Implications of Subject Choice Mary O’Callaghan Guidance Counsellor Subject Choice • Important decision for each student • Concept of a job for life is virtually gone • Increasing demands on employees for flexibility and productivity • Rapidly changing workplace Which subjects should they choose? • Subject choice is not as complicated as people think • Not many courses have specific requirements • Which subjects will they need? • Which subjects are they most interested in? • What is your child good at? • Encourage discussion New National Framework of Qualifications • Why? – Compare qualifications internationally/job mobility • Levels 1 –10 • Leaving Cert = Level 5 Higher Cert = Level 6 (2 years) Ordinary Degree = Level 7 (3 years) Honours Degree = Level 8 (3/4 years) Requirements for college • General Matriculation Requirements • Subject requirements • Points General Matriculation Requirements • Six subjects for Level 8 Degree, 2 or 3 at Honours level • Five subjects at Ordinary level for Higher Certificate Level 6/Ordinary Degree Level 7 to include Irish OR English AND Maths NUI Universities • National University of Ireland (NUI) colleges University College Dublin University College Cork University College Galway NUI Maynooth Royal College of Surgeons, Dublin National College of Art & Design, Dublin Shannon College of Hotel Management Milltown Institute of Theology & Philosophy Institute of Public Administration St Angela’s College, Sligo require English, Irish and a third language Exceptions • If exempt from Irish or languages in school • Engineering or Science courses • Engineering, Agri-Food & Science courses at UCD • Nursing • NCAD - Art accepted in lieu of language Other Universities • TCD & UL – Maths, English and Irish or a third language. DCU – Maths and either English or Irish • IMPORTANT– Wide variety of Degree & other courses available that do not require a third language as long as you have Maths & English or Irish Course specific requirements • Many Level 8 Engineering/Computer Science Degrees need Higher Maths • Language Courses require a specific Honours grade in your chosen language • Courses in Science, Medicine (this includes Physiotherapy, Dentistry, Veterinary, Pharmacy, etc.), Nursing, Architecture and some Engineering courses require 1 or 2 sciences • Honours Chemistry is required for Dietetics & some Pharmacy & Medicine courses Specific Subject Requirements Most other courses have no specific subject requirements • Business subjects are not required for any Business, Commerce or Accountancy courses • Design & Communication Graphics is not an essential requirement for Architecture, Architectural Technician, Engineering or Construction courses • Art is not an essential subject for Art College, but a portfolio is Points System • All subjects count equally for entry to Institutes of Technology or University • Points are calculated from the student’s six best results in one sitting of the Leaving Certificate, maximum 600 points • L.C.V.P. – 70 Distinction, 50 Merit, 30 Pass • U.L. & D.I.T. award bonus points for Hons. Maths • Entry given to highest points for competitive courses Points System - Grades Honours Ordinary A1 A2 B1 B2 B3 C1 C2 C3 D1 D2 D3 100 90 85 80 75 70 65 60 55 50 45 60 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 Summary • Check any essential subjects on www. qualifax.ie • Choose subjects you like and enjoy • Make a balanced choice e.g. Irish, English, Maths, Language, Science + 2/3 other subjects • Keep your options open Options after leaving school University Institute of Technology College of Further Education (FETAC) Private College Apprenticeship Study overseas Gap Year Employment Universities • Level 8 Honours Degree – 3/4 years leading to a B.Commerce, B.Arts., B.Science , B.Engineering • NUI colleges – University College Dublin, University College Cork University College Galway, NUI Maynooth, The Royal College of Surgeons, National College of Art & Design, St. Angela’s Sligo • University of Limerick • University of Dublin (Trinity College) • Dublin City University • Study overseas Institutes of Technology • Offer a wide variety of courses at different levels: – Higher Certificate Level 6 (2years) – Ordinary Degree Level 7 (3 years) – Honours Degree Level 8 (4 years) • • • • • • • Athlone Carlow Dublin Dun Laoghaire Letterkenny Sligo Tralee Blanchardstown Cork Dundalk Galway Limerick Tallaght Waterford Further Education Courses (FETAC) • Full time courses - Bray, Dun Laoghaire, Sallynoggin • Very practical – include work experience • They have no points requirements and are based mainly on interview • Wide range of courses • They can be: – A qualification in their own right or for interests sake – Can be used as a stepping stone to Higher Education (FETAC LINKS SCHEME) Apprenticeships • 5 passes in Junior Certificate BUT much better prospects with Leaving Certificate • Need to find an employer/register with FAS • 4 years phased on the job/college Study Overseas • • • • • • • Wider selection of courses Courses in specialised/high points area Helps to keep options open Independence Experience another culture Fees Research now & apply from 1st September Career Guidance in East Glendalough • • • • • • • • • • • • • Opportunity to try out different subjects & gain work experience in 4th year Aptitude Tests in 4th year – discover your strengths Information evening on Subject Choice 40 min weekly Career class in 5th / 6th year Introduction to the world of College and Work Careers Project Internet Research & Careers Library Guest speakers from College & Business Careers & College videos College Open days Applying to College Interviewing techniques Career interviews in 5th/6th year ESRI/FAS Forecast to 2015 • • • • Youth population will decline Strong demand for higher level skills Decline in traditional manufacturing Growth in Information & Communications Technology & Pharmaceuticals • Increase in services sector, traded services It is predicted that……… • • • • A Job for life is gone Up to 25 jobs in 5 different sectors Demand for flexibility & productivity Higher Education will give you better career prospects • Lifelong Learning – keep your skills up to date Skills Required for the 21st century workplace • • • • • • Communication/Teamwork Innovative/Entrepreneurial skills Creative Problem solvers Ability to acquire new skills quickly Information Technology skills Language Skills Where will the jobs be? 6 out of every 10 jobs will be in Engineering, Science or Technology related areas Main Growth Sectors • • • • • • • • Information & Communications Technology Engineering Pharmaceuticals Medical Technologies Software International Financial Services Healthcare Childcare – Early Childhood Education Employment Opportunities • • • • • • Outsourcing – jobs in Logistics Backoffice – design, sales & marketing Ageing population – healthcare & pharmaceuticals Software Development/ICT Leisure, tourism & recreational Built environment – surveying, environment & auctioneering • Financial services/Compliance officers • Childcare How can parents/guardians help? • Help your son/daughter to keep all their options open • Encourage them to be pro-active in their research • Plan for and attend college open days (www.qualifax.ie - career events) • Encourage discussion about careers among siblings and friends Resources • • • • • • • www.curriculumonline.ie www.qualifax.ie www.careersportal.ie www.cao.ie www.ucas.com www.prospects.ac.uk www.skillsstrategy.ie The World is Your Oyster!