Living and working in
the United Kingdom
2012
What do you think of when you think of the UK?
London ?
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London is great but don’t forget the rest!
Edinburgh
Newcastle
Belfast
Cardiff
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Background information to working in the UK
Labour Market information
Looking for work
Working conditions
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The United Kingdom
England
London, Birmingham, Manchester, Leeds, Sheffield,
Newcastle, Bristol, Nottingham
Scotland
Edinburgh, Glasgow, Aberdeen
Wales
Cardiff, Swansea, Aberystwyth,
Bangor
Northern Ireland
Belfast, Londonderry/Derry
Population: 62 million
Languages: English, Welsh
Currency: British pound £
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The
Labour Market
Job Market
• UK unemployment rate 8.4% / employment rate 70.3%
• 269,089 unfilled vacancies (Dec 2011)
• 1.04 million 16-24 year olds unemployed (30% full-time students)
• More redundancies expected across most sectors – 164,000
redundancies Sept – Nov 2011
• Well known retailers disappearing from UK high streets
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Changing face of unemployment
Rate of UK Unemployment Dec 2009
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Changing face of unemployment
Rate of UK Unemployment Dec 2010
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Changing face of unemployment
Rate of UK Unemployment Dec 2011
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Shortage Occupations
• Nurses (operating
theatres and neonatal
intensive care units)
•Skilled chefs
•Social workers
•Electrical Engineers
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More Shortage Occupations
• Secondary education science and maths teachers (children 11-16 years old)
• Teachers in special schools
• Doctors (certain specialisms only)
• Nurses (operating theatres and neonatal intensive care units)
• Medical radiographers
• Engineers – Chemical / Mechanical / Civil
• Graphic Designers
• Pipe Welders (high integrity with 3 years experience)
• Biological scientists / Biochemists
• Skilled musicians/ dancers / animators
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Where to look for work
• EURES
• Jobsfairs
• UK newspapers (online)
• Company websites
• Private recruitment agencies
• Online agencies / jobsites
• Public employment services – Department for Employment &
Learning / Jobcentre Plus
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Public Employment services in the UK
• Great Britain - Jobcentre Plus
• Northern Ireland - Department for Employment and Learning (DEL)
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Education - qualifications
•
For UK recognition of qualifications, contact NARIC
•
Learning the language – The British Council
•
University courses in the UK – Prospects
•
To study in the UK at undergraduate / post graduate level you
will need good English language skills
•
Internships
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Job application process
•
Curriculum Vitae – C V 2 pages maximum, typed
•
Create a CV to match the job
•
Typed Application letter (covering letter)
•
Company application forms (often online)
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Interviews – it depends on the job applied for
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Employment Law
• National Minimum Wage: £6.08 per hour
• Holiday entitlement 28 days minimum (for full-time employees)
• Verbal / Written contracts
• Equality Act 2010 - law to protect against discrimination
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National Insurance Number
Needed to pay social security contributions in the UK
Apply just before or as soon as you start work
• 12 % deducted from earnings between £139 - £817 plus
• 2 % of earnings above £817 per week
Self employed people pay their own
National Insurance contributions
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Income Tax
• Basic rate:
20%
£0 - £35,000
• Higher rate:
40%
£35,001 - £150,000
• Additional rate: 50%
Over £150,000
• Self employed people pay their own tax
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Living in the UK
Healthcare
Accommodation
Cost of living
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What might be the best thing about living in the UK?
the weather ?
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the food ?
Roast beef and Yorkshire pudding?
Fish and chips?
Indian cuisine?
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Healthcare in the UK
NHS - National Health Service
Visiting a doctor is free; a visit to the dentist you have to pay
Prescription medicines you may have to pay (depending on where
you reside in the UK)
Before coming to the UK, make sure you have a EHIC
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Accommodation
Average monthly rental charges:
•
Apartments/Flats: £450 - £600 = (€500 - €660)
•
Houses: £500 - £800 = (€555 - €888)
•
Rooms: £200 - £350 = (€222 - €388)
Deposit + 1 month’s rent in advance
Council Tax – local tax on accommodation
Bills– water, gas, electricity & telephone
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Cost of living – UK shopping basket (average)
Living expenses
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Bread (800 grams)
Butter
Eggs (6 large free range)
Milk, 2.24 litres (4 pints)
Pint of beer (568ml)
Cigarettes
Cinema ticket
Bus
Petrol, 1 litre
•
•
1 pound = 1.11 euro
1 euro = 90 pence
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£1.30
£1.50
£1.80
£1.30
£3.20
£6.00
£7.00
£2.00
£1.35
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€ 1.44
€ 1.67
€ 2.00
€ 1.44
€ 3.55
€ 6.66
€ 7.77
€ 2.22
€ 1.50
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Thank you!
Questions ?
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Please complete your evaluation handout
Thank you!
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