The United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern Ireland
1. What is the official name of the country?
2. What is the geographical name of the country?
3. What is the poetic name of the country?
The official or political
name of the country is
THE UNITED KINGDOM
of GREAT BRITAIN AND
NORTHERN IRELAND.
At the United Nations
and in the European
Parliament, it is usually
known by a shorter
name: THE UNITED
KINGDOM or THE UK.
The country is often
called BRITAIN.
The poetic name is
ALBION.
The geographical name
is THE BRITISH ISLES.
4. Is the UK a big or a small
country?
5. Where is the United Kingdom
situated?
6. What is the area of the United
Kingdom?
The United Kingdom
of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland is
one of the smallest
countries in the
world. It occupies the
British Isles, which lie
off the north-west
coast of Europe. The
total area is 244,000
sq. km.
7. What countries does it consist of?
8. What are their capitals?
The United Kingdom consists of four parts:
England (the capital is London),
Scotland (Edinburg),
Wales (Cardiff) and
Northern Ireland (Belfast).
9. What is the flag of the United
Kingdom called?
The Flag of the UK is called THE UNION JACK.
It is a combination of the crosses of three
patron saints of the country:
Match the names of patron saints and
the parts of the UK.
 Saint
GEORGE
 Saint ANDREW
 Saint PATRICK
 Northern
Ireland
 England
 Scotland
Patron Saints and their countries.
 Saint
GEORGE for England
 Saint ANDREW for Scotland
 Saint PATRICK for Ireland



the red cross of Saint
GEORGE for England on a
white background;
the white diagonal cross
of Saint ANDREW for
Scotland on a blue
background;
the red diagonal cross of
Saint PATRICK for Ireland
on a white background.
Wales is not
represented on the flag
because at the time the
flag appeared in 1606,
Wales was already united
with England.
The Coat of Arms of the UK



What is the emblem
of Scotland on the
shield?
What is the emblem
of Ireland on the
shield?
What do the two
emblems of English
lions symbolize?
The Coat of Arms of the UK
The shield of the emblem
is divided into four parts.
There are 2 emblems of
England (three lions on a
red background), the
emblem of Scotland (a
red lion on a yellow
background) and the
emblem of Northern
Ireland (a yellow harp on
a blue background). The
two emblems of English
lions symbolize the
leading role of England in
this union.
The Coat of Arms of the UK
The SHIELD is supported
by two mythic animals:
the ENGLISH LION and
the SCOTTISH UNICORN.
The emblem is headed
with a crowned lion, the
symbol of power and
might. Below the emblem
there are floral symbols
of the four parts of the
country.
Who is the Head of State in the UK?
What kind of state is the United
Kingdom?
The British Monarchy Today
The United Kingdom
is a constitutional
monarchy. This
means that it has a
monarch (a king or a
queen) as its Head of
State.
Queen Elisabeth II
reigns with the
support of Parliament.
 What
is the population of the
United Kingdom?
 What nationalities are the British?
59 million people live in the UK. The British are the
English (81.5%), the Scots (9.6%), the Welsh
(1.9%), the Irish (2.4%) and other nations(2%).
The Languages of the UK
 What
is the official language of
the UK?
 Is it the only language spoken in
the UK?
 What other languages are spoken
in the country?
The Languages of the UK
English is not the only
language spoken in
the UK. English is the
official language. But
some people speak
Gaelic in western
Scotland, Welsh – in
parts of northern and
central Wales.
The Capital of the UK
 What
is the capital of the UK?
 When was it founded?
 How many people live in the
capital?
The Capital of the UK
London is the capital
of Great Britain. It is
the 7th biggest city in
the world and the 2nd
biggest city in Europe
with the population of
8.3 million people.
It is one of the oldest
and the most
beautiful cities in the
world which was
founded in 43.
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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland