The Hispanic/Latino Community:
Partnering to Combat Domestic
Violence
Barbara Seitz de Martinez -- Indiana Prevention Resource Center
Gloria Belange King -- Hispanic Health Project, Wishard Hospital
Kimber Nicoletti -- CARe Initiative
Denise Rodriguez -- Center of Hope, Wishard Hospital
2005 Many Voices One Vision Conference
Convention Center
Indianapolis, Indiana
August 2, 2005
The Indiana Prevention Resource Center at Indiana University is funded in
part by a contract with the Indiana Family and Social Services Administration,
Division of Mental Health and Addiction.
Organization of Presentation
-- The Community:
Background and
Statistics
-- Risk Factors:
Vulnerabilities and
Cultural
Characteristics
-- Solutions: Introducing the Latino Coalition
Against Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault
Thanks to the Center for Substance Abuse’s
Hispanic Initiative for the black and white
photos used throughout this presentation.
Part I: The Community
Background & Statistical
Indiana’s
Hispanic/Latino
Population
Latino vs. Non-L Population Growth
1990-2000 Pop ↑
Non H/L
H/L
US
32.7m
13%
58%
US Cities
4.7m
0.9m
3.8m
The United States Hispanic Leadership Institute, The Almanac of
Latino Politics 2002 & 2004 (Chicago, 2002): 1. Source 2000
Census.
IN Growth Pop ↑
1990-2000 536,326
2000-2009 323,374
2004-2009 173,513
Non H/L
H/L
7.7%
3.9%
2%
117%
U.S. Census SF3 and AGS 2004 est. (2005)
43%
20%
Indiana’s Hispanics/Latinos, 2000
Total Population:
2000: 214,536
RED=Most, Greens, Dark (More)  Light (Least)
Indiana’s Hispanics/Latinos, 2003
Percent of Total
Population: 4.1 %
Top 10 Counties, Hispanic/Latino Population (No.)
Indiana’s Hispanics/Latinos, 2004
Total Population:
2002: 236,733
2004: 255,755
AGS 2004 (2005) Count
Indiana’s Hispanics/Latinos, 2009
Total Population:
2002: 236,733
2004: 255,755
2009: 307,290
Percent
Hispanic/Latino Pop Growth 2004-9
Total Population:
2002: 236,733
2004: 255,755
2009: 307,290
Indiana Growth 20%
Indiana’s Hispanics/Latinos
Year
Hispanic/Latino
Origin
As Percent of
Population
1990
2000
2004
2009
projection
est.
98,794 214,536 255,775 307,290
3.5%
4%
4.1%
5%
U.S. Census Bureau; AGS, Core Demographics, 2000 (2001); 2004 est. (2005)
Indiana’s Hispanics/Latinos, 2003
County
Pop 2002
Pop 2003
Lake
64,262
64,029
1
Marion
36,705
41,326
2
Elkhart
18,174
21,065
3
Allen
15,359
16,692
4
St. Joe
13,826
14,937
5
Tippecanoe
8,718
9,887
6
Porter
7,867
8,229
7
Kosciusko
4,134
4,528
8
Noble
3,707
4,240
9
4,085
10
Hamilton
Total Population:
253,697
Top 10 Counties, Hispanic/Latino Population (No.)
Indiana’s Hispanics/Latinos, 2003
County
Percent 2002 Percent 2003
Lake
13.3
13.1
Elkhart
9.7
11.2
Clinton
8.0
9.2
Cass
7.7
9.2
Noble
7.8
8.9
Marshall
6.4
7.2
White
5.8
6.8
Tippecanoe
5.7
6.4
Kosciusko
5.5
6.0
St. Joe
5.2
5.6
% of Total Pop: 4.1%
Top 10 Counties, Hispanic/Latino Population (%)
IN’s Cities w/ Most Latinos, 2003
#
City
H/L
H/L
1 Indy
2 Hammond
38,073
18,640
4.9%
22.6%
3 E. Chicago
4 Ft Wayne
5 S. Bend
17,908
14,191
9,199
54.9%
6.8%
10%
6
7
8
9
7,678
6,964
6,446
5,065
17.4%
23.1%
9.1%
4.9%
3,330
9.9%
Elkhart
Goshen
Lafayette
Gary
10 Portage
AGS, Core Demographics, 2003 est. (2004)
IN Places
6.4%
IN’s Cities w/ Most Latinos, 2003
%
City
H/L
H/L
1 E. Chicago
2 Ligonier
17,907
1,896
54.9
43%
3 Cromwell
4 Whiting
5 Goshen
158
1,397
6,964
34.7
27.5%
23.1%
6 Hammond
7 Lake Station City
8 Monon
9 Plymouth
18,640
3,148
297
1,735
22.6%
22.1%
18.3%
17.4%
10 Elkhart
9,199
17.4%
AGS, Core Demographics, 2003 est. (2004)
IN Places
6.4%
Indianapolis Hispanic/Latino
Population Growth 1990-2003
• 6th highest city
(299% growth to
2000)
• from 1% to 4.1% of
population
The United States Hispanic Leadership Institute, The Almanac of Latino
Politics 2002 & 2004 (Chicago, 2002): 7.
Recent Immigration
• Est. 14.5 million foreign
born Latinos in 2000
• Up from 1.8 m in 1970
• Average immigration of
500,000 persons each year
• Over half (51%) of U.S.
foreign born population was
born in Latin America in
2000
• Up from 9% in 1960
The United States Hispanic Leadership Institute, The Almanac of Latino
Politics 2002 & 2004 (Chicago, 2002): 13.
Hispanic/Latino Diversity
•
•
•
•
•
Racial
Cultural
Religious
Linguistic
Socioeconomic
Hispanic/Latinos: Why are
there so many different terms?
• [email protected]
• Puerto Ricanos
• Borriqua
• [email protected]
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Mexicans
Mexican-Americans
[email protected]
South Americans
Hispanoparlantes
Hispanic
Central Americans
A Peek at Latin@ Culture
• [email protected] come from 20 plus countries.
• According to 2002 Census, One in
Eight people in the U.S is of Hispanic
origin.
• Spanish is the second most common
language in the United States.
• 53% Latino Youth graduate high
school.
• 77% of Latinos in the U.S. are Catholic.
A Peek into Latin@ Culture
• Personalismo
• Familismo
• Collectivismo
• Traditional Gender Roles
Barriers
The National Violence Against
Women Survey found that Latin@
women were less likely to report
rape victimization than nonLatin@ women.
Cultural Values
•Taboos around sexuality
•Gender role issues
•Importance of
family/community
Language Barriers
Women in general and
even bilingual youth may
still have preference for
first language when
dealing with sensitive
topics.
• Dialect
• Acculturation
• Attitude
• Awareness
Distrust
of the system/police
•Lack of Service/culturally
appropriate services
•Lack of sensitivity training for
police
Hispanic/Latino Characteristics
H/L
Non-H/L
Less than HS
37.9%
9.5%
Health Ins <65
66%
87%
Reg. Health C 68.5%
Provider
Age 18-24
19.6%
AGS Indiana, 2003: Core Demographic
84.1%
IN Places
6.4%
12.1%
Risk Factors (DV and SA)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Mobility (Recent Immigration and Migration)
Cultural Values and Acculturation
Distrust of the system/police
Lack of Support System
Poverty
High Risk Jobs
No Health Insurance
Depression
Language Barrier - Awareness
Educational Background - Awareness
Risk Factor: Mobility
• Statistics
– Recent Immigration
• Marion Co: 50% here 0-2 years (2000)
• Marion Co: 88% foreign born
– Migration (migrant farmers, etc.)
• Effects
– Stress, lack of support group,
Risk Factor: Isolation
• Stats
– Recent Immigration
– Mobility in general
• Effects
Stress
Lack of Support System
Difficulty knowing about and accessing
resources
Risk Factor: Poverty
• Statistics
– 56% in unskilled jobs (working poor)
– Per capita income less than for Non-H W or Afr-Am
– Rate for H/Latinos 3x higher than for non-Hisp
(e.g., 8% for Whites; 22.8% for Hispanics)
• Effects
– Stress
– Crowding (> 1/3 in “shared housing”)
– 90% rent
Risk Factor: High Risk Jobs
• Statistics
– Deaths on the job about 20% higher than for
Non-Hispanics (BLS)
• Effects
– Stress
– Health costs
– Lack of Income
Risk Factor: No Health Insurance
• Statistics
– 34% of total Hispanic/Latino population
– 29% of all Hispanic/Latino children
– 30% of all poor Hispanic/Latino children
• Effects
– Reluctance to seek medical assistance
– Poor health status, stress
Insurance Barriers to Health
• In U.S., 16% (~43 million) lack health insurance
No Health Latinos Blacks Non-Hispanic
Insurance
Whites
Total
Population
All
Children
Poor
Children
34%
22%
12%
29%
19%
11%
30%
21%
21%
Source: Census 2000.
Health Disparities
• AIDS (Men>3x, Women>5x more likely)
• Diabetes (IL, 45-54 yrs, 15.9% vs 4.6%)
• Self-rated poor health (28.9% vs 14%)
Risk Factor: Depression
• Statistics
– Depression from isolation, poverty, stress
• Effects
– General negative health impact
– Irritability, substance abuse
Risk Factor: Language Barrier
• Statistics
– Marion Co: 88% foreign born
– Marion Co: 50% 0-2 years here
– Marion Co: 1st generation residents
• Effects
– Reluctance to see health care
– Barriers to quality health care, lack of
translators
Risk Factor: Low Literacy
• Statistics
– Marion Co: 60% have less than HS education
• Effects
– Difficulty accessing resources
– Economic difficulty
Educational Barriers to Health Care
Education, Latinos
Ages 25+
Blacks
H.S.
Diploma
57%
79%
86%
88%
B.A.
Degree
11%
17%
44%
28%
Census 2000.
Asian/
Non-Lat.
Pacific Is. Whites
Barriers to Health Care
•
•
•
•
•
Insurance
Language
Status - Fear
Mobility
Economic
• Policy - Fear
• Health Care
System
• Acculturation
• Education
Impacts of DV on Children
•
•
•
•
•
•
Shame
Fear and Anxiety
Traumatic Reactions
Alliance w/ Batterer
Parentification
Aggression
•
•
•
•
•
Rage
Depression
Runaways
Delinquency
Dating Violence
O’Keefe, Maura and Shirley Lebovics, “Adolescents from Maritally
Violent Homes,” Prevention Researcher 12/1 (Feb. 2005):3-7.
Need Help?
Source: Domestic Violence Network of Greater Indianapolis,
www.dvngi.org
Need Help?
Source: National Coalition Against Domestic Violence,
www.ncadv.org
Need Help?
Source: Domestic Violence Network of Greater Indianapolis,
www.dvngi.org
Need Help?
Source: Domestic Violence Network of Greater Indianapolis,
www.dvngi.org
Statistics : DV
• Nationally: 25% of women sexually assaulted
• Marion County:
– 100,000+ at some pt in life
– 3,000 sought protective order
– 5,500 reports of domestic violence to LE
• Nationally: 3+ killed daily
• Indiana: 64 deaths by DV in 12 mos.
Source: Domestic Violence Network of Greater Indianapolis,
www.dvngi.org
Statistics : Domestic Homicide
• Nationally: 3+ killed daily
• Indiana: 64 deaths by DV in 12 mos.
Source: Domestic Violence Network of Greater Indianapolis,
www.dvngi.org
Statistics : Violence and Youth
• Nationally: 1 in 5 females in HS
• Marion Co: perhaps > 10,000, 15-24, in 1 yr.
Source: Domestic Violence Network of Greater Indianapolis,
www.dvngi.org
Introducing
LC: Homepage
LC: History
Board
Board, cont.
LC: Contact Us
Resources
Welcome to CARe
CARE – Who is CARE?
Wishard – Hispanic Health Project
Domestic Violence Network
Incasa.org
Incasa – Purpose, Mission
National Coalition Against DV
Voices of Courage
National Latino Council on ATP-LCAT
Hispanichealth.org
La AntiDroga
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