Unit 6
Language Structures
Dialogue I
Dialogue II
Reading I
Reading II
Guided Writing
Interaction Activities
Listening Practice
Unit 6
LSP
LS
1
3
2
4
Unit 6
LS
LSP
See the following sentences and find out the
grammar rules they use:
 You’ll see John when you go to Beijing next week.
 Will you go to see him before you leave?
 I’ve been paying the piano since I was a child.
 He won’t arrive until four, and I’ll wait until he arrives.
Follow up activity
Unit 6
由when, before, since, until等引导的时间状语从句
When从句表示某时刻或一段时间
When he entered the living room, I was watching TV.
As从句表示进展的过程
As he grew older, he became more intelligent.
While从句表示一段时间
While I was in New York, I studied music.
1) You’ll see John when you go to Beijing next week.
“when” is used to introduce time adverbial, and a simple
present is used to show future action. It’s true in time
adverbial clauses which introduced by “as, after, before, as
soon as, until”
LSP
Unit 6
2) I’ve been playing the piano since I was a child.
have been doing sth.--- the present prefect progressive.
This tense emphasizes the continuousness of the action.
现在完成进行时,强调动作的持续性,表示从过去某段
时间以来开始进行的某个动作,延续到说话时,有可
能还要进行下去。有可能还要进行下去。
Tom has been missing from home for two days now, and I
am beginning to worry about his safety.
For sometime now, world leaders have been pointing out
the necessity to fight against terrorism.
Since引导的时间状语从句中用一般过去时,表示
“在…以后的一段时间里”
He has been an writer since 1979.
We were been friends since we were in primary school.
LSP
Unit 6
LSP
4) He won’t arrive until four, and I’ll wait until he arrives.
The first “until” is a preposition, and the second one is
conjunction used to introduce time adverbial clause.第一
个until是介词,第二个是连词,引导时间状语从句。
肯定句中可翻译为“直到…为止”,否定句则为
“直到…才”.
We dance and sing until dawn.
It was not until yesterday did I realize my fault.
Unit 6
LS
Follow up activity
Practice: multiple choice
1. Linda was just going out shopping _______ the telephone
rang.
A. while
B. when C. after
D. because
2. You should make a good plan _______ you do anything
important.
A. before
B. after
C. though
D. until
3. I won’t believe that little Bob can run 100 metres in 15
seconds _______ I see it with my own eyes.
A. until
B. after
C. when
D. if
LSP
Unit 6
1
LSP I
LSP
Adverbial Clause introduced by “When”
Practice following conversations:
a. Future
A: You’ll see John when you go to Beijing next week, won’t you?
B: (Yes, I will.)
A: Will you please give him the parcel when you see him?
B: (Certainly.)
b. Past
A: You saw John when you went to Beijing last month, didn’t
you?
B: (Yes, I did.)
A: Did you give him the parcel when you saw him?
B: (Yes, of course.)
Unit 6
2
LSP II Adverbial Clause introduced by “before”
Practice following conversations:
a. Future
A: When will you go to Chongqing?
B: (Next Monday.)
A: Will you go to see him before you leave?
B: (I certainly will.)
b. Past
A: (When did you go to Chongqing?)
B: Last month.
A: (Did you go to see him before you left?)
B: I certainly did.
LSP
Unit 6
Background knowledge:
LSP
1. 莫里哀(1622-73)是法国古典主义喜剧的创始人,是欧洲戏剧史上继莎
士比亚之后的又一个戏剧大师。 莫里哀出生于宫廷陈设商家庭,从小
喜欢戏剧。1645年,他在巴黎组织“盛名剧团”,演出流行悲剧失败后,
决定到外省巡回演出,从此有机会深入社会,接触民间戏剧,磨砺技巧。
此间,他创作了一些民间闹剧,并改编了一些意大利喜剧。1658年,剧
团回到巴黎,在卢佛宫演出滑稽剧《风流医生》,得到路易十四赏识,
从此立足巴黎。《可笑的女才子》、《丈夫学堂》和《妇人学堂》等都
创作于这一时期。作品以家庭生活为题材,涉及爱情、婚姻、教育等问
题,矛头指向传统封建道德。
1664年至1669年是莫里哀创作喜剧的全盛时期。主要作品有:《达
尔杜夫》、《堂·璜》、《恨世者》、《身不由己的医生》、《悭吝人》
和《乔治·唐丹》等。这些作品或揭露宗教伪善,或讽刺贵族荒唐和庸俗,
或嘲笑资产阶级吝啬和虚荣,
晚年,莫里哀对现实的批判与王权有
抵触,不再得到路易十四赏识。这时期写有《醉心贵族的小市民》、
《史嘉本的诡计》(1671)、《女才子》和《心病者》。《史嘉本的诡
计》是莫里哀这一时期的代表作。作品塑造了仆人史嘉本的形象,赞扬
他在帮助青年主人反对家长专制斗争中所显示的机智、勇敢、聪明和乐
观,表达了作者反对封建等级观念的民主思想。
Unit 6
Background knowledge:
LSP
Unit 6
Language points for LSP II:
2. consult to ask for information or advice from someone
because it is their job to know something
e.g. If symptoms persist, consult a doctor without delay.
consult somebody about something
e.g. An increasing number of people are consulting their
accountants about the tax laws.
consult with
e.g. I need to consult with my lawyer.
3. rehearsal a time when all the people in a play, concert
etc practise before a public performance.
rehearsal for/of
a rehearsal for 'Romeo and Juliet'
in rehearsal
The dialogue was worked out by actors in rehearsal.
LSP
Unit 6
3
LSP III Adverbial Clause introduced by “since”
Practice following conversations:
A: How long have you been playing the piano?
B: (I’ve been playing the piano) since I was a child.
A: How long is it since you play the piano?
B: It’s ten years (since I began to play the piano).
LSP
Unit 6
Language points for LSP III:
1. carpentry the skill or work of a carpenter
LSP
Unit 6
4
LSP IV Adverbial Clause introduced by “until”
Practice following conversations:
A: (He’ll arrive at three, won’t he?)
B: No. He won’t arrive until four.
A: (How much longer will you wait at the station?)
B: I’ll wait until he arrives.
LSP
Unit 6
Dialogue I
DI
An Interview with an Amateur Actress
Working in pairs, discuss the following questions:
 What is an interview?
 What questions are usually asked in an interview?
 Is Lu Ying an experienced amateur actress? Why do
you think so?
 Why is an experienced actor/actress sometimes
overcome by stage fright?
 When a reporter is interviewing someone, how does
he/she begin and end?
Unit 6
Dialogue I
DI
An Interview with an Amateur Actress
Listening to the recording and answer the questions on
specific details of this dialogue
 What is the interview about?
 Who are the two speakers?
 Can you repeat some of the questions being asked?
 How to ask and answer questions in interview?
Unit 6
Dialogue I
DI
An Interview with an Amateur Actress
Conversational strategies
a. Congratulations
b. Self-introduction
c. Compliments
d. Asking for permission in a polite way
e. Asking if somebody is interested in something
f. Asking about feelings
g. Taking up a point
h. Asking for ideas about future
Unit 6
a. Congratulations
Congratulations, Miss Liu.
Congratulations on winning the football game.
Many, many congratulations on your graduation.
(Informal):
It was great to hear about your recent promotion.
Well done, Philips!
(Formal):
Allow me to offer my heartiest congratulations.
I’d like to be the first to congratulate you.
LSP
Unit 6
b. self-introduction
I’m a reporter from Pujiang Weekly of the university.
Excuse me. I don’t believe we’ve met. I’m Alice of Class
(Informal):
Hello. John Smith of ABC Company.
Hello. I’m Morris Keats from XX news agency.
(Formal):
How do you do? My name’s Steven Smith.
Allow me to introduce myself: Jenny Heywood, an
engineer from Xerox.
First let me introduce myself: David Emory, director of
the English Department.
LSP
Unit 6
c. compliments
You really made a hit at the English Evening
yesterday. The whole college of foreign languages was
impressed and everyone was talking about your acting.
How lucky you are.
I must say the soup is really very good.
(Informal):
I love your coat.
you really did a good job.
(Formal):
I really must express my admiration for your
competence.
I think you deserve the highest praise.
LSP
Unit 6
LSP
d. asking for permission in a polite way
I hope you won’t mind me asking you a few
questions about you stage life.
I hope you don’t mind, but wouldn’t it be
possible for me to type a letter here?
Is there any objection if we go back to the
previous subject?
Unit 6
e. asking if somebody is interested in something
When did you start to develop an interest in
acting.
Are you interested in detective stories?
Is music your chief interest?
(Informal):
Are you a film fan?
Are you keen on photography at all?
LSP
Unit 6
LSP
f. asking about feelings
When you stood on the stage for the first time in
your life, how do you feel?
(Adjectives expressing feelings: nervous,
frightful, alarmed, annoyed, calm, puzzled,
confused, sad, etc.)
How do you feel when you came to Zhongshan
for the first time?
Unit 6
LSP
g. taking up a point
But there’s no reason to believe that you
suffered from any degree of stage fright
yesterday.
It’s interesting you should say so, because I’m
looking forward to the summer holiday there.
To go back to what you were saying about
inflation, I’m not surprised at the way prices has
risen.
Unit 6
h. asking for ideas about future
How do you view the prospects of your amateur
acting career when you graduate from the
university?
Do you plan to apply for the position?
Do you mean to postpone the appointment?
(Informal):
Are you thinking of meeting friends?
(Formal):
Do you have any intention of learning German
language?
LSP
Unit 6
Dialogue I
DI
An Interview with an Amateur Actress
Read the dialogue loudly in pairs and find
out useful expressions in the text.
Unit 6
Dialogue I
DI
An Interview with an Amateur Actress
Language points
1. You really made a hit at the English Evening yesterday.
make a hit---(performance) achieve success; become popular;
(inform) make a favorable impression on sb.
e.g. You’ve made quite a hit with Bill.
The new album of Jay made a hit immediately after its release.
Unit 6
Dialogue I
DI
An Interview with an Amateur Actress
Language points
2. The Editorial Board of the Pujiang Weekly is interested in how you
manage to do so well both as a performing artist and as a foreign
language student.
The Editorial Board
board 委员会,理事会,董事会
e.g. The board of directors unanimously agreed to appoint him as our
agent.
Unit 6
Dialogue I
DI
An Interview with an Amateur Actress
Language points
3. I hope you won’t mind me asking you a few questions about
mind doing sth.: It is often used in interrogative, negative and
conditional sentence. The answer for this is “No, not at all.” or “Yes, I
do mind.”
e.g. Would you mind changing seat with me?
Unit 6
Dialogue I
DI
An Interview with an Amateur Actress
Language points
4. I don’t think I did as well as I had expected.
as well as : used when you are comparing two people, things,
situations etc
e.g. Some of the doctors are paid almost twice as much as the
nurses.
We work as hard as any other team in England.
as well as: in the same manner that… It is used to introduce an
adverbial clause of function
e.g. She is a talented musician as well as being a photographer.
She grows flowers as well as vegetables.
Unit 6
Dialogue I
DI
An Interview with an Amateur Actress
Language points
5. Seem
1) to appear to exist or be true, or to have a particular quality
e.g. Ann didn't seem very sure.
It seems a foolish decision now.
seem to do sth. e.g. The rainbow seemed to end on the hillside.
seem important / right / strange etc to somebody
e.g. Doesn't that seem strange to you?
it seems to somebody (that)
e.g. It seems to me you don't have much choice.
Unit 6
Dialogue I
DI
An Interview with an Amateur Actress
Language points
it seems (that)
e.g. It seemed that Freeman had killed the man, and dumped the
body in the lake.
it seems likely / unlikely / reasonable / clear (that)
e.g. It seems likely that he will miss Ireland’s next match.
seem as if / as though / like
e.g. It seemed as if the end of the world had come.
It seems like you're catching a cold, Taylor.
Unit 6
Dialogue I
DI
An Interview with an Amateur Actress
Language points
6. long [intransitive] to want something very much, especially when it
seems unlikely to happen soon
long to do something
e.g. He longed to see her again.
long for
e.g. She longed for the chance to speak to him in private.
long for somebody to do something
e.g. She longed for him to return.
Unit 6
Dialogue I
DI
An Interview with an Amateur Actress
Language points
7. As soon as I entered primary school, I volunteered on every
occasion to play a role in children’s play.
volunteer v. give or offer (one’s help, suggestion, etc.) willingly or
without being paid
e.g. She volunteered (her services) for relief work.
n. person who offers to do sth. without being compelled or paid
e.g. volunteers to run the Christmas show
occasion n. opportunity
on one occasion 曾经,有一个时候
take occasion to 抓住…的好时机
play a role: play the role of 在(剧中)扮演角色, play an
important role in
Unit 6
Dialogue I
DI
An Interview with an Amateur Actress
Language points
8. But as far as I can remember, I didn’t seem to experience what is
called “stage fright”.
as far as: ①to the extent that
e.g. As far as I can see, that’s highly impossible.
②the same distance as
e.g. We didn’t go as far as the others.
stage fright: nervousness felt by someone who is going to perform in
front of a lot of people
e.g. Den suffered terribly from stage fright .
an attack of stage fright
Unit 6
Dialogue I
DI
An Interview with an Amateur Actress
Language points
9. round of applause: when people clap for a short time to show that
they enjoyed something or approve of something
e.g. She got a big round of applause .
The passengers gave the pilot a round of applause.
10. proficiency : a good standard of ability and skill
proficiency in/with/at
e.g. a high level of proficiency in English
Nick's proficiency with computers is well-known.
Unit 6
Dialogue I
DI
An Interview with an Amateur Actress
Language points
11. pursue: to continue doing an activity or trying to achieve
something over a long period of time
e.g. She plans to pursue a career in politics.
Students should pursue their own interests , as well as do their
school work.
pursue a goal / aim / objective etc
e.g. companies that pursue the traditional goal of profits
a campaign promise to pursue policies that will help the poor
pursuit n.
Unit 6
Dialogue I
DI
An Interview with an Amateur Actress
Language points
12. at whatever cost: (=no matter how much work, money, risk etc is
needed)
e.g. He's determined to win, whatever the cost.
We must avoid a scandal at all costs (=whatever happens) .
A car dealer let him buy the car at cost (=without making a profit) .
Residents can use the gym at no extra cost (=for free) .
The new building's going up at a cost of $82 million.
Unit 6
Dialogue I
DI
An Interview with an Amateur Actress
Retell
Write down a short passage to generalize the
dialogue. Use no more than 150 words. And
then retell the dialogue based on what you
have written.
Unit 6
Dialogue I
DI
An Interview with an Amateur Actress
Role Play: Interviewing the Winner of the 100meter dash
Roles:
the winner; the introducer; two journalists
Situation:
A dialogue on a press conference after the
100-meter dash.
Use sentences in Page 64, and make full
use of your imagination and creativity.
Unit 6
Dialogue II
D II
Asking for and Giving Information
Listen to the Dialogue
1. How to ask questions politely / How to reply
2. More informal questions about origin and duration
3. How to ask for a question or statement to be
repeated
Practice conversations in Page 66.
Unit 6
Reading I
RI
Stamps and Postage Stamps
Considering and answering following questions
1) What is a stamp? Can you give a definition to it?
2) How many types of stamps do you know?
3) What is the main function of the stamps?
Unit 6
RI
Unit 6
Reading I
RI
Stamps and Postage Stamps
Go over the text in 5 minutes and answer the questions
on specific details of this text
 1) What is a stamp? What is it used for? Can you name some
kinds of stamps in the world?
 2) Do you know which country was the first to use stamps?
 3) Do you collect stamps? If yes, how did you develop an interest
in it?
 6) Which kind of stamps is the most familiar to people
everywhere? What is it function?
 7) Who were called the father of the postage stamp? Why were
they so called?
 8) When and where did the first postage stamps appear?
Unit 6
Reading I
RI
Stamps and Postage Stamps
Language points
1. A stamp is a small piece of paper, printed with an official emblem,
design, or monarch’s head relating to the country of issue.
relating to: to connect with sb. /sth. Here it is a present participle
phrase used as attributive to modify the noun “head”
e.g. Wealth is seldom related to happiness.
Unit 6
Reading I
RI
Stamps and Postage Stamps
Language points
1. A stamp is a small piece of paper, printed with an official emblem,
design, or monarch’s head relating to the country of issue.
issue: n. the act of circulating, distributing, or publishing by an office
or official group
e.g. Economic issues should get more attention.
e.g. Unemployment is not the issue - the real problem is the decline
in public morality.
the January issue of Newsweek
the current/latest issue
e.g. Have you seen the latest issue?
Unit 6
Reading I
RI
Stamps and Postage Stamps
Language points
2. Revenue stamps are affixed to deeds and other documents as
proof that the government tax or fee has been paid.
revenue stamp: a stamp affixed to an item as proof that a government
tax has been paid.
revenue officer 税务员,
revenue tax
财政税,
annual revenue 全年收入额, internal revenue 国内税收
deed n. a证书加封盖印的文件,尤指与地产有关的契约,合同
或转让证书
mortgage deed 抵押契据; title deed(法律用于)地契、土地证;
to transfer by means of deed立契转让
Unit 6
Reading I
RI
Stamps and Postage Stamps
Language points
3. Some states raise money by imposing taxes on liquor, cigarettes,
and other luxuries and require that tax stamps be placed on the
packages.
raise: to gather together; collect
e.g. raise money to help poor neighbor
Unit 6
Reading I
RI
Stamps and Postage Stamps
Language points
impose on/upon:
①to establish or apply as compulsory; levy 课税,加税,征收强
制地建设或运用。
e.g. New duties were imposed on import goods.
②place (sth. unwelcome or unpleasant) on sb/sth 强加
e.g. She imposed her idea on the group.
③ win a favor from sb, esp by using undue pressure 赢得欢心,占
某人便宜。
e.g. I hope it’s not imposing on your hospitality, but could I stay to
dinner?
我可以在你这里吃饭吗?不过希望不要使你太为难(觉得
我不知趣)
Unit 6
RI
Reading I
Stamps and Postage Stamps
Language points
require that tax stamps be placed on the packages= require the tax
stamps should be placed…
It’s a way of using subjunctive mood. The verbs can be used
in this structure are: command, demand, insist, propose, prefer, urge,
suggest, advise, decide, ask, etc. which have the meaning of asking
or suggesting.
e.g. I suggest we open a company.
Unit 6
Reading I
RI
Stamps and Postage Stamps
Language points
1. His mother insisted that he _____ the coat when going out.
A.put on
B.puts on
C.to put
D.putting on
2. The general's command is that the soldiers _____ their fort and
carry out more important tasks.(2002.6)
A.would leave
B.leave
C.left
D.have left
3. It‘s urgent that a meeting _____ before the final decision is made.
A.will be arranged
B.must be arranged
C.be arranged
D.would be arranged
4. It's vital that enough money _____ collected to get the project
started.
A.is
B.be
C.must be
D.can be
Unit 6
Reading I
RI
Stamps and Postage Stamps
Language points
4. Adhesive postage stamps afford such a simple and effective
means of collecting fees for the transmission of postal matter that it
is hard to believe that they are of relatively recent invention.
such… that… so… that …
such + noun + that: You are such a smart boy that nobody will cheat
you.
So + adjective + that: It’s so cold that I put on my coat.
Unit 6
Reading I
RI
Stamps and Postage Stamps
Language points
5) Issued by Great Britain, these first stamps were the penny black
and the two pence blue stamp, each bearing the likeness of the
young Queen Victoria.
“each bearing the likeness of the young Queen Victoria” is the
absolute construction 独立主格结构是由名词或代词加上分词或分词
短语构成的一种独立结构,用于修饰整个句子,而不是修饰一个词
或词组。独立主格结构在句中一般作状语
e.g. Night enshrouding the earth, nobody could make out what the dark
mass was from a distance. 黑夜笼罩大地,谁也看不清远处黑压压的一
片是什么东西。
He lay at full length upon his stomach, his head resting upon his left
forearm. 他的脊背朝天,四肢伸展,头枕着左臂,直挺挺地趴伏着。
Unit 6
Reading I
RI
Stamps and Postage Stamps
1.v+ing 形式
e.g. She stood there, tears streaming down her cheeks.
2. v+ed形式
e.g. All the work finished, we left.
3. be+ing形式
e.g. It being Sunday, we didn‘t go to school.
He has two sons, one being a soldier and the other being a
doctor.
4. 省略be
e.g. our teacher came into the classroom, a book in her hand.
独立主格结构有一个特点,就是它前面都可以加上with,来做状语
1. She stood there, with tears streaming down her cheeks.
2. With all the work finished, we left.
3. Our teacher came into the classroom, with a book in her hand.
Unit 6
Reading I
RI
Stamps and Postage Stamps
Language points
More examples
1. His homework done, Jim decided to go and see the play.
2. The meal over, we began to work again.
3. The last bus having gone, we had to walk home.
4. Her shirt caught on a nail, she could not move.
5. Weather permitting, the match will be played on Sunday.
6. He sat at the table, collar off, head down, and pen in position,
ready to begin the long letter.
Unit 6
RI
Reading I
Stamps and Postage Stamps
Language points
1. The murder was brought in, with his hands ___ behind his back.
A. being tied B. having tied
C. to be tied
D. tied
2. Weather___, we'll go out for a walk.
A. permitted
B. permitting
C. permits
D. for permitting
3. Ford tried dividing the labor, each worker_____ a separate task.
A. assigning
B. assigned
C. was assigned D. would be assigned
Unit 6
Reading I
RI
Stamps and Postage Stamps
Language points
4.With all factors_______ ,we think this program may excel all the
others in achieving the goal.
A. being considered
B. considering
C. considered
D. are considered
5.A new technique______, the yields as a whole increased by 20
percent.
A. to have been worked out B. having worked out
C. working out
D. having been worked out
6.Darkness________ in, the young people lingered on merrymaking.
A. set
B. setting
C. has set
D. was set
Unit 6
Reading I
RI
Stamps and Postage Stamps
Language points
6) He inaugurated the penny post, which included a uniform domestic
postal rate based on weight rather than distance covered and on
payment of postage by the sender instead of by the receiver.
uniform a. conforming to one principle, standard, or rule
e.g. The rows of houses are uniform in appearance.
Officer in full dress uniform 穿全套军装的军官
base on/upon: use sth. as evidence, grounds, etc. fro sth. else
e.g. I based my hopes on the good news we had yesterday.
Direct taxation is usually based on income.
rather than: in preference to; instead of
e.g. Rather than go straight on to university why not get some work
experience first?
I think I’ll have a cold drink rather than coffee.
Unit 6
RI
Reading I
Black stamp
Stamps and Postage Stamps
Blue stamp
Unit 6
Reading I
RI
Stamps and Postage Stamps
Stamp
Mint
Used
30 Réis
US$ 5,000 US$ 750
60 Réis
US$ 2,000 US$ 400
90 Réis
US$ 5,000 US$ 1,600
Unit 6
Reading I
RI
Stamps and Postage Stamps
Unit 6
Reading II
R II
Stamp Collecting
Read the text, answer following questions:
1) How and when did stamp collecting begin as a hobby?
2) Is stamp collecting an expensive hobby?
3) How do stamps reflect a country’s history and
customers?
4) What do you know about commemorative stamps?
5) What are the topic sentences of the first four paragraphs?
6) What is the thesis statement of the text?
Unit 6
Reading II
R II
Stamp Collecting
Try to separate the text into 3 parts.
Paras 1—2 the origin and popularity of stamp collecting
Paras 3—4 the function of stamp collection
a. an ideal family hobby
b. reflecting the nation’s history and customs
Paras 5—6 variety in stamp collecting
Unit 6
Guided Writing
GW
Telephone Message
Working in two or three, discuss the cues given below
and write a telephone message.
3 November, 2006 // Dr. Lee //
Mr. Mills / call / 9.10 a.m. //
ask / you / agree / cancel / 3 o’clock / appointment //
he / ardent stamp collector / offer / stamp / make up / set of
rare stamps / he / have //
not want / miss / chance //
he / sorry / sudden change / plan / request / another
appointment/ next week //
Marilyn
Unit 6
Interaction Activities
IA
Hobbies
Everybody has a hobby of one kind or another. What
is your hobby? Fill in the following grid with
information about your real hobby or an imaginary
one.
Unit 6
Listening
Dictation
Spelling (Workbook P. 44)
Unit 6
Dictation
Listening
Spelling (Workbook P. 5)
monarch
congratulation
postage
stamp
responsible
compliment
government
amateur
appearance
primary
school
document
applause
commercial
Unit 6
Listening
Dictation
A
Passage dictation
Unit 6
DI
Hobbies are special interests for your spare time. They are not
sports or games. They are things people do because they
want to, not because they have to. To a hotel chef, cooking is
not a hobby, but a job. But to another person, cooking might
well be a hobby if they do not really need to do it.
As your knowledge of a hobby grows, you may find that it will
help you to decide what you want to do when you grew up. A
boy who is clever at making model aircraft may well decide
that he has a future in aircraft engineering or design. Many
well-known photographers first learned their art as a hobby.
Many young people get satisfaction from collecting things.
Autographs, stamps, and coins are some of the most soughtafter collector’s items. With patience you can build up an
interesting and valuable collection.
Unit 6
Listening
Dictation
B
Passage dictation
Unit 6
Coin collecting is an ancient hobby. The value of a
coin depends partly on its condition. If it is in perfect
condition it may be worth ten times as much as a
worn or bent coin. The number of coins made in the
year of issue also affects the value. The fewer coins
there are of a particular kind, the greater their rarity
value to the collector. You can collect coins in series –
say, one of each English king or queen. Or you can
collect all the dates of a particular series. This is a
popular form of collecting in the United States.
DI
Unit 6
Some coins are not really intended to buy things. In
1965 a Churchill memorial crown was issued. Millions
of people like to keep such coins as souvenirs.
Souvenir medals are also in great demand. They are
issued from time to time to commemorate some
important historic event or anniversary.
Coin catalogues will help you to find the value of any
coin you may collect or buy.
DI
Unit 6
Listening
Listening Comprehension
1. “Time to relax” means “time for ____” .
A. refreshments
B. enjoyment C. amusement D.
√ rest
2. People spend less time working now than they used to, mostly
due to ______.
A. the increase of population
B. the improvement of living conditions
C.
√ the development of science and technology
D. the concern of the government
3. “A paid holiday” means working people _______.
A. have to pay for their holiday
B. have no pay when they are on holiday
C.
√ get usual pay when they are on holiday
D. get less pay when they are on holiday.
Unit 6
Listening Comprehension
4. The bank holidays in Britain are _____ .
A. Holidays for everybody who works in banks
B. holidays for people who own banks
C. business holidays
D. public holidays
√
5. The dates of the bank holidays in Britain are ______.
A. always the same every year
B. are different from year to year
C. are different in various parts of the country
D.
√ different both from year to year and in various parts of the
country in some cases
6. Thanks to _______ people live longer now.
A.
√ modern medicine and better living conditions
B. modern medicine and good doctors
C. good doctors and well-equipped hospitals
D. good doctors and modern medical treatment
Listening
Unit 6
Listening
Listening Comprehension
7. Among the old people, there are _____ .
A. as many men as women
B.
√ more women than men
C. more men than women
D. many more women than men
8. In Britain, married women have more leisure hours because they
have ______.
A. work with a good pay
B. a lot of time
C.
√ fewer children and more labour-saving gadgets
D. washing-machines and vacuum cleaners
9. Which of the following ideas is not suggested in the text?
A.
√ Some married women have more time for reading.
B. Some married women have interesting hobbies.
C. Some married women go out to work.
D. Some married women stay at home.
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