Chapters 1-13 AP Test Review
Questions
The Cultural Landscape:
An Introduction to Human Geography
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 1: Language
The Indo-European language family
includes the major languages of Europe
and those dominant in all the following
regions EXCEPT
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Russia
Germany
Iran
Eastern and South Australia
Central Asia
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
E
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 2: Basic Vocabulary
Which of the following is an example of a
cultural landscape?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Coastal rain forest
Cloud base below a mountain
Ancient ruins
Receding glaciers
Erosion of farmland
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 3: Chp. 4 Culture
Which of the following is the belief that
one’s own culture is the best or
better than other cultures?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Ethos
Stereotyping
Acculturation
Ethnocentrism
Pluralism
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 4: Political Geography
The European Union is an example of
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Supranationalislm
Nationalism
A fragmented state
A unitary state
Nation-state
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 5: Ethnicity
Which of the following is an example of
Balkanization?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Greece
Hungary
Kosovo
Yugoslavia
Lithuania
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 6: Population
Which of the following is a correct
statement about the demographic
transition model?
a. It predicts the population growth of Bulgaria
b. It is characterized by relatively low growth
rates at stage 1 and stage 4.
c. It divides the demographic changes of a
country into 2 stage of slow growth and high
growth.
d. It predicts growth of population over 5
stages.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 7: Development
Which of the following sectors of the
economy has grown the fastest in the
U.S. since the mid-1970s?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Service
Agriculture
Retail
Manufacturing
Military
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 8: Agriculture
India is most associated with which of the
following types of agriculture?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Truck farming
Plantation agriculture
Slash-and-burn cultivation
Rice cultivation
Dairy farming
Figure 13-1
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
E
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 9: Political Geography
Culturally defined political boundaries,
such as those determined by the
spatial patterns of religion or language,
are called?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Consequent
Geometric
Relic
Natural
antecedent
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 10: Migration
The first wave of immigrants to the U.S.
during the 19th century came from
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Asia and Latin America
Italy, Russian, and Poland
England, Ireland, and Germany
Sweden, Norway, and Slovakia
Africa and Oceania
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 11: Agriculture
What is industrial agriculture?
a. Slash and burn cultivation
b. Organic farming
c. Transhumance
d. Shift from the family farm to current
stage of commercial agriculture
(fertilizers, irrigation, GMOs, Green R.)
e. Truck farming
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 12: Language
What is a lingua franca?
a. Any language used as a common means of
communication, esp. in trade or business
transactions, in an area where several different
languages are spoken
b. A system of communication through the use of
speech, a collection of sounds understood by a
group of people to have the same meaning.
c. The language adopted for use by the government
for the conduct of business and publication of
documents
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 13: Language
Which are two reasons for the current
rate of diffusion of English as a lingua
franca?
a. GIS overlays comparing various
languages and GPS navigation
b. Global communications and tourism
c. Political alliances and supranationalism
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 14: Services
All of the following were crucial to the
emergence of the first cities EXCEPT
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
An agricultural surplus
A stratified social system
Labor specialization
A system for food storage and distribution
Separation of the ruling system and the
religious system
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
E
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 15: Urban Patterns
Which of the following is true of an edge
city?
a. It is located on the edge of a lake, river, or
other physical feature
b. It is close to foreclosure.
c. It is an outlet for a region’s trade.
d. It is increasingly used for heavy industry.
e. It has a large amount of recently developed
retail and office space.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
E
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 16: Agriculture
What is an integrated commodity chain?
a. Products (grain feed, meat, vegetable, dairy,
etc.) that are interconnected.
b. Products that are the result of the Green
Revolution.
c. Products produced and approved by the
certified U.S. organic farming label.
d. Products which are approved by dietary and
religious considerations.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 17: Industry
What is the new industrial division of
labor?
a. Turning over much of the production to
independent suppliers.
b. Selective transfer of some jobs to LDCs.
c. Where a company controls all phases of a
highly complex production process.
d. Turning over problems to a team to figure
out themselves how to perform a task.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
18. What Urban Model is this? a.
Multinuclei b. Latin American c. Peripheral d. Concentric
Figure 13-4
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D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
19. What urban model is this? a.
mutlinuclei b. concentric c. sector d. Latin American e.
peripheral
Figure 13-5
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C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
20. What urban model?
a. Mutli-nuclei b.
Concentric c. Peripheral d. Sector e. Latin American
Figure 13-6
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 21: Agriculture
What is shifting cultivation?
a. Farming methods that preserve long-term
productivity of land and minimize pollution.
b. Slash-and-burn cultivation – clear fields by
slashing vegetation and then burning debris.
c. A large farm in tropical and subtropical
climates that specializes in 1 or 2 crops for
sale in an LDC but owned by an MDC.
d. A flooded field for growing rice.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 22: Industry
What is an agglomeration?
a. Adoption by companies of flexible work
rules.
b. Firms with related or similar products locate
together in clusters or regions.
c. A decision by corporations to turn over much
of the responsibility for production to
independent suppliers.
d. Transfer of some types of jobs from MDCs
to LDCs.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 23: Urban Patterns
The following are criticisms of the 3
urban models EXCEPT
a.
b.
c.
d.
Models may be too simple
Models may be outdated (1918-1945)
Models studied together are of no use.
None of the models completely explains
why different types of people live in
distinctive parts of the city
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 24: Industry
What is a bulk-reducing industry?
a. Manufacturing based in homes rather
than in a factory.
b. An industry for which labor costs
comprise a higher percentage of total
expenses.
c. An industry in which the final product
weighs more or comprises a great volume
than the inputs.
d. None of the above
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D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
25. What urban city pattern is shown
below? a. sector b. Latin American c. peripheral
d. segment e. concentric
Figure 13-10
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 26: Political Geography
What is a nation-state?
a. State that contains more than one ethnicity.
b. State that contains two or more ethnic
groups with traditions of self-determination.
c. State whose territory corresponds to that
occupied by a particular ethnicity.
d. A culture group that is not included or
allowed to share in the state political
process.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 27: Development
The HDI or Human Development Index
contains these factors EXCEPT
a.
b.
c.
d.
One economic factor
Two social factors
One demographic factor
One political factor
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 28: Urban Patterns
The following are positives of the urban city
models EXCEPT
a. If they are combined rather than
independent, they help geographers
b. Helps geographers explain where urban
sprawl is most likely.
c. Models say: most people prefer to live
near others who have similar
characteristics
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 29: Development
The following countries are examples of
Andorra, Bahrain, Grenada, Monaco
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Confederations
Micro-states
Judicial unions
Free-trade unions
Exclusive economic zones
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 30: Urban Patterns
All of the following statements support the
situation of European cities EXCEPT
a. Poor are in suburbs
b. Often there is a ban on vehicles in the
historical sections of CBDs
c. Vertical geography allowed in the CBD
d. Wealthy located in sector extending from
the center
e. Lack of services plague the suburbs
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 31: Political Geography
Which of the following is not an European
example of Supranationalism?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
United Nations
North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement
International Monetary Association
World Bank
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 32: Development
Fisheries, mining, and timber are types of
economic production that are part of the
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Primary sector
Secondary sector
Tertiary sector
Quartenary sector
Quinary sector
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 33: Political Geography
Cohen’s Shatterbelt Theory predicted that
armed conflicts after 1950 would likely
occur in areas of
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Former Communists countries of Russia
Middle East or Inner/Outer Fertile Crescent
Northern Hemisphere
South Asia
Southeast Asia
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 34: Basic Concepts
The theory of environmental determinism
generalizes a region’s culture as being
shaped by
a. The combined influences of physical
geography of the region
b. Access to waterways for transport
c. The population’s choice of staple food crop
d. The dominant religion of the region
e. People’s ability to live sustainably
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A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 35: Religion
All of the following are branches or
denominations of Islam EXCEPT
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Shia
Sunni
Sufism
Quranism
Hinduism
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
E
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 36: Urban Patterns
European colonial policies left a heavy
mark on the development of cities in
LDCs EXCEPT
a. A mall for the wealthy to stroll upon
b. Colonial cities
c. Public housing
d. Spine extending to the mall as a wealthy
sector
e. After Independence cities
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C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 37: Religion
Jerusalem is considered a holy place by
all of the following religions EXCEPT
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Catholicism
Protestantism
Islam
Hinduism
Judaism
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 38: Industry
Secondary industries such as fish canneries
and lumber mills where manufacturing is
dependent on a single natural resource tend
to be located
a. Dispersed near consumer retail locations in a
decentralized pattern
b. Centralized close to natural resource locations
c. Centrally within consumer market regions
d. Dispersed near wholesale distribution centers
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B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 39: Population
The relationship between Malthus’s theory of
population & the Green Revolution is best
historically characterized by the following
a. Green Rev. agricultural technologies have increased
food production, extending global carrying capacity &
decreasing the overpopulation predicted by Malthus.
b. Green Rev. theorists ideologically rejected Malthus
and were not accepted until the late 20th century by
Neo-Malthusians.
c. Malthus predicted the Green Rev. & his inventions
would allow for larger global population.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 40: Political Geography
Which of the following countries is the
best example of a current theocracy?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
China
Greece
Great Britain
Iran
Turkey
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 41: Development
Which level of development is a First
world country?
A. High level development – MDCs with some
upcoming LDCs in Stage 3 at brink of Stage 4.
B. Communist countries with hard-line states (Cuba
and North Korea)
C. Countries with mainly agricultural and resourcebased economies.
D. States that are in crisis (Afghanistan, Syria)
E. States that lack a functioning economy (Somalia)
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 42: From the 2 population
pyramids below, what can we deduce about
these countries?
A
B
a. Country A is slow-growing and country B is growing
quickly
b. Country A is likely is in the Third World and B in the First
c. Country A has a low percentage of dependent population
and Country B has almost no dependents
d. Country A is a shrinking population and Country B has
stable population growth.
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B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 43: Urban Patterns
• 1st ring - religious core
• 2nd – businesses
• 3rd – food products, blacksmiths, basket makers,
potters
• 4th – Jews, Christians, foreigners
• (Islamic or Aztec religion in power)
The following points above describe what
kind of Latin American city? a. Colonial
b. pre-Colonial c. Concentric d. After Independence
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B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 44: Population + Migration
The long-term demographic effect of the
One-Child Policy in China has been
a. Large-scale out-migration of Chinese to
foreign countries
b. Reduction of the totally fertility rate below
the replacement rate
c. Mass rural to urban migration
d. Smaller total population of China
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B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 45: Countries that would fall
into Stage 2, are characterized as:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Service based
Heavy industrial
Agricultural
High technology
Post-industrial
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 46: The point where
population growth would at its highest rate
be?
a. The beginning of
Stage 1
b. The end of Stage 3
c. The line between
Stage 1 and Stage
2
d. The line between
Stage 2 and 3
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B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 47: Which stage did the
Agricultural Revolution begin?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Stage 1
Stage 2
Stage 3
Stage 4
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A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 48: What stage of the
demographic transition had the highest
immigration from Europe to USA?
a. Between Stage 3
and 4
b. Between Stage 2
and 3
c. Between Stage 1
and 2
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B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 49: Which stage did the
Industrial Revolution begin?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Stage 1
Stage 2
Stage 3
Stage 4
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B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 50: During which stage did
immigration from Africa to Europe occur in
the 1960s?
a. Stage 2
b. Stage 3
c. Stage 4
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B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 51: Agriculture
What is extensive land use in agriculture?
a. Large amounts of labor, capital, fertilizers,
high agro-chemicals, and large quantities of
land are needed resulting in a higher yield
(Green Revolution).
b. Uses small amounts of labor, capital,
fertilizers, and smaller land area resulting in
a lesser yield (organic).
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 52: This population pyramid best
represents a/an ____?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Military base
Edge city
College town
Retirement town
Stage 3 country
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 53: This picture best represents
which type of Latin American city?
a. Pre-colonial city
b. After
independence
c. Colonial city
d. Squatter
settlement
e. Ziggurat
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 54: Agriculture
The staple crop of the Andean culture
hearth of the Inca people was
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
maize (corn)
Potatoes
Yams
Manioc
Wheat
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B (Inca) – (Aztec = Corn)
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 55: Urban Patterns
•
•
•
•
Spanish: Mexico City
French: Fez, Morocco
French: Saigon, Vietnam (Ho Chi Minh)
British: Delhi, India
The cities above are examples of what
type of cities? a. Pre-Colonial b. Colonial
c. Cities after Independence
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B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 56: Industry
Which of the following is a list of newly
industrialized countries or NICs?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Brazil, Mexico, India
Kenya, Zambia, Tanzania
Russia, Ukraine, Poland
United States, Great Britain, France
Japan, South Korea, Taiwan
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 57: Religion
A global religion founded on the principle
of polytheism is
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Judaism
Zoroastrianism
Christianity
Islam
Hinduism
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
E
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 58: Population
• The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) is
a. The estimated # of children born to each
mother during a 1-year period
b. The difference between crude birth rates
and crude death rates divided by 10
c. The estimated # of children born to each
female of birthing age (15-45)
d. The total # of children each female given
birth in the previous 10-year period
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 59: Political
The political geographic concept of the
“state” is defined as
a. Population and defined area controlled by an
organized government
b. A sub-unit of a federal system such as the
US or Brazil
c. A population represented by a single culture
d. A population with a single culture and single
government
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 60: Basic Concept
The borders of American South or “Dixie”
as a culture region are
a. Defined by the locations of all NASCAR
races and country music radio stations
b. Poorly-defined fuzzy borders which overlap
other American culture regions
c. A finite political boundary which surrounds
the Civil War-era Confederate states
d. Defined by the planting range of agricultural
products like peanuts and cotton
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B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 61: Basic Concepts
The concept of “place” in human
geography can be best defined as
a. A location on the Earth’s surface with a
distinctive characteristic
b. A point formed by the intersection of two or
more transportation lines
c. A point where a natural resource is located
d. A sub-unit of a region composed of villages
or small town
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A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 62: Political
An example of a nation without a
representative state would be
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Greek
Egyptians
Panamanians
Indonesians
Kurds
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
E
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 63: Basic Concepts
What is found at the 0 degree latitude?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Prime meridian
International Date Line
Absolute location
Equator
Relative location
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 64: Basic Concepts
A functional region is defined as
a. Area based upon a perception
b. Node that focusses on a point of origin
c. Point or place on the map compared to a
known place or geographic feature
d. Measure of distance
e. Succession of groups and cultural influences
through a place’s history
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 65: Basic Concepts
A point of origin or place of innovation is
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Toponymn
Absolute location
Relative location
Hearth
Situation
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 66: What urban model is depicted
below?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Peripheral model
Latin American city
Concentric
Sector
Multiple-nuclei
Figure 13-14
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 67: Basic Concepts
Physiological density measures
a. The number of people per square unit of
arable land
b. The number of things per square unit of
distance
c. The number of people per square unit of
land actively under cultivation
d. The number of clustering purposely around
a central point
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 68: Population
In order for a country to double in size,
the natural increase rate must be divided
into what number?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
10
70
1,000
2.1
20
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 69: Population
In order to figure out the Natural Increase
Rate you must
a. Subtract the birth rate from the death rate
and divide by 100
b. Subtract the death rate from the birth rate
and divide by 20
c. Subtract the birth rate from the death rate
and divide by 10
d. Subtract the death rate from the birth rate
and divide by 10
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 70: Religion
Which religion adheres to the Five Pillars
of Faith?
a. Muslim
b. Hindu
c. Christian
d. Buddhist
e. Judaism
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 71:Urban Patterns
The picture best
depicts
a. MDC urban sprawl
b. MDC European city
c. LDC Squatter
settlement
d. MDC Megalopolis
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 72: Political
An Exclusive Economic Zone is
a. Sovereign territory which includes the area
of sea out to the 12-nautical-mile limit.
b. Total economic rights from shore out to the
200-nautical-mile-limit
c. Technically outside of the 12-mile limit
where cruise ships can open their casinos
d. Beyond the 200 mile limit, international
fishing fleets can hook or net whatever
ocean life they catch
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 73: Population
Arithmetic density is the # of people per
square unit of land. Which country has
the highest arithmetic density?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Australia
India
Nepal
United Kingdom
United States
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 74: Political Geography
What political
concept is shown
here?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Exclave
Assimilation
Gentrification
Filtering
Gerrymandering
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
E
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 75:Services
What concept is
being shown?
a. Circular rural
settlement
b. Clustered rural
linear
c. Dispersed rural
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 76: Services
Earliest urban settlements
were found in all of these
countries EXCEPT
a. Egypt
b. China
c. Italy
d. Germany
e. Greece
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 77: What cultural hearth did sheep
originate?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Africa
Fertile Crescent
South America
Southeast Asia
Russia
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 78: Ethnicity
Identity with a group of people who share
a legal attachment and personal
allegiance to a particular country is
a. Ethnicity
b. Nationalism
c. Self-determination
d. Nationality
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 79: Language
A collection of languages within a branch
that share a common origin in the
relatively recent past and display
relatively few difference in grammar and
vocabulary is
a. Language group d. Official language
b. Language family
c. Standard language
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 80: Agriculture
The picture represents
which kind of farming?
a. Slash and burn
b. Pastoral nomadism
c. Intensive subsistence
with wet rice
d. Nomadism
e. Transhumance
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 81: Religion
The picture conveys the
concept of ghettos as
found in
a. Buddhism
b. Shintoism
c. Christianity
d. Judaism
e. Islam
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 82: Population
Bangladesh as of
2012 would be
classified as in
which stage of the
Demographic
Transition Model?
a. Stage 1
b. Stage 2
c. Stage 3
d. Stage 4
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 83: Culture
The Amish began in
Switzerland and
eventually settled in
Pennsylvania which
indicates
a.
b.
c.
d.
Hierarchical diffusion
Relocation diffusion
Expansion diffusion
Contagious diffusion
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 84: Political
The shape of
Iceland is
a. Elongated
b. Compact
c. Prorupted
d. Perforated
e. Fragmented
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 85: Agriculture
The picture conveys
which farming
principle?
a. Sustainable
b. Subsistence
c. Green Revolution
d. Truck farming
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 86: Religion
Religion is spread
by what kind of
diffusion?
a. Hierarchical
b. Relocation
c. Contagious
d. Expansion
e. All of the above
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
E
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 87: Services
The diagram
illustrates
a. Population
momentum
b. S Curve
c. Bid-Rent Curve
d. Gravity Model
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 88: Population
Germany’s
population
pyramid indicates
a.
b.
c.
d.
Stage 1
Stage 2
Stage 3
Stage 4
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 89: Basic Concepts
The picture explains
a. Urban sprawl
b. Arithmetic density
c. Physiological
density
d. Relocation
diffusion
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 90: Language
Language spoken by
the largest # of
people on Earth is
a. Hindi
b. English
c. Chinese/Mandarin
d. Arabic
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 91: Early in the settling of the
Midwest, the rectangle shape land areas were
a. Purchased from
Midwest state
governments
b. Created by the
USA government
c. Created by
Territorial
governments
d. Created Bureau of
Indian Affairs
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 92: Religion
Which religion has the most adherents?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Islam
Buddhism
Christianity
Judaism
Hinduism
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
93. Absolute or Relative
Distance?
The map of D.C. with
the yellow urbanized
area is shown as an
absolute or relative
distance?
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Relative Distance
Absolute distance is linear.
Relative distance is measured as farther
away, giving the larger view of D.C. and
the surrounding area.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 94: Industry: The map of Europe
shows industrial areas. Which is not?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Mid-Rhine
Po Basin
Rhine-Ruhr Valley
Northeastern Spain
Yangtse River
Valley
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
E
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 95 : Political
A boundary lines that exist from
prehistoric times are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Antecedent
Relic
Subsequent
Superimposed
Physical
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 96: Political
Former state boundaries that still have
political or cultural meaning are:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Antecedent
Relic
Subsequent
Superimposed
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 97: Political
Cultural boundaries are
a. Boundaries between nations, ethnic
groups, or tribes
b. Natural boundaries – rivers, lakes, oceans
c. Boundaries surveyed mostly along lines of
latitude and longitude
d. Boundary lines that exist from prehistoric
times
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 98: Migration
The most important intraregional
migration trends for MDCs are
a.
b.
c.
d.
Rural to urban areas
Cities to suburbs
Suburbs to rural
East Coast to West Coast
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 99: Political
A Federal State allocates
a. Strong power to units of local government
within the country
b. Places most power in the hands of central
government officials
c. Redrawing of boundaries due to Electoral
Geography
d. Three types of voting: excess, stacked, and
wasted
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 100: Urban Patterns
Inner City Physical Issues include all
EXCEPT
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Filtering
Redlining
Eroding tax base
Urban renewal
Public housing
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 101: Population
Reasons for declining birth rates includes
all EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Improving local economic conditions
Contraception
Free clinics
Education
Epidemiologic data
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
E
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 102: Industry
Rostow’s modernization model is
concerned with which of the following
concepts?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Dependency
Structuralism
Core-periphery relations
Economic development
neocolonialism
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 103: Industry
What is a footloose industry?
a. Suppliers send parts to assembly plants on
an as-needed basis.
b. Businesses whose locations are not tied to
resources, transportation, or consumer
locations.
c. Services dependent on the relationship
between variable cost and revenue surfaces
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 104: Development
What is the largest economy in the world
currently?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
China
USA
European Union
Russian Federation
India
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 105: Development
What countries make up the Four Asian
Dragons/Tigers?
a.
b.
c.
d.
South Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, Hong
Kong
China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia
South Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, Japan
South Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong,
China
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 106: Culture
The Creole culture found in and around
the Caribbean and Golf of Mexico is
a mix of the following influences
a.
b.
c.
d.
Anglo-American and Mexican
Asian, Africa, and European
Native American, African, and European
European, Asian, and Native American
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 107:
The following pictures
portrays?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Redlining
Urban renewal
Filtering
Gentrification
Blockbusting
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 108: Urban: Which is NOT a
criticism of urban renewal?
a. Destroying the social cohesion of older
neighborhoods
b. Reducing the supply of low-cost
housing
c. “Negro Removal” during 1960s
d. USA and Europe have turned away
from urban renewal late 1970s
e. None of the above
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
E
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 109: Urban
Public housing includes all BUT
a. For low-income people who must pay 30%
of their income for rent
b. Mortgage companies manage the buildings
c. Accounts for only 1% of all USA housing
d. USA stopped funding
e. Hope VI gives families rent $ for private
housing
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 110: Religion
• Which of the following religions
originated in northern Indian and then
spread across central and SE Asia,
Indonesia, and Japan?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Hinduism
Buddhism
Islam
Taoism
e. Judaism
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 111: Basic Concept
Longitude is
a. The angular distance north or south of the
prime meridian.
b. The angular distance east or west of
Greenwich, England
c. The angular distance north or south of the
equator.
d. Useful in determining relative location.
e. Useful in describing a place’s situation.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 112: Urban: The pictures is
an example of?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Filtering
Blockbusting
Gentrification
Urban renewal
redlining
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 113: What kind of map is
displayed?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Choropleth
Isoline
Dot distribution
Symbol
Classification
Figure 13-16
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 114: Development
The following are reasons for the 2008
Recession EXCEPT
a. Housing market collapse – primarily inner
city
b. First-time buyers were given mortgages
without proper credit check
c. House prices fell, worth less than in earlier
years
d. Redlining
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 115: Foreclosures in Baltimore
are a result of what?
• a. Urbanization
• b. Urban sprawl
• c. City to suburb
migration
• d. Recession of
2008
• e. Gentrification
Figure 13-18
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 116: Religion
The religious practices of some Native
American groups combine elements from
their traditional religion and from
Christianity. This is an example of
a.
b.
c.
d.
Cultural complex
Cultural confluence
Counter culture
Diametric culture e. Cultural syncretism
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
E
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 117: Urban: Which idea is not
correct about current urban facts?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
50% in suburbs
30% in cities
Continuation of urban renewal
20% in rural
Hope VI is replacing Public Housing
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question118: Population
Approximately how long did it take for
Eurasian hunter-gatherers to reach the tip
of South America after their initial arrival
in Alaska?
a.
b.
c.
d.
500 years
2,000 years
5,000 years
20,000 years
e. 40,000 years
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 119: Urban:
Process of legally adding land area to a
city is:
a. Gentrification
b. Annexation
c. Redlining
d. Filtering
e. Blockbusting
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 120: Basic Concepts
The study of the interaction between
human cultures and natural ecosystems is
called
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Cultural ecology
Semiotics
Cognitive science
Linguistics
sociobiology
Figure 13-19
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 121: Urbanized areas in the
USA contain all BUT
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Central city
Squatter settlements
Contiguous built-up suburbs
Edge cities
Sprawl where population density
exceeds 1,000 persons
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 121: All of the following explains
what an MSA is EXCEPT
a. The area of influence of a city extends
beyond legal boundaries and suburbs.
b. U.S. State Department created MSAs as a
method of measuring the functional city area
c. MSA: 50,000, the county within which the
city is located, adjacent counties with a high
density
d. Includes Urban sprawl
e. Includes annexed areas
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C – U.S. Census Bureau
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 122: Basic Facts
The word “geography” literally means
a. The study of space
b. Earth study
c. People and nature
d. Earth writing
e. Human ground
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 122 : Services
This is a definition for? Cities that fall at
the point on a river where ocean-going
ships cannot sail farther upstream
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Gateway cities
Fall cities
Entrepots
Megalopolis
Conurbation
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 123: Basic Concepts
Syncretism means
a. Population cartogram
b. North Pole and South Pole are the
center of the map
c. When 2 or more culture traits converge
to form something new
d. Mental map
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 124: Culture
Rap culture first appeared in NYC in the
1970s. Later, it spread to large cities with
vibrant African-American populations
without being absorbed by the smaller
cities and rural areas-in-between. This
type of spatial diffusion is called
a. Relocation
b. Hierarchical
c. contagious
d. in determinant
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 125: Population
Population pyramid
a. Shows the age and sex structure of a
population
b. Cannot be used to compare two different
countries.
c. Demonstrates the demographic transition
model
d. Only accurately depicts declining
populations
e. Is most useful in illustrating social upheaval
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 126: Culture
In an address to the 1994 UN International
Conference on Population and Development,
India argued that, although population growth
has placed pressure on the world’s natural
resources, ____ by industrialized nations has
also had extreme consequences for
environmental quality.
a. Fiscal policy c. Tourism d. International aid
b. Material consumption
e. racism
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 127: Urban
The map best shows
the concept of
a. Urbanized area
b. MSA
c. Urban Sprawl
d. Megalopolis
e. Gateway city
Figure 13-20
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B – Metropolitan Statistical Area
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 128: Culture
The idea that our impressions and experiences
of the world around us are filtered through the
lens of our culture and our individual
experiences, which critiques the sort of
scientific, universalist grand theories offered by
modernists is called
a. Post-modernism
d. Reductionism
b. Ecofeminism
e. Possitivism
c. Consumptionism
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Questions 129: Population
The demographic transition model posits
a. Advanced industrialized countries will have
rapid population growth.
b. Pre-industrial states will have both low birth
and death rates.
c. Countries with high levels of economic
production will have lower birth rates
d. Undeveloped countries cannot become
developed.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 130: Ethnicity
Which of the following is NOT a potential
cause of Balkanization?
a. Ethnic divisions
b. Varying levels of economic development
within a country
c. External pressures
d. Centripetal forces
e. Strong central government
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 131: Development
Since 1960, the difference between per
capita Gross National Products of the
world’s wealthiest countries and the world’s
poorest countries has
a.
b.
c.
d.
Remained about the same
Decreased somewhat
Decreased dramatically
Increased dramatically e. Increased slightly
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 132: Which model?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Hoyt
Ford and Griffin
Harris
Ullman and Harris
Burgess
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C - Harris
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 133: Agriculture
Von Thunen’s model of rural land use is
based on which of the following
premises?
a. Land values decrease farther from the urban
center
b. Land values increase farther from the urban
center
c. Perishable goods are least valuable
d. Railroads provide fixed transportation costs
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 134: Agriculture
Which of the following regions has little
dairying in its traditional agriculture?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Eastern Europe
Western Europe
South Asia
East Asia
North America
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 135: Services
By 2020, most the world’s biggest cities
will be located in?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Western Europe
Russia
South America
Asia
Africa
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 136: Industry
Outsourced industrial production in lessdeveloped countries often relies on
female labor because
a. Men are engaged mainly in agriculture
b. Wage rates for women are much lower than
for men
c. Women are more skilled at operating
machinery than men are
d. Social taboos prevent women from working
in the service sector
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 137: Culture
The spread of specialty coffee shops
across the USA in the 1990s is an
example of
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Hierarchical diffusion
Contagious diffusion
Stimulus diffusion
Periodic movement
Relocation diffusion
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 138: Agriculture
Which of the following is a subsistence
crop?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Corn
Cotton
Rubber
Cocoa
Timber
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 139: Basic Concept
A formal region defines an area in which
a. A core dominates its surrounding hinterland
b. A transportation network links different types of land
use
c. There is a uniformity in one or more physical or
human characteristics
d. There are significant geographic variations in
physical or human characteristics
e. A unified government system has been established
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 140: Basic Concept
It is generally agreed that the current
trend in climate change is caused by
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Sea-level rise
Increased use of fossil fuels
Reduction in biodiversity
Tilt of Earth’s axis
Changes in the velocity of ocean currents
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 141: Services
Since 1960 Brazil, Kazakhstan, Myanmar,
Pakistan, and Tanzania have relocated
their capital cities. Which of the
following statements about the new
location is true for all 5 countries?
a.
b.
c.
d.
A military strategic location was chosen
An isolated location was chosen
An ethnically mixed location was chosen
A more central location was chosen
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 142: Squatter cities exist in
cities of LDCs because
a. City governments set aside vacant areas for
new migrants.
b. People want to live near the center of the
city where jobs are located.
c. Affordable housing is not available
elsewhere for new migrants to the city.
d. New migrants prefer to live in squatter
settlements with other recent migrants.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 143: Geography
The AP Region of South Asia contains all
of the following countries EXCEPT?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
India
Nepal
Pakistan
Myanmar
Bangladesh
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 144: Geography
The AP Region of SE Asia contains all
EXCEPT
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Philippines
South Korea
Indonesia
East Timor-Leste
Singapore
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 145: Geography
East Asia is comprised of these places
EXCEPT
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Japan
China
Vietnam
North Korea
Hong Kong
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 146: Geography
Southwest Asia contains all EXCEPT
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Israel
Azjerbaijan
Morocco
Egypt
Togo
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
E
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 147: Geography
Sub-Saharan Africa contains all EXCEPT
a. Botswana
b. Eritrea
c. Somalia
d. Lesotho
e. Burundi
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 148: Geography
The vernacular region of the USA called
the “rust belt” is found in the
a. Great Lakes
b. Dakotas
c. Pacific Northwest
d. Sunbelt of Southwest
e. Truck farming southeast
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 149: Industry
Environmental laws, labor availability, and
access to markets are major factors
affecting which of the following?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Political affiliation
Gross domestic product
Property tax rates
Manufacturing locations
Transportation costs
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 150: Ethnicity
Identity with a group of people that share
distinct physical and mental traits as
product of common heredity and cultural
traditions is
a.
b.
c.
d.
Nationality
Ethnicity
Race
Self-determination
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 151: Migration
In LDCs, currently, the migration trend is
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Rural to urban
Urban to suburban
Suburban to CBD
Suburban to urban sprawl
CBD to edge cities
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
A
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 152: Migration
Zelinsky’s model posits
a. 11 laws or characteristics of migrants
b. Migration follows the demographic transition
model
c. Push and pull factors affect immigration
d. Centrifugal and centripetal forces affect
migration
e. Net-in migration is a positive sign for a state
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 153: Geography
Latin America is made up of all of these
countries EXCEPT
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Guatemala
Sri Lanka
Dominican Republic
Brazil
Cuba
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
B
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 154: Language
Modern day English was formed by the
following tribes EXCEPT
a.
b.
c.
d.
Angles
Saxons
Goths
Jutes
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
C
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Question 155: Geography
Oceania contains the following countries
EXCEPT
a.
b.
c.
d.
Tasmania
New Zealand
Australia
Borneo
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
D
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Entrepot: port city in which goods are
shipped in at one price and shipped out to other
ports at a higher price – profitable trade
• Singapore
• Hong Kong
• Dubai
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Gateway Cities: places where
immigrants make their way into a country
•
•
•
•
•
•
NYC
Miami
Toronto
Vancouver, B.C.
Rotterdam
Hamburg
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Megacity: metropolitan city with more than
10 million people
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Tokyo
NYC
Mexico City
Mumbai
Sao Paulo
Delhi
Shanghai
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
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