ecologic.de
Transboundary River Basin Management: Institutional and Public
Participation Aspects, Chisinau, 12 -13 May 2006
Practical Approaches to Public
Participation in River Basin
Management
Nicole Kranz
Ecologic - Institute for International and European Environmental Policy
Berlin - Brussels
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
Outline
• Experiences from international river basins
• the RhineNet approach
• a multi-level project
• Methodologies and inspiration
• the handbook on public participation
• planning for successful campaigns
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
2
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
Countries in the Rhine basin
The Netherlands
France
Germany
Switzerland
Luxembourg
Belgium
Austria
Liechtenstein
Italy
Tributaries
Main
Meuse
Moselle
Neckar
Aar
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
3
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
Stakeholders of RhineNet
RhineNet partners
• NGO, ministries, and research institutes (innovation)
• Interested to link-up their activities to reach a broader audience
• Exchange of ideas and approaches and learn from each other
Target groups
• Authorities
• Different levels
• Benefit from best practices
• Broad public
• Awareness raising for the protection of intact river systems
• Capacity-building for active participation
• Comprises many different audience
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
4
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
RhineNet Partners
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Solidarité Eau Europe (F) (initiator
and coordinator)
Naturlandstiftung Saar (D) (lead
partner)
Agglomeration Saarguemines
Confluences (F)
Federal Association of Citizens‘
Initiatives for the Environment(D)
Ecologic (D)
European Rivers Network (F)
Foundation Hëllef fir die Natur (L)
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
• Ministry for Environment and
Transport of BadenWurttemberg (D),
• Office International de l'Eau (F)
• Regiowasser e.V. (D)
• Reinwater Foundation (NL)
• Environment Agency of
Karlsruhe City (D)
• Environment Ministry of
Saarland (D)
5
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
Results
What we achieved (2003 - 2006):
• In-depth study of participation in the Rhine area
• Information events and workshops in the basin
• Development of a methodological guide for public participation at
the regional and local level
• Incorporation of the transboundary perspective into participation
at the local level: awareness raising
• Local level: consultation about the future measures to be taken
in the Rhine basin
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
6
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
Basics
Rhine Case Study
Results:
• Good basis for public participation - but not active involvement yet
• approaches need to be adapted to specfic situation
• alignment of international interests with needs on local level
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
7
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
Basics
Basic rules for public participation processes
• Open process...but not for everyone at all times...
• Transparency in all phases of implementation...
• Consideration of the different value systems of all
stakeholders
• Clear process structure with defined goals
• Conflict management
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
8
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
Rhine Case
Aktivities of NGOs: two examples
Stichting Reinwater
• long-term campaigning for the protection of the Rhine
• training for selected actor groups (e.g. farmers) and the broad
public
Waternet NRW
• Network of relevant environmental organisations with the aim
of co-ordinating activities
• Support of vonluntary activities
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
9
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
Rhine Case
Variety of methods
Information
• Internet/flyers/information events/exhibitions/guided
tours/activities
Consultation
• Regional fora
• Ministerial advisory boards
• Round tables
• Planning games
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
10
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
Rhine Case Study
Participation on different levels
River basin level: International Commission for the Protection
of the Rhine
• NGOs: Participate in ministerial meeting, but have no voting right
• Submit positions regarding measures or programmes
Regional Approaches
• fora and ministerial condultations at the regional level
Local Approaches
• RhineNet
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
11
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
Information
Information Sessions
• Development of a model concept for information sessions
• Several sessions and workshops throughout the Rhine basin
targeted at different audiences
• Development of an educational program about public
participation
• Information of the interested public on WFD implementation
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
12
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
Transboundary activities
Rhine Bathing Day 2005
 Bathing in the Rhine...after a long period of pollution celebrating the success of common efforts
 Information about water protection and the implementation of
the WFD
 in Europe: 250.000 Participants in 31 river basins
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
13
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
Transboundary activities
Rivers of images and streams of words
 Art and poetry programme for students (Age11-18)
 Exhibition on a ship on the Rhine of the Dutch
Reinwater Foundation
 Direct interaction with schools and communities along
the river
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
14
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
Examples from the Rhine Net
Exploratory Path at the Alb river
Natura 2000 Protection area
Connection of recreation an nature protection
Information and education
Dreisam River - Public Participation and Consultation
Part of local agenda
Information about Dreisam
Round Table on Measures
Result: Management Plan
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
15
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
Methodology
Strategies for participation - questions to clarify
 Why should stakeholders participate in this specific matter?
 Who should be involved, when and to what extent?
 What are the most pressing issues to be addressed?
 What type of project organisation is necessary and who will be
the owner/facilitator of the process?
 Which methods and tools will be used?
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
16
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
How to involve the public?
Planning cycle
First problem identification
I
N
I
T
I
A
T
I
O
N
Evaluation
Stakeholder analysis
Monitoring and reporting
• Development of the PP strategy
• Selection of actors to involve
Implementation
• Decision on scope
• Set-up of project organisation
• Selection of measures and tools
• Resource check
• Project design
• Reflection on progress so far
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
17
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
How to involve the public?
Phase initiale
1. Stakeholder analysis
Preliminary list of
stakeholders
Invitation of stakeholders
Describe relations/conflicts
between stakeholders
Elicit different problem
preceptions of stakeholders
Identify stakeholders’
concerns
Assess available resources
of stakeholders
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
2. Context analysis
18
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
How to involve the public?
Actor analysis
Analysis of the problem perception, interests, beliefs and the
possible contribution
Potential actor groups
Academic institutions
NGOs
Private sector
Local Agenda 21 Groups
Chefs informels
Government bodies
Cultural institutions
Local and regional
communities
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
Natural resource
management
Farmers
19
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
How to involve the public?
Situative analysis
Pre-selection of
applicable tools
Long list of tools
Selected methods
and tools
Final evaluation
Criteria: :
• effectiveness
• efficiency
• ease of use
• consideration of local knowledge
Further analysis of situation
and stakeholders
Short-listed tools
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
20
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
How to involve the public ?
Overview of methods and tools
Workshops and meetings
• vital element of PP
• need to be prepared carefully
• facilitation
• neutral convenors
Training and education
• multiplicator effect
• important for awareness raising
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
21
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
How to involve the public?
Planning at the community level
• Identification of local needs
• Identification of available internal and external resources
• Establishment of a local group of elected memebers with clear roles
and responsibilities
• Agreed local action plan
Tools for information management
• Assistance for disseminating information
• Follow-up proccesses
• Tools based on infomation technologies (GIS et DSS)
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
22
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
Lessons Learned
• Public participation is important at all levels of river basin
management
• Different languages, different administrative approaches and cycles
are a considerable barrier
• Preparation for participation: training about methodologies
• Initiatives need to be geared to meet the demands of the target
groups
• Requires that specific water culture in the basin is taken into
account
• International river basins call for the linking of relevant actors
between countries and regions
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
23
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
Transferability of our Process & Tools
Opportunities
• Strong methodological basis
• Creative approaches geared to the target audience: broad public
• Interlinked multi-level activities
• Step-by-step approach including methodological development as
well as hands-on experience
Constraints
• Long history of public involvement in the Rhine basin
• Democratic regimes and strong institutional background
• Open dialogue for a long time
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
24
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
Questions to ask....
• What is the best way to apply this strategy in the
Dniester basin?
• What are the best access points to start participatory
activities?
• What are the most severe bottle necks?
• ....
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
25
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
Thank you very much for your attention....
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
26
ecologic.de
ecologic.de
Datum
Dniester
Workshop, Chisinau, 12/13 May 2006
27
ecologic.de
Transboundary River Basin Management: Institutional and Public
Participation Aspects, Chisinau, 12 -13 May 2006
Practical Approaches to Public
Participation in River Basin
Management
Nicole Kranz
Ecologic - Institute for International and European Environmental Policy
Berlin - Brussels
Descargar

Kein Folientitel