PAKISTAN
1947 – Independence & Partition
1971 – Bangladeshi independence
Stats


People
97% Muslim
Languages:

 Official:

Urdu (8%)
 Majority: Punjabi
(48%)

Literacy: 50%


Economy
GDP per capita:
$2500 (173rd in
world)
Pop. below poverty
line: 24%
Unemployment: 13.6%
(+ substantial
underemployment)
Agrarian
Government



parliamentary gov’t but alternate b/t civilian &
military regimes
1999-2008: Pres. Pervez Musharraf (military coup)
2008: Pres. Asif Ali Zardari (civilian / election)
Musharraf
Zardari
Kashmir Conflict




disputed territory (India vs.
Pakistan)
India’s claim: Kashmir’s
leader voted to join India in
1947
Pakistan’s claim: Muslim
majority
India won’t give up Kashmir –
fears more separatism
Nuclear Weapons

India and Pakistan have nukes  fear of more
dangerous war
Islamic Fundamentalism



terrorists hide in the
tribal areas
focused in N & S
Waziristan
Federally Administered
Tribal Areas (FATAS)
 residents
are Pakistani
citizens but are more tied
to their Pashtun identity
 political autonomy 
Taliban gain leadership
US & Pakistan


US relies on Pakistan to help fight terrorists
After 9/11 Pakistan started assisting US goals, but
there is some support in Pakistan for the terrorists
 Pakistan
opened airspace to US military, shared
intelligence, and allowed US forces to stage operations
from its soil
Does Pakistan aid terrorists?


India says yes, Pakistan aids 2 Islamic groups that
commit terrorism in Jammu and Kashmir
Pakistan says it provides moral support to the
Islamic cause and that it has shut down armed
groups carrying out cross-border attacks in Indiancontrolled Kashmir
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PAKISTAN - Saint Francis High School