Design a Language! Language • Languages develop all the time. • Even the Oxford English Dictionary adds new words each year! • Can you think of any recent ones? • In 2011 these words were added: auto-complete, green-fuel, cyberbullying, bromance! How do you create a language? • Esperanto is a language created in the 1880s. • It is designed to be a WORLD LANGUAGE: neutral and easy to learn by everyone. • Up to 2 million people can speak it. • It borrows its grammar, vocabulary, sounds and script from different languages around the world. • Can you spot any influences in these words? Saluton! (Hello) Mia noma estas… (My name is) Dankon! (Thank you) • Do you know the top 3 most widely spoken languages? Chinese English Spanish Cornish Language • Cornish was one of six Celtic languages and was spoken in Cornwall and West Devon over a thousand years ago. • By the late 17th century only people west of Truro could speak Cornish – and most of these also spoke English. • By the late early 19th century it had died out as a community language. • In the early 20th century a man called Henry Jenner attempted to revive the language. • Since then the language has been recreated and many people now speak Cornish. How do you revive a language? • You can use similar languages and look at how they have developed, as well as borrowing words from them. • Can you think of any languages similar to Cornish? • Welsh, Breton, Gaelic, Manx • Cornish REVIVALISTS used these languages to create the vibrant Cornish language that is spoken today. All languages are made from other languages! • Around 80% of ‘English’ words derive from other languages! Can you guess which language the following words come from? Sky = Norse (Scandinavian) Castle = Norman (French) Cannibal = Spanish Balcony = Italian Shampoo = Hindi Ketchup = Chinese Voodoo = African languages Rucksack = German Coffee = Arabic Robot = Czech Hooligan = Irish (Gaelic) Flannel = Welsh? Language development • When words from another language are borrowed they are often adapted and changed. • You can see how this has happened with these English words: • “downloaden” is German for…? • “futbol” is Spanish for…? Your Challenge • Create a new word to use in English: • It can be based on a word from another language OR • It can be based on English words; for example, “foothouse” could mean shoe! • YOUR WORD MUST NOT BE RUDE! Spread the word! • As a class, use your replacement words for the next month. • How many people can you get to use your word? • The longer a language lives and the wider it spreads, the more diverse, flexible and dynamic it becomes. • Good luck! Buena suerte! Chons da!