Languages of Asia
Part 2: South Asia
ASIAN 401
Spring 2009
Review
Name the six language families
of North/East/Southeast Asia
Name four countries in
peninsular Southeast Asia
Name two language isolates
Name three Austronesian lgs.
Name a Sino-Tibetan language
2
SOUTH ASIA
3
SOUTH ASIA
China
Tibet
Pakistan
Urdu: Indo-Aryan
family
Nepal
NE India
Sino-Tibetan Languages
India
Bangladesh
Hindi: Indo-Aryan
family
Munda lgs:
Austroasiatic
family
Bengali: IndoAryan family
Sri Lanka
Tamil: Dravidian
family
4
Languages Families
Indo-Aryan: Pakistan, India
Dravidian: S India, Sri Lanka
Sino-Tibetan: NE India, Nepal,
Bhutan, Tibet
Austroasiatic: E India
5
Sample Languages
Indo-Aryan: Hindi, Urdu,
Bengali, Marathi, Gujarati,
Punjabi
Dravidian: Tamil, Malayalam,
Kannada, Telugu
Sino-Tibetan: Bodo, Garo,
Naga
Austroasiatic: Santali
6
Indo-Aryan
Branch of larger Indo-European
family; >600 million speakers
Most of the major languages of
India and Pakistan, as well as
Nepali
Four distinct consonants p, ph, b,
bh
7
Dravidian
Major languages of S India and Sri
Lanka (not found elsewhere)
~200 million speakers
Probably were spoken in all of
India before the Indo-Aryan
speakers arrived
8
Sino-Tibetan
Numerous small “hill tribe”
languages in NE India; number of
speakers small (~ 4 mil.), but
number of lgs very large (>100?)
Also languages spoken in Nepal,
Bhutan, Tibet
Very complex verb forms
9
Austroasiatic
The Munda languages are spoken
in scattered areas of E India
Related distantly to the
Austroasiatic languages of
peninsular SE Asia
Only about 10 lgs, < 8 million
speakers. Santali has the most
speakers.
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End
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Tones in Proto-Northern-Min