Realidades 2
El Imperfecto and el pretérito
Capítulo 4B
Study guide / Worksheet / Powerpoint
To review the preterite…
To review the imperfect…
Remember the endings of the regular preterite
and the regular imperfect:
Pretérito Regular
Drop AR,
add…
Imperfecto Regular
Drop ER,
add…
Drop IR,
add…
Drop AR,
add…
Drop ER,
add…
Drop IR,
add…
yo
é
í
í
aba
ía
ía
tú
aste
iste
iste
abas
ías
ías
él
ella
Usted
ó
ió
ió
ía
ía
nosotros
nosotras
amos
imos
imos
ábamos
íamos
íamos
vosotros
vosotras
asteis
isteis
isteis
abais
íais
íais
aron
ieron
ieron
aban
ían
ían
ellos
ellas
Ustedes
aba
You have already studied the irregular preterite (see –gar, -car, -zar
verbs, page 110;ser and ir, page 140;poner, tener, estar, poder, dar,
page 142) and the irregular imperfect (ser, ver, ir, see page 196).
You know that the preterite implies completed past action, action with
a definite beginning and a definite end.
You know that the imperfect is used for repeated, continuous, habitual
action in the past, and to talk about what was happening, used to
happen and would happen, and to discuss childhood activities.
EL IMPERFECTO
The imperfect is used when expressing the following ideas in the past:
a. was (were) ___ing
b. used to ____
c. would ____
d. to describe people e. to describe places/things f. to describe situations
g. continuous action
h. date
i. time
j. age k. weather
Adverbial expressions such as: generalmente, a menudo, muchas veces, todos los
días, todos los años, los lunes, los martes, siempre, nunca, etc.
imply continuous action in the past and require the use of the imperfect.
First, let’s practice to get used to the rules with the imperfect
mentioned above.
EL IMPERFECTO
The imperfect is used when expressing the following ideas in the past:
a. was (were) ___ing
b. used to ____
c. would ____
d. to describe people e. to describe places/things f. to describe situations
g. continuous action h. date i. time j. age k. weather
Adverbial expressions such as: generalmente, a menudo, muchas veces, todos los
días, todos los años, los lunes, los martes, siempre, nunca, etc.
imply continuous action in the past and require the use of the imperfect.
A. TRADUCCIONES CON EL IMPERFECTO
Primero, traduce al español lo siquiente y segundo, escribe la letra o las letras
que indica/indican el uso del imperfecto en la frase.
modelo: __H___
J
________1.
It was October 9, 2006.
Era el nueve de octubre de dos mil seis.
–How old were you (tú)?
-I was ten years old.
-¿Cuántos años tenías tú?
-Tenía diez años.
EL IMPERFECTO
The imperfect is used when expressing the following ideas in the past:
a. was (were) ___ing
b. used to ____
c. would ____
d. to describe people e. to describe places/things f. to describe situations
g. continuous action h. date i. time j. age k. weather
Adverbial expressions such as: generalmente, a menudo, muchas veces, todos los
días, todos los años, los lunes, los martes, siempre, nunca, etc.
imply continuous action in the past and require the use of the imperfect.
B, C, G
_________2. Every day we would go (We went, We used to go) to the park.
Todos los días (Cada día) íbamos al parque.
K
_________3. –How was the weather?
-It was very cold, and it rained every day.
-¿Qué tiempo hacía?
-Hacía mucho frío y llovía todos los días (cada día).
EL IMPERFECTO
The imperfect is used when expressing the following ideas in the past:
a. was (were) ___ing
b. used to ____
c. would ____
d. to describe people e. to describe places/things f. to describe situations
g. continuous action h. date i. time j. age k. weather
Adverbial expressions such as: generalmente, a menudo, muchas veces, todos los
días, todos los años, los lunes, los martes, siempre, nunca, etc.
imply continuous action in the past and require the use of the imperfect.
A
_______________4. –What were they doing?
-They weren’t doing anything.
-¿Qué hacían?
-No hacían nada.
I
_______________5.
–What time was it?
-It was one o’clock. No, it was two o’clock.
-¿Qué hora era?
-Era la una. No, eran las dos.
EL IMPERFECTO
The imperfect is used when expressing the following ideas in the past:
a. was (were) ___ing
b. used to ____
c. would ____
d. to describe people e. to describe places/things f. to describe situations
g. continuous action h. date i. time j. age k. weather
Adverbial expressions such as: generalmente, a menudo, muchas veces, todos los
días, todos los años, los lunes, los martes, siempre, nunca, etc.
imply continuous action in the past and require the use of the imperfect.
D
_________6. He was tall and very ugly. He wore a red t-shirt and jeans.
He had long hair.
Era alto y muy feo. Llevaba una camiseta roja
y jeans. Tenía pelo largo.
E
_________7. Spain was very beautiful.
España era muy hermosa (bella, linda, bonita).
EL IMPERFECTO
The imperfect is used when expressing the following ideas in the past:
a. was (were) ___ing
b. used to ____
c. would ____
d. to describe people e. to describe places/things f. to describe situations
g. continuous action h. date i. time j. age k. weather
Adverbial expressions such as: generalmente, a menudo, muchas veces, todos los
días, todos los años, los lunes, los martes, siempre, nunca, etc.
imply continuous action in the past and require the use of the imperfect.
D, F
_________8. The students of the class were happy (contento).
Los estudiantes de la clase estaban contentos.
B,_________9.
C, G
We used to go (We would go, We went) to the gym on Saturdays.
Íbamos al gimnasio los sábados.
EL IMPERFECTO
The imperfect is used when expressing the following ideas in the past:
a. was (were) ___ing
b. used to ____
c. would ____
d. to describe people e. to describe places/things f. to describe situations
g. continuous action h. date i. time j. age k. weather
Adverbial expressions such as: generalmente, a menudo, muchas veces, todos los
días, todos los años, los lunes, los martes, siempre, nunca, etc.
imply continuous action in the past and require the use of the imperfect.
A
_________10. –What were you (Uds.) reading?
-We were reading a novel of Cervantes.
-¿Qué leían?
-Leíamos una novela de Cervantes.
EL IMPERFECTO
The imperfect is used when expressing the following ideas in the past:
a. was (were) ___ing
b. used to ____
c. would ____
d. to describe people e. to describe places/things f. to describe situations
g. continuous action h. date i. time j. age k. weather
Adverbial expressions such as: generalmente, a menudo, muchas veces, todos los
días, todos los años, los lunes, los martes, siempre, nunca, etc.
imply continuous action in the past and require the use of the imperfect.
H
_________11. It was January first, two thousand nine..
Era el primero de enero de dos mil nueve.
EL IMPERFECTO
The imperfect is used when expressing the following ideas in the past:
a. was (were) ___ing
b. used to ____
c. would ____
d. to describe people e. to describe places/things f. to describe situations
g. continuous action h. date i. time j. age k. weather
Adverbial expressions such as: generalmente, a menudo, muchas veces, todos los
días, todos los años, los lunes, los martes, siempre, nunca, etc.
imply continuous action in the past and require the use of the imperfect.
¿PREGUNTAS? > RESPUESTAS USANDO EL IMPERFECTO
Contesta en una frase completa española usando el imperfecto. ¡OJO!
Una frase incluye un verbo conjugado. En el espacio, escribe la letra que indica
el uso del imperfecto.
J
________1. ¿Cuántos años tenías cuando viste el océano por primera vez?
Tenía____años. [cuando vi el océano por
primera vez.]
EL IMPERFECTO
The imperfect is used when expressing the following ideas in the past:
a. was (were) ___ing
b. used to ____
c. would ____
d. to describe people e. to describe places/things f. to describe situations
g. continuous action h. date i. time j. age k. weather
Adverbial expressions such as: generalmente, a menudo, muchas veces, todos los
días, todos los años, los lunes, los martes, siempre, nunca, etc.
imply continuous action in the past and require the use of the imperfect.
B, D
________2. ¿Cómo eras tú de pequeño (a)?
Me portaba bien. Obedecía a mis padres.
No era travieso (a).
K
________3. ¿Qué tiempo hacía?
Hacía buen tiempo. Hacía mal tiempo. Hacía
calor. Hacía frío. Llovía. Nevaba.
EL IMPERFECTO
The imperfect is used when expressing the following ideas in the past:
a. was (were) ___ing
b. used to ____
c. would ____
d. to describe people e. to describe places/things f. to describe situations
g. continuous action h. date i. time j. age k. weather
Adverbial expressions such as: generalmente, a menudo, muchas veces, todos los
días, todos los años, los lunes, los martes, siempre, nunca, etc.
imply continuous action in the past and require the use of the imperfect.
E
________4. ¿De qué color era el coche de tu amigo (a)?
El coche de mi amigo era azul (rojo, blanco,
etc.).
A,
B,
________5. El equipo practicaba en el gimnasio, ¿sí?
C, G
Sí. El equipo practicaba en el gimnasio. or
No. El equipo no practicaba en el gimnasio.
Now, let’s practice the use of the preterite and the imperfect
together in the same sentence.
C. El pretérito vs el imperfecto
Remember what you read in the explanations of preterite and
imperfect used in the same sentence…
…to describe the situation or background information (imperfect)
when something else happened or interrupted (preterite) the
ongoing action. In these cases, the imperfect tense is used to tell
what someone was doing when something happened (preterite)
Todos mis parientes bailaban cuando llegamos.
All my relatives were dancing when we arrived.
Lo que hicimos ayer
Read the description below about something that happened
in the past. Decide whether the underlined present tense
verbs should be in the preterite or imperfect. Write the
appropriate form of the verb in the preterite or in the
imperfect in the blank. Apply the rules. Sigue el modelo.
Hacía
salí
modelo: Hace ___________sol cuando salgo ______________ .
hacía
Un día, cuando hace ________________________ buen tiempo,
decidimos
contaban
Paco y Federico cuentan
____________ chistes cuando
encontramos
Marta y yo encontramos _____________la cesta (picnic basket).
mi familia y yo decidimos ___________________ hacer un picnic.
puso
Nos reunimos
Nos reunimos _________________con los parientes en el parque.
Hay _______________________
Había mucha gente en el parque.
charlaban y los jóvenes
Los mayores charlan _____________________
jugaban cuando nosotros
juegan _______________________
llegamos. Todos
llegamos __________________
Mi madre pone ________________ las bebidas en la cesta.
se divertían
se divierten ___________________________________________
vinieron
cuando vienen ___________________ las nubes.
Empezó
corrió
Toda la gente corre _____________________________
a sus
se reía ,
coches o a sus casas. La gente ya no se ríe _______________
jugaban
los jóvenes ya no juegan _______________________________
empezaron a llorar.
y los bebés empiezan __________________________
Empieza ____________________________________ a llover.
nos despedimos
Mi familia y yo nos despedimos __________________________
terminó
y así termina _________________________ nuestro día festivo.
D. Para Escuchar
1. Pretérito y el imperfecto
When José Ignacio’s mother returned from grocery shopping, she
was shocked by some of the things her children and their friends
were doing! Listen as she later tells José Ignacio’s father what
was going on when she got home. Based on what she says, fill in
the grid below to tell how they were behaving. You will hear each
set of statements twice.
2. Pretérito y el imperfecto
Listen as parents tell their children about their childhood memories
of family celebrations and traditions. As you listen, match each
conversation to the pictures below by writing the number of the
conversation under the appropriate picture. You will hear each
conversation twice.
1
3
4
2
5
To review the preterite…
To review the imperfect…
Descargar

File - Bienvenidos a las clases de la Sra. Mardos