Census of India 2011
&
Preparation of the National Population Register
Dr. C. Chandramouli I.A.S.
Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India
Census in India
• In 1872 the first Census was held in India.
• Since then, Census in India held uninterruptedly.
• The Census of India 2011 will be the
Census and the 7th after Independence.
15th
• Census 2011 will mark a milestone as the
National Population Register (NPR) will also be
prepared
3
Census 2011
1st Phase:
HOUSELISTING & HOUSING CENSUS
AND COLLECTION OF DATA ON
NATIONAL POPULATION REGISTER
April to September 2010
2nd Phase:
POPULATION ENUMERATION
9th to 28th February 2011
4
Calendar
Dt. of commencement
States
1st April
West Bengal, Assam, A & N Islands, Goa, Meghalaya
7th April
Kerala, Lakshadweep, Orissa, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim
15th April
Karnataka, Arunachal, Chandigarh
21st April
Gujarat, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu
26th April
Tripura, Andhra Pradesh
1st May
Haryana, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Punjab, Uttaranchal,
Maharashtra
7th May
Madhya Pradesh
15th May
J & K, Manipur, Mizoram, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh
1st June
Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Himachal Pradesh (non
synchronous), Nagaland
Not finalised
Bihar, Jharkhand
5
Census - Utility
Biggest source of data on:
 Demography
 Economic Activity
 Literacy & Education
 Housing & Household Amenities
 Urbanization
 Fertility and Mortality
 Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
 Language, Religion & Migration
6
Census - Utility
• Only source of primary data at village, town and
ward level.
• Valuable
information
for
planning
and
formulation of polices for Central & State
Governments
• Widely used by National & International
agencies,
scholars,
business
people,
industrialists, and many more.
• Delimitation/Reservation of Constituencies Parliamentary/Assembly/Panchayats and other
Local Bodies
7
NPR - Utility
Create a comprehensive identity database in the
country

Help in better targeting of the benefits and
services under the Government schemes /
programmes


Improve planning

Strengthen security of the country
8
Statutory Backing
o
The Citizenship Act, 1955 and The
Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and
Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003
o
The Census Act 1948 and Census Rules
9
How Big is the Exercise
2001
States/UTs
2011
35
35
593
640
Tehsils
5463
5767
Towns
5161
7742
593732
608786
194
240
19.82 lakhs
23.56 lakhs
1.03 Bn
1.20 Bn
Districts
Villages
Households
EBs
Population
10
How Many People will be directly involved?
Enumerators
21 lakhs
Supervisors/Master Trainers
4 lakhs
Charge Officers
17, 500
Additional Charge Officers
6, 300
Principal/District Census Officers
1, 500
UDC
1, 065
LDC
6, 905
Others
Total
664
25, 42, 934
11
How much will it Cost?
Expenditure (in Rs. Crores)
Census
NPR
Total
2, 200
3, 756
5, 956
12
How much paper?
Census
Qty of Paper
(in MTs)
NPR
7336
Total
4295 11, 631
No. of Schedules
(in Cr)
34
30
64
No. of Manuals
(in lakhs)
54
27
81
How Diverse is the Exercise
•Schedule Canvassed in 16 languages
•Instruction manual printed in 18 languages
•More than ---religions returned in 2001 Census
•More than ---mother tongues returned in 2001 Census
14
Items of Information: Houselisting and Housing Census
• Information relating to Buildings- Use, Quantity and Quality
•Amenities available to the Households
•Assets possessed by the Households
35 Columns relating to Building material, Use of Houses,
Drinking water, Availability and type of latrines, Electricity,
possession of assets will be canvassed
15
Items of Information: NPR
1 Name of person
6
Sex
11 Present address of usual
residence
2 Relationship to
Head
7
Date of Birth
12 Duration of stay at
present address
3 Father’s Name
8
Marital Status
13 Permanent Residential
Address
4 Mother’s Name
9
Place of Birth
14 Occupation / Activity
5 Spouse’s Name
10
Nationality as
Declared
15 Educational
Qualification
Above details to be collected from all Usual Residents
Photograph, Finger Print and Iris (if approved) to be collected for Usual Residents
aged 15 years and above
16
Administrative Set Up: Census
Registrar General and
Census Commissioner, India
Directors of
Census Operations, State
Principal Census Officers
District Magistrates/Collectors/
Commissioner Corporations
Charge Officers
Tehsildars/Mamlatdars
Enumerators and Supervisors
State Coordinator NPR will co-ordinate
between State & Central Government Offices
17
Administrative Set Up: NPR
Registrar General of
Citizen Registration
National
Registration Authority
State Directors of
Citizen Registration
Directorate of Census
Operations (Each State)
District Registrars of Citizen
Registration
District Magistrate of
Every Revenue district
Sub-District Registrars of
Citizen Registration
Sub District Magistrate /
Taluka Executive Magistrate
Local Registrars of
Citizen Registration
Local revenue officer
State Coordinator NPR will co-ordinate
between State & Central Government Offices
18
NPR Coastal Project

3331 villages in 9 States and 4 UTs taken
up under the project

Data entry through direct data entry
using laptops

Door to door visit by enumerator and
data entry operator

Biometric and photography targeted for
completion by 31st March 2010

Identity (smart) Cards to be given
thereafter
Process : Houselisting and NPR
Notification under the
Census /Citizenship Acts
Freezing of Administrative
Boundaries as on 31/12/2009
Appointment and Notification
Of
Census Officers
Finalising the Rural Urban Frame
20
Process : Process : Houselisting and NPR
Formation
Of
Houselisting Blocks
Writing
Of
Charge Register
Appointment
Of
Supervisors and Enumerators
Training
21
Process : Training Cascade
National Trainers ( NTs) (90)
Master Trainer Facilitators (MTFs) (725)
Master Trainer (MTs) (54, 000)
Enumerators and Supervisors (27 Lakhs)
22
Process : Houselisting
House to house canvassing
for
NPR by Enumerators (45 days)
Automatic Data Capture
Manual Processing of
unrecognised images
Scanning of Schedules
Processing of Images using
ICR technology
Finalisation of Results
National Population Register
Preparation Process
PHASE I
PHASE II
House to house canvassing
for
NPR by Enumerators (45 days)
Biometric and Photography
Visit 2
(Second Round)
Publication of the
Local Register of
Usual Residents (LRUR)
Scanning of Schedules
And
Digitizing of data
Biometric and Photography
Visit 1
(First Round)
Disposal of Objections/Claims
By Registrars
National Population Register
Preparation Process
Publication of the
Local Register of
Usual Residents (LRUR)
Disposal
of
Objections/
Claims By
Registrars
Placing the LRUR
Before the
Grama Sabha /
Ward Committee
For finalization
De-duplication
Unique Identification
Authority of India
(UIDAI)
Final LRUR with all
Usual Residents given
An Unique ID
Creation
of
National Population Register
25
Flow of Materials
Schedules
(34 Crores)
Other Materials
(6000MTs)
Charge Officer
12, 000 locations)
Supervisors
Enumerators
Dispatch of Material after HLO/NPR
Enumerator
Enumerator
Enumerator
Supervisors
Filled in
Schedules
Charge Officer
Scanning centre
27
Data Processing at 15
Locations: Census
Server
Export/Archival
Exception
Completion
Tiling
Recognition
Scanning
Prepare Batch
28
National Population Register
Image based Data Entry
Scanning station
Recognition stations
De-Duplication UIDAI
Biometric Capture
Publication
Objections
Appeals
Finalisation
ORGI Server
ID Card
NPR Centre
NPR Centre
NPR Centre
State Wide Area
Network
State Data Centre
National Grid
National Data Centre
30
Way Forward…
Universal Coverage
Accurate Content
Timely Completion
Difficult Areas
Difficult People
Special Charges: Military and Para-Military Forces
Publicity and Awareness Creation
31
‘Heroes
are ordinary men and women,
who on motivation perform extraordinary
feats
in
extraordinary
times’.
- A Tribute to the Census Officials
32
Thank you
33
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An Introduction to Census of India 2011