The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1. What is the official name of the country? 2. What is the geographical name of the country? 3. What is the poetic name of the country? The official or political name of the country is THE UNITED KINGDOM of GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND. At the United Nations and in the European Parliament, it is usually known by a shorter name: THE UNITED KINGDOM or THE UK. The country is often called BRITAIN. The poetic name is ALBION. The geographical name is THE BRITISH ISLES. 4. Is the UK a big or a small country? 5. Where is the United Kingdom situated? 6. What is the area of the United Kingdom? The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is one of the smallest countries in the world. It occupies the British Isles, which lie off the north-west coast of Europe. The total area is 244,000 sq. km. 7. What countries does it consist of? 8. What are their capitals? The United Kingdom consists of four parts: England (the capital is London), Scotland (Edinburg), Wales (Cardiff) and Northern Ireland (Belfast). 9. What is the flag of the United Kingdom called? The Flag of the UK is called THE UNION JACK. It is a combination of the crosses of three patron saints of the country: Match the names of patron saints and the parts of the UK. Saint GEORGE Saint ANDREW Saint PATRICK Northern Ireland England Scotland Patron Saints and their countries. Saint GEORGE for England Saint ANDREW for Scotland Saint PATRICK for Ireland the red cross of Saint GEORGE for England on a white background; the white diagonal cross of Saint ANDREW for Scotland on a blue background; the red diagonal cross of Saint PATRICK for Ireland on a white background. Wales is not represented on the flag because at the time the flag appeared in 1606, Wales was already united with England. The Coat of Arms of the UK What is the emblem of Scotland on the shield? What is the emblem of Ireland on the shield? What do the two emblems of English lions symbolize? The Coat of Arms of the UK The shield of the emblem is divided into four parts. There are 2 emblems of England (three lions on a red background), the emblem of Scotland (a red lion on a yellow background) and the emblem of Northern Ireland (a yellow harp on a blue background). The two emblems of English lions symbolize the leading role of England in this union. The Coat of Arms of the UK The SHIELD is supported by two mythic animals: the ENGLISH LION and the SCOTTISH UNICORN. The emblem is headed with a crowned lion, the symbol of power and might. Below the emblem there are floral symbols of the four parts of the country. Who is the Head of State in the UK? What kind of state is the United Kingdom? The British Monarchy Today The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy. This means that it has a monarch (a king or a queen) as its Head of State. Queen Elisabeth II reigns with the support of Parliament. What is the population of the United Kingdom? What nationalities are the British? 59 million people live in the UK. The British are the English (81.5%), the Scots (9.6%), the Welsh (1.9%), the Irish (2.4%) and other nations(2%). The Languages of the UK What is the official language of the UK? Is it the only language spoken in the UK? What other languages are spoken in the country? The Languages of the UK English is not the only language spoken in the UK. English is the official language. But some people speak Gaelic in western Scotland, Welsh – in parts of northern and central Wales. The Capital of the UK What is the capital of the UK? When was it founded? How many people live in the capital? The Capital of the UK London is the capital of Great Britain. It is the 7th biggest city in the world and the 2nd biggest city in Europe with the population of 8.3 million people. It is one of the oldest and the most beautiful cities in the world which was founded in 43. Thank you for your attention! See you!