English Language Study Unit
emigration, immigration, and migration
location – U.0.20
date – 13 September 2007
time – 9:30am-10:30am
introduction – emigration, immigration and migration
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defining the debate
PIRES – Politics, International Relations and European Studies
international students @ lboro
Ireland and … the United Kingdom
Ireland’s evolving population
emigration – the Irish in Italy … and new Italians
immigration – Italians in the UK
migration – internal movements in Italy … and new arrivals
the role of the European Union
conclusions
defining the debate
 emigration – the act of leaving one’s home or country
for permanent residence elsewhere
 immigration – the act of coming into a country of which
one if not a native to take up permanent residence
 migration – the act of moving from one locality or region
to another, often seasonally
sources: Robert Allen (ed.), The Penguin English Dictionary 2nd ed. (London: Penguin, 2003); Iain McLean &
Alistair McMillan (eds.), The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics 2nd ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003)
PIRES – Politics, International Relations and European Studies
new PIRES
teaching staff from
2007-08 include:
Daniel Conway
Rob Dover
Ana Juncos
Matt McCullock
Taku Tamaki
source: “Flags of the World”, http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/ [5 September 2007]
international students @ lboro
International Day
sources: “Country/Region Specific Pages”, International Office (Loughborough University), http://www.lboro.ac.uk/admin/ar/international/index.htm; “International Day” [both 5 September 2007]
Ireland and … the United Kingdom
source: “Country Maps - Ireland (Political) 1982”, University of Texas (Perry-Castañeda Library
Map Collection), http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/europe/ireland_rel_1982.pdf [5 September 2007]
source: “Country Maps - United Kingdom (Political) 1987”, University of Texas (Perry-Castañeda Library
Map Collection), http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/europe/united_kingdom_pol87.pdf [5 September 2007]
Ireland’s evolving population
Irish population classified by nationality, 2006
nationality
Irish immigration, emigration and net-migration, 1987-2003
total
percentage
3,706,683
88.85%
non-Irish
419,733
9.94%
United Kingdom
112,548
2.70%
rest of European Union
163,227
3.91%
rest of Europe
24,425
0.59%
Africa
35,326
0.85%
Asia
46,952
1.13%
America
21,124
0.51%
other nationalities
16,131
0.39%
not stated
(incl. no nationality)
45,597
1.10%
4,172,013
100%
Irish
total
source: Martin Ruhs, “Ireland: A Crash Course in Immigration Policy ”
http://www.migrationinformation.org/Profiles/display.cfm?ID=260 [5 September 2007]
source: “Population classified by religion and nationality 2006”, Central Statistics Office Ireland,
http://www.cso.ie/statistics/popnclassbyreligionandnationality2006.htm [5 September 2007]
emigration – the Irish in Italy
 “Gli irlandesi in Italia / the Irish in Italy: from James Joyce to Robbie Keane”
 “Irish Italian links: an introduction to their 20th century”
investigation areas
example of subject matter
cultural transfusions
cinema, public houses, music, travel, etc.
ecclesiastical ties
Catholic hierarchy, saints, seminaries / houses, etc.
economic interaction
trade in agricultural produce, manufactured goods, services, etc.
educational exchanges
Erasmus and Socrates programmes, universities, etc.
literary affiliations
poets, writers, etc.
newspaper reports
columnists, sports writers, etc.
political intrigues
fascism, diplomatic relations / visits, European integration, etc.
sporting links
football players and tournaments, Olympic Games, etc.
… and new Italians
translatable as:
“He was born in Italy. He goes to school with our children. He cheers for Totti.
He loves pizza. Why can’t he vote like an Italian?
“From immigrant to citizen, with the right to vote in Italy.
source: “Diritto di voto agli immigrati”, Democratici di Sinistra, http://wwww.dsonline.it/partito/comunicazione3.asp [5 September 2007]
immigration – Italians in the UK
Italian women arriving in the North of England in the 1950s
source: “Women in migration”, Italian honorary consul (Liverpool), http://www.it-consul.org.uk/italian/Donne.jpg [5 September 2007]
source: Dante Alighieri Society (Loughborough),
http://www.danteloughborough.co.uk [5 September 2007]
source: “Born abroad: an immigration map of Britain: Italy”, BBC,
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/spl/hi/uk/05/born_abroad/countries/html/italy.stm [5 September 2007]
UK – concentrations of people born in Italy
migration – internal movements in Italy
Italian migrant workers head north in the 1950s
centred on Turin & Milan
source: “History of Fiat”, Fiat, http://www.fiat.com [5 September 2007]
… and new arrivals
centred on Rome
source: “Key migrant routes
from Africa to Europe”, BBC,
14 April 2007
source: “Principal flows of inter-regional migration, 1955-81”, in Paul Ginsborg, A history
of contemporary Italy: society and politics, 1943-1988 (London: Penguin 1990), p.438
the role of the European Union
four freedoms
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goods
persons
services
capital
sources: “The EU at a glance”, European Commission, http://europa.eu/abc/index_en.htm [5 September 2007]
conclusions
 emigration, immigration and migration have historical
resonances and contemporary impacts, and they each
have positive and negative connotations
 in an increasingly globalised world – where capital,
goods and services travel around the planet – the freer
movement of people is not only an observable fact, it is
a cultural, economic, political, and social necessity
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English Language Study Unit