Novice Level,
World Language Requirements
PASS Objectives:
2.1.1, 2.1.2, 2.1.3, 2.2.1, 2.2.3,
5.2.1, 5.2.4,
Lesson Plans
Un Poco de México
•Mexico (Estados Unidos
Mexicanos) is in North America
•The capitol is La Ciudad de
México or México, Distrito
Federal (D.F.)
•Languages in Mexico include:
•Spanish, Zapoteca, Mixteca,
Nahuatl, and other Mayan
dialects. (Natives)
•Money is called pesos.
Un Poco del Cinco de Mayo
Cinco de Mayo means fifth of May in English. Many people confuse it with Mexican Independence Day, which is
September 15th. The celebration of Cinco de Mayo began in California when some university students decided that
the U.S. needed more Chicano holidays. This was in 1967. Cinco de Mayo is celebrated more in the United States
than it is in Mexico. The holiday commemorates the Battle of Puebla on May 5th, 1862, where 4,500 Mexican
soldiers fought some other Mexican fighters and the French army of 6,500 men. This battle took place in Puebla,
which is about 100 miles east of Mexico City. The soldiers that won were not trained soldiers. They were made up
of regular people who believed in what they were fighting for. Even though this battle didn’t win the war, “the
‘Batalla de Puebla’ became a symbol of Mexican unity and patriotism”.
This war was actually caused by debt that Mexico got into during the war with the United States after their
independence from Spain in 1821. The U.S. was given Texas to pay part of the debt. In 1861, Benito Juarez put
some laws into effect which is actually how Mexico got into debt in the first place. They owed to the United
States, Spain, and France. Where the U.S. and Spain took care of business and left, France decided to stick around
with the hopes of building Napolean’s Empire.
The Battle of Puebla was commanded by General Ignacio Zaragosa. However, France did manage to get control of
Puebla later, but Mexican resistance and assistance from the U.S. was what made the French leave.
The Battle of Puebla is very important to the United States, because Napoleon was busy taking care of business
with the Mexicans instead of supplying the Confederate army in the U.S. during the Civil War. In the mean time,
the Union built an army that later defeated the Confederates at Gettysburg, ending the Civil War.
During the Civil War, Union forces assisted the Mexicans at the border by making sure that they got ammunition
between the border of Mexico and the U.S., as well as encouragement for Union soldiers to help the Mexican army
fight the French.
So…if the Battle of Puebla had not been won by the Mexicans, the French would have continued to aide the
Confederate army, which may have changed the outcome of the Civil War. Also, the celebration of Cinco de Mayo
helps Chicanos celebrate their culture and history in the U.S. Oh…and something else that is pretty cool…General
Zaragoza was born in Texas…but it was when Texas was still part of Mexico.
For more info:
Un Poco de Español
¿Cómo estás?
Estoy bien, gracias.
Buenos días.
Buenos tardes.
Buenas noches.
¿Qué hora es?
De nada.
¡Feliz Cumpleaños!
Tenga un buen día.
¡Hasta luego!
How are you?
I am fine, thank you.
Good morning.
Good afternoon.
Good night.
What time is it?
Thank you.
You’re welcome.
Happy Birthday!
Have a nice day.
See you later!
Un Poco de los Colores
To the tune of
Frere Jacque:
Red is rojo,
Green is verde,
Blue azul,
Negro black
Yellow amarillo
Purple is morado
Café brown,
Gray is gris.
Un Poco de los Numeros
Sing to the tune of: One
Little Two Little Three
Little Indians.
Las Meses del Año
Months of the Year
Días de la Semana
lunes (Monday)
Days of the Week
Mi día favorito es en domingo
Porque lo paso contigo.
My favorite day is Sunday
Because I pass it with you.
Español Para Principiantes
De la sierra morena
Cielito lindo
Vienen bajando
Un par de ojitos negros
Cielito lindo
De contrabando.
¡Ay! ¡Ay! ¡Ay! ¡Ay!
Canta y no llores
Porque cantando
Se alegran
Cielito lindo
Los corazones
Ese lunar que tienen
Cielito lindo
Junto a la boca
No se lo des a nadie
Cielito lindo
¡Qué a mí me boca!
Cielito Lindo
Pavarotti and Iglesias: For Cambodia and Tibet
La Raspa con la Sra. Rosa Maria
Set One:
1. First Count--Jump up in place and put your
right foot forward with toes pointing out.
2. Second Count--Jump up in place again,
putting left foot forward.
3. Third Count--Jump up in place again,
putting right foot forward.
4. Fourth Count--Stay put, don't move!
5. Repeat until chorus begins.
Set Two:
1. The pairs of children link right elbows
and skip around each other. this lasts
for eight counts.
2. Now reverse for eight counts.
3. Continue until the chorus ends and then
repeat La Raspa steps in set one.
(Lakeshore Materials, 1993)
Mexican Chocolate
2 squares unsweetened chocolate
1/2 tsp vanilla
1 tsp ground cinnamon
4 Tbsp heavy cream
2 cups milk
2 egg yolks
2 Tbsp sugar
In a saucepan, stir chocolate, vanilla,
cinnamon, and cream together over LOW!
heat, stirring constantly until chocolate
melts. Slowly add the two cups of milk, while
stirring. Mix well. Let warm over low heat -DON'T LET IT BOIL! Beat egg yolks and
sugar until foamy. Slowly pour about 1/4 of
the chocolate mixture into the egg mixture,
stirring constantly (the eggs need to heat
slowly). Pour the egg/chocolate mixture back
into the saucepan. Beat until mixture is
frothy. Can use cinnamon sticks to stir. (For
today, we will use Abuela’s Hot Chocolate)
Flour Tortillas
Vegetable Oil
Cut or tear tortillas in pieces.
Let oil heat in a skillet.
Carefully put pieces of tortilla in
oil, turning them occasionally until
they are light and crispy.
Remove the tortilla chips from oil
and place them in a bowl lined with
paper towels to drain. Sprinkle
with cinnamon and sugar.
El Ojo de Dios
2 popsicle sticks
Yarn (three colors)
Glue two popsicle sticks in a cross. Let dry. Begin in the middle and wrap yarn
around each arm until a nice band of color is formed.
Snip yard and tie on the next color. Continue wrapping yarn until another band of
color is formed.
Snip the second color and tie on the third color of yarn. Proceed to wrap third
color until the band is complete, then tie off.
You may choose to make and add tassels, if you like.
The " Ojo de Dios" or God's Eye is an ancient symbol made by the Huichol Indians
of Mexico.
In Mexico, The central eye was made when a child was born. Each year, a bit of
yarn was added until the child turned five at which point the Ojo was complete.
Un Poco de la Piñata
The piñata is a fun game that is often found at parties. However, it is not just a fun game. It has a lot of
special meanings. Originally, piñatas were clay vases shaped like pineapples (pignatta in Italian is “fragile pot”,
and piña is Spanish for “pineapple”). The paper design for the piñata may have originally come from China.
Europeans had “Piñata Sunday” for the first day of Lent. In Spain, the first day of Lent became a fiesta
called “Dance of the Piñata”. They used a clay pot called la olla (la oya), which they eventually decorated.
When Spanish missionaries came to North America in the 16th c., they used piñatas to attract converts.
However, the natives already had a similar tradition using a clay pot on a pole to celebrate their war god. The
Mayans used their form of piñata as a game, in which they dangled the pot from a string. The Spanish started
adapting the tradition to teach their own beliefs. One of the meanings of the piñata is a mask of Satan, with
seven points representing the seven deadly sins (pecados). The piñata also represented fe (faith) which must
be blind (blindfold), esperanza (hope) which is when the stick, representing virtue is hit toward el cielo (the
sky or heaven) and people would await the reward of the treat. This was an example of good overcoming evil
and rewards gained through faith. The piñata also symbolized caridad (charity), because everyone was
blessed through that faith with the treats within. The beauty and treats of the piñata represent how Satan
tempts and very deceiving. The piñata is filled with candy and fruits. Colaciónes are bags filled with special
candy for children who did not get much from the breaking of the piñata. The piñata can often be found at Las
Posadas (a tradition at Christmas time) and represents the star of Bethlehem.
In the United States, piñatas
are popular for birthdays and
other special occasions.
¡Más arriba! More
¡Abajo! Lower!
¡Enfrente! In front!
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