at DIS 681. University of Hawaii at
Manoa. Honolulu, HI
Back
Return Home
Forward
16
Home
Introduction
Example
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
People have many identities or
“distinguishing characteristics”
such as a “person with a
disability, ” “Native Hawaiian,” or
“gay/ lesbian.” Some people may
identify with one characteristic
more than another.
The “Cultural Identity
Bubble Map Example” is an
example of an Identity Map,
followed by a Blank Cultural Map
Template for you to create your
own Cultural Identity Bubble
Map.
Cultural Identity Bubble Map
Example
Mother/
Daughter/
Sister
Black/
America/
Creole/
Southern
Melissa
Sweet
Disabled/
Student/
Widow
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
References
The map places the person, you
in this case, in the bubble at the
center, with bubbles listing
various aspects of your identity
radiating to the center. Go to
next page for activity.
Business
Owner/
Christian/
Spiritual
Back
Return Home
Forward
17
Home
Introduction
Creating Your Own Cultural Identity Bubble Map
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Here is a template for you to create your own Cultural
Identity Bubble Map.
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
You are in
the bubble at the center,
with bubbles listing
various aspects of your
identity radiating to the
center.
YOU
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
References
Children from different cultures wearing different colors
Back
Return Home
Forward
18
Home
Discussion 1
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
1. What are three components of Culture I learned?
2. What did I learn about myself from completing the Bubble
Map?
3. What other cultures am I aware of that haven’t been
mentioned yet?
4. Do I consider myself to be Multicultural?
Why or why not?
5. Reflecting on the table ‘Continuum of Values,’
would I consider myself more individualistic or
collectivist? How can I explain this?
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
References
Girl sitting and thinking with her
head in her hand.
Back
Return Home
Forward
19
Home
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
This curricula is intended to provide information to assist
faculty in working successfully with a diverse student body.
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Disability,
Multiculturalism
and Diversity
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Cultural
Diversity
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Colored handprints
Colored handprints
Theoretical
Perspectives Postsecondary
Education
About
Disability
References
Menu
Discussion 4
References
Back
Return Home
20
Forward
Home
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Disability, Multiculturalism, and Diversity
“The multicultural perspective seeks to provide a conceptual
framework that recognizes the complex diversity of a plural
society while, at the same time, suggesting bridges of shared
concern that bind culturally different persons to one another.”
(Pedersen, 1991, p. 7)
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
To discuss
To explore
different ways how disability
people acquire plays a role in
identity
identity.
construction.
To understand
how disability
fits into
multiculturalism
and diversity.
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
To see how
different
agents
transmit
culture and
sources of
cultural
identity.
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
Objectives
Goals
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
21
Home
Introduction
Did You Ever Consider the Fact?
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Fact 1
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
Fact 2
People may identify with multiple cultures.
Characteristics identified with a culture,
such as food, language, or religion; often
contribute to a person’s identity. Disability
may be one component of a person’s
cultural identity.
Disability often unites individuals into a
cultural group even though members of the
group may not share similar racial or
linguistic backgrounds. Labeling oneself as
disabled, or being labeled disabled can be
part of identity along with other identifiable
characteristics like ethnic or religious
identity.
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
22
Home
Facts: Continued…
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Fact 3
When disability is perceived as part of
cultural identity it can become a cultural
component, which expands diversity and
becomes a part of multiculturalism.
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Fact 4
Disability is likely not to be someone’s sole
identity, but it might be a stronger cultural
identity than other individual cultural
components. At the same time, because
many cultures devalue disability, other
individuals may not identify having a
disability as part of their overall identity.
Discussion 4
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
23
Home
Introduction
Socializing Agents
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Family
School
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Church
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
The
Individual
Community
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
A circle with the individual at the center and socializing
agents, such as family, church, sports radiating out.
“Socializing agents,”
may strongly
influence individual
identity. For some
people, for instance,
religion plays the
biggest role, for
others their position
within the family may
have a huge impact.
Since we are all
different, we all
respond differently to
various socializing
agents.
References
Cushner, McClelland, & Safford (1996), Human Diversity in
Education: An Integrative Approach, p. 66
Back
Return Home
Forward
24
Home
Introduction
Sources of Cultural Identity
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Ability/
Disability
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Race
Ethnicity/
Nationality
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Social
Class
Language
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Social
Status
The
Individual
Sex/
Gender
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Health
Religion
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
References
Sexuality
Age
Geographic
Multiple circles that indicate twelve
sources of cultural identity
Region
Cushner, McClelland, & Safford (1996), Human
Diversity in Education: An Integrative Approach, p. 75.
Back
Return Home
Forward
25
Home
Discussion 2
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
1. Name three socializing agents that transmit culture.
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
2. What are three sources of your cultural identity.
Which of the three has the most influence on your
individual identity?
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
3. What is your personal definition of disability?
How was it developed?
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
4. Do you believe ability/ disability is a part of
your identity? Why or why not?
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
References
Girl sitting and thinking with
her head in her hand.
Back
Return Home
Forward
26
Home
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
This curricula is intended to provide information to assist
faculty in working successfully with a diverse student body.
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Disability,
Multiculturalism
and Diversity
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Cultural
Diversity
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Colored handprints
Colored handprints
Theoretical
Perspectives Postsecondary
Education
About
Disability
References
Menu
Discussion 4
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
27
Home
Introduction
Theoretical Perspectives About Disability
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Considering cultural diversity and multiculturalism includes multiple ways of
looking at disabilities. Various cultures, religions, and generations view
disabilities in unique ways. Several models that have been used to
describe people with disabilities and their place in society are presented in
this section.
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
To consider
that there are
different ways
of approaching
disability.
To examine
three of the
different
theories of
disability.
To understand
differences in the
ways that people
look at disability
and its impact on
disability policy
and practice.
Models
To understand
differences in the
ways that people
with disabilities
look at
themselves and
its impact on
policy and
practice.
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
Objectives
Goals
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
28
Home
Introduction
Three Models That Impact How People View Disability
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Social
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Disability
Culture
&Pride
Facts
Socializing Agents
Medical
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
29
Home
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Three Models That Impact How People View Disability
The Medical Model
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Social
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Social
Disability
Culture
&Pride
Facts
Socializing Agents
Medical
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
30
Home
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Models
Medical
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
The individual is the
Problem
Models
A child holding his head in his hands
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Disability expertise is
primarily controlled through
the medical profession…
A doctor in her lab coat with the stethoscope around her
shoulder
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
…and professionals
working in specialized
fields.
Two Professionals writing notes
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
31
Home
Models
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Medical
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
A picture of a doctor
with a stethoscope
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
A picture of a
wheelchair racer
The medical model has
served the purpose of
identifying and assisting
persons with disabilities,
and has created a network
of policies and services
that protect and support
people with disabilities.
As individuals with
disabilities have rebelled
against the medical
model, other models have
been developed, often by
individuals with
disabilities.
Models
The Medical
Model’s focus on a
cure is seen by many
people with
disabilities as harmful
because it ignores
the social, physical,
educational, and
employment barriers
faced on a daily
basis by most people
with disabilities.
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
32
Home
Introduction
Three Models That Impact How People View Disability
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
The Social Model
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Social
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Disability
Culture
&Pride
Facts
Socializing Agents
Medical
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Models
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
33
Home
Models
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Social
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Models
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Two professionals shaking hands
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Different technology devices
connected to the globe
The Social Model
of disability
suggests that
society and the
environment
contribute to and
define disability.
A person who is
blind using Braille.
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
References
Two people talking to each other
A picture of stairs
Back
Return Home
Forward
34
Home
Models
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Social
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Many buildings are not
accessible to people who
use wheelchairs. Thus it is
poor building design, and
not the individual who uses
a wheelchair, that disables
wheelchair-users.
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
A graphic of stairs
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
Eye glasses on top of
pile of old books
In schools, many print
texts are not accessible to
those with visual or
learning disabilities, even
though alternative formats
to print such as Braille
and auditory recordings
are readily available.
Models
The Social model
presumes that
since the “problem”
of disability lies with
society and the
environment, so
society and the
environment must
change to
accommodate the
needs of individuals
with disabilities.
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
35
Home
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Three Models That Impact How People View Disability
Disability Culture & Pride Model
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Social
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Social
Disability
Culture
&Pride
Facts
Socializing Agents
Medical
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
36
Home
Models
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Disability
Culture &
Pride
Overview
Models
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
In response to the political,
cultural and historical
experiences that have led to
discrimination against
people with disabilities,
disability rights advocates in
the late twentieth century
developed the Disability
Culture & Pride Model. This
model emphasizes pride
and a positive disability
identity.
Dance performance with three women raising their hands
and radiating out from a woman using a wheelchair.
Discussion 4
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
37
Home
Models
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Disability
Culture &
Pride
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
What Is Disability Culture?
Models
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
“People with disabilities have forged a
group identity. We share a common
history of oppression and a common
bond of resilience. We generate art,
music, literature, and other
expressions of our lives and our
culture, infused from our experience of
disability. Most importantly, we are
proud of ourselves as people with
disabilities. We claim our disabilities
with pride as part of our identity. We
are who we are: we are people with
disabilities.”
Discussion 4
Dance performance where a man using a wheelchair
is holding a woman in a gymnastics movement.
References
Brown, S. E. (2003). Movie stars and sensuous scars: Essays on the journey from
disability shame to disability pride. pp. 80-81. Lincoln, NE: iUniverse, Inc.
Back
Return Home
Forward
38
Home
Discussion 3
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
1. Which of these models of Disability is
most practical to you? Which model is
most appealing?
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
2. Which of these models of Disability do
you think is most widely used? Why?
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
3. Is there another model you would
add? If so, what would it be and how
would you explain it?
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
References
Girl sitting and thinking with her
head in her hand.
Back
Return Home
Forward
39
Home
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
This curricula is intended to provide information to assist
faculty in working successfully with a diverse student body.
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Disability,
Multiculturalism
and Diversity
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Cultural
Diversity
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Colored handprints
Colored handprints
Theoretical
Perspectives Postsecondary
Education
About
Disability
References
Menu
Discussion 4
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
40
Home
Introduction
Students with Disabilities in Postsecondary Education
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
To discuss
postsecondary
education and
students with
disabilities.
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
To learn more about
disability rights laws
such as the
Individuals with
Disabilities Education
To explore
Act (IDEA), Section
the
504 of the
significance
Rehabilitation Act,
of colleges
and the Americans
and
with Disabilities Act
universities
(ADA).
on the lives of
students with
disabilities.
To learn more
about barriers
and supports
in the
university
system for
students with
disabilities.
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Goals
Objectives
Common Questions
Discussion 4
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
41
Home
Introduction
Common Questions About Postsecondary Students with Disabilities
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
1. How are accommodations in college different from the services
provided to students with disabilities in high school?
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
The law that governs access to primary and secondary education
for children with disabilities, the Individuals with Disabilities
Education Improvement Act of 2004 (formerly the Individuals with
Disabilities Education Act or IDEA, which is still used to describe
this Act) requires that educational institutions identify students with
disabilities and provide them with specific services and
modifications.
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
This differs from the civil rights laws that govern access to
postsecondary education for adults with disabilities, Section 504
of the Rehabilitation Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act
(ADA), which require students to self-identify as having a
disability and negotiate their individual accommodations.
Discussion 4
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
42
Home
Introduction
Common Questions About Postsecondary Students with Disabilities
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
2. Who is responsible for identifying whether or not a student
has a disability?
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
In order to receive supports and accommodations in the
postsecondary classroom, a student with a disability has to
become a strong self-advocate who must first choose whether
they want to disclose their disability. The process of identification
and accommodation negotiation can be extremely difficult and
intimidating, especially if a student does not have prior
experience advocating for themselves or is not aware of the
postsecondary support provision process.
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
43
Home
Introduction
Common Questions About Postsecondary Students with Disabilities
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
3. Why would a student choose not to disclose their
disability?
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Many college students choose not to disclose their disability
or ask for accommodations because they want to try and
“make it own their own” or because they fear that disclosure
of a disability will cause faculty to view them as incompetent.
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
4. Who can disclose a student’s disability?
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
Despite the difficulty that self-disclosure sometimes
presents, neither representatives of the postsecondary
institution nor faculty members can legally ask a student if
they have a disability. This is considered confidential
information that is treated with the same caution as
medical information.
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
44
Home
Introduction
Common Questions About Postsecondary Students with Disabilities
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
5. What is a “hidden disability”?
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
A hidden or invisible disability is one that typically cannot be seen by the
casual observer, such as Learning Disabilities (LD), emotional and
psychiatric disabilities, or Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit
Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD/ADHD).
Some examples of disabilities that are often hidden or invisible are below:
Socializing Agents
Diabetes
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Epilepsy
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
AIDS
Multiple Chemical
Sensitivities/Environmental
Illness
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Models
Hypertension
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Lupus
Learning Disabilities
Common Questions
Cancer
Psychiatric Disability
Discussion 4
References
Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention
Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
(ADD/ADHD)
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
Back
Return Home
Forward
45
Home
Introduction
Common Questions About Postsecondary Students with Disabilities
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
6. What is a “ documented disability”?
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Students attending postsecondary institutions who seek
services from a Disability Student Services office must
provide some kind of proof of their disability. This is referred
to as “documenting your disability.” Documentation often
requires the student to seek verification from a medical
doctor or other professional at their own expense.
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
References
A stethoscope on a medical report
Back
Return Home
Forward
46
Home
Discussion 4
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
1. What are the principle differences between
IDEA and ADA?
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
2. Is it legal or appropriate to ask a student
about their disability?
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
3. What can you do to assist a student with a
disability to succeed? Would you do
anything differently for a multicultural
student with a disability?
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
References
Girl sitting and thinking with her
head in her hand.
Back
Return Home
Forward
47
Home
Evaluation
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
You can evaluate this module by clicking
on the following link Click Here
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
A figure holding a sheet
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
References
Back
Return Home
Forward 48
Home
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
This curricula is intended to provide information to assist
faculty in working successfully with a diverse student body.
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Disability,
Multiculturalism
and Diversity
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Cultural
Diversity
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Colored handprints
Colored handprints
Theoretical
Perspectives Postsecondary
Education
About
Disability
References
Menu
Discussion 4
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
49
Home
References
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
•
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, as amended. Retrieved from
http://www.ada.gov/pubs/adastatute08.htm
•
Behavioral scripts (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved March14,2011. from
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Behavioral_script
•
Brown, S. E. (2003). Movie stars and sensuous scars: Essays on the
journey from disability shame to disability pride. Lincoln, NE:
iUniverse, Inc.
•
Center on Disability Studies. (2007-2008) Hidden disabilities. Retrieved
from http://www.ist.hawaii.edu/training/hiddendisabilities/
•
Cushner, K., McClelland, A., and Safford, P. (1996). Human diversity in
education: An integrative approach. New York: McGraw-Hill
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
50
Home
References
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
•
Goode, T., Sockalingam, S., Bronheim, S., Brown, M., and Jones, W. (2000).
A planner's guide: Infusing principles, content and themes related to
cultural and linguistic competence into meetings and conferences.
Washington, DC: National Center for Cultural Competence. Retrieved
from http://www.nclrc.org/essentials/culture/cuindex.htm
•
Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004. Public Law
108-446. Retrieved from
http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgibin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=108_con
g_public_laws&docid=f:publ446.108
•
Leake, D. (2009, January). Overview of Western vs. Non-Western
Conceptions. A lecture at DIS 681. University of Hawaii at Manoa.
Honolulu. HI
•
Newby, W. (2005). Voices from the classroom. Publications of the Modern
Language Association of America, 120, 598-602.
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
51
Home
References
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
•
Pedersen, D. B. (1991). Multiculturalism as a generic approach to
counseling. Journal of Counseling and Development, 70, 6-11.
•
Scott, S., McGuire, J., & Shaw, S. (2003). Universal design for instruction:
A new paradigm for adult instruction in postsecondary education.
Remedial and Special Education, 24, 369-379.
•
Sotnik, P. and Jezewski, M. (2005). Culture and the disability services. In
J. Stone (Ed), Culture and disability : providing culturally competent
services (p.21). California: SAGE
•
The Chronicle of Higher Education. (2008). Almanac, 2008-9, 1, 3-35.
•
Values. (2011). Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved March 14, 2011,
from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/value
Multicultural Perspectives
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
References
Back
Return Home
Forward
52
Home
Introduction
Multiculturalism
Awareness Quiz
Multiculturalism
Understanding Your Own
Cultural
Multicultural Perspectives
For More Information, Contact:
Project Coordinators
Steven E. Brown, Ph.D.
[email protected]
Discussion 1
Disability, Multicultural,
and Diversity
Facts
Socializing Agents
Sources of Cultural
Identity
Discussion 2
Theoretical Perspectives
About Disability
Megan Conway, Ph.D.
[email protected]
A picture of Dr. Steven Brown
Project Coordinators
Teaching all Students, Reaching all Learners
Website address:
www.ist.hawaii.edu
A picture of Dr. Megan Conway
Models
Discussion 3
Postsecondary Education
Common Questions
Discussion 4
References
End
Back
Return Home
Forward
53
Descargar

Multiculturalism - University of Hawaii