Immigration
Chapter 6.1
Statue of Liberty

Statue Symbols:

Torch : liberty

Crown: seven seas and seven continents

Chains: freedom from tyranny (end of slavery)

Book: July 4, 1776 Independence Day

Emma Lazarus Poem:
“Give me you tired, your poor, Your huddled
masses yearning to breathe free, The wretched
refuse of your teeming shore. Send these, the
homeless, tempest-tossed to me. I lift my lamp
beside the golden door!”
Push & Pull Factors
Push Factors (reasons to leave)
Pull Factors(reasons to come)
Economic Troubles
(poverty &
overcrowding)
Jobs
Hunger
(famine such as
Irish Potato
Famine)
Europe
Persecution
(discriminate for
being different
such as the Jews)
Plentiful
land
Travelling Steerage
Opportunity
for better
life
Coming to
America
Immigration to America
1820-1920






Germany
Ireland
Italy
Austria-Hungary
Russia
England
5,500,000
4,400,000
4,190,000
3,700,000
3,250,000
2,500,000
What countries are preferred by Americans?
What countries are not acceptable to Nativists?
How did immigration change in the
late 19th Century?

Eastern and Southern Europe
(80% of new immigrants)



Different Religions


Russians, Hungarians and Poles
Italians, Greeks and Portuguese
Most were either Catholics and Jews
Unfamiliar languages and cultural beliefs

Chinese and Japanese were the most different
Ellis Island Arrival off steamship
Family Arrives at Ellis Island
Ellis Island Inspection
Medical Inspections at Ellis Island
Slavic
Immigrant
Jewish
Immigrant
North African
Immigrant
Statue of Liberty from Ellis Island
The Golden Door – Land of Opportunity
Angel Island
Angel Island


Detention Centers
175,000 immigrants
Asian Immigrants
What was the journey like to America
on a steamship across the Atlantic?




Ocean voyage of 12 days
Traveled “steerage” – cheapest ticket
Placed on the lower decks
(inside the ship without windows)
Most entered through Ellis Island near NYC


Needed to pass health inspection
Asked a series of questions
What is the Nativist Movement?



WASP (W... Anglo-Saxon P…)
People who opposed immigration and
attempted to restrict immigrants from certain
countries
(“Know Nothing Party” and the KKK)
What is its opinion on immigration?


Against the “new” immigrants who were different
Against foreign languages, unfamiliar religions
and distinctive customs
Immigration Political Cartoon 1
Immigration Political Cartoon #2
How did these laws and agreements
restrict immigration?

Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882


Gentleman’s Agreement with Japan 1907


Prohibited Chinese workers from entering the US
for 10 years (renewed in 1892 and 1902)
Limits number of Japanese immigrants
Immigration Act of 1917

Required immigrants to pass a literacy test
Immigration Political Cartoon #3
Political Cartoon #4
th
19
Is Immigration in the
Century
good for America?

Yes





Hard workers
Economy needs
workers, economy
grows
Skilled workers
Diversity (food, music,
dress,art…)
Would you be here?

No
 Take everyone’s
jobs
 Increased crime?
 Different culture
(language, religion,
dress, lifestyle)
 Low pay for jobs
 Too many people
Is America a melting pot?
Urbanization
Brooklyn Bridge (Today and 1900)
Pell Bridge in Newport
1600ft
Galloping Gertie
(Tacoma Narrows)
Longest Bridges in the World (Today)
Rank
Bridge
Location
Feet
Completed
1
Akashi Kaikyo
Hyogo, Japan
6,529
1998
2
Izmit Bay
Marmara Sea, Turkey
5,472
UC
3
Storebaelt
Denmark
5,328
1998
4
Humber
Humberside, England
4,626
1981
5
Jiangyin
Yangtze River, China
4,543
1999
6
Tsing Ma
Hong Kong
4,518
1997
7
Verrazano-Narrows
Lower New York Bay
4,260
1964
8
Golden Gate
San Francisco Bay
4,200
1937
9
Hoga Kusten
Stockholm, Sweden
3,969
1997
Mackinac
Mackinac Straits, Mich.
3,800
1957
10
Akashi Kaikyo Bridge (Kobe, Japan)
Eads Bridge
Woolworth
Building, NYC
“cathedral to
commerce”
Tallest Buildings Today
Dubai
Burj Khalifa
2700 feet tall
160 floors
Chrysler Building NYC
Singapore Flyer


541 feet tall
28 capsules
Central Park, NYC
Olmstead
Frederick Law Olmsted and
the Capitol Building Grounds
Urbanization


1. Growth
a. What are the major cities in the United States that
experienced growth?




New York (1), Detroit, Chicago (2) (80% immigrants)
Philadelphia (3), St. Louis (4), Boston (5), Providence (20)
Other fast growing cities – Pittsburgh, Cleveland, San Francisco
b. Who moved into the cities?



Immigrants
Native born Americans farmers
African-Americans
American Cities in 1900
Rank
Place
Population
1
New York, N.Y.
3,437,202
2
Chicago, Ill.
1,698,575
3
Philadelphia, Pa.
1,293,697
4
St. Louis, Mo.
575,238
5
Boston, Mass.
560,892
6
Baltimore, Md.
508,957
7
Cleveland, Ohio
381,768
8
Buffalo, N.Y.
352,387
9
San Francisco, Calif.
342,782
10
Cincinnati, Ohio
325,902
13
Detroit, Mich.
285,704
American Cities
in 1920
American Cities
in 1940
Rank
Place
Population
Rank
Place
Population
1
New York, N.Y.
5,620,048
1
New York, N.Y.
7,454,995
2
Chicago, Ill.
2,701,705
2
Chicago, Ill.
3,396,808
3
Philadelphia, Pa.
1,823,779
3
Philadelphia, Pa.
1,931,334
4
Detroit, Mich.
993,078
4
Detroit, Mich.
1,623,452
5
Cleveland, Ohio
796,841
5
Los Angeles, Calif.
1,504,277
6
St. Louis, Mo.
772,897
6
Cleveland, Ohio
878,336
7
Boston, Mass.
748,060
7
Baltimore, Md.
859,100
8
Baltimore, Md.
733,826
8
St. Louis, Mo.
816,048
9
Pittsburgh, Pa.
588,343
9
Boston, Mass.
770,816
10
Los Angeles, Calif.
576,673
10
Pittsburgh, Pa.
671,659
American Cities Today (2005)
Rank
Place
Population
1
New York, N.Y.
8,143,197
2
Los Angeles, Calif.
3,844,829
3
Chicago, Ill.
2,842,518
4
Houston, Tex.
2,016,582
5
Philadelphia, Pa.
1,463,281
6
Phoenix, Ariz.
1,461,575
7
San Antonio, Tex.
1,256,509
8
San Diego, Calif.
1,255,540
9
Dallas, Tex.
1,213,825
10
San Jose, Calif.
912,332

c. What difficulties or problems did cities face with rapid
growth?

Waste:



Health Problems



Contagious diseases spread (tuberculosis)
baby deaths rise (whooping cough, diphtheria, measles)
Poverty



garbage and horse manure on streets
sewers overflowed with human waste
homeless
gangs and crime
Fire

GILDED AGE: What was meant by the term
Gilded Age?



Gilded – covered with a thin layer of gold
A small group of super rich people
A huge group of poor people
City Life:

Poor (tenement)
City Life:

Middle Class
City Life:

Very Rich
4. New Technology (Bigger is better!)
skyscraper
4. New Technology (Bigger is better!)

bridges
4. New Technology (Bigger is better!)

entertainment
4. New Technology (Bigger is better!)

parks
Progressives

Fighting Corruption

a. What is corruption?
b. What are political machines?


______


c. Who is Boss Tweed?
Corruption
Political Machines & Boss Tweed
Thomas Nast
Spoils System
Spoils System
Pendelton Act 1883
Monopoly
Monopoly
Sherman Anti-Trust 1890
Railroads
Railroad Oligopoly
Interstate Commerce Act 1887 & ICC
Food
Mukrakers & Upton Sinclair The Jungle

http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.ol
d-picture.com/american-history-19001930s/pictures/Immigrants-Arriving-EllisIsland.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.oldpicture.com/american-history-19001930s/Immigrants-Arriving-IslandEllis.htm&usg=__YOAEsoCVHOtz7rWS9YUFj0pMB
3c=&h=372&w=570&sz=40&hl=en&start=13&um=1
&itbs=1&tbnid=Umfa1F2zSjCeMM:&tbnh=87&tbnw=
134&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dimmigrants%2Bellis%
2Bisland%2Bphotographs%26um%3D1%26hl%3De
n%26safe%3Dactive%26sa%3DN%26tbs%3Disch:1
Descargar

Immigration