Father Marquette and the Jesuit Missionaries in Michigan http://www.ssc.msu.edu/~anp/marquettemission/Jesuits.h tml What is a missionary? A Priest or other member of a church Someone who wants to spread religion to other parts of the world In Michigan in the 1600 and 1700’s, it was someone who wanted to teach the Native Americans about Christianity Where did they come from? The Missionaries who came to Michigan in the early 1700’s were from France. Why did they come? Most missionaries came to Michigan to teach the Native Americans about Christianity. They believed that the Native Americans needed help. The Native Americans believed in many gods and that was not what the priests thought. Why were they important? They sent letters back to their church leaders describing what they saw. Some drew maps to document the way the land looked to them. They believed that the fur traders should not use alcohol to make better trades. They spoke out against this behavior. Sending letters home The Jesuit Superiors in France used letters that the missionaries wrote to them to report to people what life was life here in Michigan. In one report, they talk about the difficulties facing the missionaries here. “At the Sault, the Fathers are, cultivating the soil and some of the Indians have even begun to imitate their example. In their Chapel, they regularly give instruction both to adults and children, and celebrate the rites of the Church; The greatest obstacle in their way is the devotion paid by the savages to their personal manitous, or medicine, a devotion inculcated, from earliest infancy, in both boys and girls. Notwithstanding, this: and other difficulties, the missionaries at the Sault have baptized more than three hundred persons of all ages.” The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents Volume 54 Map Making Because of his knowledge of Native American languages, Marquette was chosen to do do some exploring with Louis Jolliet. On his travels he created this map of the Michigan/Wisconsi n area. Speaking out against alcohol “…Our Father, we ask thee to take steps to prevent them from giving us intoxicating liquor as eagerly as they do. To thus deceive us by urging us to drink, in order to make us spend in this way all that we bring back from our hunt, is just the same as if they robbed us. I repeat, as nearly as I can in our language, the expressions used by our Savages when they state their opinion to me respecting liquor.” “Herefore, to show them that I speak the truth on this point, as soon as 1 learn that some wretched frenchman has taken the clothing of a savage, giving him perhaps twenty ~01s worth of liquor for clothes worth from ten to twelve francs, I make a great stir in the village. I say that I will certainly have the clothes given back, but that it is also necessary that the savage who has been foolish enough to give his clothing for almost nothing, to obtain liquor, must atone for his sin.” Father Jacques Bigot Oct. 1684 The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents Volume 63 What did the Native Americans think? The Native Americans called the priests “Black Robes” because of the clothes that they always wore. Not all of the Native Americans were happy to have people come and tell them to give up their way of life. http://www.usgennet.org/usa/mo/county/stlouis/jesuit/marquette.jpg Who is Father Marquette? He was a Jesuit priest from France. He studied the Native American languages. He began the settlements in Sault Ste. Marie and St. Ignace He used his knowledge about languages to help Louis Jolliet explore the Mississippi River. Jacques Marquette Source: Currey, J. Seymour. Chicago: Its History and Its Builders. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1912.