GEOCENTRICITY
Geocentricity vs. Geocentrism
Animations courtesy of
“Galileo Was Wrong.”
Geocentrism
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Geocentrism holds that the earth is at the center of
the universe and that the universe is
compartmentalized into different parts.
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Gravitation is a real force
Centrifugal force is a fictitious force
Coriolis force is a fictitious force
When forming a theory, the effect of the universe can
be ignored
Quantum mechanics is separate from regular
mechanics
Geocentrism has no room for the Bible
Geocentricity
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Geocentricity is an integrated approach to the
universe
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Gravitation is a real force
Centrifugal force is a real, gravitational force
Coriolis force is a real, gravitational force
When forming a theory, the effect of the universe
must be considered
Quantum mechanics & regular mechanics originate
from the rotating firmament
Geocentricity, as an integrated model, has room for
the Bible
Geocentrism
Geocentricity
The Modified
Tychonic model
What Saith Mythology?
The Copernican Revolution
Nicolaus Copernicus
Proposed that the earth
orbits the sun and rotates
daily on an axis.
Knew it was against
Scripture, thus waited until
he was about to die to
publish it.
Was encouraged to do so by
the Pope & head of the
Inquisition in 1535
Tycho Brahe
Believed geocentric universe is Scriptural
Built equipment to prove
Copernican model wrong
Greatest naked-eye
astronomer of all time
Proposed a geocentric
model that saved all
appearances
Galileo Galilei
Called the father of modern
physics
Used a telescope to destroy the
Crystalline Sphere geocentrism
Insisted that Copernican model
was proven, which got him in
trouble with the Church of Rome
Galileo on Scripture:
The Scriptures teach us how to
go to heaven, not how the
heavens go.
Galileo on Scripture:
It was moreover necessary in Scripture, in order
that it be accommodated to the general
understanding, to say things quite diverse ... from
absolute truth ... physical effects placed before our
eyes by sensible experience, … should not in any
circumstances be called in doubt by passages in
Scripture that verbally have different semblance,
since not everything in Scripture is linked to such
severe obligations as is every physical effect.
Galileo & the Church of Rome
Called before Inquisition in 1611 & warned
In 1633 wrote a book that made fun of the Pope
Called before Inquisition again
Was shown instruments of torture
As with his first trial, he was released to his villa and
a pension provided him by the RCC on the grounds
that he not teach heliocentrism as fact
Before he died he changed his mind and concluded
that the Geocentric Model was true after all.
“Proofs” of heliocentrism
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Aberration
Parallax
Retrograde motion of the planets
Foucault pendulum
Geostationary satellite
Earth as seen from the moon
Seasons
Aberration:
heliocentric & geocentric
Parallax
Click on figure
for animation
Retrograde Motion
There are times when the planets go backwards
Heliocentric explanation
Geocentric explanation
Foucault
Pendulum
A Foucault pendulum is said
to prove the rotation of the
earth
It only demonstrates a
relative rotation between
earth and universe
It cannot tell which is
actually rotating
Geostationary satellite
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Communications satellites etc. hover over one
point on earth’s equator
Claim is that they should fall to earth
But
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Recall that centrifugal force is a REAL,
GRAVITATIONAL force in geocentric model, not a
fictitious force as in the heliocentric model
Geostationary satellite is not stationary as far as
the universe is concerned
Earth as seen from the Moon
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Astronauts on the moon saw the earth
rotate
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Therefore, we have proof that the Earth
rotates, not the universe
A rider on a merry-go-round horse sees
the central engine rotate
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Therefore, we have proof that the engine
rotates, not the merry-go-round platform
The Seasons
What Saith Modern Science?
Airy’s Failure
An experiment involving aberration
A water-filled telescope should be
pointed further ahead than an airfilled telescope
Airy found they point the same
Implies the earth does not orbit the
sun but that the star follows the sun
in its yearly motion
Or Fresnell Drag, or Relativity ….
Michelson-Morley Experiment
Tried to detect the motion
of the earth about the sun
Found none
Mach’s Principle
Found that geometry requires
geocentricity and heliocentrism
to yield identical results
Thus no experiment can prove
one over the other
Inertia due to the gravity of all
objects in the universe
Sagnac Experiment
An experiment related to
the Michelson-Morley test
Designed to test for the
rotation of the earth
Got a positive result
However, cannot tell if
earth rotates or cosmos
rotates about earth
The Firmament
By the early 1930s it was clear that there
was a hidden medium underlying all of
space
In the 1980s this was identified as the
firmament of Genesis chapter 1.
Lense-Thirring Effect
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Derived from a geocentric model in 1918
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Paper in Physikalische Zeitschr. Vol. 19
Assumes universe is a shell rotating about the
earth (or some central point)
Finds there should be an effect not discoverable in
a heliocentric model
Gravity Probe B satellite etc. have apparently
found it
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Claimed to be proof of Relativity, but…
Sir Fred Hoyle
We know that the difference
between a heliocentric theory and
a geocentric theory is one of
relative motion only, and that such
a difference has no physical
significance.
— Astronomy and Cosmology, 1975, p. 416.
What Saith Scripture?
Why is it important?
The question of the earth’s motion was the single point in which
orthodoxy came into real contact with science ... for the stability
of the earth is as clearly assumed from one end of the Old
Testament to the other as the solidity of iron. Those who take the
Bible to be totidem verbis dictated by the God of Truth can refuse
to believe it ... [but] ignorance apart, every word is truth, or the
writer did not mean truth. But this puts the whole book on its
trial: for we can never find out what the writer meant, unless we
otherwise find out what is true. ... Common sense will either
accept the verbal meaning or deny verbal inspiration.
—Augustus de Morgan,
1916 edition of A Budget of Paradoxes
Ecclesiastes 1:5
The sun also ariseth, and the
sun goeth down, and hasteth
to his place where he arose.
Language of Appearances?
Genesis 19:23 "The sun was risen upon the earth
when Lot entered into Zoar.”
NOT literally true
Language of Appearances?
Genesis 19:23 "The sun was risen upon the earth
when Lot entered into Zoar.”
NOT literally true
Mark 16:9 "Now when Jesus was risen early the first
day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene,
out of whom he had cast seven devils."
Literally true
Malachi 4:2
But unto you that fear my name shall the
Sun of righteousness arise with healing in
his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow
up as calves of the stall.
Genesis 1:16
And God made two great lights; the
greater light to rule the day, and the
lesser light to rule the night: he made
the stars also.
Heliocentric case for Gen. 1:16
Geocentric case for Gen. 1:16
Joshua 10:12-13
Then spake Joshua to the LORD in the day
when the LORD delivered up the Amorites before
the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of
Israel, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou,
Moon, in the valley of Ajalon.
13 And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed,
until the people had avenged themselves upon
their enemies. Is not this written in the book of
Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of
heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole
day.
12
Isaiah 38:8
Behold, I will bring again the
shadow of the degrees, which is
gone down in the sun dial of
Ahaz, ten degrees backward. So
the sun returned ten degrees, by
which degrees it was gone down.
Psalm 19:6
His going forth is from the end of the heaven,
and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is
nothing hid from the heat thereof.
Yearly solar motion about the earth
The Geocentric Model
Tycho Brahe’s
original model
Modified
Tychonic
Model
The Norwalt
Orrery
set at the
first day of
winter.
Joshua's Long Day
Joshua 10:12-13
Then spake Joshua to the LORD in the day
when the LORD delivered up the Amorites before
the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of
Israel, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou,
Moon, in the valley of Ajalon.
13 And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed,
until the people had avenged themselves upon
their enemies. Is not this written in the book of
Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of
heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole
day.
12
Joshua’s Long Day
Hezekiah’s Sign
Isaiah 38:8
Behold, I will bring again the
shadow of the degrees, which is
gone down in the sun dial of
Ahaz, ten degrees backward. So
the sun returned ten degrees, by
which degrees it was gone down.
Hezekiah’s
Sign
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GEOCENTRICITY