Design a Language!
Language
• Languages develop all the time.
• Even the Oxford English Dictionary
adds new words each year!
• Can you think of any recent ones?
• In 2011 these words were added:
auto-complete, green-fuel,
cyberbullying, bromance!
How do you create a language?
• Esperanto is a language created in the 1880s.
• It is designed to be a WORLD LANGUAGE:
neutral and easy to learn by everyone.
• Up to 2 million people can speak it.
• It borrows its grammar, vocabulary, sounds
and script from different languages around
the world.
• Can you spot any influences in these words?
Saluton! (Hello) Mia noma estas… (My name
is) Dankon! (Thank you)
• Do you know the top 3 most widely spoken
languages?
Chinese English Spanish
Cornish Language
• Cornish was one of six Celtic languages and was
spoken in Cornwall and West Devon over a
thousand years ago.
• By the late 17th century only people west of
Truro could speak Cornish – and most of these
also spoke English.
• By the late early 19th century it had died out as
a community language.
• In the early 20th century a man called Henry
Jenner attempted to revive the language.
• Since then the language has been recreated and
many people now speak Cornish.
How do you revive a
language?
• You can use similar languages and look
at how they have developed, as well as
borrowing words from them.
• Can you think of any languages similar
to Cornish?
• Welsh, Breton, Gaelic, Manx
• Cornish REVIVALISTS used these
languages to create the vibrant Cornish
language that is spoken today.
All languages are made
from other languages!
• Around 80% of ‘English’ words
derive from other languages! Can
you guess which language the
following words come from?
Sky
= Norse (Scandinavian)
Castle
= Norman (French)
Cannibal
= Spanish
Balcony
= Italian
Shampoo
= Hindi
Ketchup
= Chinese
Voodoo
= African languages
Rucksack
= German
Coffee
= Arabic
Robot
= Czech
Hooligan
= Irish (Gaelic)
Flannel
= Welsh?
Language development
• When words from another language are
borrowed they are often adapted and
changed.
• You can see how this has happened
with these English words:
• “downloaden” is German for…?
• “futbol” is Spanish for…?
Your Challenge
• Create a new word to use in English:
• It can be based on a word from another
language
OR
• It can be based on English words; for
example, “foothouse” could mean shoe!
• YOUR WORD MUST NOT BE RUDE!
Spread the word!
• As a class, use your replacement words
for the next month.
• How many people can you get to use
your word?
• The longer a language lives and the
wider it spreads, the more diverse,
flexible and dynamic it becomes.
• Good luck! Buena suerte! Chons da!
Descargar

Designer Language